as introduced - 90th Legislature (2017 - 2018) Posted on 03/08/2018 02:37pm
A bill for an act
relating to real property; modifying the definition of residential use under the
Minnesota Common Interest Ownership Act;amending Minnesota Statutes 2016,
section 515B.4-111; Minnesota Statutes 2017 Supplement, section 515B.1-103.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:
Minnesota Statutes 2017 Supplement, section 515B.1-103, is amended to read:
In the declaration and bylaws, unless specifically provided otherwise or the context
otherwise requires, and in this chapter:
(1) "Additional real estate" means real estate that may be added to a flexible common
(2) "Affiliate of a declarant" means any person who controls, is controlled by, or is under
common control with a declarant.
(A) A person "controls" a declarant if the person (i) is a general partner, officer, director,
or employer of the declarant, (ii) directly or indirectly or acting in concert with one or more
other persons, or through one or more subsidiaries, owns, controls, holds with power to
vote, or holds proxies representing, more than 20 percent of the voting interest in the
declarant, (iii) controls in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of the
declarant, or (iv) has contributed more than 20 percent of the capital of the declarant.
(B) A person "is controlled by" a declarant if the declarant (i) is a general partner, officer,
director, or employer of the person, (ii) directly or indirectly or acting in concert with one
or more other persons, or through one or more subsidiaries, owns, controls, holds with
power to vote, or holds proxies representing, more than 20 percent of the voting interest in
the person, (iii) controls in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of the
person, or (iv) has contributed more than 20 percent of the capital of the person.
(C) Control does not exist if the powers described in this subsection are held solely as
a security interest and have not been exercised.
(3) "Allocated interests" means the following interests allocated to each unit: (i) in a
condominium, the undivided interest in the common elements, the common expense liability,
and votes in the association; (ii) in a cooperative, the common expense liability and the
ownership interest and votes in the association; and (iii) in a planned community, the common
expense liability and votes in the association.
(4) "Association" means the unit owners' association organized under section 515B.3-101.
(5) "Board" means the body, regardless of name, designated in the articles of
incorporation, bylaws or declaration to act on behalf of the association, or on behalf of a
master association when so identified.
(6) "CIC plat" means a common interest community plat described in section 515B.2-110.
(7) "Common elements" means all portions of the common interest community other
than the units.
(8) "Common expenses" means expenditures made or liabilities incurred by or on behalf
of the association, or master association when so identified, together with any allocations
(9) "Common expense liability" means the liability for common expenses allocated to
each unit pursuant to section 515B.2-108.
(10) "Common interest community" or "CIC" means contiguous or noncontiguous real
estate within Minnesota that is subject to an instrument which obligates persons owning a
separately described parcel of the real estate, or occupying a part of the real estate pursuant
to a proprietary lease, by reason of their ownership or occupancy, to pay for (i) real estate
taxes levied against; (ii) insurance premiums payable with respect to; (iii) maintenance of;
or (iv) construction, maintenance, repair or replacement of improvements located on, one
or more parcels or parts of the real estate other than the parcel or part that the person owns
or occupies. Real estate which satisfies the definition of a common interest community is
a common interest community whether or not it is subject to this chapter. Real estate subject
to a master declaration, regardless of when the master declaration was recorded, shall not
collectively constitute a separate common interest community unless so stated in the master
(11) "Condominium" means a common interest community in which (i) portions of the
real estate are designated as units, (ii) the remainder of the real estate is designated for
common ownership solely by the owners of the units, and (iii) undivided interests in the
common elements are vested in the unit owners.
(11a) "Construction defect claim" means a civil action or an arbitration proceeding based
on any legal theory including, but not limited to, claims under chapter 327A for damages,
indemnity, or contribution brought against a development party to assert a claim,
counterclaim, cross-claim, or third-party claim for damages or loss to, or the loss of use of,
real or personal property caused by a defect in the initial design or construction of an
improvement to real property that is part of a common interest community, including an
improvement that is constructed on additional real estate pursuant to section 515B.2-111.
"Construction defect claim" does not include claims related to subsequent maintenance,
repairs, alterations, or modifications to, or the addition of, improvements that are part of
the common interest community, and that are contracted for by the association or a unit
(12) "Conversion property" means real estate on which is located a building deleted text beginthatdeleted text endnew text beginnew text end at any time within two years before new text beginnew text endcreation of the
common interest community deleted text beginwas occupied for residential usedeleted text endnew text beginnew text end wholly or partially by
persons other than purchasersnew text beginnew text end and persons who occupy with the consent of purchasersnew text beginnew text end.
