1st Engrossment - 80th Legislature (1997 - 1998) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am
1.1 A bill for an act 1.2 relating to children; providing for child welfare 1.3 reform; restricting release of certain information; 1.4 establishing citizen review panels; clarifying 1.5 jurisdiction; establishing programs for child abuse 1.6 and neglect assessments and investigations and 1.7 concurrent planning for permanent placement; providing 1.8 for protection of children; requiring reviews; 1.9 defining terms; imposing duties; appropriating money; 1.10 amending Minnesota Statutes 1996, sections 3.153, by 1.11 adding a subdivision; 13.391; 256.01, subdivision 12, 1.12 and by adding a subdivision; 257.42; 257.43; 259.24, 1.13 subdivision 1; 259.37, subdivision 2; 260.011, 1.14 subdivision 2; 260.141, by adding a subdivision; 1.15 260.172, subdivision 1; 260.191, subdivision 1e; 1.16 260.221, as amended; and 626.556, subdivisions 10, 1.17 10h, 11a, and by adding subdivisions; Minnesota 1.18 Statutes 1997 Supplement, sections 144.218, 1.19 subdivision 2; 245A.03, subdivision 2; 245A.04, 1.20 subdivisions 3b and 3d; 257.85, subdivision 5; 259.22, 1.21 subdivision 4; 259.47, subdivision 3; 259.60, 1.22 subdivision 2; 260.012; 260.015, subdivision 29; 1.23 260.191, subdivisions 1, 1a, and 3b; 260.241, 1.24 subdivision 3; and 626.556, subdivisions 2, 10e, 11, 1.25 and 11c; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota 1.26 Statutes, chapters 257; and 626. 1.27 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: 1.28 ARTICLE 1 1.29 ADOPTION AND SAFE FAMILIES 1.30 Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 13.391, is 1.31 amended to read: 1.32 13.391 [VIDEOTAPES, AUDIOTAPES, AND PHOTOGRAPHS OF CHILD 1.33 ABUSE VICTIMS.] 1.34 (a) Notwithstanding section 13.04, subdivision 3, an 1.35 individual subject of data may not obtain the following without 1.36 a court order under section 13.03, subdivision 6, or 611A.90: 2.1 (1) a copy of a videotape or audiotape in which a child 2.2 victim or alleged victim is alleging, explaining, denying, or 2.3 describing an act of physical or sexual abuse
without a court2.4 order under section 13.03, subdivision 6, or 611A.90or neglect; 2.5 or 2.6 (2) photographs depicting a child's injuries resulting from 2.7 physical or sexual abuse or neglect. The definitions of 2.8 physical abuse and sexual abuse in section 626.556, subdivision 2.9 2, apply to this section, except that abuse is not limited to 2.10 acts by a person responsible for the child's care or in a 2.11 significant relationship with the child or position of authority. 2.12 (b) This section does not limit other rights of access to 2.13 data by an individual under section 13.04, subdivision 3, other 2.14 than the right to obtain a copy of the videotape, audiotape, or 2.15 photograph nor limit rights of access pursuant to discovery in a 2.16 court proceeding. 2.17 Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 2.18 144.218, subdivision 2, is amended to read: 2.19 Subd. 2. [ADOPTION OF FOREIGN PERSONS.] In proceedings for 2.20 the adoption of a person who was born in a foreign country, the 2.21 court, upon evidence presented by the commissioner of human 2.22 services from information secured at the port of entry, or upon 2.23 evidence from other reliable sources, may make findings of fact 2.24 as to the date and place of birth and parentage. Upon receipt 2.25 of certified copies of the court findings and the order or 2.26 decree of adoption or a certified copy of a decree issued under 2.27 section 259.60, the state registrar shall register a birth 2.28 certificate in the new name of the adopted person. The 2.29 certified copies of the court findings and the order or, decree 2.30 of adoption, or decree issued under section 259.60 are 2.31 confidential, pursuant to section 13.02, subdivision 3, and 2.32 shall not be disclosed except pursuant to court order or section 2.33 144.1761. The birth certificate shall state the place of birth 2.34 as specifically as possible, and that the certificate is not 2.35 evidence of United States citizenship. 2.36 Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 3.1 245A.03, subdivision 2, is amended to read: 3.2 Subd. 2. [EXCLUSION FROM LICENSURE.] Sections 245A.01 to 3.3 245A.16 do not apply to: 3.4 (1) residential or nonresidential programs that are 3.5 provided to a person by an individual who is related unless the 3.6 residential program is a child foster care placement made by a 3.7 local social services agency or a licensed child-placing agency, 3.8 except as provided in subdivision 2a; 3.9 (2) nonresidential programs that are provided by an 3.10 unrelated individual to persons from a single related family; 3.11 (3) residential or nonresidential programs that are 3.12 provided to adults who do not abuse chemicals or who do not have 3.13 a chemical dependency, a mental illness, mental retardation or a 3.14 related condition, a functional impairment, or a physical 3.15 handicap; 3.16 (4) sheltered workshops or work activity programs that are 3.17 certified by the commissioner of economic security; 3.18 (5) programs for children enrolled in kindergarten to the 3.19 12th grade and prekindergarten special education in a school as 3.20 defined in section 120.101, subdivision 4, and programs serving 3.21 children in combined special education and regular 3.22 prekindergarten programs that are operated or assisted by the 3.23 commissioner of children, families, and learning; 3.24 (6) nonresidential programs primarily for children that 3.25 provide care or supervision, without charge for ten or fewer 3.26 days a year, and for periods of less than three hours a day 3.27 while the child's parent or legal guardian is in the same 3.28 building as the nonresidential program or present within another 3.29 building that is directly contiguous to the building in which 3.30 the nonresidential program is located; 3.31 (7) nursing homes or hospitals licensed by the commissioner 3.32 of health except as specified under section 245A.02; 3.33 (8) board and lodge facilities licensed by the commissioner 3.34 of health that provide services for five or more persons whose 3.35 primary diagnosis is mental illness who have refused an 3.36 appropriate residential program offered by a county agency. 4.1 This exclusion expires on July 1, 1990; 4.2 (9) homes providing programs for persons placed there by a 4.3 licensed agency for legal adoption, unless the adoption is not 4.4 completed within two years; 4.5 (10) programs licensed by the commissioner of corrections; 4.6 (11) recreation programs for children or adults that 4.7 operate for fewer than 40 calendar days in a calendar year or 4.8 programs operated by a park and recreation board of a city of 4.9 the first class whose primary purpose is to provide social and 4.10 recreational activities to school age children, provided the 4.11 program is approved by the park and recreation board; 4.12 (12) programs operated by a school as defined in section 4.13 120.101, subdivision 4, whose primary purpose is to provide 4.14 child care to school-age children, provided the program is 4.15 approved by the district's school board; 4.16 (13) Head Start nonresidential programs which operate for 4.17 less than 31 days in each calendar year; 4.18 (14) noncertified boarding care homes unless they provide 4.19 services for five or more persons whose primary diagnosis is 4.20 mental illness or mental retardation; 4.21 (15) nonresidential programs for nonhandicapped children 4.22 provided for a cumulative total of less than 30 days in any 4.23 12-month period; 4.24 (16) residential programs for persons with mental illness, 4.25 that are located in hospitals, until the commissioner adopts 4.26 appropriate rules; 4.27 (17) the religious instruction of school-age children; 4.28 Sabbath or Sunday schools; or the congregate care of children by 4.29 a church, congregation, or religious society during the period 4.30 used by the church, congregation, or religious society for its 4.31 regular worship; 4.32 (18) camps licensed by the commissioner of health under 4.33 Minnesota Rules, chapter 4630; 4.34 (19) mental health outpatient services for adults with 4.35 mental illness or children with emotional disturbance; 4.36 (20) residential programs serving school-age children whose 5.1 sole purpose is cultural or educational exchange, until the 5.2 commissioner adopts appropriate rules; 5.3 (21) unrelated individuals who provide out-of-home respite 5.4 care services to persons with mental retardation or related 5.5 conditions from a single related family for no more than 90 days 5.6 in a 12-month period and the respite care services are for the 5.7 temporary relief of the person's family or legal representative; 5.8 (22) respite care services provided as a home and 5.9 community-based service to a person with mental retardation or a 5.10 related condition, in the person's primary residence; 5.11 (23) community support services programs as defined in 5.12 section 245.462, subdivision 6, and family community support 5.13 services as defined in section 245.4871, subdivision 17; 5.14 (24) the placement of a child by a birth parent or legal 5.15 guardian in a preadoptive home for purposes of adoption as 5.16 authorized by section 259.47; or 5.17 (25) settings registered under chapter 144D which provide 5.18 home care services licensed by the commissioner of health to 5.19 fewer than seven adults. 5.20 For purposes of clause (6), a building is directly 5.21 contiguous to a building in which a nonresidential program is 5.22 located if it shares a common wall with the building in which 5.23 the nonresidential program is located or is attached to that 5.24 building by skyway, tunnel, atrium, or common roof. 5.25 Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 5.26 245A.04, subdivision 3b, is amended to read: 5.27 Subd. 3b. [RECONSIDERATION OF DISQUALIFICATION.] (a) The 5.28 individual who is the subject of the disqualification may 5.29 request a reconsideration of the disqualification. 5.30 The individual must submit the request for reconsideration 5.31 to the commissioner in writing. A request for reconsideration 5.32 for an individual who has been sent a notice of disqualification 5.33 under subdivision 3a, paragraph (b), clause (1) or (2), must be 5.34 submitted within 30 calendar days of the disqualified 5.35 individual's receipt of the notice of disqualification. A 5.36 request for reconsideration for an individual who has been sent 6.1 a notice of disqualification under subdivision 3a, paragraph 6.2 (b), clause (3), must be submitted within 15 calendar days of 6.3 the disqualified individual's receipt of the notice of 6.4 disqualification. Removal of a disqualified individual from 6.5 direct contact shall be ordered if the individual does not 6.6 request reconsideration within the prescribed time, and for an 6.7 individual who submits a timely request for reconsideration, if 6.8 the disqualification is not set aside. The individual must 6.9 present information showing that: 6.10 (1) the information the commissioner relied upon is 6.11 incorrect or inaccurate. If the basis of a reconsideration 6.12 request is that a maltreatment determination or disposition 6.13 under section 626.556 or 626.557 is incorrect, and the 6.14 commissioner has issued a final order in an appeal of that 6.15 determination or disposition under section 256.045, the 6.16 commissioner's order is conclusive on the issue of maltreatment; 6.17 or 6.18 (2) the subject of the study does not pose a risk of harm 6.19 to any person served by the applicant or license holder. 6.20 (b) The commissioner may set aside the disqualification 6.21 under this section if the commissioner finds that the 6.22 information the commissioner relied upon is incorrect or the 6.23 individual does not pose a risk of harm to any person served by 6.24 the applicant or license holder. In determining that an 6.25 individual does not pose a risk of harm, the commissioner shall 6.26 consider the consequences of the event or events that lead to 6.27 disqualification, whether there is more than one disqualifying 6.28 event, the vulnerability of the victim at the time of the event, 6.29 the time elapsed without a repeat of the same or similar event, 6.30 documentation of successful completion by the individual studied 6.31 of training or rehabilitation pertinent to the event, and any 6.32 other information relevant to reconsideration. In reviewing a 6.33 disqualification under this section, the commissioner shall give 6.34 preeminent weight to the safety of each person to be served by 6.35 the license holder or applicant over the interests of the 6.36 license holder or applicant. 