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SF 888

as introduced - 90th Legislature (2017 - 2018) Posted on 03/16/2017 09:02am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.
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A bill for an act
relating to housing; establishing a first-time home buyer savings account program;
authorizing establishment of accounts; allowing for income tax subtractions for
contributions and earnings on the account; appropriating money; amending
Minnesota Statutes 2016, sections 290.0131, by adding a subdivision; 290.0132,
by adding a subdivision; 290.06, by adding a subdivision; 290.091, subdivision
2; proposing coding for new law as Minnesota Statutes, chapter 462D.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 290.0131, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 14. new text end

new text begin First-time home buyer savings account. new text end

new text begin The amount for a first-time home
buyer savings account required by section 462D.06, subdivision 2, is an addition.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2016.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 290.0132, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 23. new text end

new text begin First-time home buyer savings account. new text end

new text begin (a) The amount for contributions
to and earnings on a first-time home buyer savings account allowed by section 462D.06,
subdivision 1, is a subtraction.
new text end

new text begin (b) The subtraction allowed under this subdivision for a taxable year is limited to $7,500,
or $15,000 for married joint filers. For a taxpayer whose adjusted gross income, as defined
in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code, for the taxable year exceeds $125,000, or
$250,000 for married joint filers, the maximum subtraction is reduced $1 for each $4 of
adjusted gross income in excess of that threshold.
new text end

new text begin (c) The adjusted gross income thresholds under paragraph (b) are annually adjusted for
inflation. Effective for taxable year 2018, the commissioner shall adjust the dollar amount
of the income thresholds at which the maximum credit begins to be reduced under paragraph
(b) by the percentage determined under section 1(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, except
that in section 1(f)(3)(B) the word "2016" is substituted for the word "1992." For 2018, the
commissioner shall then determine the percent change from the 12 months ending on August
31, 2016, to the 12 months ending on August 31, 2017, and in each subsequent year, from
the 12 months ending on August 31, 2016, to the 12 months ending on August 31 of the
year preceding the taxable year. The determination of the commissioner under this
subdivision is not a "rule" and is not subject to the Administrative Procedure Act in chapter
14. The threshold amount as adjusted must be rounded to the nearest $100 amount. If the
amount ends in $50, the amount is rounded up to the nearest $100 amount.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2016.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 290.06, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 2g. new text end

new text begin First-time home buyer savings account. new text end

new text begin In addition to the tax computed
under subdivision 2c, an additional amount of tax applies equal to the additional tax computed
for the taxable year for the account holder of a first-time home buyer account under section
462D.06, subdivision 3.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2016.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 290.091, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Definitions.

For purposes of the tax imposed by this section, the following
terms have the meanings given:

(a) "Alternative minimum taxable income" means the sum of the following for the taxable
year:

(1) the taxpayer's federal alternative minimum taxable income as defined in section
55(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) the taxpayer's itemized deductions allowed in computing federal alternative minimum
taxable income, but excluding:

(i) the charitable contribution deduction under section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(ii) the medical expense deduction;

(iii) the casualty, theft, and disaster loss deduction; and

(iv) the impairment-related work expenses of a disabled person;

(3) for depletion allowances computed under section 613A(c) of the Internal Revenue
Code, with respect to each property (as defined in section 614 of the Internal Revenue Code),
to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the excess of the
deduction for depletion allowable under section 611 of the Internal Revenue Code for the
taxable year over the adjusted basis of the property at the end of the taxable year (determined
without regard to the depletion deduction for the taxable year);

(4) to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the amount
of the tax preference for intangible drilling cost under section 57(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue
Code determined without regard to subparagraph (E);

(5) to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the amount
of interest income as provided by section 290.0131, subdivision 2; and

(6) the amount of addition required by section 290.0131, subdivisions 9 to 11;

less the sum of the amounts determined under the following:

(1) interest income as defined in section 290.0132, subdivision 2;

(2) an overpayment of state income tax as provided by section 290.0132, subdivision 3,
to the extent included in federal alternative minimum taxable income;

(3) the amount of investment interest paid or accrued within the taxable year on
indebtedness to the extent that the amount does not exceed net investment income, as defined
in section 163(d)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code. Interest does not include amounts deducted
in computing federal adjusted gross income;

(4) amounts subtracted from federal taxable income as provided by section 290.0132,
subdivisions 7
, 9 to 15, 17, deleted text beginanddeleted text end 21new text begin, and 23new text end; and

(5) the amount of the net operating loss allowed under section 290.095, subdivision 11,
paragraph (c).

In the case of an estate or trust, alternative minimum taxable income must be computed
as provided in section 59(c) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(b) "Investment interest" means investment interest as defined in section 163(d)(3) of
the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) "Net minimum tax" means the minimum tax imposed by this section.