(13) "Cooperative" means a common interest community in which the real estate is
owned by an association, each of whose members is entitled to a proprietary lease by virtue
of the member's ownership interest in the association.
(14) "Dealer" means a person in the business of selling units for the person's own account.
(15) "Declarant" means:
(i) if the common interest community has been created, (A) any person who has executed
a declaration, or a supplemental declaration or amendment to a declaration adding additional
real estate, except secured parties, a spouse holding only an inchoate interest, persons whose
interests in the real estate will not be transferred to unit owners, or, in the case of a leasehold
common interest community, a lessor who possesses no special declarant rights and who
is not an affiliate of a declarant who possesses special declarant rights, or (B) any person
who reserves, or succeeds under section 515B.3-104 to any special declarant rights; or
(ii) any person or persons acting in concert who have offered prior to creation of the
common interest community to transfer their interest in a unit to be created and not previously
(16) "Declaration" means any instrument, however denominated, that creates a common
(16a) "Development party" means an architect, contractor, construction manager,
subcontractor, developer, declarant, engineer, or private inspector performing or furnishing
the design, supervision, inspection, construction, coordination, or observation of the
construction of any improvement to real property that is part of a common interest
community, or any of the person's affiliates, officers, directors, shareholders, members, or
(17) "Dispose" or "disposition" means a voluntary transfer to a purchaser of any legal
or equitable interest in the common interest community, but the term does not include the
transfer or release of a security interest.
(18) "Flexible common interest community" means a common interest community to
which additional real estate may be added.
(19) "Leasehold common interest community" means a common interest community in
which all or a portion of the real estate is subject to a lease the expiration or termination of
which will terminate the common interest community or reduce its size.
(20) "Limited common element" means a portion of the common elements allocated by
the declaration or by operation of section 515B.2-109(c) or (d) for the exclusive use of one
or more but fewer than all of the units.
(21) "Master association" means an entity created on or after June 1, 1994, that directly
or indirectly exercises any of the powers set forth in section 515B.3-102 on behalf of one
or more members described in section 515B.2-121(b), (i), (ii) or (iii), whether or not it also
exercises those powers on behalf of one or more property owners' associations described
in section 515B.2-121 (b)(iv). A person (i) hired by an association to perform maintenance,
repair, accounting, bookkeeping or management services, or (ii) granted authority under an
instrument recorded primarily for the purpose of creating rights or obligations with respect
to utilities, access, drainage, or recreational amenities, is not, solely by reason of that
relationship, a master association.
(22) "Master declaration" means a written instrument, however named, (i) recorded on
or after June 1, 1994, and (ii) complying with section 515B.2-121, subsection (e).
(23) "Master developer" means a person who is designated in the master declaration as
a master developer or, in the absence of such a designation, the owner or owners of the real
estate subject to the master declaration at the time the master declaration is recorded, except
(i) secured parties and (ii) a spouse holding only an inchoate interest. A master developer
is not a declarant unless the master declaration states that the real estate subject to the master
declaration collectively is or collectively will be a separate common interest community.
(24) "Period of declarant control" means the time period provided for in section
515B.3-103(c) during which the declarant may appoint and remove officers and directors
of the association.
(25) "Person" means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership,
trustee under a trust, personal representative, guardian, conservator, government,
governmental subdivision or agency, or other legal or commercial entity capable of holding
title to real estate.
(26) "Planned community" means a common interest community that is not a
condominium or a cooperative. A condominium or cooperative may be a part of a planned
(27) "Proprietary lease" means an agreement with a cooperative association whereby a
member of the association is entitled to exclusive possession of a unit in the cooperative.
(28) "Purchaser" means a person, other than a declarant, who by means of a voluntary
transfer acquires a legal or equitable interest in a unit other than (i) a leasehold interest of
less than 20 years, including renewal options, or (ii) a security interest.
(29) "Real estate" means any fee simple, leasehold or other estate or interest in, over,
or under land, including structures, fixtures, and other improvements and interests that by
custom, usage, or law pass with a conveyance of land though not described in the contract
of sale or instrument of conveyance. "Real estate" may include spaces with or without upper
or lower boundaries, or spaces without physical boundaries.