7.1 (c) Unless the information the commissioner relied on in 7.2 disqualifying an individual is incorrect, the commissioner may 7.3 not set aside the disqualification of an individual in 7.4 connection with a license to provide family day care for 7.5 children, foster care for children in the provider's own home, 7.6 or foster care or day care services for adults in the provider's 7.7 own home if: 7.8 (1) less than ten years have passed since the discharge of 7.9 the sentence imposed for the offense; and the individual has 7.10 been convicted of a violation of any offense listed in sections 7.11 609.20 (manslaughter in the first degree), 609.205 (manslaughter 7.12 in the second degree), criminal vehicular homicide under 609.21 7.13 (criminal vehicular homicide and injury), 609.215 (aiding 7.14 suicide or aiding attempted suicide), felony violations under 7.15 609.221 to 609.2231 (assault in the first, second, third, or 7.16 fourth degree), 609.713 (terroristic threats), 609.235 (use of 7.17 drugs to injure or to facilitate crime), 609.24 (simple 7.18 robbery), 609.245 (aggravated robbery), 609.25 (kidnapping), 7.19 609.255 (false imprisonment), 609.561 or 609.562 (arson in the 7.20 first or second degree), 609.71 (riot), burglary in the first or 7.21 second degree under 609.582 (burglary), 609.66 (dangerous 7.22 weapon), 609.665 (spring guns), 609.67 (machine guns and 7.23 short-barreled shotguns), 609.749 (harassment; stalking), 7.24 152.021 or 152.022 (controlled substance crime in the first or 7.25 second degree), 152.023, subdivision 1, clause (3) or (4), or 7.26 subdivision 2, clause (4) (controlled substance crime in the 7.27 third degree), 152.024, subdivision 1, clause (2), (3), or (4) 7.28 (controlled substance crime in the fourth degree), 609.224, 7.29 subdivision 2, paragraph (c) (fifth-degree assault by a 7.30 caregiver against a vulnerable adult), 609.228 (great bodily 7.31 harm caused by distribution of drugs), 609.23 (mistreatment of 7.32 persons confined), 609.231 (mistreatment of residents or 7.33 patients), 609.2325 (criminal abuse of a vulnerable adult), 7.34 609.233 (criminal neglect of a vulnerable adult), 609.2335 7.35 (financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult), 609.234 (failure 7.36 to report), 609.265 (abduction), 609.2664 to 609.2665 8.1 (manslaughter of an unborn child in the first or second degree), 8.2 609.267 to 609.2672 (assault of an unborn child in the first, 8.3 second, or third degree), 609.268 (injury or death of an unborn 8.4 child in the commission of a crime), 617.293 (disseminating or 8.5 displaying harmful material to minors), 609.378 (neglect or 8.6 endangerment of a child), a gross misdemeanor offense under 8.7 609.377 (malicious punishment of a child), 609.72, subdivision 3 8.8 (disorderly conduct against a vulnerable adult); or an attempt 8.9 or conspiracy to commit any of these offenses, as each of these 8.10 offenses is defined in Minnesota Statutes; or an offense in any 8.11 other state, the elements of which are substantially similar to 8.12 the elements of any of the foregoing offenses; 8.13 (2) regardless of how much time has passed since the 8.14 discharge of the sentence imposed for the offense, the 8.15 individual was convicted of a violation of any offense listed in 8.16 sections 609.185 to 609.195 (murder in the first, second, or 8.17 third degree), 609.2661 to 609.2663 (murder of an unborn child 8.18 in the first, second, or third degree), a felony offense under 8.19 609.377 (malicious punishment of a child), 609.322 8.20 (solicitation, inducement, and promotion of prostitution), 8.21 609.323 (receiving profit derived from prostitution), 609.342 to 8.22 609.345 (criminal sexual conduct in the first, second, third, or 8.23 fourth degree), 609.352 (solicitation of children to engage in 8.24 sexual conduct), 617.246 (use of minors in a sexual 8.25 performance), 617.247 (possession of pictorial representations 8.26 of a minor), 609.365 (incest), a felony offense under 609.2242 8.27 and 609.2243 (domestic assault), a felony offense of spousal 8.28 abuse, a felony offense of child abuse or neglect, a felony 8.29 offense of a crime against children, or an attempt or conspiracy 8.30 to commit any of these offenses as defined in Minnesota 8.31 Statutes, or an offense in any other state, the elements of 8.32 which are substantially similar to any of the foregoing 8.33 offenses; 8.34 (3) within the seven years preceding the study, the 8.35 individual committed an act that constitutes maltreatment of a 8.36 child under section 626.556, subdivision 10e, and that resulted 9.1 in substantial bodily harm as defined in section 609.02, 9.2 subdivision 7a, or substantial mental or emotional harm as 9.3 supported by competent psychological or psychiatric evidence; or 9.4 (4) within the seven years preceding the study, the 9.5 individual was determined under section 626.557 to be the 9.6 perpetrator of a substantiated incident of maltreatment of a 9.7 vulnerable adult that resulted in substantial bodily harm as 9.8 defined in section 609.02, subdivision 7a, or substantial mental 9.9 or emotional harm as supported by competent psychological or 9.10 psychiatric evidence. 9.11 In the case of any ground for disqualification under 9.12 clauses (1) to (4), if the act was committed by an individual 9.13 other than the applicant or license holder residing in the 9.14 applicant's or license holder's home, the applicant or license 9.15 holder may seek reconsideration when the individual who 9.16 committed the act no longer resides in the home. 9.17 The disqualification periods provided under clauses (1), 9.18 (3), and (4) are the minimum applicable disqualification 9.19 periods. The commissioner may determine that an individual 9.20 should continue to be disqualified from licensure because the 9.21 license holder or applicant poses a risk of harm to a person 9.22 served by that individual after the minimum disqualification 9.23 period has passed. 9.24 (d) The commissioner shall respond in writing or by 9.25 electronic transmission to all reconsideration requests for 9.26 which the basis for the request is that the information relied 9.27 upon by the commissioner to disqualify is incorrect or 9.28 inaccurate within 30 working days of receipt of a request and 9.29 all relevant information. If the basis for the request is that 9.30 the individual does not pose a risk of harm, the commissioner 9.31 shall respond to the request within 15 working days after 9.32 receiving the request for reconsideration and all relevant 9.33 information. If the disqualification is set aside, the 9.34 commissioner shall notify the applicant or license holder in 9.35 writing or by electronic transmission of the decision. 9.36 (e) Except as provided in subdivision 3c, the 10.1 commissioner's decision to disqualify an individual, including 10.2 the decision to grant or deny a rescission or set aside a 10.3 disqualification under this section, is the final administrative 10.4 agency action and shall not be subject to further review in a 10.5 contested case under chapter 14 involving a negative licensing 10.6 appeal taken in response to the disqualification or involving an 10.7 accuracy and completeness appeal under section 13.04. 10.8 Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 10.9 245A.04, subdivision 3d, is amended to read: 10.10 Subd. 3d. [DISQUALIFICATION.] When a background study 10.11 completed under subdivision 3 shows any of the following: a 10.12 conviction of one or more crimes listed in clauses (1) to (4); 10.13 the individual has admitted to or a preponderance of the 10.14 evidence indicates the individual has committed an act or acts 10.15 that meet the definition of any of the crimes listed in clauses 10.16 (1) to (4); or an administrative determination listed under 10.17 clause (4), the individual shall be disqualified from any 10.18 position allowing direct contact with persons receiving services 10.19 from the license holder: 10.20 (1) regardless of how much time has passed since the 10.21 discharge of the sentence imposed for the offense, and unless 10.22 otherwise specified, regardless of the level of the conviction, 10.23 the individual was convicted of any of the following offenses: 10.24 sections 609.185 (murder in the first degree); 609.19 (murder in 10.25 the second degree); 609.195 (murder in the third degree); 10.26 609.2661 (murder of an unborn child in the first degree); 10.27 609.2662 (murder of an unborn child in the second degree); 10.28 609.2663 (murder of an unborn child in the third degree); 10.29 609.322 (solicitation, inducement, and promotion of 10.30 prostitution); 609.323 (receiving profit derived from 10.31 prostitution); 609.342 (criminal sexual conduct in the first 10.32 degree); 609.343 (criminal sexual conduct in the second degree); 10.33 609.344 (criminal sexual conduct in the third degree); 609.345 10.34 (criminal sexual conduct in the fourth degree); 609.352 10.35 (solicitation of children to engage in sexual conduct); 609.365 10.36 (incest); felony offense under 609.377 (malicious punishment of 11.1 a child); 617.246 (use of minors in sexual performance 11.2 prohibited); 617.247 (possession of pictorial representations of 11.3 minors); a felony offense under 609.2242 and 609.2243 (domestic 11.4 assault), a felony offense of spousal abuse, a felony offense of 11.5 child abuse or neglect, a felony offense of a crime against 11.6 children; or attempt or conspiracy to commit any of these 11.7 offenses as defined in Minnesota Statutes, or an offense in any 11.8 other state or country, where the elements are substantially 11.9 similar to any of the offenses listed in this clause; 11.10 (2) if less than 15 years have passed since the discharge 11.11 of the sentence imposed for the offense; and the individual has 11.12 received a felony conviction for a violation of any of these 11.13 offenses: sections 609.20 (manslaughter in the first degree); 11.14 609.205 (manslaughter in the second degree); 609.21 (criminal 11.15 vehicular homicide and injury); 609.215 (suicide); 609.221 to 11.16 609.2231 (assault in the first, second, third, or fourth 11.17 degree); repeat offenses under 609.224 (assault in the fifth 11.18 degree); 609.2242 and 609.2243 (domestic assault; sentencing; 11.19 repeat domestic assault); repeat offenses under 609.3451 11.20 (criminal sexual conduct in the fifth degree); 609.713 11.21 (terroristic threats); 609.235 (use of drugs to injure or 11.22 facilitate crime); 609.24 (simple robbery); 609.245 (aggravated 11.23 robbery); 609.25 (kidnapping); 609.255 (false imprisonment); 11.24 609.561 (arson in the first degree); 609.562 (arson in the 11.25 second degree); 609.563 (arson in the third degree); repeat 11.26 offenses under 617.23 (indecent exposure; penalties); repeat 11.27 offenses under 617.241 (obscene materials and performances; 11.28 distribution and exhibition prohibited; penalty); 609.71 (riot); 11.29 609.66 (dangerous weapons); 609.67 (machine guns and 11.30 short-barreled shotguns); 609.749 (harassment; stalking; 11.31 penalties); 609.228 (great bodily harm caused by distribution of 11.32 drugs); 609.2325 (criminal abuse of a vulnerable adult); 11.33 609.2664 (manslaughter of an unborn child in the first degree); 11.34 609.2665 (manslaughter of an unborn child in the second degree); 11.35 609.267 (assault of an unborn child in the first degree); 11.36 609.2671 (assault of an unborn child in the second degree); 12.1 609.268 (injury or death of an unborn child in the commission of 12.2 a crime); 609.378 (neglect or endangerment of a child); 609.324, 12.3 subdivision 1 (other prohibited acts); 609.52 (theft); 609.2335 12.4 (financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult); 609.521 12.5 (possession of shoplifting gear); 609.582 (burglary); 609.625 12.6 (aggravated forgery); 609.63 (forgery); 609.631 (check forgery; 12.7 offering a forged check); 609.635 (obtaining signature by false 12.8 pretense); 609.27 (coercion); 609.275 (attempt to coerce); 12.9 609.687 (adulteration); 260.221 (grounds for termination of 12.10 parental rights); and chapter 152 (drugs; controlled 12.11 substance). An attempt or conspiracy to commit any of these 12.12 offenses, as each of these offenses is defined in Minnesota 12.13 Statutes; or an offense in any other state or country, the 12.14 elements of which are substantially similar to the elements of 12.15 the offenses in this clause. If the individual studied is 12.16 convicted of one of the felonies listed in this clause, but the 12.17 sentence is a gross misdemeanor or misdemeanor disposition, the 12.18 look-back period for the conviction is the period applicable to 12.19 the disposition, that is the period for gross misdemeanors or 12.20 misdemeanors; 12.21 (3) if less than ten years have passed since the discharge 12.22 of the sentence imposed for the offense; and the individual has 12.23 received a gross misdemeanor conviction for a violation of any 12.24 of the following offenses: sections 609.224 (assault in the 12.25 fifth degree); 609.2242 and 609.2243 (domestic assault); 12.26 violation of an order for protection under 518B.01, subdivision 12.27 14; 609.3451 (criminal sexual conduct in the fifth degree); 12.28 repeat offenses under 609.746 (interference with privacy); 12.29 repeat offenses under 617.23 (indecent exposure); 617.241 12.30 (obscene materials and performances); 617.243 (indecent 12.31 literature, distribution); 617.293 (harmful materials; 12.32 dissemination and display to minors prohibited); 609.71 (riot); 12.33 609.66 (dangerous weapons); 609.749 (harassment; stalking; 12.34 penalties); 609.224, subdivision 2, paragraph (c) (assault in 12.35 the fifth degree by a caregiver