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HF 3477

4th Engrossment - 85th Legislature (2007 - 2008) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 4th Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to manufactured housing; providing for regulation of lending practices
and default; providing notices and remedies; amending Minnesota Statutes 2006,
sections 327.64, subdivision 2; 327.65; 327.66; 327B.01, by adding subdivisions;
327B.08, by adding a subdivision; 327B.09, by adding a subdivision; 327B.12;
proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 327; 327B.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327.64, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Notice; service.

new text begin(a) new text endA secured party may commence repossession of a
manufactured home by personally serving uponnew text begin, or by sending by certified or registered
United States mail and concurrently sending a copy of the notice by first class mail to,
new text end
the occupant of the deleted text beginmobiledeleted text endnew text begin manufacturednew text end home a notice and, if the occupant is not the
debtor, by sending a registered or certified letter to the last known address of the debtor
under the security agreement, both setting forth the circumstances constituting the default
under the security agreement and stating that the secured party will at the expiration of a
30-day period following receipt of the notice seek a court order removing the occupant
from the manufactured home and repossessing the manufactured home, unless the debtor
or the occupant acting on behalf of the debtor cures the default prior to that time and in the
manner provided by section 327.66. If notice is mailed to a debtor in accordance with
this subdivision, the secured party by affidavit shall set forth the circumstances causing
the secured party to believe that the debtor could be reached at the address to which the
notice was mailed. The affidavit shall state that the secured party has no deleted text beginreason to believedeleted text endnew text begin
reliable information causing the secured party to conclude
new text end that the debtor might receive
mailed notice at another address.

new text begin (b) The notice must state: "Your loan is currently in default. Contact us immediately
at [insert phone number] to discuss possible options for preventing repossession. We
encourage you to seek assistance from the foreclosure prevention counseling program in
your area. Nearby community agencies will answer your questions, offer free advice,
and help you create a plan. You can contact the Minnesota Home Ownership Center at
(866) 462-6646 or www.hocmn.org to get the phone number and location of the nearest
foreclosure prevention organization. Call today. Waiting limits your options. IF YOU DO
NOT BECOME CURRENT ON YOUR LOAN WITHIN 30 DAYS, WE WILL SEEK
A COURT ORDER REPOSSESSING THE HOME, AND BY COURT ORDER YOU
WILL HAVE TO VACATE THE HOME."
new text end

new text begin (c) If the debtor does not sign for the registered or certified letter containing the
notice within seven calendar days of the first attempted delivery, the secured party may
proceed with all permissible actions provided in statute as though the debtor's signature
has been secured.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327.65, is amended to read:


327.65 COURT ORDER.

Except in cases of voluntary repossession, upon expiration of the 30-day period
specified in the notices required by section 327.64, a secured party must apply to the
district court in the county in which the manufactured home is located for an order
pursuant to chapter 565 directing the seizure and delivery of the manufactured home. The
application shall be accompanied by a copy of the security agreement entitling the secured
party to repossession of the manufactured homenew text begin, a copy of the notices required under
sections 327.64 and 327.665,
new text end and deleted text beginby thedeleted text endnew text begin annew text end affidavit deleted text beginrequired by section 327.64 if notice is
mailed to the debtor
deleted text endnew text begin of service stating that the notices required under sections 327.64 and
327.665 were properly served upon the occupant, and if the occupant of the home is not
the debtor, the debtor
new text end. The notices required by deleted text beginsectiondeleted text endnew text begin sectionsnew text end 327.64new text begin and 327.665new text end shall
not be considered as satisfying any of the notice requirements under chapter 565.

Sec. 3.

new text begin [327.651] VOLUNTARY REPOSSESSION.
new text end

new text begin The secured party and the debtor and occupant, if the debtor is not the occupant, may
agree in writing on a voluntary surrender of the title and possession of the manufactured
home to the secured party prior to or after the end of the 30-day period specified under
section 327.64. The secured party may file the agreement and any other documents
necessary to transfer the title in the manner required under chapter 336. When this
provision is exercised, notice under section 327.64, subdivision 3 is not applicable.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327.66, is amended to read:


327.66 CURE OF DEFAULT.

A debtor, or an occupant of a manufactured home acting on behalf of a debtor, may
within the 30 day period specified in the notices required by section 327.64, cure a default
by tendering full payment of the sums then in arrears under the terms of the security
agreement, or by otherwise remedying the default, and by paying the reasonable costs,
not to exceed the sum of deleted text begin$15deleted text endnew text begin $100new text end, incurred by the secured party to enforce the security
agreement. Cure of a default in accordance with the provisions of this section shall
suspend the secured party's right to seek repossession of the manufactured home under the
provisions of sections 327.61 to 327.67.

