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SF 1763

as introduced - 87th Legislature (2011 - 2012) Posted on 06/21/2017 11:31am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language. underscored = added, new language.

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A bill for an act
relating to redistricting; adopting a legislative districting plan for use in 2012
and thereafter; adopting districting principles for legislative districts; amending
Minnesota Statutes 2010, sections 2.031, subdivision 1; 2.91, subdivision 1;
repealing Minnesota Statutes 2010, sections 2.031, subdivision 2; 2.444; 2.484.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 2.031, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Legislative districts.

(a) The representatives in the senate and house
of representatives are apportioned throughout the state in 67 senate districts and 134 house
of representatives districts. Each senate district is entitled to elect one senator and each
house of representatives district is entitled to elect one representative.

(b) Legislative redistricting plan L1102-0, on file with the Geographic Information
Services Office of the Legislative Coordinating Commission and published on its Web site
on December 14, 2011, is adopted and describes the legislative districts within this state.
Each senate district is composed of the two house districts, A and B, of the same number.

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 2.91, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Distribution.

Upon enactment of a redistricting plan for the
legislature or for Congress, the Legislative Coordinating Commission shall deposit the
plan with the secretary of state. The secretary of state shall provide copies of the relevant
portions of the redistricting plan to each county auditor, who shall provide a copy of the
relevant portions of the plan to each municipal clerk within the county. The secretary of
state, with the cooperation of the commissioner of administration, shall make copies of the
plan file, maps, and tables available to the public for the cost of publication. The revisor of
statutes shall code a metes and bounds description of the districts, as established pursuant
to legislative enactment or court order,
in Minnesota Statutes no later than the date of the
state primary in the year ending in two
.

Sec. 3. DISTRICTING PRINCIPLES FOR LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS.

Subdivision 1.

Applicability.

The principles in this section apply to legislative
districts.

Subd. 2.

Nesting.

A representative district may not be divided in the formation
of a senate district.

Subd. 3.

Numbering.

Legislative districts must be numbered in a regular series,
beginning with house district 1A in the northwest corner of the state and proceeding across
the state from west to east, north to south, but bypassing the 11-county metropolitan
area until the southeast corner has been reached; then to the 11-county metropolitan area
outside the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul; then in Minneapolis and St. Paul.

Subd. 4.

Equal population.

The population of a legislative district shall not deviate
by more than two percent from the population of the ideal district.

Subd. 5.

Minority representation.

Legislative districts shall not be drawn with
either the purpose or effect of denying or abridging the voting rights of any United States
citizen on account of race, ethnicity, or membership in a language minority group, and
must otherwise comply with the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the United
States Constitution and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended, United States Code,
title 42, sections 1973 to 1973aa-6.

Subd. 6.

Contiguity; compactness.

Legislative districts shall consist of convenient,
contiguous territory structured into compact units. Contiguity by water is sufficient if the
body of water does not pose a serious obstacle to travel within the district. Legislative
districts with areas that connect only at a single point shall not be considered contiguous.

Subd. 7.

Minor civil divisions.

Political subdivisions shall not be divided more
than necessary to meet constitutional requirements.

Subd. 8.

Preserving communities of interest.

Where possible in compliance with
the preceding principles, communities of interest shall be preserved. For purposes of this
principle, "communities of interest" include, but are not limited to, groups of Minnesota
residents with clearly recognizable similarities of social, geographic, political, cultural,
ethnic, economic, or other interests. Additional communities of interest will be considered
if persuasively established and if consideration thereof would not violate applicable law.

Subd. 9.

Consideration of plans.

Legislative districts shall not be drawn for the
purpose of protecting or defeating an incumbent. The impact of redistricting on incumbent
officeholders is a factor subordinate to all redistricting criteria to determine whether
proposed plans result in either undue incumbent protection or excessive incumbent
conflicts.

EFFECTIVE DATE; EXPIRATION.

This section is effective the day following
final enactment and applies to any plan for districts enacted or established for use at the
state primary in 2012 and thereafter. This section expires June 1, 2012.

Sec. 4. REPEALER.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, sections 2.031, subdivision 2; 2.444; and 2.484, are
repealed.

Sec. 5. EFFECTIVE DATE.

Except where otherwise provided, this act is effective for the state primary election
in 2012 and thereafter.

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