against a vulnerable adult); 12.36 609.23 (mistreatment of persons confined); 609.231 (mistreatment 13.1 of residents or patients); 609.2325 (criminal abuse of a 13.2 vulnerable adult); 609.233 (criminal neglect of a vulnerable 13.3 adult); 609.2335 (financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult); 13.4 609.234 (failure to report maltreatment of a vulnerable adult); 13.5 609.72, subdivision 3 (disorderly conduct against a vulnerable 13.6 adult); 609.265 (abduction); 609.378 (neglect or endangerment of 13.7 a child); 609.377 (malicious punishment of a child); 609.324, 13.8 subdivision 1a (other prohibited acts; minor engaged in 13.9 prostitution); 609.33 (disorderly house); 609.52 (theft); 13.10 609.582 (burglary); 609.631 (check forgery; offering a forged 13.11 check); 609.275 (attempt to coerce); or an attempt or conspiracy 13.12 to commit any of these offenses, as each of these offenses is 13.13 defined in Minnesota Statutes; or an offense in any other state 13.14 or country, the elements of which are substantially similar to 13.15 the elements of any of the offenses listed in this clause. If 13.16 the defendant is convicted of one of the gross misdemeanors 13.17 listed in this clause, but the sentence is a misdemeanor 13.18 disposition, the look-back period for the conviction is the 13.19 period applicable to misdemeanors; 13.20 (4) if less than seven years have passed since the 13.21 discharge of the sentence imposed for the offense; and the 13.22 individual has received a misdemeanor conviction for a violation 13.23 of any of the following offenses: sections 609.224 (assault in 13.24 the fifth degree); 609.2242 (domestic assault); violation of an 13.25 order for protection under 518B.01 (Domestic Abuse Act); 13.26 violation of an order for protection under 609.3232 (protective 13.27 order authorized; procedures; penalties); 609.746 (interference 13.28 with privacy); 609.79 (obscene or harassing phone calls); 13.29 609.795 (letter, telegram, or package; opening; harassment); 13.30 617.23 (indecent exposure; penalties); 609.2672 (assault of an 13.31 unborn child in the third degree); 617.293 (harmful materials; 13.32 dissemination and display to minors prohibited); 609.66 13.33 (dangerous weapons); 609.665 (spring guns); 609.2335 (financial 13.34 exploitation of a vulnerable adult); 609.234 (failure to report 13.35 maltreatment of a vulnerable adult); 609.52 (theft); 609.27 13.36 (coercion); or an attempt or conspiracy to commit any of these 14.1 offenses, as each of these offenses is defined in Minnesota 14.2 Statutes; or an offense in any other state or country, the 14.3 elements of which are substantially similar to the elements of 14.4 any of the offenses listed in this clause; failure to make 14.5 required reports under section 626.556, subdivision 3, or 14.6 626.557, subdivision 3, for incidents in which: (i) the final 14.7 disposition under section 626.556 or 626.557 was substantiated 14.8 maltreatment, and (ii) the maltreatment was recurring or 14.9 serious; or substantiated serious or recurring maltreatment of a 14.10 minor under section 626.556 or of a vulnerable adult under 14.11 section 626.557 for which there is a preponderance of evidence 14.12 that the maltreatment occurred, and that the subject was 14.13 responsible for the maltreatment. For the purposes of this 14.14 section, serious maltreatment means sexual abuse; maltreatment 14.15 resulting in death; or maltreatment resulting in seriousinjury 14.16 or harm which reasonably requires the care of a physician 14.17 whether or not the care of a physician was sought , including:; 14.18 or abuse resulting in serious injury. For purposes of this 14.19 section, the following are deemed to be serious injuries: 14.20 bruises, bites, skin laceration or tissue damage; fractures; 14.21 dislocations; evidence of internal injuries; head injuries with 14.22 loss of consciousness; extensive second-degree or third-degree 14.23 burns and other burns for which complications are 14.24 present; extensive second-degree or third-degree frostbite, and 14.25 others for which complications are present; irreversible 14.26 mobility or avulsion of teeth; injuries to the eyeball; 14.27 ingestion of foreign substances and objects that are harmful; 14.28 near drowning; and heat exhaustion or sunstroke. For the 14.29 purposes of this section, recurring maltreatment means more than 14.30 one incident of maltreatment for which there is a preponderance 14.31 of evidence that the maltreatment occurred, and that the subject 14.32 was responsible for the maltreatment. 14.33 Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 256.01, 14.34 subdivision 12, is amended to read: 14.35 Subd. 12. [CHILD MORTALITY REVIEW PANEL.] (a) The 14.36 commissioner shall establish a child mortality review panel for15.1 reviewingto review deaths of children in Minnesota, including 15.2 deaths attributed to maltreatment or in which maltreatment may 15.3 be a contributing cause and to review near fatalities as defined 15.4 in section 626.556, subdivision 11d. The commissioners of 15.5 health, children, families, and learning, and public safety and 15.6 the attorney general shall each designate a representative to 15.7 the child mortality review panel. Other panel members shall be 15.8 appointed by the commissioner, including a board-certified 15.9 pathologist and a physician who is a coroner or a medical 15.10 examiner. The purpose of the panel shall be to make 15.11 recommendations to the state and to county agencies for 15.12 improving the child protection system, including modifications 15.13 in statute, rule, policy, and procedure. 15.14 (b) The commissioner may require a county agency to 15.15 establish a local child mortality review panel. The 15.16 commissioner may establish procedures for conducting local 15.17 reviews and may require that all professionals with knowledge of 15.18 a child mortality case participate in the local review. In this 15.19 section, "professional" means a person licensed to perform or a 15.20 person performing a specific service in the child protective 15.21 service system. "Professional" includes law enforcement 15.22 personnel, social service agency attorneys, educators, and 15.23 social service, health care, and mental health care providers. 15.24 (c) If the commissioner of human services has reason to 15.25 believe that a child's death was caused by maltreatment or that 15.26 maltreatment was a contributing cause, the commissioner has 15.27 access to not public data under chapter 13 maintained by state 15.28 agencies, statewide systems, or political subdivisions that are 15.29 related to the child's death or circumstances surrounding the 15.30 care of the child. The commissioner shall also have access to 15.31 records of private hospitals as necessary to carry out the 15.32 duties prescribed by this section. Access to data under this 15.33 paragraph is limited to police investigative data; autopsy 15.34 records and coroner or medical examiner investigative data; 15.35 hospital, public health, or other medical records of the child; 15.36 hospital and other medical records of the child's parent that 16.1 relate to prenatal care; and records created by social service 16.2 agencies that provided services to the child or family within 16.3 three years preceding the child's death. A state agency, 16.4 statewide system, or political subdivision shall provide the 16.5 data upon request of the commissioner. Not public data may be 16.6 shared with members of the state or local child mortality review 16.7 panel in connection with an individual case. 16.8 (d) Notwithstanding the data's classification in the 16.9 possession of any other agency, data acquired by a local or 16.10 state child mortality review panel in the exercise of its duties 16.11 is protected nonpublic or confidential data as defined in 16.12 section 13.02, but may be disclosed as necessary to carry out 16.13 the purposes of the review panel. The data is not subject to 16.14 subpoena or discovery. The commissioner may disclose 16.15 conclusions of the review panel, but shall not disclose data 16.16 that was classified as confidential or private data on 16.17 decedents, under section 13.10, or private, confidential, or 16.18 protected nonpublic data in the disseminating agency, except 16.19 that the commissioner may disclose local social service agency 16.20 data as provided in section 626.556, subdivision 11d, on 16.21 individual cases involving a fatality or near fatality of a 16.22 person served by the local social service agency prior to the 16.23 date of death. 16.24 (e) A person attending a child mortality review panel 16.25 meeting shall not disclose what transpired at the meeting, 16.26 except to carry out the purposes of the mortality review panel. 16.27 The proceedings and records of the mortality review panel are 16.28 protected nonpublic data as defined in section 13.02, 16.29 subdivision 13, and are not subject to discovery or introduction 16.30 into evidence in a civil or criminal action against a 16.31 professional, the state or a county agency, arising out of the 16.32 matters the panel is reviewing. Information, documents, and 16.33 records otherwise available from other sources are not immune 16.34 from discovery or use in a civil or criminal action solely 16.35 because they were presented during proceedings of the review 16.36 panel. A person who presented information before the review 17.1 panel or who is a member of the panel shall not be prevented 17.2 from testifying about matters within the person's knowledge. 17.3 However, in a civil or criminal proceeding a person shall not be 17.4 questioned about the person's presentation of information to the 17.5 review panel or opinions formed by the person as a result of the 17.6 review meetings. 17.7 Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 256.01, is 17.8 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 17.9 Subd. 15. [CITIZEN REVIEW PANELS.] (a) The commissioner 17.10 shall establish a minimum of three citizen review panels to 17.11 examine the policies and procedures of state and local welfare 17.12 agencies to evaluate the extent to which the agencies are 17.13 effectively discharging their child protection 17.14 responsibilities. Local social service agencies shall cooperate 17.15 and work with the citizen review panels. Where appropriate, the 17.16 panels may examine specific cases to evaluate the effectiveness 17.17 of child protection. The panels must examine the extent to 17.18 which the state and local agencies are meeting the requirements 17.19 of the federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act and the 17.20 Reporting of Maltreatment of Minors Act. Local mortality review 17.21 panels or child protection teams may carry out the duties of a 17.22 citizen review panel if membership meets or is expanded to meet 17.23 the requirements of this section. 17.24 (b) The panel membership must include volunteers who 17.25 broadly represent the community in which the panel is 17.26 established, including members who have expertise in the 17.27 prevention and treatment of child abuse and neglect. 17.28 (c) Access to data for specific case review under this 17.29 paragraph is limited to: police investigative data; autopsy 17.30 records and coroner or medical examiner investigative data; 17.31 hospital, public health, or other medical records of the child; 17.32 hospital and other medical records of the child's parent that 17.33 relate to prenatal care; and records created by social service 17.34 agencies that provided services to the child or family. A state 17.35 agency, statewide system, or political subdivision shall provide 17.36 the data upon request of the commissioner. Not public data may 18.1 be shared with members of the state or local citizen review 18.2 panel in connection with an individual case. 18.3 (d) Notwithstanding the data's classification in the 18.4 possession of any other agency, data acquired by a local or 18.5 state citizen review panel in the exercise of its duties is 18.6 protected nonpublic or confidential data as defined in section 18.7 13.02, but may be disclosed as necessary to carry out the 18.8 purposes of the review panel. The data is not subject to 18.9 subpoena or discovery. The commissioner may disclose 18.10 conclusions of the review panel, but shall not disclose data 18.11 that was classified as confidential or private data. 18.12 (e) A person attending a citizen review panel meeting shall 18.13 not disclose what transpired at the meeting, except to carry out 18.14 the purposes of the review panel. The proceedings and records 18.15 of the review panel are protected nonpublic data as defined in 18.16 section 13.02, subdivision 13, and are not subject to discovery 18.17 or introduction into evidence in a civil or criminal action 18.18 against a professional, the state, or a county agency arising 18.19 out of the matters the panel is reviewing. Information, 18.20 documents, and records otherwise available from other sources 18.21 are not immune from discovery or use in a civil or criminal 18.22 action solely because they were presented during proceedings of 18.23 the review panel. A person who presented information before the 18.24 review panel or who is a member of the panel is not prevented 18.25 from testifying about matters within the person's knowledge. 