(d) "Regular tax" means the tax that would be imposed under this chapter (without regard
to this section and section 290.032), reduced by the sum of the nonrefundable credits allowed
under this chapter.

(e) "Tentative minimum tax" equals 6.75 percent of alternative minimum taxable income
after subtracting the exemption amount determined under subdivision 3.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2016.
new text end

Sec. 5.

new text begin [462D.01] CITATION.
new text end

new text begin This chapter may be cited as the "First-Time Home Buyer Savings Account Act."
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 6.

new text begin [462D.02] DEFINITIONS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin For purposes of this chapter, the following terms have the
meanings given.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Account holder. new text end

new text begin "Account holder" means an individual who establishes,
individually or jointly with one or more other individuals, a first-time home buyer savings
account.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Allowable closing costs. new text end

new text begin "Allowable closing costs" means a disbursement listed
on a settlement statement for the purchase of a single-family residence in Minnesota by a
qualified beneficiary.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Commissioner. new text end

new text begin "Commissioner" means the commissioner of revenue.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Eligible costs. new text end

new text begin "Eligible costs" means the down payment and allowable closing
costs for the purchase of a single-family residence in Minnesota by a qualified beneficiary.
Eligible costs include paying for the cost of construction of or financing the construction
of a single-family residence.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Financial institution. new text end

new text begin "Financial institution" means a bank, bank and trust,
trust company with banking powers, savings bank, savings association, or credit union,
organized under the laws of this state, any other state, or the United States; an industrial
loan and thrift under chapter 53 or the laws of another state and authorized to accept deposits;
or a money market mutual fund registered under the federal Investment Company Act of
1940 and regulated under rule 2a-7, promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission
under that act.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin First-time home buyer. new text end

new text begin "First-time home buyer" means an individual, and if
married, the individual's spouse, who has no present ownership interest in a principal
residence during the three-year period ending on the earlier of:
new text end

new text begin (1) the date of the purchase of the single-family residence funded, in part, with proceeds
from the first-time home buyer savings account; or
new text end

new text begin (2) the close of the taxable year for which a subtraction is claimed under sections
290.0132 and 462D.06.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin First-time home buyer savings account. new text end

new text begin "First-time home buyer savings
account" or "account" means an account with a financial institution that an account holder
designates as a first-time home buyer savings account, as provided in section 462D.03, to
pay or reimburse eligible costs for the purchase of a single-family residence by a qualified
beneficiary.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 9. new text end

new text begin Internal Revenue Code. new text end

new text begin "Internal Revenue Code" has the meaning given in
section 290.01.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 10. new text end

new text begin Principal residence. new text end

new text begin "Principal residence" has the meaning given in section
121 of the Internal Revenue Code.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 11. new text end

new text begin Qualified beneficiary. new text end

new text begin "Qualified beneficiary" means a first-time home buyer
who is a Minnesota resident and is designated as the qualified beneficiary of a first-time
home buyer savings account by the account holder.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 12. new text end

new text begin Single-family residence. new text end

new text begin "Single-family residence" means a single-family
residence located in this state and owned and occupied by or to be occupied by a qualified
beneficiary as the qualified beneficiary's principal residence, which may include a
manufactured home, trailer, mobile home, condominium unit, townhome, or cooperative.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 7.

new text begin [462D.03] ESTABLISHMENT OF ACCOUNTS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Accounts established. new text end

new text begin An individual may open an account with a financial
institution and designate the account as a first-time home buyer savings account to be used
to pay or reimburse the designated qualified beneficiary's eligible costs.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Designation of qualified beneficiary. new text end

new text begin (a) The account holder must designate
a first-time home buyer as the qualified beneficiary of the account by April 15 of the year
following the taxable year in which the account was established. The account holder may
be the qualified beneficiary. The account holder may change the designated qualified
beneficiary at any time, but no more than one qualified beneficiary may be designated for
an account at any one time. For purposes of the one beneficiary restriction, a married couple
qualifies as one beneficiary. Changing the designated qualified beneficiary of an account
does not affect computation of the ten-year period under section 462D.06, subdivision 2.
new text end

new text begin (b) The commissioner shall establish a process for account holders to notify the state
that permits recording of the account, the account holder or holders, any transfers under
section 462D.04, subdivision 2, and the designated qualified beneficiary for each account.
This may be done upon filing the account holder's income tax return or in any other way
the commissioner determines to be appropriate.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Joint account holders. new text end

new text begin An individual may jointly own a first-time home buyer
account with another person if the joint account holders file a married joint income tax
return.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Multiple accounts. new text end

new text begin (a) An individual may be the account holder of more than
one first-time home buyer savings account, but must not hold or own multiple accounts that
designate the same qualified beneficiary.
new text end

new text begin (b) An individual may be designated as the qualified beneficiary on more than one
first-time home buyer savings account.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Contributions. new text end

new text begin Only cash may be contributed to a first-time home buyer savings
account. Individuals other than the account holder may contribute to an account. No limitation
applies to the amount of contributions that may be made to or retained in a first-time home
buyer savings account.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 8.

