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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 4086

as introduced - 90th Legislature (2017 - 2018) Posted on 05/17/2018 09:08am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to energy; providing for a revenue-neutral assessment on certain emissions;
providing for rebates; establishing an account; providing for rulemaking; requiring
a report; appropriating money;amending Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 216H.10,
subdivision 6; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 216H.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [216H.022] CITATION.
new text end

new text begin This act may be cited as the "Minnesota Carbon Assessment and Rebate Act."
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [216H.023] DEFINITIONS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Scope. new text end

new text begin The definitions in this section apply to sections 216H.023 to
216H.028.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Assessed fuel. new text end

new text begin "Assessed fuel" means a fuel that is subject to an assessment
under section 216H.024.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Carbon-based fuel. new text end

new text begin "Carbon-based fuel" means matter, including but not
limited to coal, petroleum, natural gas, mixed municipal solid waste, and refuse-derived
fuel, that emits or is capable of emitting carbon dioxide (CO2) when burned. Carbon-based
fuel includes any solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel derived from coal, petroleum, natural gas,
mixed municipal solid waste, and refuse-derived fuel.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Carbon dioxide emitted. new text end

new text begin "Carbon dioxide emitted" means the amount of
carbon dioxide equivalent emissions associated with an assessed fuel on a life-cycle basis,
including carbon dioxide emissions from extracting, processing, transporting, storing,
refining, distributing, and burning the assessed fuel to produce energy. Carbon dioxide
emitted includes methane emitted during various stages of the life-cycle of natural gas,
expressed in terms of its global warming potential.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Global warming potential. new text end

new text begin "Global warming potential" has the meaning given
in section 216H.10.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Produced. new text end

new text begin "Produced" means:
new text end

new text begin (1) refined from crude oil at a petroleum refinery; or
new text end

new text begin (2) processed from raw natural gas collected at a wellhead.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Program year. new text end

new text begin "Program year" means January 1 through December 31.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Use. new text end

new text begin "Use" means the burning of a fuel to provide energy.
new text end

Sec. 3.

new text begin [216H.024] ASSESSMENT.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Assessed fuels. new text end

new text begin (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), the production
or distribution for use of carbon-based fuels in this state, including the use of carbon-based
fuels in this state and in other states to generate electricity for consumption in this state, is
subject to a carbon assessment.
new text end

new text begin (b) The assessment does not apply to the use of petroleum as a lubricant or a product
component.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Amount of assessment. new text end

new text begin The assessment in the first program year, beginning
January 1, 2020, is $40 per ton of carbon dioxide emitted from the burning of each assessed
fuel. The assessment increases in each of the five succeeding program years by $5 per ton
of carbon dioxide emitted. From the sixth through the 11th program year, the assessment
increases each year by $10 per ton of carbon emitted. Beginning in the 12th program year
and continuing thereafter, the assessment increases each year by $15 per ton of carbon
emitted.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Method of assessment. new text end

new text begin (a) In consultation with the commissioner of the
Pollution Control Agency, the commissioner of revenue must, based on the best available
information:
new text end

new text begin (1) estimate the average amount of carbon dioxide emitted by burning a unit of each
assessed fuel;
new text end

new text begin (2) multiply the estimate made in clause (1) by the number of units of the assessed fuel
at the point of assessment to determine the number of tons of carbon dioxide that would be
emitted by the burning of those units; and
new text end

new text begin (3) multiply the result of clause (2) by the applicable rate per ton of carbon dioxide
emitted specified under subdivision 2.
new text end

new text begin (b) For electricity generated in another state and imported under contract by a utility for
consumption in Minnesota, the commissioner must estimate the amount of carbon dioxide
emitted in paragraph (a), clause (1), based on the proportions of the mix of assessed fuels
used to generate the electricity purchased under the contract.
new text end

new text begin (c) For electricity generated in another state and purchased by a utility in the wholesale
electricity markets operated by the Midcontinent Independent System Operator for
consumption in Minnesota, the commissioner must estimate the amount in paragraph (a),
clause (1), based on the average proportion of the mix of assessed fuels used to generate
electricity by all generators who are members of the Midcontinent Independent System
Operator.
new text end