18.26 However, in a civil or criminal proceeding, a person must not be 18.27 questioned about the person's presentation of information to the 18.28 review panel or opinions formed by the person as a result of the 18.29 review meetings. 18.30 Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 257.42, is 18.31 amended to read: 18.32 257.42 [APPROPRIATE PUBLIC AUTHORITY DEFINED.] 18.33 The "appropriate public authorities" as used in article 3 18.34 of the interstate compact on the placement of children shall, 18.35 with reference to this state, mean the Minnesota department18.36 commissioner of human services and said department. The 19.1 commissioner of human services or or the commissioner's delegate 19.2 shall receive and act with reference to notices required by said 19.3 article 3. 19.4 Sec. 9. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 257.43, is 19.5 amended to read: 19.6 257.43 [APPROPRIATE AUTHORITY IN RECEIVING STATE DEFINED.] 19.7 As used in paragraph (a) of article 5 of the interstate 19.8 compact on the placement of children, the phrase "appropriate 19.9 authority in the receiving state" with reference to this state 19.10 shall mean the commissioner of human services or the 19.11 commissioner's delegate. 19.12 Sec. 10. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 19.13 257.85, subdivision 5, is amended to read: 19.14 Subd. 5. [RELATIVE CUSTODY ASSISTANCE AGREEMENT.] (a) A 19.15 relative custody assistance agreement will not be effective, 19.16 unless it is signed by the local agency and the relative 19.17 custodian no later than 30 days after the date of the order 19.18 establishing permanent legal and physical custody with the 19.19 relative, except that a local agency may enter into a relative 19.20 custody assistance agreement with a relative custodian more than 19.21 30 days after the date of the order if it certifies that the 19.22 delay in entering the agreement was through no fault of the 19.23 relative custodian. There must be a separate agreement for each 19.24 child for whom the relative custodian is receiving relative 19.25 custody assistance. 19.26 (b) Regardless of when the relative custody assistance 19.27 agreement is signed by the local agency and relative custodian, 19.28 the effective date of the agreement shall be the first day of19.29 the month followingthe date of the order establishing permanent 19.30 legal and physical custody or the date that the last party signs19.31 the agreement, whichever occurs later. 19.32 (c) If MFIP-S is not the applicable program for a child at 19.33 the time that a relative custody assistance agreement is entered 19.34 on behalf of the child, when MFIP-S becomes the applicable 19.35 program, if the relative custodian had been receiving custody 19.36 assistance payments calculated based upon a different program, 20.1 the amount of relative custody assistance payment under 20.2 subdivision 7 shall be recalculated under the MFIP-S program. 20.3 (d) The relative custody assistance agreement shall be in a 20.4 form specified by the commissioner and shall include provisions 20.5 relating to the following: 20.6 (1) the responsibilities of all parties to the agreement; 20.7 (2) the payment terms, including the financial 20.8 circumstances of the relative custodian, the needs of the child, 20.9 the amount and calculation of the relative custody assistance 20.10 payments, and that the amount of the payments shall be 20.11 reevaluated annually; 20.12 (3) the effective date of the agreement, which shall also 20.13 be the anniversary date for the purpose of submitting the annual 20.14 affidavit under subdivision 8; 20.15 (4) that failure to submit the affidavit as required by 20.16 subdivision 8 will be grounds for terminating the agreement; 20.17 (5) the agreement's expected duration, which shall not 20.18 extend beyond the child's eighteenth birthday; 20.19 (6) any specific known circumstances that could cause the 20.20 agreement or payments to be modified, reduced, or terminated and 20.21 the relative custodian's appeal rights under subdivision 9; 20.22 (7) that the relative custodian must notify the local 20.23 agency within 30 days of any of the following: 20.24 (i) a change in the child's status; 20.25 (ii) a change in the relationship between the relative 20.26 custodian and the child; 20.27 (iii) a change in composition or level of income of the 20.28 relative custodian's family; 20.29 (iv) a change in eligibility or receipt of benefits under 20.30 AFDC, MFIP-S, or other assistance program; and 20.31 (v) any other change that could affect eligibility for or 20.32 amount of relative custody assistance; 20.33 (8) that failure to provide notice of a change as required 20.34 by clause (7) will be grounds for terminating the agreement; 20.35 (9) that the amount of relative custody assistance is 20.36 subject to the availability of state funds to reimburse the 21.1 local agency making the payments; 21.2 (10) that the relative custodian may choose to temporarily 21.3 stop receiving payments under the agreement at any time by 21.4 providing 30 days' notice to the local agency and may choose to 21.5 begin receiving payments again by providing the same notice but 21.6 any payments the relative custodian chooses not to receive are 21.7 forfeit; and 21.8 (11) that the local agency will continue to be responsible 21.9 for making relative custody assistance payments under the 21.10 agreement regardless of the relative custodian's place of 21.11 residence. 21.12 Sec. 11. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 21.13 259.22, subdivision 4, is amended to read: 21.14 Subd. 4. [TIME FOR FILING PETITION.] A petition shall be 21.15 filed not later than 24six months after a child is placed in a 21.16 prospective adoptive home. If a petition is not filed by that 21.17 time, the agency that placed the child, or, in a direct adoptive 21.18 placement, the agency that is supervising the placement shall 21.19 file with the district court in the county where the prospective 21.20 adoptive parent resides a motion for an order and a report 21.21 recommending one of the following: 21.22 (1) that the time for filing a petition be extended because 21.23 of the child's special needs as defined under title IV-E of the 21.24 Social Security Act, United States Code, title 42, section 673; 21.25 (2) that, based on a written plan for completing filing of 21.26 the petition, including a specific timeline, to which the 21.27 prospective adoptive parents have agreed, the time for filing a 21.28 petition be extended long enough to complete the plan because 21.29 such an extension is in the best interests of the child and 21.30 additional time is needed for the child to adjust to the 21.31 adoptive home; or 21.32 (3) that the child be removed from the prospective adoptive 21.33 home. 21.34 The prospective adoptive parent must reimburse an agency 21.35 for the cost of preparing and filing the motion and report under 21.36 this section, unless the costs are reimbursed by the 22.1 commissioner under section 259.67 or 259.73. 22.2 Sec. 12. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 259.24, 22.3 subdivision 1, is amended to read: 22.4 Subdivision 1. [EXCEPTIONS.] No child shall be adopted 22.5 without the consent of the child's parents and the child's 22.6 guardian, if there be one, except in the following instances: 22.7 (a) Consent shall not be required of a parent not entitled 22.8 to notice of the proceedings. 22.9 (b) Consent shall not be required of a parent who has 22.10 abandoned the child, or of a parent who has lost custody of the 22.11 child through a divorce decree or a decree of dissolution, and 22.12 upon whom notice has been served as required by section 259.49. 22.13 (c) Consent shall not be required of a parent whose 22.14 parental rights to the child have been terminated by a juvenile 22.15 court or who has lost custody of a child through a final 22.16 commitment of the juvenile court or through a decree in a prior 22.17 adoption proceeding. 22.18 (d) If there be no parent or guardian qualified to consent 22.19 to the adoption, the consent may be given by the commissioner. 22.20 (e) The commissioner or agency having authority to place a 22.21 child for adoption pursuant to section 259.25, subdivision 1, 22.22 shall have the exclusive right to consent to the adoption of 22.23 such child. Notwithstanding any rule to the contrary, the 22.24 commissioner may delegate the right to consent to the adoption 22.25 or separation of siblings, if it is in the child's best 22.26 interest, to a local social services agency. 22.27 Sec. 13. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 259.37, 22.28 subdivision 2, is amended to read: 22.29 Subd. 2. [DISCLOSURE TO BIRTH PARENTS AND ADOPTIVE 22.30 PARENTS.] An agency shall provide a disclosure statement written 22.31 in clear, plain language to be signed by the prospective 22.32 adoptive parents and birth parents, except that in intercountry 22.33 adoptions, the signatures of birth parents are not required. 22.34 The disclosure statement must contain the following information: 22.35 (1) fees charged to the adoptive parent, including any 22.36 policy on sliding scale fees or fee waivers and an itemization 23.1 of the amount that will be charged for the adoption study, 23.2 counseling, postplacement services, family of origin searches, 23.3 birth parent expenses authorized under section 259.55, or any 23.4 other services; 23.5 (2) timeline for the adoptive parent to make fee payments; 23.6 (3) likelihood, given the circumstances of the prospective 23.7 adoptive parent and any specific program to which the 23.8 prospective adoptive parent is applying, that an adoptive 23.9 placement may be made and the estimated length of time for 23.10 making an adoptive placement. These estimates must be based on 23.11 adoptive placements made with prospective parents in similar 23.12 circumstances applying to a similar program with the agency 23.13 during the immediately preceding three to five years. If an 23.14 agency has not been in operation for at least three years, it 23.15 must provide summary data based on whatever adoptive placements 23.16 it has made and may include a statement about the kind of 23.17 efforts it will make to achieve an adoptive placement, including 23.18 a timetable it will follow in seeking a child. The estimates 23.19 must include a statement that the agency cannot guarantee 23.20 placement of a child or a time by which a child will be placed; 23.21 (4) a statement of the services the agency will provide the 23.22 birth and adoptive parents; 23.23 (5) a statement prepared by the commissioner under section 23.24 259.39 that explains the child placement and adoption process 23.25 and the respective legal rights and responsibilities of the 23.26 birth parent and prospective adoptive parent during the process 23.27 including a statement that the prospective adoptive parent is 23.28 responsible for filing an adoption petition not later than 2423.29 six months after the child is placed in the prospective adoptive 23.30 home; 23.31 (6) a statement regarding any information the agency may 23.32 have about attorney referral services, or about obtaining 23.33 assistance with completing legal requirements for an adoption; 23.34 and 23.35 (7) an acknowledgment to be signed by the birth parent and 23.36 prospective adoptive parent that they have received, read, and 24.1 had the opportunity to ask questions of the agency about the 24.2 contents of the disclosure statement. 24.3 Sec. 14. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 24.4 259.47, subdivision 3, is amended to read: 24.5 Subd. 3. [PREADOPTIVE CUSTODY ORDER.] (a) Before a child 24.6 is placed in a prospective adoptive home by a birth parent or 24.7 legal guardian, other than an agency, the placement must be 24.8 approved by the district court in the county where the 24.9 prospective adoptive parent resides. An order under this 24.10 subdivision or subdivision 6 shall state that the prospective 24.11 adoptive parent's right to custody of the child is subject to 24.12 the birth parent's right to custody until the consents to the 24.13 child's adoption become irrevocable. At the time of placement, 24.14 prospective adoptive parents must have for the child qualifying 24.15 existing coverage as defined in section 62L.02, subdivision 24, 24.16 or other similar comprehensive health care coverage. The 24.17 preadoptive custody order must include any agreement reached 24.18 between the prospective adoptive parent and the birth parent 24.19 regarding authority to make decisions for medical care of the 24.20 child and responsibility for payment not provided by the 24.21 adoptive parent's existing health care coverage. The 24.22 prospective adoptive parent must meet the residence requirements 24.23 of section 259.22, subdivision 1, and must file with the court 24.24 an affidavit of intent to remain a resident of the state for at 24.25 least three months after the child is placed in the prospective 24.26 adoptive home. The prospective adoptive parent shall file with 24.27 the court a notice of intent to file an adoption petition and 24.28 submit a written motion seeking an order granting temporary 24.29 preadoptive custody. The notice and motion required under this 24.30 subdivision may be considered by the court ex parte, without a 24.31 hearing. The prospective adoptive parent shall serve a copy of 24.32 the notice and motion upon any parent whose consent is required 24.33 under section 259.24 or who is named in the affidavit required 24.34 under paragraph (b) if that person's mailing address is known. 