as introduced - 81st Legislature (1999 - 2000) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am
1.1 A bill for an act 1.2 relating to crime victims; clarifying the procedure 1.3 for the deposit of unclaimed restitution funds; 1.4 expanding coverage for crime victims reparations to 1.5 include moving expense for victims of crime; extending 1.6 the time limit for filing of claims to three years and 1.7 allowing an exception to the time limit for all child 1.8 abuse cases; amending Minnesota Statutes 1998, 1.9 sections 611A.04, by adding a subdivision; 611A.52, 1.10 subdivision 8; 611A.53, subdivision 2; and 611A.612. 1.11 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: 1.12 Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 611A.04, is 1.13 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 1.14 Subd. 5. [UNCLAIMED RESTITUTION PAYMENTS.] Restitution 1.15 payments held by the court for a victim that remain unclaimed by 1.16 the victim for more than three years shall be deposited in the 1.17 crime victims account created in section 611A.612. 1.18 At the time the deposit is made, the court shall record the 1.19 name and last known address of the victim and the amount being 1.20 deposited, and shall forward the data to the crime victims 1.21 reparations board. 1.22 Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 611A.52, 1.23 subdivision 8, is amended to read: 1.24 Subd. 8. [ECONOMIC LOSS.] "Economic loss" means actual 1.25 economic detriment incurred as a direct result of injury or 1.26 death. 1.27 (a) In the case of injury the term is limited to: 1.28 (1) reasonable expenses incurred for necessary medical, 2.1 chiropractic, hospital, rehabilitative, and dental products, 2.2 services, or accommodations, including ambulance services, 2.3 drugs, appliances, and prosthetic devices; 2.4 (2) reasonable expenses associated with recreational 2.5 therapy where a claimant has suffered amputation of a limb; 2.6 (3) reasonable expenses incurred for psychological or 2.7 psychiatric products, services, or accommodations, not to exceed 2.8 an amount to be set by the board, where the nature of the injury 2.9 or the circumstances of the crime are such that the treatment is 2.10 necessary to the rehabilitation of the victim; 2.11 (4) loss of income that the victim would have earned had 2.12 the victim not been injured; 2.13 (5) reasonable expenses incurred for substitute child care 2.14 or household services to replace those the victim or claimant 2.15 would have performed had the victim or the claimant's child not 2.16 been injured. As used in this clause, "child care services" 2.17 means services provided by facilities licensed under and in 2.18 compliance with either Minnesota Rules, parts 9502.0315 to 2.19 9502.0445, or 9545.0510 to 9545.0670, or exempted from licensing 2.20 requirements pursuant to section 245A.03. Licensed facilities 2.21 must be paid at a rate not to exceed their standard rate of 2.22 payment. Facilities exempted from licensing requirements must 2.23 be paid at a rate not to exceed $3 an hour per child for daytime 2.24 child care or $4 an hour per child for evening child care;
and2.25 (6) reasonable expenses actually incurred to return a child 2.26 who was a victim of a crime under section 609.25 or 609.26 to 2.27 the child's parents or lawful custodian. These expenses are 2.28 limited to transportation costs, meals, and lodging from the 2.29 time the child was located until the child was returned home .; 2.30 and 2.31 (7) the claimant's moving expenses, storage fees, and phone 2.32 and utility installation fees, up to a maximum of $1,000 per 2.33 claim, if the move is necessary due to a reasonable fear of 2.34 danger related to the crime for which the claim was filed. 2.35 (b) In the case of death the term is limited to: 2.36 (1) reasonable expenses actually incurred for funeral, 3.1 burial, or cremation, not to exceed an amount to be determined 3.2 by the board on the first day of each fiscal year; 3.3 (2) reasonable expenses for medical, chiropractic, 3.4 hospital, rehabilitative, psychological and psychiatric 3.5 services, products or accommodations which were incurred prior 3.6 to the victim's death and for which the victim's survivors or 3.7 estate are liable; 3.8 (3) loss of support, including contributions of money, 3.9 products or goods, but excluding services which the victim would 3.10 have supplied to dependents if the victim had lived; and 3.11 (4) reasonable expenses incurred for substitute child care 3.12 and household services to replace those which the victim or 3.13 claimant would have performed for the benefit of dependents if 3.14 the victim or the claimant's child had lived. 