Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

SF 3950

as introduced - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 04/22/2022 10:28am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

Line numbers 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10
3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26

A bill for an act
relating to state government; establishing the Minnesota Migration Act;
appropriating money to study and develop reparation proposals for American
descendants of chattel slavery who reside in this state; requiring a report.


Section 1.

new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Findings. new text end

new text begin The legislature finds:
new text end

new text begin (1) beginning in 1619 and continuing through 1863, slavery enriched American industries
and commercial and financial institutions and transformed the newly established United
States into an international economic power through the oppressive, dehumanizing, and
tortuous system of enslaved Black labor;
new text end

new text begin (2) slave owners invested heavily in the territory that is now known as the state of
Minnesota and after slavery ended in the United States, the slave owners were compensated
for the loss of their slaves. Those persons who were held in bondage were never compensated
for their labor, despite the promise of "40 acres and a mule";
new text end

new text begin (3) although slavery was illegal in Minnesota, Dred Scott and Harriet Scott were held
in bondage at Fort Snelling, along with other African Americans who were used for enslaved
labor by United States Army agents. This was in violation of the Northwest Ordinance of
1787 and the Missouri Compromise of 1820;
new text end

new text begin (4) in the aftermath of slavery, African American citizens of this country continued to
face brutal discrimination as evidenced by Jim Crow laws, such as forced segregation, mass
atrocities in Tulsa and Rosewood, the lynching period in history, and to this day mass
new text end

new text begin (5) in Minnesota, systemic discrimination was perpetrated through redlining and racial
covenants; access to housing; environmental injustice; and the removal of St. Paul's Rondo
neighborhood, which was the center of American descendants of chattel slavery business
and residential, spiritual, and cultural life, for the construction of I-94 and other interstate
systems that harmed Black communities in Minnesota;
new text end

new text begin (6) that structural institutionalized racism in Minnesota and all of American society has
led to overwhelming Black-white disparities in housing, business investment, economic
prosperity, health and wellness, life expectancy, and infant mortality;
new text end

new text begin (7) that according to the November 2020 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine,
reparations are considered the most effective means of breaking down the societal structure
related to power, money, and access to resources and may be the only solution that can be
applied intergenerationally that would be an investment in the future and in reducing
new text end

new text begin (8) that local and state governments throughout the United States have demonstrated a
commitment to addressing disparities by creating programs to generate public and private
sources of funding, including dedicating tax revenues from enterprises that have historically
profited from targeting African American consumers and other forms of discrimination that
have fueled Black-white disparities; and
new text end

new text begin (9) that the tragic murder of George Floyd by a Minneapolis police officer has stirred a
local, national, and international reckoning of the immorality of the racial hierarchy that
exists under our democratic institutions and defies the founding values of this nation "that
all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable
Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Acknowledgment and apology. new text end

new text begin The state shall issue an apology for the past
occurrence of chattel slavery and notable slave owners in Minnesota. Minnesota
acknowledges and issues an official apology:
new text end

new text begin (1) for holding Dred and Harriet Scott in military slavery at Fort Snelling;
new text end

new text begin (2) to the family of Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson, and Isaac McGhie for the lynching
that took place in 1920 in Duluth and shall issue an anti-lynching proclamation and legislation
for the state;
new text end

new text begin (3) to the Rondo neighborhood and other Black communities for the construction of the
I- 94 freeway and other highways that were constructed in Black communities in Minnesota;
new text end

new text begin (4) to the families of George Floyd, Philando Castille, Hardel Sherrell, and Jamar Clark
and the state shall implement remedies to reform law enforcement in the state;
new text end

new text begin (5) for allowing racial housing covenants in deeds in the state and committing to work
to create generational wealth for the descendants of chattel slavery;
new text end

new text begin (6) for having the word "slavery" removed from the Minnesota state constitution; and
new text end

new text begin (7) for the systemic racism in the state and the impact slavery has had on descendants
of chattel slavery in this state, and the state shall commit to ending systemic racism in the
state that prevents upward mobility of Minnesota's Black residents.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text end

new text begin (a) $2,000,000 in fiscal year 2023 is appropriated from the general fund to the
commissioner of human rights to provide a grant to the Minnesota Migration Act Steering
Committee to study the effects of systemic racism on Black Minnesotans who are descendants
of persons who were treated as chattel slaves in this state. The steering committee shall
analyze the past economic benefits of slavery and institutional racism that accrued to owners
and businesses that received those benefits. The steering committee shall also identify and
document the institution of slavery and the money received from the dehumanizing activity
of slavery and identify the public and private institutions that benefited from anti-Black
new text end

new text begin (b) The steering committee shall issue a written report of the steering committee's findings
and make recommendations to the legislative committees with jurisdiction over human
rights to identify: (1) the form of compensation that should be awarded and the mechanisms
through which it should be dispersed; and (2) those persons who should be eligible for the
new text end