24.35 The motion may be filed up to 60 days before the placement is to 24.36 be made and must include: 25.1 (1) the adoption study required under section 259.41; 25.2 (2) affidavits from the birth parents indicating their 25.3 support of the motion, or, if there is no affidavit from the 25.4 birth father, an affidavit from the birth mother under paragraph 25.5 (b); 25.6 (3) an itemized statement of expenses that have been paid 25.7 and an estimate of expenses that will be paid by the prospective 25.8 adoptive parents to the birth parents, any agency, attorney, or 25.9 other party in connection with the prospective adoption; 25.10 (4) the name of counsel for each party, if any; 25.11 (5) a statement that the birth parents: 25.12 (i) have provided the social and medical history required 25.13 under section 259.43 to the prospective adoptive parent; 25.14 (ii) have received the written statement of their legal 25.15 rights and responsibilities under section 259.39; and 25.16 (iii) have been notified of their right to receive 25.17 counseling under subdivision 4; and 25.18 (6) the name of the agency chosen by the adoptive parent to 25.19 supervise the adoptive placement and complete the postplacement 25.20 assessment required by section 259.53, subdivision 2. 25.21 The court shall review the expense statement submitted 25.22 under this subdivision to determine whether payments made or to 25.23 be made by the prospective adoptive parent are lawful and in 25.24 accordance with section 259.55, subdivision 1. 25.25 (b) If the birth mother submits the affidavit required in 25.26 paragraph (a), clause (2), but the birth father fails to do so, 25.27 the birth mother must submit an additional affidavit that 25.28 describes her good faith efforts or efforts made on her behalf 25.29 to identify and locate the birth father for purposes of securing 25.30 his consent. In the following circumstances the birth mother 25.31 may instead submit an affidavit stating on which ground she is 25.32 exempt from making efforts to identify and locate the father: 25.33 (1) the child was conceived as the result of incest or 25.34 rape; 25.35 (2) efforts to locate the father by the affiant or anyone 25.36 acting on the affiant's behalf could reasonably result in 26.1 physical harm to the birth mother or child; or 26.2 (3) efforts to locate the father by the affiant or anyone 26.3 acting on the affiant's behalf could reasonably result in severe 26.4 emotional distress of the birth mother or child. 26.5 A court shall consider the motion for temporary preadoptive 26.6 custody within 30 days of receiving the motion or by the 26.7 anticipated placement date stated in the motion, whichever comes 26.8 sooner. 26.9 Sec. 15. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 26.10 259.60, subdivision 2, is amended to read: 26.11 Subd. 2. [AMENDED BIRTH CERTIFICATE; PROCEDURE AND ORDER; 26.12 DECREE RECOGNIZING ADOPTION.] (a) Under the procedures in 26.13 paragraph (b), a person, whose adoption of a child under the 26.14 laws of a foreign country is valid in this state under 26.15 subdivision 1, may petition the district court in the county 26.16 where the adoptive parent resides for a decree confirming and 26.17 recognizing the adoption, changing the child's legal name, if 26.18 requested in the petition, and forauthorizing the commissioner 26.19 of health to issue a new birth certificate for the 26.20 child pursuant to section 144.218, subdivision 2. 26.21 (b) A court shall issue the decree and birth26.22 certificatedescribed in paragraph (a) upon receipt of the 26.23 following documents: 26.24 (1) a petition by the adoptive parent requesting that the26.25 court issue a Minnesota birth certificate, andstating that the 26.26 adoptive parent completed adoption of the child under the laws 26.27 of a foreign country and that the adoption is valid in this 26.28 state under subdivision 1 and requesting that the court issue a 26.29 decree confirming and recognizing the adoption, changing the 26.30 child's legal name, if desired, and authorizing the commissioner 26.31 of health to issue a new birth certificate for the child 26.32 pursuant to section 144.218, subdivision 2. The petition must 26.33 be in the form of a signed, sworn, and notarized statement; 26.34 (2) a copy of the child's original birth certificate, if 26.35 available; 26.36 (3) a copy of the final adoption certificate or equivalent 27.1 as issued by the foreign jurisdiction; 27.2 (4) a copy of the child's passport including the United 27.3 States visa indicating IR-3 immigration status; and 27.4 (5) certified English translations of any of the documents 27.5 in clauses (2) to (4) that are not written in the English 27.6 language. 27.7 (c) Upon issuing a decree pursuant to this section, the 27.8 court shall forward to the commissioners of health and human 27.9 services a copy of the decree. The court shall also complete 27.10 and forward to the commissioner of health the certificate of 27.11 adoption, unless another form has been specified by the 27.12 commissioner of health. 27.13 Sec. 16. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 260.011, 27.14 subdivision 2, is amended to read: 27.15 Subd. 2. (a) The paramount consideration in all 27.16 proceedings concerning a child alleged or found to be in need of 27.17 protection or services is the health, safety, and best interests 27.18 of the child. In proceedings involving an American Indian 27.19 child, as defined in section 257.351, subdivision 6, the best 27.20 interests of the child must be determined consistent with 27.21 sections 257.35 to 257.3579 and the Indian Child Welfare Act, 27.22 United States Code, title 25, sections 1901 to 1923. The 27.23 purpose of the laws relating to juvenile courts is to secure for 27.24 each child alleged or adjudicated in need of protection or 27.25 services and under the jurisdiction of the court, the care and 27.26 guidance, preferably in the child's own home, as will best serve 27.27 the spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical welfare of the 27.28 child; to provide judicial procedures which protect the welfare 27.29 of the child; to preserve and strengthen the child's family ties 27.30 whenever possible and in the child's best interests, removing 27.31 the child from the custody of parents only when the child's 27.32 welfare or safety cannot be adequately safeguarded without 27.33 removal; and, when removal from the child's own family is 27.34 necessary and in the child's best interests, to secure for the 27.35 child custody, care and discipline as nearly as possible 27.36 equivalent to that which should have been given by the parents. 28.1 (b) The purpose of the laws relating to termination of 28.2 parental rights is to ensure that: 28.3 (1) reasonable efforts have been made by the social service 28.4 agency to reunite the child with the child's parents in a 28.5 placement that is safe and permanent; and 28.6 (2) if placement with the parents is not reasonably 28.7 foreseeable, to secure for the child a safe and permanent 28.8 placement, preferably with adoptive parents. 28.9 Nothing in this section requires reasonable efforts to be 28.10 made in circumstances where the court has determined that the 28.11 child has been subjected to egregious harm or the parental 28.12 rights of the parent to a sibling have been involuntarily 28.13 terminated. 28.14 The paramount consideration in all proceedings for the 28.15 termination of parental rights is the best interests of the 28.16 child. In proceedings involving an American Indian child, as 28.17 defined in section 257.351, subdivision 6, the best interests of 28.18 the child must be determined consistent with the Indian Child 28.19 Welfare Act of 1978, United States Code, title 25, section 1901, 28.20 et seq. 28.21 (c) The purpose of the laws relating to children alleged or 28.22 adjudicated to be delinquent is to promote the public safety and 28.23 reduce juvenile delinquency by maintaining the integrity of the 28.24 substantive law prohibiting certain behavior and by developing 28.25 individual responsibility for lawful behavior. This purpose 28.26 should be pursued through means that are fair and just, that 28.27 recognize the unique characteristics and needs of children, and 28.28 that give children access to opportunities for personal and 28.29 social growth. 28.30 (d) The laws relating to juvenile courts shall be liberally 28.31 construed to carry out these purposes. 28.32 Sec. 17. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 28.33 260.012, is amended to read: 28.34 260.012 [DUTY TO ENSURE PLACEMENT PREVENTION AND FAMILY 28.35 REUNIFICATION; REASONABLE EFFORTS.] 28.36 (a) If a child in need of protection or services is under 29.1 the court's jurisdiction, the court shall ensure that reasonable 29.2 efforts including culturally appropriate services by the social 29.3 service agency are made to prevent placement or to eliminate the 29.4 need for removal and to reunite the child with the child's 29.5 family at the earliest possible time, consistent with the best 29.6 interests, safety, and protection of the child. The court may, 29.7 upon motion and hearing, order the cessation of reasonable 29.8 efforts if the court finds that provision of services or further 29.9 services for the purpose of rehabilitation and reunification is 29.10 futile and therefore unreasonable under the circumstances. In 29.11 determining reasonable efforts to be made with respect to a 29.12 child and in making such reasonable efforts, the child's health 29.13 and safety must be of paramount concern. Reasonable efforts are 29.14 not required if the court determines that the parent has 29.15 subjected the child to egregious harm as defined in section 29.16 260.015, subdivision 29, or the parental rights of the parent to 29.17 a sibling have been terminated involuntarily. If reasonable 29.18 efforts are not made under this section, a permanency hearing 29.19 must be held or a termination of parental rights petition filed 29.20 within 30 days of the determination. In the case of an Indian 29.21 child, in proceedings under sections 260.172, 260.191, and 29.22 260.221 the juvenile court must make findings and conclusions 29.23 consistent with the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978, United 29.24 States Code, title 25, section 1901 et seq., as to the provision 29.25 of active efforts. If a child is under the court's delinquency 29.26 jurisdiction, it shall be the duty of the court to ensure that 29.27 reasonable efforts are made to reunite the child with the 29.28 child's family at the earliest possible time, consistent with 29.29 the best interests of the child and the safety of the public. 29.30 (b) "Reasonable efforts" means the exercise of due 29.31 diligence by the responsible social service agency to use 29.32 appropriate and available services to meet the needs of the 29.33 child and the child's family in order to prevent removal of the 29.34 child from the child's family; or upon removal, services to 29.35 eliminate the need for removal and reunite the family. Services 29.36 may include those listed under section 256F.07, subdivision 3, 30.1 and other appropriate services available in the community. The 30.2 social service agency has the burden of demonstrating that it 30.3 has made reasonable efforts or that provision of services or 30.4 further services for the purpose of rehabilitation and 30.5 reunification is futile and therefore unreasonable under the 30.6 circumstances. Reunification of a surviving child with a parent 30.7 is not required if the parent has been convicted of: 30.8 (1) a violation of, or an attempt or conspiracy to commit a 30.9 violation of, sections 609.185 to 609.20; 609.222, subdivision 30.10 2; or 609.223 in regard to another child of the parent; 30.11 (2) a violation of section 609.222, subdivision 2; or 30.12 609.223, in regard to the surviving child; or 30.13 (3) a violation of, or an attempt or conspiracy to commit a 30.14 violation of, United States Code, title 18, section 1111(a) or 30.15 1112(a), in regard to another child of the parent. 30.16 (c) The juvenile court, in proceedings under sections 30.17 260.172, 260.191, and 260.221 shall make findings and 30.18 conclusions as to the provision of reasonable efforts. When 30.19 determining whether reasonable efforts have been made, the court 30.20 shall consider whether services to the child and family were: 30.21 (1) relevant to the safety and protection of the child; 30.22 (2) adequate to meet the needs of the child and family; 30.23 (3) culturally appropriate; 30.24 (4) available and accessible; 30.25 (5) consistent and timely; and 30.26 (6) realistic under the circumstances. 