3.15 Claims for loss of support for minor children made under 3.16 clause (3) must be paid for three years or until the child 3.17 reaches 18 years old, whichever is the shorter period. After 3.18 three years, if the child is younger than 18 years old a claim 3.19 for loss of support may be resubmitted to the board, and the 3.20 board staff shall evaluate the claim giving consideration to the 3.21 child's financial need and to the availability of funds to the 3.22 board. Claims for loss of support for a spouse made under 3.23 clause (3) shall also be reviewed at least once every three 3.24 years. The board staff shall evaluate the claim giving 3.25 consideration to the spouse's financial need and to the 3.26 availability of funds to the board. 3.27 Claims for substitute child care services made under clause 3.28 (4) must be limited to the actual care that the deceased victim 3.29 would have provided to enable surviving family members to pursue 3.30 economic, educational, and other activities other than 3.31 recreational activities. 3.32 Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 611A.53, 3.33 subdivision 2, is amended to read: 3.34 Subd. 2. No reparations shall be awarded to a claimant 3.35 otherwise eligible if: 3.36 (a) the crime was not reported to the police within 30 days 4.1 of its occurrence or, if it could not reasonably have been 4.2 reported within that period, within 30 days of the time when a 4.3 report could reasonably have been made. A victim of criminal 4.4 sexual conduct in the first, second, third, or fourth degree who 4.5 does not report the crime within 30 days of its occurrence is 4.6 deemed to have been unable to have reported it within that 4.7 period; 4.8 (b) the victim or claimant failed or refused to cooperate 4.9 fully with the police and other law enforcement officials; 4.10 (c) the victim or claimant was the offender or an 4.11 accomplice of the offender or an award to the claimant would 4.12 unjustly benefit the offender or an accomplice; 4.13 (d) the victim or claimant was in the act of committing a 4.14 crime at the time the injury occurred; 4.15 (e) no claim was filed with the board within twothree 4.16 years of victim's injury or death; except that (1) if the 4.17 claimant was unable to file a claim within that period, then the 4.18 claim can be made within twothree years of the time when a 4.19 claim could have been filed; and (2) if the victim's injury or 4.20 death was not reasonably discoverable within twothree years of 4.21 the injury or death, then the claim can be made within twothree 4.22 years of the time when the injury or death is reasonably 4.23 discoverable. The following circumstances do not render a 4.24 claimant unable to file a claim for the purposes of this 4.25 clause: (1) lack of knowledge of the existence of the Minnesota 4.26 Crime Victims Reparations Act, (2) the failure of a law 4.27 enforcement agency to provide information or assistance to a 4.28 potential claimant under section 611A.66, (3) the incompetency 4.29 of the claimant if the claimant's affairs were being managed 4.30 during that period by a guardian, guardian ad litem, 4.31 conservator, authorized agent, or parent, or (4) the fact that 4.32 the claimant is not of the age of majority; or 4.33 (f) the claim is less than $50. 4.34 The limitations contained in clauses (a) and (e) do not 4.35 apply to victims of domesticchild abuse as defined in section4.36 260.015, subdivision 24. In those cases the two-yearthree-year 5.1 limitation period commences running with the report of the crime 5.2 to the police. 5.3 Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 611A.612, is 5.4 amended to read: 5.5 611A.612 [CRIME VICTIMS ACCOUNT.] 5.6 A crime victim account is established as a special account 5.7 in the state treasury. Amounts collected by the state under 5.8 section 611A.61 or, paid to the crime victims reparations board 5.9 under section 611A.04, subdivision 1a, or amounts deposited by 5.10 the court under section 611A.04, subdivision 5, shall be 5.11 credited to this account. Money credited to this account is 5.12 annually appropriated to the department of public safety for use 5.13 for crime victim reparations under sections 611A.51 to 611A.67.