Sec. 5.

new text begin [327.665] REINSTATEMENT.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Right to reinstate. new text end

new text begin (a) If the debtor does not cure the default within
the 30-day period specified in section 327.66, the secured party must send a registered or
certified letter and concurrently send a copy of the notice by first class mail to the occupant
of the home and, if the debtor is different than the occupant, to the debtor, stating that the
debtor has 30 days to reinstate the loan by paying the defaulted amount plus additional
allowable fees incurred by the secured party in order to regain possession of the home.
new text end

new text begin (b) If the debtor does not sign for the registered or certified letter containing the
notice within seven calendar days of the first attempted delivery, the secured party may
proceed with all permissible actions provided in statute as though the debtor's signature
had been secured.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Required notice; contents of notice. new text end

new text begin (a) The notice shall contain, at a
minimum, the following information:
new text end

new text begin (1) the name of the secured party, the debtor, each current assignee of the loan, if
any, and the original or maximum principal amount secured by the loan;
new text end

new text begin (2) the date of the loan;
new text end

new text begin (3) the amount in arrears on the loan as of the date of the notice;
new text end

new text begin (4) a description of the manufactured home upon which the loan is secured,
conforming substantially to that contained in the loan documents;
new text end

new text begin (5) the amount of allowable fees incurred by the secured party in order to regain
possession of the home prior to the court order.
new text end

new text begin (b) The notice must also state: "Your manufactured home is currently being
repossessed. Contact us immediately at [insert phone number] to discuss possible options
for reinstating your loan. We encourage you to seek counseling with the foreclosure
prevention counselor in your area. Nearby community agencies will answer your
questions, offer free advice, and help you create a plan. You can contact the Minnesota
Home Ownership Center at 866-462-6646 or www.hocmn.org to get the phone number
and location of the nearest counseling organization. Call today. Waiting limits your
options. If you do not become current on your loan within 30 days, including any
additional fees, you will no longer be entitled to reinstate your loan. We are seeking a
court order repossessing the home, and by court order you will have to vacate the home."
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Action to repossess; termination of action. new text end

new text begin At any time after the
expiration of the 30-day period required under section 327.64, the creditor may proceed
with a court action under section 327.65, so long as the right to reinstate has not been
exercised. The exercise of the right to reinstatement in accordance with the provisions of
this section shall suspend the secured party's right to seek repossession of the manufactured
home under the provisions of sections 327.61 to 327.67 and shall immediately terminate
any court action filed pursuant to sections 327.61 to 327.67 or section 565.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Allowable costs. new text end

new text begin For the purposes of this section, allowable costs that can
be recovered include insurance; delinquent taxes, if any, upon the premises; interest to
date of payment; cost of services of process or notices; filing fees; attorney fees, not to
exceed $150 or one-half of the attorney fees authorized by section 582.01, whichever is
greater; together with other lawful disbursements necessarily incurred in connection with
the proceedings by the party repossessing.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327B.01, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 2a. new text end

new text begin Borrower. new text end

new text begin "Borrower" means a person or persons applying for or
obtaining a manufactured home loan.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327B.01, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 4b. new text end

new text begin Churning. new text end

new text begin "Churning" means knowingly or intentionally making,
providing, or arranging for a manufactured home loan when the new manufactured home
loan does not provide a reasonable, tangible net benefit to the borrower considering all of
the circumstances, including the terms of both the new and refinanced loans, the cost of
the new loan, and the borrower's circumstances.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327B.01, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 13a. new text end

new text begin Manufactured home lender. new text end

new text begin "Manufactured home lender" means a
person who makes a manufactured home loan to a borrower, including a person who
provides table funding. A manufactured home lender includes an affiliate, subsidiary,
or any person acting as an agent of the lender. This definition does not apply to a
manufactured home loan originated by a federal or state chartered bank, savings bank,
credit union, or a licensed sales finance company as defined under section 53C.01,
subdivision 12.
new text end

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327B.01, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 13b. new text end

new text begin Manufactured home loan. new text end

new text begin "Manufactured home loan" means a loan
made to a person or persons for the purchase, refinancing, improvement, or repair of a
manufactured home.
new text end

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327B.01, is amended by adding a
subdivision to read:


new text begin Subd. 14b. new text end

new text begin Negative amortization. new text end

new text begin "Negative amortization" occurs when the
borrower's compliance with any repayment option offered pursuant to the terms of the
manufactured home loan is insufficient to satisfy the interest accruing on the loan,
resulting in an increase in the loan balance. Negative amortization does not occur when a
manufactured home loan is originated, subsidized, or guaranteed by or through a state,
tribal, or local government, or nonprofit organization, and bears one or more of the
following nonstandard payment terms that substantially benefit the borrower:
new text end

new text begin (1) payments vary with income;
new text end

new text begin (2) payments of principal and interest are deferred until the maturity date of the
loan or the sale of the residence;
new text end

new text begin (3) principal or interest is forgivable under specified conditions; or
new text end

new text begin (4) where no interest or an annual interest rate of two percent or less is charged
in connection with the loan, and excludes existing loan modifications and payment
extensions mutually agreed upon by the secured party and debtor.
new text end