30.27 In the alternative, the court may determine that provision 30.28 of services or further services for the purpose of 30.29 rehabilitation is futile and therefore unreasonable under the 30.30 circumstances or that reasonable efforts are not required as 30.31 provided in paragraph (a). 30.32 (d) This section does not prevent out-of-home placement for 30.33 treatment of a child with a mental disability when the child's 30.34 diagnostic assessment or individual treatment plan indicates 30.35 that appropriate and necessary treatment cannot be effectively 30.36 provided outside of a residential or inpatient treatment program. 31.1 (e) If continuation of reasonable efforts described in 31.2 paragraph (b) is determined to be inconsistent with the 31.3 permanency plan for the child, reasonable efforts must be made 31.4 to place the child in a timely manner in accordance with the 31.5 permanency plan and to complete whatever steps are necessary to 31.6 finalize the permanency plan for the child. 31.7 (f) Reasonable efforts to place a child for adoption or in 31.8 another permanent placement may be made concurrently with 31.9 reasonable efforts as described in paragraphs (a) and (b). 31.10 Effective July 1, 1999, concurrent permanency planning must be 31.11 done along with reasonable efforts described in subdivision 1, 31.12 as provided in article 3, section 1. 31.13 Sec. 18. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 31.14 260.015, subdivision 29, is amended to read: 31.15 Subd. 29. [EGREGIOUS HARM.] "Egregious harm" means the 31.16 infliction of bodily harm to a child or neglect of a child which 31.17 demonstrates a grossly inadequate ability to provide minimally 31.18 adequate parental care. The egregious harm need not have 31.19 occurred in the state or in the county where a termination of 31.20 parental rights action is otherwise properly venued. Egregious 31.21 harm includes, but is not limited to: 31.22 (1) conduct towards a child that constitutes a violation of 31.23 sections 609.185 to 609.21, 609.222, subdivision 2, 609.223, or 31.24 any other similar law of any other state; 31.25 (2) the infliction of "substantial bodily harm" to a child, 31.26 as defined in section 609.02, subdivision 8; 31.27 (3) conduct towards a child that constitutes felony 31.28 malicious punishment of a child under section 609.377; 31.29 (4) conduct towards a child that constitutes felony 31.30 unreasonable restraint of a child under section 609.255, 31.31 subdivision 3; 31.32 (5) conduct towards a child that constitutes felony neglect 31.33 or endangerment of a child under section 609.378; 31.34 (6) conduct towards a child that constitutes assault under 31.35 section 609.221, 609.222, or 609.223; 31.36 (7) conduct towards a child that constitutes solicitation, 32.1 inducement, or promotion of prostitution under section 609.322; 32.2 (8) conduct towards a child that constitutes receiving 32.3 profit derived from prostitution under section 609.323; or32.4 (9) conduct toward a child that constitutes a violation of32.5 murder or voluntary manslaughter as defined by United States 32.6 Code, title 18, section 1111(a) or 1112(a); or 32.7 (10) conduct toward a child that constitutes aiding or 32.8 abetting, attempting, conspiring, or soliciting to commit a 32.9 murder or voluntary manslaughter that constitutes a violation of 32.10 United States Code, title 18, section 1111(a) or 1112(a). 32.11 Sec. 19. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 260.141, is 32.12 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 32.13 Subd. 4. [NOTICE TO FOSTER PARENTS AND PREADOPTIVE PARENTS 32.14 AND RELATIVES.] The foster parents, if any, of a child and any 32.15 preadoptive parent or relative providing care for the child must 32.16 be provided notice of and an opportunity to be heard in any 32.17 review or hearing to be held with respect to the child. Any 32.18 other relative may also request, and shall be granted, a notice 32.19 and the opportunity to be heard under this section. This 32.20 section must not be construed to require that any foster parent, 32.21 preadoptive parent, or relative providing care for the child be 32.22 made a party to a review or hearing solely on the basis of the 32.23 notice and opportunity to be heard. 32.24 Sec. 20. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 260.172, 32.25 subdivision 1, is amended to read: 32.26 Subdivision 1. [HEARING AND RELEASE REQUIREMENTS.] (a) If 32.27 a child was taken into custody under section 260.165, 32.28 subdivision 1, clause (a) or (c)(2), the court shall hold a 32.29 hearing within 72 hours of the time the child was taken into 32.30 custody, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, to 32.31 determine whether the child should continue in custody. 32.32 (b) In all other cases, the court shall hold a detention 32.33 hearing: 32.34 (1) within 36 hours of the time the child was taken into 32.35 custody, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, if the 32.36 child is being held at a juvenile secure detention facility or 33.1 shelter care facility; or 33.2 (2) within 24 hours of the time the child was taken into 33.3 custody, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, if the 33.4 child is being held at an adult jail or municipal lockup. 33.5 (c) Unless there is reason to believe that the child would 33.6 endanger self or others, not return for a court hearing, run 33.7 away from the child's parent, guardian, or custodian or 33.8 otherwise not remain in the care or control of the person to 33.9 whose lawful custody the child is released, or that the child's 33.10 health or welfare would be immediately endangered, the child 33.11 shall be released to the custody of a parent, guardian, 33.12 custodian, or other suitable person, subject to reasonable 33.13 conditions of release including, but not limited to, a 33.14 requirement that the child undergo a chemical use assessment as 33.15 provided in section 260.151, subdivision 1. In determining 33.16 whether the child's health or welfare would be immediately 33.17 endangered, the court shall consider whether the child would 33.18 reside with a perpetrator of domestic child abuse. In a 33.19 proceeding regarding a child in need of protection or services, 33.20 the court, before determining whether a child should continue in 33.21 custody, shall also make a determination, consistent with 33.22 section 260.012 as to whether reasonable efforts, or in the case 33.23 of an Indian child, active efforts, according to the Indian 33.24 Child Welfare Act of 1978, United States Code, title 25, section 33.25 1912(d), were made to prevent placement or to reunite the child 33.26 with the child's family, or that reasonable efforts were not 33.27 possible. The court shall also determine whether there are 33.28 available services that would prevent the need for further 33.29 detention. 33.30 If the court finds the social services agency's preventive 33.31 or reunification efforts have not been reasonable but further 33.32 preventive or reunification efforts could not permit the child 33.33 to safely remain at home, the court may nevertheless authorize 33.34 or continue the removal of the child. 33.35 The court may determine at the detention hearing, or at any 33.36 time prior to an adjudicatory hearing, that reasonable efforts 34.1 are not required because the facts, if proved, will demonstrate 34.2 that the parent has subjected the child to egregious harm as 34.3 defined in section 260.015, subdivision 29, or the parental 34.4 rights of the parent to a sibling of the child have been 34.5 terminated involuntarily. 34.6 Sec. 21. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 34.7 260.191, subdivision 1, is amended to read: 34.8 Subdivision 1. [DISPOSITIONS.] (a) If the court finds that 34.9 the child is in need of protection or services or neglected and 34.10 in foster care, it shall enter an order making any of the 34.11 following dispositions of the case: 34.12 (1) place the child under the protective supervision of the 34.13 local social services agency or child-placing agency in the 34.14 child's own home under conditions prescribed by the court 34.15 directed to the correction of the child's need for protection or 34.16 services; 34.17 (2) transfer legal custody to one of the following: 34.18 (i) a child-placing agency; or 34.19 (ii) the local social services agency. 34.20 In placing a child whose custody has been transferred under 34.21 this paragraph, the agencies shall follow the order of 34.22 preference stated in section 260.181, subdivision 3; 34.23 (3) if the child is in need of special treatment and care 34.24 for reasons of physical or mental health, the court may order 34.25 the child's parent, guardian, or custodian to provide it. If 34.26 the parent, guardian, or custodian fails or is unable to provide 34.27 this treatment or care, the court may order it provided. The 34.28 court shall not transfer legal custody of the child for the 34.29 purpose of obtaining special treatment or care solely because 34.30 the parent is unable to provide the treatment or care. If the 34.31 court's order for mental health treatment is based on a 34.32 diagnosis made by a treatment professional, the court may order 34.33 that the diagnosing professional not provide the treatment to 34.34 the child if it finds that such an order is in the child's best 34.35 interests; or 34.36 (4) if the court believes that the child has sufficient 35.1 maturity and judgment and that it is in the best interests of 35.2 the child, the court may order a child 16 years old or older to 35.3 be allowed to live independently, either alone or with others as 35.4 approved by the court under supervision the court considers 35.5 appropriate, if the county board, after consultation with the 35.6 court, has specifically authorized this dispositional 35.7 alternative for a child. 35.8 (b) If the child was adjudicated in need of protection or 35.9 services because the child is a runaway or habitual truant, the 35.10 court may order any of the following dispositions in addition to 35.11 or as alternatives to the dispositions authorized under 35.12 paragraph (a): 35.13 (1) counsel the child or the child's parents, guardian, or 35.14 custodian; 35.15 (2) place the child under the supervision of a probation 35.16 officer or other suitable person in the child's own home under 35.17 conditions prescribed by the court, including reasonable rules 35.18 for the child's conduct and the conduct of the parents, 35.19 guardian, or custodian, designed for the physical, mental, and 35.20 moral well-being and behavior of the child; or with the consent 35.21 of the commissioner of corrections, place the child in a group 35.22 foster care facility which is under the commissioner's 35.23 management and supervision; 35.24 (3) subject to the court's supervision, transfer legal 35.25 custody of the child to one of the following: 35.26 (i) a reputable person of good moral character. No person 35.27 may receive custody of two or more unrelated children unless 35.28 licensed to operate a residential program under sections 245A.01 35.29 to 245A.16; or 35.30 (ii) a county probation officer for placement in a group 35.31 foster home established under the direction of the juvenile 35.32 court and licensed pursuant to section 241.021; 35.33 (4) require the child to pay a fine of up to $100. The 35.34 court shall order payment of the fine in a manner that will not 35.35 impose undue financial hardship upon the child; 35.36 (5) require the child to participate in a community service 36.1 project; 36.2 (6) order the child to undergo a chemical dependency 36.3 evaluation and, if warranted by the evaluation, order 36.4 participation by the child in a drug awareness program or an 36.5 inpatient or outpatient chemical dependency treatment program; 36.6 (7) if the court believes that it is in the best interests 36.7 of the child and of public safety that the child's driver's 36.8 license or instruction permit be canceled, the court may order 36.9 the commissioner of public safety to cancel the child's license 36.10 or permit for any period up to the child's 18th birthday. If 36.11 the child does not have a driver's license or permit, the court 36.12 may order a denial of driving privileges for any period up to 36.13 the child's 18th birthday. The court shall forward an order 36.14 issued under this clause to the commissioner, who shall cancel 36.15 the license or permit or deny driving privileges without a 36.16 hearing for the period specified by the court. At any time 36.17 before the expiration of the period of cancellation or denial, 36.18 the court may, for good cause, order the commissioner of public 36.19 safety to allow the child to apply for a license or permit, and 36.20 the commissioner shall so authorize; 36.21 (8) order that the child's parent or legal guardian deliver 36.22 the child to school at the beginning of each school day for a 36.23 period of time specified by the court; or 36.24 (9) require the child to perform any other activities or 36.25 participate in any other treatment programs deemed appropriate 36.26 by the court. 