new text begin (d) For a blend of assessed and nonassessed fuels produced or blended in another state
for use in this state, the commissioner must calculate the assessment based on the volume
of the assessed fuel in the blended fuel.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Assessment procedure. new text end

new text begin (a) For an assessed fuel produced in another state and
used in this state, the assessment under this section applies to the first receipt of the assessed
fuel in this state. The person in this state who first receives the assessed fuel is liable for
the assessment. A person who receives an assessed fuel has the burden of proving to the
satisfaction of the commissioner of revenue that the assessed fuel was not received for use
in Minnesota.
new text end

new text begin (b) For an assessed fuel produced in this state, the assessment under this section applies
at the point of production. The person who produces the assessed fuel is liable for the
assessment.
new text end

new text begin (c) An assessment under this section is prohibited if and to the extent that the assessment
is duplicative of a charge made by (1) federal law or regulation, or (2) a multistate agreement
to which Minnesota is a signatory.
new text end

new text begin (d) If an assessed fuel is produced in or transported to Minnesota from another state that
assesses the fuel based on the amount of carbon dioxide emitted when the fuel is used, a
credit against the assessment authorized under this section is allowed in the amount of the
assessment paid to the state where the fuel is produced.
new text end

new text begin (e) A unit of an assessed fuel must not be assessed more than once under this section.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Data provision. new text end

new text begin Upon request, a person must provide to the commissioner of
revenue in timely fashion information the commissioner of revenue determines is necessary
to accurately make the assessment required under this section.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Technical assistance. new text end

new text begin Upon request of the commissioners of revenue and the
Pollution Control Agency, an agency, as defined in section 14.02, must provide technical
assistance to the commissioners to facilitate the administration of this section.
new text end

Sec. 4.

new text begin [216H.025] ACCOUNT ESTABLISHED; EXPENDITURES.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Account established. new text end

new text begin (a) A carbon assessment rebate account is
established as a separate account in the special revenue fund in the state treasury. Any
revenue derived from the assets of the account must be credited to the account.
Appropriations and transfers to the account must be credited to the account. Funds remaining
in the account at the end of a fiscal year do not cancel to the general fund, but remain in the
account until expended. The account must be administered by the commissioner of revenue
as provided under section 216H.026.
new text end

new text begin (b) The commissioner of revenue must deposit all assessments collected under section
216H.024 into the account established under this subdivision.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Allowable expenditures. new text end

new text begin The commissioner of revenue is authorized to expend
money from the carbon assessment rebate account only for the following purposes:
new text end

new text begin (1) to pay rebates under section 216H.026; and
new text end

new text begin (2) to reimburse the Department of Revenue and other state agencies for services provided
at the request of the commissioner of revenue to assist in the administration of sections
216H.023 to 216H.026.
new text end

Sec. 5.

new text begin [216H.026] CARBON ASSESSMENT REBATES; INDIVIDUALS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definition. new text end

new text begin For the purposes of this section, "dependent" has the meaning
given in section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Rebate amounts. new text end

new text begin (a) The commissioner of revenue must:
new text end

new text begin (1) ensure the assessment is revenue-neutral with respect to state revenues by paying
out in rebates each year all of the funds in the carbon assessment rebate account that are
available for rebates; and
new text end

new text begin (2) pay rebates to individuals on a per capita basis.
new text end

new text begin (b) By September 1 each year, beginning in 2020, the commissioner of revenue must
annually estimate for the subsequent year:
new text end

new text begin (1) the aggregate amount of rebates available by subtracting the estimated payments
made under clause (2) from the total revenues estimated to be in the carbon assessment
rebate account at the end of the calendar year;
new text end

new text begin (2) the total number of filers, spouses, and dependents eligible for rebates; and
new text end

new text begin (3) the amount of a rebate paid to an individual.
new text end

new text begin (c) The commissioner may adjust the rebate amount as necessary to avoid overdrawing
the carbon assessment rebate account.
new text end

new text begin (d) A person is prohibited from receiving more than one rebate annually under this
section.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Credit allowed. new text end

new text begin An individual may receive a rebate equal to the amount
determined under subdivision 2, paragraph (b), clause (3), in the form of a credit against
the tax imposed under chapter 290, for each of the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) the taxpayer;
new text end