(30) "Residential use" means use as deleted text beginadeleted text endnew text beginnew text end dwelling, whether primary, secondary
or seasonal, but not new text beginnew text endtransient use such as hotels or motelsnew text beginnew text end.
(31) "Secured party" means the person owning a security interest as defined in paragraph
(32) "Security interest" means a perfected interest in real estate or personal property,
created by contract or conveyance, which secures payment or performance of an obligation.
The term includes a mortgagee's interest in a mortgage, a vendor's interest in a contract for
deed, a lessor's interest in a lease intended as security, a holder's interest in a sheriff's
certificate of sale during the period of redemption, an assignee's interest in an assignment
of leases or rents intended as security, in a cooperative, a lender's interest in a member's
ownership interest in the association, a pledgee's interest in the pledge of an ownership
interest, or any other interest intended as security for an obligation under a written agreement.
(33a) This definition of special declarant rights applies only to common interest
communities created before August 1, 2010. "Special declarant rights" means rights reserved
in the declaration for the benefit of a declarant to:
(i) complete improvements indicated on the CIC plat, planned by the declarant consistent
with the disclosure statement or authorized by the municipality in which the CIC is located;
(ii) add additional real estate to a common interest community;
(iii) subdivide or combine units, or convert units into common elements, limited common
elements, or units;
(iv) maintain sales offices, management offices, signs advertising the common interest
community, and models;
(v) use easements through the common elements for the purpose of making improvements
within the common interest community or any additional real estate;
(vi) create a master association and provide for the exercise of authority by the master
association over the common interest community or its unit owners;
(vii) merge or consolidate a common interest community with another common interest
community of the same form of ownership; or
(viii) appoint or remove any officer or director of the association, or the master association
where applicable, during any period of declarant control.
(33b) This definition of special declarant rights applies only to common interest
communities created on or after August 1, 2010. "Special declarant rights" means rights
reserved in the declaration for the benefit of a declarant and expressly identified in the
declaration as special declarant rights. Such special declarant rights may include but are not
limited to the following:
(i) to complete improvements indicated on the CIC plat, planned by the declarant
consistent with the disclosure statement or authorized by the municipality in which the
common interest community is located, and to have and use easements for itself and its
employees, agents, and contractors through the common elements for such purposes;
(ii) to add additional real estate to a common interest community;
(iii) to subdivide or combine units, or convert units into common elements, limited
common elements and/or units, pursuant to section 515B.2-112;
(iv) to maintain and use sales offices, management offices, signs advertising the common
interest community, and models, and to have and use easements for itself and its employees,
agents, and invitees through the common elements for such purposes;
(v) to appoint or remove any officer or director of the association during any period of
(vi) to utilize an alternate common expense plan as provided in section 515B.3-115(a)(2);
(vii) to grant common element licenses as provided in section 515B.2-109(e); or
(viii) to review, and approve or disapprove, the exterior design, materials, size, site
location, and other exterior features of buildings and other structures, landscaping and other
exterior improvements, located within the common interest community, and any
modifications or alterations thereto.
Special declarant rights shall not be reserved or utilized for the purpose of evading any
limitation or obligation imposed on declarants by this chapter.
(34) "Time share" means a right to occupy a unit or any of several units during three or
more separate time periods over a period of at least three years, including renewal options,
whether or not coupled with a fee title interest in the common interest community or a
specified portion thereof.
(35) "Unit" means a portion of a common interest community the boundaries of which
are described in the common interest community's declaration and which is intended for
separate ownership, or separate occupancy pursuant to a proprietary lease.
(36) "Unit identifier" means English letters or Arabic numerals, or a combination thereof,
which identify only one unit in a common interest community and which meet the
requirements of section 515B.2-104.
(37) "Unit owner" means a declarant or other person who owns a unit, a lessee under a
proprietary lease, or a lessee of a unit in a leasehold common interest community whose
lease expires simultaneously with any lease the expiration or termination of which will
remove the unit from the common interest community, but does not include a secured party.