36.27 To the extent practicable, the court shall enter a 36.28 disposition order the same day it makes a finding that a child 36.29 is in need of protection or services or neglected and in foster 36.30 care, but in no event more than 45 days after the finding unless 36.31 the court finds that the best interests of the child will be 36.32 served by granting a delay. If the child was under eight years 36.33 of age at the time the petition was filed, the disposition order 36.34 must be entered within 30 days of the finding and the court may 36.35 not grant a delay unless good cause is shown and the court finds 36.36 the best interests of the child will be served by the delay. 37.1 (c) If a child who is 14 years of age or older is 37.2 adjudicated in need of protection or services because the child 37.3 is a habitual truant and truancy procedures involving the child 37.4 were previously dealt with by a school attendance review board 37.5 or county attorney mediation program under section 260A.06 or 37.6 260A.07, the court shall order a cancellation or denial of 37.7 driving privileges under paragraph (b), clause (7), for any 37.8 period up to the child's 18th birthday. 37.9 (d) In the case of a child adjudicated in need of 37.10 protection or services because the child has committed domestic 37.11 abuse and been ordered excluded from the child's parent's home, 37.12 the court shall dismiss jurisdiction if the court, at any time, 37.13 finds the parent is able or willing to provide an alternative 37.14 safe living arrangement for the child, as defined in Laws 1997, 37.15 chapter 239, article 10, section 2. 37.16 Sec. 22. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 37.17 260.191, subdivision 1a, is amended to read: 37.18 Subd. 1a. [WRITTEN FINDINGS.] Any order for a disposition 37.19 authorized under this section shall contain written findings of 37.20 fact to support the disposition ordered, and shall also set 37.21 forth in writing the following information: 37.22 (a) Why the best interests of the child are served by the 37.23 disposition ordered; 37.24 (b) What alternative dispositions were considered by the 37.25 court and why such dispositions were not appropriate in the 37.26 instant case; 37.27 (c) How the court's disposition complies with the 37.28 requirements of section 260.181, subdivision 3; and 37.29 (d) Whether reasonable efforts consistent with section 37.30 260.012 were made to prevent or eliminate the necessity of the 37.31 child's removal and to reunify the family after removal. The 37.32 court's findings must include a brief description of what 37.33 preventive and reunification efforts were made and why further 37.34 efforts could not have prevented or eliminated the necessity of 37.35 removal or that reasonable efforts were not required under 37.36 section 260.012 or 260.172, subdivision 1. 38.1 If the court finds that the social services agency's 38.2 preventive or reunification efforts have not been reasonable but 38.3 that further preventive or reunification efforts could not 38.4 permit the child to safely remain at home, the court may 38.5 nevertheless authorize or continue the removal of the child. 38.6 Sec. 23. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 260.191, 38.7 subdivision 1e, is amended to read: 38.8 Subd. 1e. [CASE PLAN.] For each disposition ordered, the 38.9 court shall order the appropriate agency to prepare a written 38.10 case plan developed after consultation with any foster parents, 38.11 and consultation with and participation by the child and the 38.12 child's parent, guardian, or custodian, guardian ad litem, and 38.13 tribal representative if the tribe has intervened. The case 38.14 plan shall comply with the requirements of section 257.071, 38.15 where applicable. The case plan shall, among other matters, 38.16 specify the actions to be taken by the child and the child's 38.17 parent, guardian, foster parent, or custodian to ensure the 38.18 child's safety and to comply with the court's disposition order, 38.19 and the services to be offered and provided by the agency to the 38.20 child and the child's parent, guardian, or custodian. The court 38.21 shall review the case plan and, upon approving it, incorporate 38.22 the plan into its disposition order. The court may review and 38.23 modify the terms of the case plan in the manner provided in 38.24 subdivision 2. For each disposition ordered, the written case 38.25 plan shall specify what reasonable efforts shall be provided to 38.26 the family. The case plan must include a discussion of: 38.27 (1) the availability of appropriate prevention and 38.28 reunification services for the family to safely prevent the 38.29 removal of the child from the home or to safely reunify the 38.30 child with the family after removal; 38.31 (2) any services or resources that were requested by the 38.32 child or the child's parent, guardian, foster parent, or 38.33 custodian since the date of initial adjudication, and whether 38.34 those services or resources were provided or the basis for 38.35 denial of the services or resources; 38.36 (3) the need of the child and family for care, treatment, 39.1 or rehabilitation; 39.2 (4) the need for participation by the parent, guardian, or 39.3 custodian in the plan of care for the child; 39.4 (5) the visitation rights and obligations of the parent or 39.5 other relatives, as defined in section 260.181, subdivision 3, 39.6 during any period when the child is placed outside the home; and 39.7 (6) a description of any services that could safely prevent 39.8 placement or reunify the family if such services were available. 39.9 A party has a right to request a court review of the 39.10 reasonableness of the case plan upon a showing of a substantial 39.11 change of circumstances. 39.12 Sec. 24. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 39.13 260.191, subdivision 3b, is amended to read: 39.14 Subd. 3b. [REVIEW OF COURT ORDERED PLACEMENTS; PERMANENT 39.15 PLACEMENT DETERMINATION.] (a) The court shall conduct a hearing 39.16 to determine the permanent status of a child not later than 12 39.17 months after the child is placed out of the home of the parent, 39.18 except that if the child was under eight years of age at the 39.19 time the petition was filed, the hearing must be conducted no 39.20 later than three months after the order of disposition is 39.21 entered under subdivision 1. 39.22 For purposes of this subdivision, the date of the child's 39.23 placement out of the home of the parent is the earlier of the 39.24 first court-ordered placement or the first court-approved39.25 placement under section 257.071, subdivision 3, of a child who39.26 had been in voluntary placement60 days after the date on which 39.27 the child has been voluntarily placed out of the home. 39.28 For purposes of this subdivision, 12 months is calculated 39.29 as follows: 39.30 (1) during the pendency of a petition alleging that a child 39.31 is in need of protection or services, all time periods when a 39.32 child is placed out of the home of the parent are cumulated; 39.33 (2) if a child has been placed out of the home of the 39.34 parent within the previous five years in connection with one or 39.35 more prior petitions for a child in need of protection or 39.36 services, the lengths of all prior time periods when the child 40.1 was placed out of the home within the previous five years and 40.2 under the current petition, are cumulated. If a child under 40.3 this clause has been out of the home for 12 months or more, the 40.4 court, if it is in the best interests of the child, may extend 40.5 the total time the child may continue out of the home under the 40.6 current petition up to an additional six months before making a 40.7 permanency determination. 40.8 (b) Not later than ten days prior to this hearing, the 40.9 responsible social service agency shall file pleadings to 40.10 establish the basis for the permanent placement determination. 40.11 Notice of the hearing and copies of the pleadings must be 40.12 provided pursuant to section 260.141. If a termination of 40.13 parental rights petition is filed before the date required for 40.14 the permanency planning determination, no hearing need be 40.15 conducted under this subdivision. The court shall determine 40.16 whether the child is to be returned home or, if not, what 40.17 permanent placement is consistent with the child's best 40.18 interests. The "best interests of the child" means all relevant 40.19 factors to be considered and evaluated. 40.20 (c) At a hearing under this subdivision, if the child was 40.21 under eight years of age at the time the petition was filed, the 40.22 court shall review the progress of the case and the case plan, 40.23 including the provision of services. The court may order the 40.24 local social service agency to show cause why it should not file 40.25 a termination of parental rights petition. Cause may include, 40.26 but is not limited to, the following conditions: 40.27 (1) the parents or guardians have maintained regular 40.28 parenting time and contact with the child, and the child would 40.29 benefit from continuing this relationship; or 40.30 (2) grounds for termination under section 260.221 do not 40.31 exist. 40.32 (d) If the child is not returned to the home, the 40.33 dispositions available for permanent placement determination are: 40.34 (1) permanent legal and physical custody to a relative in 40.35 the best interests of the child. In transferring permanent 40.36 legal and physical custody to a relative, the juvenile court 41.1 shall follow the standards and procedures applicable under 41.2 chapter 257 or 518. An order establishing permanent legal or 41.3 physical custody under this subdivision must be filed with the 41.4 family court. A transfer of legal and physical custody includes 41.5 responsibility for the protection, education, care, and control 41.6 of the child and decision making on behalf of the child. The 41.7 social service agency may petition on behalf of the proposed 41.8 custodian; 41.9 (2) termination of parental rights and adoption; the social 41.10 service agency shall file a petition for termination of parental 41.11 rights under section 260.231 and all the requirements of 41.12 sections 260.221 to 260.245 remain applicable. An adoption 41.13 completed subsequent to a determination under this subdivision 41.14 may include an agreement for communication or contact under 41.15 section 259.58; or 41.16 (3) long-term foster care; transfer of legal custody and 41.17 adoption are preferred permanency options for a child who cannot 41.18 return home. The court may order a child into long-term foster 41.19 care only if it finds that neither an award of legal and 41.20 physical custody to a relative, nor termination of parental 41.21 rights nor adoption is in the child's best interests. Further, 41.22 the court may only order long-term foster care for the child 41.23 under this section if it finds the following: 41.24 (i) the child has reached age 12 and reasonable efforts by 41.25 the responsible social service agency have failed to locate an 41.26 adoptive family for the child; or 41.27 (ii) the child is a sibling of a child described in clause 41.28 (i) and the siblings have a significant positive relationship 41.29 and are ordered into the same long-term foster care home; or 41.30 (4) foster care for a specified period of time may be 41.31 ordered only if: 41.32 (i) the sole basis for an adjudication that a child is in 41.33 need of protection or services is that the child is a runaway, 41.34 is an habitual truant, or committed a delinquent act before age 41.35 ten; and 41.36 (ii) the court finds that foster care for a specified 42.1 period of time is in the best interests of the child. 42.2 (d)(e) In ordering a permanent placement of a child, the 42.3 court must be governed by the best interests of the child, 42.4 including a review of the relationship between the child and 42.5 relatives and the child and other important persons with whom 42.6 the child has resided or had significant contact. 42.7 (e)(f) Once a permanent placement determination has been 42.8 made and permanent placement has been established, further court 42.9 reviews and dispositional hearings are only necessary if the 42.10 placement is made under paragraph (c)(d), clause (4), review is 42.11 otherwise required by federal law, an adoption has not yet been 42.12 finalized, or there is a disruption of the permanent or 42.13 long-term placement. 42.14 (f)(g) An order under this subdivision must include the 42.15 following detailed findings: 42.16 (1) how the child's best interests are served by the order; 42.17 (2) the nature and extent of the responsible social service 42.18 agency's reasonable efforts, or, in the case of an Indian child, 42.19 active efforts, to reunify the child with the parent or parents; 42.20 (3) the parent's or parents' efforts and ability to use 42.21 services to correct the conditions which led to the out-of-home 42.22 placement; 42.23 (4) whether the conditions which led to the out-of-home 42.24 placement have been corrected so that the child can return home; 42.25 and 42.26 (5) if the child cannot be returned home, whether there is 42.27 a substantial probability of the child being able to return home 42.28 in the next six months. 