new text begin (2) the taxpayer's spouse, if the taxpayer files a joint return; and
new text end

new text begin (3) dependents of the taxpayer.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Credit refundable. new text end

new text begin If a taxpayer is eligible to receive a credit that exceeds the
taxpayer's tax liability under chapter 290, the commissioner must refund the excess to the
taxpayer.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Dependent barred from claiming own credit. new text end

new text begin An individual claimed as a
dependent on the federal tax return of another individual is prohibited from being paid a
rebate under this section.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Nonfilers. new text end

new text begin The commissioner of revenue must develop and implement methods
and procedures to identify and issue rebates to Minnesota residents, including but not limited
to low-income residents, who do not file taxes under chapter 290 by:
new text end

new text begin (1) utilizing all information sources and databases the Department of Revenue has access
to; and
new text end

new text begin (2) consulting with commissioners of other state agencies who have access to information
sources and databases that may assist to identify eligible residents.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Appropriation. new text end

new text begin An amount sufficient to pay rebates required under this section
is annually appropriated to the commissioner of revenue from the carbon assessment rebate
account.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2019.
new text end

Sec. 6.

new text begin [216H.027] RULES.
new text end

new text begin In consultation with the commissioners of commerce and the Pollution Control Agency,
the commissioner of revenue may adopt rules and regulations necessary to carry out the
provisions of sections 216H.023 to 216H.026.
new text end

Sec. 7.

new text begin [216H.028] REPORTS.
new text end

new text begin (a) By September 1 each year, beginning in 2021, the commissioner of revenue must,
in consultation with the commissioners of commerce and the Pollution Control Agency,
submit a written report to the chairs and ranking minority members of the senate and house
of representatives committees with primary jurisdiction over environment policy and finance
and energy policy and finance. The report must contain the following information:
new text end

new text begin (1) the total amount of assessments collected annually under section 216H.024;
new text end

new text begin (2) the total number of rebates awarded annually under section 216H.026, and the amount
of an individual rebate;
new text end

new text begin (3) the annual total amount of carbon dioxide emissions;
new text end

new text begin (4) the number of rebates paid through tax credits and the number of rebates paid directly
to individuals;
new text end

new text begin (5) an analysis regarding (i) the success of efforts to identify and provide rebates to
nonfilers under chapter 290, including recommendations regarding how additional nonfilers
may be identified, and (ii) the feasibility and efficacy of providing rebate application forms
that eligible individuals can file with the Department of Revenue;
new text end

new text begin (6) recommendations regarding the exemption of specific economic sectors that suffer
significant negative impacts as a result of the assessments imposed under section 216H.024;
new text end

new text begin (7) recommendations regarding the need to adjust the assessment level in order to meet
state or federal greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals;
new text end

new text begin (8) recommendations regarding additional fuels or gaseous emissions not subject to
assessments under section 216H.024 that may be candidates for future assessment; and
new text end

new text begin (9) any additional information the commissioners deem relevant.
new text end

new text begin (b) By January 1, 2022, the commissioner of revenue must, in consultation with the
commissioners of commerce and the Pollution Control Agency, submit a written report to
the chairs and ranking minority members of the senate and house of representatives
committees with primary jurisdiction over environment policy and finance and energy policy
and finance. The report must:
new text end

new text begin (1) describe administrative procedures that could be implemented to enable payment of
the rebates required under section 216H.026 on a quarterly or monthly basis;
new text end

new text begin (2) estimate the administrative costs of a monthly payment system; and
new text end

new text begin (3) analyze the impact on carbon-based fuel consumption resulting from monthly
payments.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 216H.10, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Global warming potential or GWP.

"Global warming potential" or "GWP"
means a quantitative measure of the potential of an emission of a greenhouse gas to contribute
to global warming over a 100-year period expressed in terms of the equivalent emission of
carbon dioxide needed to produce the same 100-year warming effect, as reported in deleted text beginFourthdeleted text endnew text begin
the most recent
new text end Assessment Reportdeleted text begin: Climate Change 2007,deleted text endnew text begin on climate change published by
the
new text end Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.