Sec. 11.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327B.08, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Duty of agency. new text end

new text begin (a) A person acting as a broker shall be considered to
have created an agency relationship with the borrower in all cases and shall comply with
the following duties:
new text end

new text begin (1) brokers shall reasonably act:
new text end

new text begin (i) in the borrower's best interest;
new text end

new text begin (ii) in the utmost good faith toward borrowers; and
new text end

new text begin (iii) so as not to compromise a borrower's right or interest in favor of another's right
or interest, including a right or interest of the broker. A broker shall not accept, give, or
charge any undisclosed compensation or realize any undisclosed remuneration, either
through direct or indirect means, that inures to the benefit of the broker on an expenditure
made for the borrower;
new text end

new text begin (2) brokers shall carry out all lawful instructions given by borrowers;
new text end

new text begin (3) brokers shall disclose to borrowers all material facts of which the broker has
knowledge which might reasonably affect the borrower's rights, interests, or ability to
receive the borrower's intended benefit from the manufactured home loan, but not facts
which are reasonably susceptible to the knowledge of the borrower;
new text end

new text begin (4) brokers shall use reasonable care in performing duties; and
new text end

new text begin (5) brokers shall account to a borrower for all the borrower's money and property
received as an agent.
new text end

new text begin (b) The duty of agency does not attach to a broker who is:
new text end

new text begin (1) a dealer or retailer;
new text end

new text begin (2) a limited dealer or retailer;
new text end

new text begin (3) licensed as a sales finance company as defined under section 53C.01, subdivision
12;
new text end

new text begin (4) employed by:
new text end

new text begin (i) a manufactured home lender;
new text end

new text begin (ii) a dealer or retailer;
new text end

new text begin (iii) a limited dealer or retailer; or
new text end

new text begin (iv) a licensed sales finance company as defined under section 53C.01, subdivision
12;
new text end

new text begin (5) a person who has an exclusive contract to act as a broker for:
new text end

new text begin (i) a manufactured home lender;
new text end

new text begin (ii) a dealer or retailer;
new text end

new text begin (iii) a limited dealer or retailer; or
new text end

new text begin (iv) a licensed sales finance company as defined under section 53C.01, subdivision
12.
new text end

new text begin (c) Nothing in this section prohibits a broker who is bound by the duty of agency
from contracting for or collecting a reasonable fee for services rendered and which had
been disclosed to the borrower in advance of the provision of such services.
new text end

new text begin (d) Nothing in this section requires a broker who is bound by the duty of agency to
obtain a loan containing terms or conditions not available to the broker in the broker's
usual course of business, or to obtain a loan for the borrower from a manufactured home
loan lender with whom the broker does not have a business relationship.
new text end

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327B.09, is amended by adding a
subdivision to read:


new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Standards of conduct. new text end

new text begin (a) No manufactured home lender shall:
new text end

new text begin (1) charge a fee for a product or service where the product or service is not actually
provided, or misrepresent the amount charged by or paid to a third-party for a product
or service;
new text end

new text begin (2) make or cause to be made, directly or indirectly, any false, deceptive, or
misleading statement or representation in connection with a manufactured home loan
transaction, including, without limitation, a false, deceptive, or misleading statement or
representation regarding the borrower's ability to qualify for any manufactured home
loan product;
new text end

new text begin (3) issue any document indicating conditional qualification or conditional approval
for a manufactured home loan, unless the document also clearly indicates that final
qualification or approval is not guaranteed, and may be subject to additional review;
new text end

new text begin (4) make or assist in making any manufactured home loan without verifying the
reasonable ability of the borrower to repay the loan, taking into consideration taxes and
insurance in connection with the manufactured home;
new text end

new text begin (5) make, provide, or arrange for a manufactured home loan for a higher interest rate
or on less favorable terms than the rate or terms for which the borrower qualifies based on
criteria typically used by that lender to evaluate rate and term offerings;
new text end

new text begin (6) make, provide, or arrange for a manufactured home loan all or a portion of the
proceeds of which are used to fully or partially pay off a "special loan" unless the borrower
has obtained a written certification from an authorized independent loan counselor that
the borrower has received counseling on the advisability of the loan transaction. For
the purposes of this section, "special loan" means a loan for the purchase, refinance,
improvement, or repair of the manufactured home originated, subsidized, or guaranteed
by or through a state, tribal, or local government, or nonprofit organization, that bears
one or more of the following nonstandard payment terms, which substantially benefit
the borrower:
new text end