new text begin [462D.04] ACCOUNT HOLDER RESPONSIBILITIES.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Expenses; reporting. new text end

new text begin The account holder must:
new text end

new text begin (1) not use funds in a first-time home buyer savings account to pay expenses of
administering the account, except that a service fee may be deducted from the account by
the financial institution in which the account is held; and
new text end

new text begin (2) submit to the commissioner, in the form and manner required by the commissioner:
new text end

new text begin (i) detailed information regarding the first-time home buyer savings account, including
a list of transactions for the account during the taxable year and the Form 1099 issued by
the financial institution for the account for the taxable year; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) upon withdrawal of funds from the account, a detailed account of the eligible costs
for which the account funds were expended and a statement of the amount of funds remaining
in the account, if any.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Transfers. new text end

new text begin An account holder may withdraw funds, in whole or part, from a
first-time home buyer savings account and deposit the funds in another first-time home
buyer savings account held by a different financial institution or the same financial institution.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 9.

new text begin [462D.05] FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.
new text end

new text begin (a) A financial institution is not required to take any action to ensure compliance with
this chapter, including to:
new text end

new text begin (1) designate an account, designate qualified beneficiaries, or modify the financial
institution's account contracts or systems in any way;
new text end

new text begin (2) track the use of money withdrawn from a first-time home buyer savings account;
new text end

new text begin (3) allocate funds in a first-time home buyer savings account among joint account holders
or multiple qualified beneficiaries; or
new text end

new text begin (4) report any information to the commissioner or any other government that is not
otherwise required by law.
new text end

new text begin (b) A financial institution is not responsible or liable for:
new text end

new text begin (1) determining or ensuring that an account satisfies the requirements of this chapter or
that its funds are used for eligible costs; or
new text end

new text begin (2) reporting or remitting taxes or penalties related to the use of a first-time home buyer
savings account.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 10.

new text begin [462D.06] SUBTRACTION; ADDITION; ADDITIONAL TAX.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Subtraction. new text end

new text begin (a) An account holder is allowed a subtraction from federal
taxable income equal to the sum of:
new text end

new text begin (1) the amount the individual contributed to a first-time home buyer savings account
during the taxable year not to exceed $5,000, or $10,000 for a married couple filing a joint
return; and
new text end

new text begin (2) interest or dividends earned on the first-time home buyer savings account during the
taxable year.
new text end

new text begin (b) The subtraction under paragraph (a) is allowed each year in which a contribution is
made for the ten taxable years including and following the taxable year in which the account
was established. The total subtraction for all taxable years and for all first-time home buyer
accounts established by the individual for a qualified beneficiary is limited to $50,000. No
person other than the account holder who deposits funds in a first-time home buyer savings
account is allowed a subtraction under this section.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Addition. new text end

new text begin (a) An account holder must add to federal taxable income the sum
of the following amounts:
new text end

new text begin (1) any amount withdrawn from a first-time home buyer savings account during the
taxable year and used neither to pay eligible costs nor for a transfer permitted under section
462D.04, subdivision 2; and
new text end

new text begin (2) any amount remaining in the first-time home buyer savings account at the close of
the tenth taxable year after the taxable year in which the account was established.
new text end

new text begin (b) For an account that received a transfer under section 462D.04, subdivision 2, the
ten-year period under paragraph (a), clause (2), ends at the close of the earliest taxable year
that applies to either account under that clause.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Additional tax. new text end

new text begin The account holder is liable for an additional tax equal to ten
percent of the addition under subdivision 2 for the taxable year. This amount must be added
to the amount due under section 290.06. The tax under this subdivision does not apply to:
new text end

new text begin (1) a withdrawal because of the account holder's or designated qualified beneficiary's
death or disability; and
new text end

new text begin (2) a disbursement of assets of the account under federal bankruptcy law.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2016.
new text end

Sec. 11. new text beginAPPROPRIATION; COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE.
new text end

new text begin $ ....... in fiscal year 2018 and $ ....... in fiscal year 2019 are appropriated from the general
fund to the commissioner of revenue to administer the first-time home buyer savings account
program.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 12. new text beginSTATEMENT OF INTENT; TAX EXPENDITURES.
new text end

new text begin The provisions of this section fulfill the requirements of Minnesota Statutes, section
3.192, to provide a statement of purpose for a new or expanded tax expenditure and a goal
or standard against which its effectiveness may be measured. The purposes of the first-time
home buyer savings account program is to [........ ]. The effectiveness of the program may
be measured by [........ ].
new text end