In a common interest community, the declarant is the unit owner of a unit until that unit has
been conveyed to another person.
new text begin new text end
Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 515B.4-111, is amended to read:
(a) A unit owner of a unit occupied for new text beginnew text endresidentialnew text beginnew text end use in a common
interest community containing conversion property shall not, for a period of one year
following the recording of the declaration creating the common interest communitynew text beginnew text end, require any
occupant of the unit to vacate the unit unless the unit owner gives notice to the occupant in
the manner described in this section. The notice shall be given no later than 120 days before
the occupant is required to vacate the unit. The notice shall be sufficient as to all occupants
of a unit if it is hand delivered or mailed to the unit to be vacated, addressed to the occupants
thereof. If the holder of the lessee's interest in the unit has given the unit owner an address
different than that of the unit, then the notice shall also be given to the holder of the lessee's
interest at the designated address. The notice shall comply with the following requirements:
(1) The notice shall set forth generally the rights conferred by this section.
(2) The notice shall have attached a form of purchase agreement setting forth the proposed
terms of sale of the unit to the holder of the lessee's interest as contemplated by subsection
(d) and a statement of any significant restrictions imposed by the declaration on the use and
occupancy of the unit.
(3) The notice shall state that the occupants of the residential unit may demand to be
given 60 additional days before being required to vacate, if any of them, or any person
residing with them, is (i) 62 years of age or older, (ii) a person with a disability as defined
in section 268A.01, or (iii) a minor child on the date the notice is given. This demand must
be in writing, contain reasonable proof of qualification, and be given to the declarant within
30 days after the notice of conversion is delivered or mailed.
(4) The notice shall be contained in an envelope upon which the following shall be boldly
printed: "Notice of Conversion."
(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), an occupant may be required to vacate a unit upon
less than 120 days' notice by reason of new text beginnew text endnonpayment of rent, utilities or other monetary
obligations, violations of law, waste, or conduct that disturbs other occupants' peaceful
enjoyment of the premisesnew text beginnew text end. The terms of the tenancy may not be altered during the notice period, except
that the holder of the lessee's interest or other party in possession may vacate and terminate
the tenancy upon one month's written notice to the declarant. Nothing in this section prevents
the unit owner and any occupant from agreeing to a right of occupancy on a month-to-month
basis beyond the 120-day notice period, or to an earlier termination of the right of occupancy.
(c) No repair work or remodeling may be commenced or undertaken in the occupied
units or common areas of the building during the notice period, unless reasonable precautions
are taken to ensure the safety and security of the occupants.
(d) For 60 days after delivery or mailing of the notice described in subsection (a), the
holder of the lessee's interest in the unit on the date the notice is mailed or delivered shall
have an option to purchase that unit on the terms set forth in the purchase agreement attached
to the notice. The purchase agreement shall contain no terms or provisions which violate
any state or federal law relating to discrimination in housing. If the holder of the lessee's
interest fails to sign a binding purchase agreement for the unit during that 60-day period,
the unit owner may not offer to dispose of an interest in that unit during the following 180
days at a price or on terms more favorable to the offeree than the price or terms offered to
the holder. This subsection and subsection (a)(2) do not apply to any unit in a conversion
property if that unit will be restricted exclusively to nonresidential use or if the boundaries
of the converted unit do not substantially conform to the boundaries of the residential unit
(e) If a unit owner, in violation of subsection (b), conveys a unit to a purchaser for value
who has no knowledge of the violation, the recording of the deed conveying the unit or, in
a cooperative, the conveyance of the right to possession of the unit, extinguishes any right
a holder of a lessee's interest who is not in possession of the unit may have under subsection
(d) to purchase that unit, but the conveyance does not affect the right of the holder to recover
damages from the unit owner for a violation of subsection (d).
(f) If a notice described in subsection (a) specifies a date by which a unit or proposed
unit must be vacated or otherwise complies with the provisions of chapter 504B, the notice
also constitutes a notice to vacate specified by that statute.
(g) An occupant of space for residential use in a conversion property shall not have any
of the rights set out in this section or under any municipal ordinance if the holder of the
lessee's interest in the space received written notice of intent to convert to a common interest
community (i) before signing a lease or a lease renewal or before occupying the space and
(ii) less than two years before the common interest community is created.
(h) A notice of intent to convert to a common interest community shall identify the
conversion property by both legal description and street address and state that (i) the declarant
intends to convert the property to a planned community, condominium, or cooperative form
of common interest community, specifying the intended form, and (ii) persons entering into
leases subsequent to the receipt of the notice of intent to convert will not have the rights
available to an occupant or a person holding the lessee's interest under this section.
(i) Nothing in this section permits a unit owner to terminate a lease in violation of its
(j) Failure to give notice as required by subsection (a) is a defense to an action for
new text begin new text end