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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

HF 2002

as introduced - 87th Legislature (2011 - 2012) Posted on 02/01/2012 06:37pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to occupational regulation; ensuring a person may pursue a lawful
occupation free from unnecessary regulations; stating a right to engage in
an occupation to create a greater number of jobs; specifying conditions for
government regulation of occupations to protect against misuse of occupational
regulations to reduce competition and increase prices to consumers;proposing
coding for new law as Minnesota Statutes, chapter 213.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [213.01] DEFINITIONS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin For the purposes of this chapter, the words defined in
this section have the meaning given.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Certification. new text end

new text begin "Certification" is a voluntary program for which the
legislature establishes the criteria to grant recognition to a person who (1) has met certain
predetermined qualifications and (2) may use "certified" as a designated title. Noncertified
persons may also perform the occupation for compensation, but the use of the title
"certified" by a noncertified person is illegal. For the purposes of this chapter, the term
certification is not intended to be synonymous with "licensing" or "license."
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Court. new text end

new text begin "Court" means any court, administrative tribunal, or other
government agency acting in a judicial or quasi-judicial capacity.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Government. new text end

new text begin "Government" means the government of this state or any of
its political subdivisions.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Lawful occupation. new text end

new text begin "Lawful occupation" means a course of conduct,
pursuit, or profession that includes the sale of goods or services that are not themselves
illegal to sell, irrespective of whether the person selling them is subject to an occupational
regulation.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Least restrictive occupational regulation. new text end

new text begin "Least restrictive occupational
regulation" means, from least to most restrictive:
new text end

new text begin (1) a provision for private civil action to remedy consumer harm;
new text end

new text begin (2) inspection;
new text end

new text begin (3) bonding;
new text end

new text begin (4) registration;
new text end

new text begin (5) certification; or
new text end

new text begin (6) licensing.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin License. new text end

new text begin "License" is a nontransferable authorization to perform an
occupation for compensation based on meeting:
new text end

new text begin (1) predetermined qualifications established by the legislature, such as satisfactory
completion of an approved education program and acceptable performance on a qualifying
examination or series of examinations; and
new text end

new text begin (2) continuing education qualifications.
new text end

new text begin It is illegal for nonlicensed persons to perform the occupation for compensation. A license
is the most restrictive form of occupational regulation.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Occupational regulation. new text end

new text begin "Occupational regulation" means a statute, rule,
practice, policy, or other government-prescribed requirement for a person to work in a
lawful occupation.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 9. new text end

new text begin Registration. new text end

new text begin "Registration" means a requirement established by the
legislature in which a person (1) submits notification to a state agency, and (2) may use
"registered" as a designated title. Notification may include the person's name and address,
the person's agent for service of process, the location of the activity to be performed, and a
description of the service the person provides. Registration does not include education
or experience requirements. Registration may include a requirement to maintain a
bond. Nonregistered persons may not perform the occupation for compensation or use
"registered" as a designated title. For purposes of this chapter, the term registration is not
intended to be synonymous with "licensing" or "license."
new text end

new text begin Subd. 10. new text end

new text begin Substantial burden. new text end

new text begin "Substantial burden" means a legal or other
regulatory obstacle that imposes significant difficulty or cost on a person seeking to enter
into or continue in a lawful occupation. A substantial burden is a burden that is more
than incidental.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [213.02] RIGHT TO ENGAGE IN A LAWFUL OCCUPATION.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Statutory right. new text end

new text begin A person has a right to engage in a lawful
occupation free from any substantial burden, unless the government demonstrates (1)
it has a compelling interest in protecting against present and recognizable harm to the
public health or safety, and (2) the occupational regulation is the least restrictive means of
furthering that compelling interest.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Defense and relief. new text end

new text begin (a) A person may assert as a defense the right to
engage in a lawful occupation in any judicial or administrative proceeding to enforce an
occupational regulation that violates subdivision 1.
new text end

new text begin (b) A person may bring an action for declaratory judgment or injunctive or other
equitable relief for a violation of subdivision 1.
new text end

new text begin (c) A person may assert as a defense or bring an action against the enforceability of
an occupational regulation, pursuant to paragraphs (a) and (b), which is:
new text end

new text begin (1) in law at the effective date of this act; or
new text end

new text begin (2) enacted, adopted, or amended after the effective date of this act and does not
include in statute an explicit exemption from this chapter.
new text end

new text begin (d) A person who asserts a defense or brings an action under this section has the
initial burden of proof that an occupational regulation substantially burdens the person's
right to engage in a lawful occupation.
new text end

new text begin (e) If the person meets the burden of proof under paragraph (d), the government
must demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that the government has a compelling
interest in protecting against present and recognizable harm to the public health or safety
and the occupational regulation is the least restrictive means for furthering that compelling
interest.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Judicial determination. new text end

new text begin A court shall liberally construe this chapter to
protect the right established in subdivision 1. A court shall make its own findings of fact
and conclusions of law. It shall not grant any presumption to legislative or administrative
determinations of harm to the public health or safety, or that the regulation is the least
restrictive means of furthering a compelling governmental interest.
new text end

Sec. 3.

new text begin [213.03] EXEMPTIONS.
new text end

new text begin This chapter does not apply to occupational regulation of a person who is (1)
an employee of the government, or (2) a fiduciary whose fiduciary status is recognized
in statute.
new text end

Sec. 4.

new text begin [213.04] NO CHANGE TO COLLECTIVE BARGAINING RIGHTS.
new text end

new text begin The right established by this chapter does not change the right to collective
bargaining as established in section 179.10.
new text end