new text begin (i) payments vary with income;
new text end

new text begin (ii) payments of principal or interest are not required or can be deferred under
specified conditions;
new text end

new text begin (iii) principal or interest is forgivable under specified conditions; or
new text end

new text begin (iv) where no interest or an annual interest rate of two percent or less is charged in
connection with the loan. For the purposes of this section, "authorized independent loan
counselor" means a nonprofit, third-party individual or organization providing homebuyer
education programs, foreclosure prevention services, loan counseling, or credit counseling
certified by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, the
Minnesota Home Ownership Center, the Minnesota Mortgage Foreclosure Prevention
Association, AARP, or NeighborWorks America.
new text end

new text begin (7) engage in churning; or
new text end

new text begin (8) make, provide, or arrange for a manufactured home loan if the borrower's
compliance with any repayment option offered under the terms of the loan will result in
negative amortization during any six-month period. This excludes existing loan extensions
and modifications.
new text end

new text begin (b) This subdivision does not apply to a state or federally chartered bank, savings
bank, or credit union, an institution chartered by Congress under the Farm Credit Act,
or to a person making, providing, or arranging a manufactured home loan originated or
purchased by a state agency or a tribal or local unit of government.
new text end

Sec. 13.

new text begin [327B.095] INTEREST, POINTS, FINANCE CHARGES, FEES, AND
OTHER CHARGES.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Financed interest, points, finance charges, fees, and other
charges.
new text end

new text begin (a) A manufactured home lender making or modifying a manufactured home
loan to a borrower located in this state must not include in the principal amount of any
loan, all or any portion of any lender fee in an aggregate amount exceeding:
new text end

new text begin (1) five percent of the loan amount for loans over $60,000;
new text end

new text begin (2) six percent of the loan amount for loans less than $60,000, but greater than or
equal to $40,000; or
new text end

new text begin (3) eight percent of the loan amount for loans of less than $40,000.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Lender fee" means interest, origination points, finance charges, fees, and other
charges payable in connection with the manufactured home loan:
new text end

new text begin (1) by the borrower to any manufactured home lender or broker or to any assignee of
any manufactured home lender or broker; or
new text end

new text begin (2) by the lender to a broker.
new text end

new text begin (c) Lender fee does not include discount points, provided there is a concomitant
benefit to the borrower, recording fees, taxes, passthroughs, or other amounts that are paid
by any person to any government entity, filing office, or other third party that is not a
manufactured home lender or broker or to any assignee of any manufactured home lender
or broker. Lender fee also does not include any amount that is set aside to pay taxes or
insurance on any property securing the manufactured home loan.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Loan amount" means:
new text end

new text begin (1) for a line of credit, the maximum principal amount of the line of credit; and
new text end

new text begin (2) for any other manufactured home loan, the principal amount of the loan,
excluding all interest, points, finance charges, fees, and other charges.
new text end

new text begin (e) A manufactured home lender or broker shall not charge, receive, or collect any
excess financed interest, points, finance charges, fees, or other charges described in this
subdivision, or any interest, points, finance charges, fees, or other charges with respect
to this excess.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Prepayment penalties. new text end

new text begin No manufactured home loan may contain a
provision requiring or permitting the imposition of a penalty, fee, premium, or other
charge in the event the manufactured home loan is prepaid in whole or in part unless the
penalty, fee, premium, or other charge constitutes consideration for an equal or greater
benefit to the borrower.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Exemption. new text end

new text begin This section does not apply to a manufactured home loan
originated by a federal or state chartered bank, savings bank, credit union, or a licensed
sales finance company as defined under section 53C.01, subdivision 12.
new text end

Sec. 14.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 327B.12, is amended to read:


327B.12 ADDITIONAL REMEDIES AND ENFORCEMENT.

Subdivision 1.

Private remedies.

new text begin(a) new text endAny person injured or threatened with injury
by a dealer or manufacturer's violation of sections 327B.01 to 327B.12 may bring a private
action in any court of competent jurisdiction.

new text begin (b) A borrower injured by a violation of the standards, duties, prohibitions, or
requirements of sections 327B.08, subdivision 6; 325B.09, subdivision 6; or 325B.095,
shall have a private right of action and the court shall award actual, incidental, and
consequential damages.
new text end

Subd. 2.

Fraud remedies.

In addition to the remedies provided in sections 327B.01
to 327B.12, any violation of section 327B.08 or 327B.09 is a violation of section 325F.69,
subdivision 1
and the provisions of section 8.31 shall apply. new text beginA private right of action by
the borrower under this chapter is in the public interest.
new text end