42.29 (g)(h) An order for permanent legal and physical custody 42.30 of a child may be modified under sections 518.18 and 518.185. 42.31 The social service agency is a party to the proceeding and must 42.32 receive notice. An order for long-term foster care is 42.33 reviewable upon motion and a showing by the parent of a 42.34 substantial change in the parent's circumstances such that the 42.35 parent could provide appropriate care for the child and that 42.36 removal of the child from the child's permanent placement and 43.1 the return to the parent's care would be in the best interest of 43.2 the child. 43.3 Sec. 25. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 260.221, as 43.4 amended by Laws 1997, chapters 218, sections 10 and 11, and 239, 43.5 article 6, section 30, is amended to read: 43.6 260.221 [ GROUNDS FORTERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS.] 43.7 Subdivision 1. [VOLUNTARY AND INVOLUNTARY.] The juvenile 43.8 court may upon petition, terminate all rights of a parent to a 43.9 child: 43.10 (a) with the written consent of a parent who for good cause 43.11 desires to terminate parental rights; or 43.12 (b) if it finds that one or more of the following 43.13 conditions exist: 43.14 (1) that the parent has abandoned the child; or43.15 (2) that the parent has substantially, continuously, or 43.16 repeatedly refused or neglected to comply with the duties 43.17 imposed upon that parent by the parent and child relationship, 43.18 including but not limited to providing the child with necessary 43.19 food, clothing, shelter, education, and other care and control 43.20 necessary for the child's physical, mental, or emotional health 43.21 and development, if the parent is physically and financially 43.22 able, and reasonable efforts by the social service agency have 43.23 failed to correct the conditions that formed the basis of the 43.24 petition; or43.25 (3) that a parent has been ordered to contribute to the 43.26 support of the child or financially aid in the child's birth and 43.27 has continuously failed to do so without good cause. This 43.28 clause shall not be construed to state a grounds for termination 43.29 of parental rights of a noncustodial parent if that parent has 43.30 not been ordered to or cannot financially contribute to the 43.31 support of the child or aid in the child's birth; or43.32 (4) that a parent is palpably unfit to be a party to the 43.33 parent and child relationship because of a consistent pattern of 43.34 specific conduct before the child or of specific conditions 43.35 directly relating to the parent and child relationship either of 43.36 which are determined by the court to be of a duration or nature 44.1 that renders the parent unable, for the reasonably foreseeable 44.2 future, to care appropriately for the ongoing physical, mental, 44.3 or emotional needs of the child. It is presumed that a parent 44.4 is palpably unfit to be a party to the parent and child 44.5 relationship upon a showing that: 44.6 (i) the child was adjudicated in need of protection or 44.7 services due to circumstances described in section 260.015, 44.8 subdivision 2a, clause (1), (2), (3), (5), or (8); and 44.9 (ii) the parent's parental rights to one or more other 44.10 children were involuntarily terminated under clause (1), (2), 44.11 (4), or (7), or under clause (5) if the child was initially 44.12 determined to be in need of protection or services due to 44.13 circumstances described in section 260.015, subdivision 2a, 44.14 clause (1), (2), (3), (5), or (8); or44.15 (5) that following upon a determination of neglect or 44.16 dependency, or of a child's need for protection or services, 44.17 reasonable efforts, under the direction of the court, have 44.18 failed to correct the conditions leading to the determination. 44.19 It is presumed that reasonable efforts under this clause have 44.20 failed upon a showing that: 44.21 (i) a child has resided out of the parental home under 44.22 court order for a cumulative period of more than one year within 44.23 a five-year period following an adjudication of dependency, 44.24 neglect, need for protection or services under section 260.015, 44.25 subdivision 2a, clause (1), (2), (3), (6), (8), or (9), or 44.26 neglected and in foster care, and an order for disposition under 44.27 section 260.191, including adoption of the case plan required by 44.28 section 257.071; 44.29 (ii) conditions leading to the determination will not be 44.30 corrected within the reasonably foreseeable future. It is 44.31 presumed that conditions leading to a child's out-of-home 44.32 placement will not be corrected in the reasonably foreseeable 44.33 future upon a showing that the parent or parents have not 44.34 substantially complied with the court's orders and a reasonable 44.35 case plan, and the conditions which led to the out-of-home 44.36 placement have not been corrected; and 45.1 (iii) reasonable efforts have been made by the social 45.2 service agency to rehabilitate the parent and reunite the family. 45.3 This clause does not prohibit the termination of parental 45.4 rights prior to one year after a child has been placed out of 45.5 the home. 45.6 It is also presumed that reasonable efforts have failed 45.7 under this clause upon a showing that: 45.8 (i) the parent has been diagnosed as chemically dependent 45.9 by a professional certified to make the diagnosis; 45.10 (ii) the parent has been required by a case plan to 45.11 participate in a chemical dependency treatment program; 45.12 (iii) the treatment programs offered to the parent were 45.13 culturally, linguistically, and clinically appropriate; 45.14 (iv) the parent has either failed two or more times to 45.15 successfully complete a treatment program or has refused at two 45.16 or more separate meetings with a caseworker to participate in a 45.17 treatment program; and 45.18 (v) the parent continues to abuse chemicals. 45.19 Provided, that this presumption applies only to parents required 45.20 by a case plan to participate in a chemical dependency treatment 45.21 program on or after July 1, 1990; or45.22 (6) that a child has experienced egregious harm in the 45.23 parent's care which is of a nature, duration, or chronicity that 45.24 indicates a lack of regard for the child's well-being, such that 45.25 a reasonable person would believe it contrary to the best 45.26 interest of the child or of any child to be in the parent's 45.27 care; or45.28 (7) that in the case of a child born to a mother who was 45.29 not married to the child's father when the child was conceived 45.30 nor when the child was born the person is not entitled to notice 45.31 of an adoption hearing under section 259.49 and the person has 45.32 not registered with the putative fathers' adoption registry 45.33 under section 259.52; or45.34 (8) that the child is neglected and in foster care; or 45.35 (9) that the parent has been convicted of a crime listed in 45.36 section 260.012, paragraph (b), clauses (1) to (3). 46.1 In an action involving an American Indian child, sections 46.2 257.35 to 257.3579 and the Indian Child Welfare Act, United 46.3 States Code, title 25, sections 1901 to 1923, control to the 46.4 extent that the provisions of this section are inconsistent with 46.5 those laws. 46.6 Subd. 1a. [EVIDENCE OF ABANDONMENT.] For purposes of 46.7 subdivision 1, paragraph (b), clause (1): 46.8 (a) Abandonment is presumed when: 46.9 (1) the parent has had no contact with the child on a 46.10 regular basis and not demonstrated consistent interest in the 46.11 child's well-being for six months ;and 46.12 (2)the social service agency has made reasonable efforts 46.13 to facilitate contact, unless the parent establishes that an 46.14 extreme financial or physical hardship or treatment for mental 46.15 disability or chemical dependency or other good cause prevented 46.16 the parent from making contact with the child. This presumption 46.17 does not apply to children whose custody has been determined 46.18 under chapter 257 or 518. The court is not prohibited from 46.19 finding abandonment in the absence of this presumption; or 46.20 (2) the child is an infant under two years of age and has 46.21 been deserted by the parent with the intent not to return to 46.22 care for the child. 46.23 (b) The following are prima facie evidence of abandonment 46.24 where adoption proceedings are pending and there has been a 46.25 showing that the person was not entitled to notice of an 46.26 adoption proceeding under section 259.49: 46.27 (1) failure to register with the putative fathers' adoption 46.28 registry under section 259.52; or 46.29 (2) if the person registered with the putative fathers' 46.30 adoption registry under section 259.52: 46.31 (i) filing a denial of paternity within 30 days of receipt 46.32 of notice under section 259.52, subdivision 8; 46.33 (ii) failing to timely file an intent to claim parental 46.34 rights with entry of appearance form within 30 days of receipt 46.35 of notice under section 259.52, subdivision 10; or 46.36 (iii) timely filing an intent to claim parental rights with 47.1 entry of appearance form within 30 days of receipt of notice 47.2 under section 259.52, subdivision 10, but failing to initiate a 47.3 paternity action within 30 days of receiving the putative 47.4 fathers' adoption registry notice where there has been no 47.5 showing of good cause for the delay. 47.6 Subd. 1b. [REQUIRED FILING OF TERMINATION OF PARENTAL 47.7 RIGHTS.] The county attorney shall file a termination of 47.8 parental rights petition within 30 days of a child's placement 47.9 in out-of-home care if the child has been subjected to egregious 47.10 harm as defined in section 260.015, subdivision 29, is the 47.11 sibling of another child of the parent who was subjected to 47.12 egregious harm, or is an abandoned infant. The local social 47.13 services agency shall concurrently identify, recruit, process, 47.14 and approve an adoptive family for the child. If such a 47.15 petition has been filed by another party the local social 47.16 services agency shall seek to be joined as a party to the 47.17 petition. 47.18 This requirement does not apply if the county attorney 47.19 determines and files with the court its determination that a 47.20 transfer of permanent legal and physical custody to a relative 47.21 is in the best interests of the child or there is a compelling 47.22 reason documented by the local social services agency that 47.23 filing such a petition would not be in the best interests of the 47.24 child. 47.25 Subd. 1c. [CURRENT FOSTER CARE CHILDREN.] The county 47.26 attorney shall file a termination of parental rights petition or 47.27 other permanent placement proceeding under section 260.191, 47.28 subdivision 3b, for all children determined to be in need of 47.29 protection or services who are placed in out-of-home care for 47.30 reasons other than care or treatment of the child's disability, 47.31 and who are in out-of-home placement on the day following final 47.32 enactment of this section, and have been in out of home for care 47.33 for 15 of the most recent 22 months. 47.34 Subd. 2. [ADOPTIVE PARENT.] For purposes of subdivision 1, 47.35 clause (a), an adoptive parent may not terminate parental rights 47.36 to an adopted child for a reason that would not apply to a birth 48.1 parent seeking termination of parental rights to a child under 48.2 subdivision 1, clause (a). 48.3 Subd. 3. [WHEN PRIOR FINDING REQUIRED.] For purposes of 48.4 subdivision 1, clause (b), no prior judicial finding of 48.5 dependency, neglect, need for protection or services, or 48.6 neglected and in foster care is required, except as provided in 48.7 subdivision 1, clause (b), item (5). 48.8 Subd. 4. [BEST INTERESTS OF CHILD PARAMOUNT.] In any 48.9 proceeding under this section, the best interests of the child 48.10 must be the paramount consideration, provided that the 48.11 conditions in subdivision 1, clause (a), or at least one 48.12 condition in subdivision 1, clause (b), are found by the court. 48.13 In proceedings involving an American Indian child, as defined in 48.14 section 257.351, subdivision 6, the best interests of the child 48.15 must be determined consistent with the Indian Child Welfare Act 48.16 of 1978, United States Code, title 25, section 1901, et seq. 48.17 Where the interests of parent and child conflict, the interests 48.18 of the child are paramount. 48.19 Subd. 5. [FINDINGS REGARDING REASONABLE EFFORTS.] In any 48.20 proceeding under this section, the court shall make specific 48.21 findings: 48.22 (1) regarding the nature and extent of efforts made by the 48.23 social service agency to rehabilitate the parent and reunite the 48.24 family; 48.25 (2) that provision of services or further services for the 48.26 purpose of rehabilitation and reunification is futile and 48.27 therefore unreasonable under the circumstances; or 48.28 (3) that reasonable efforts at reunification isare not 48.29 required because the parent has been convicted of a crime listed48.30 in section 260.012, paragraph (b), clauses (1) to (3)as 48.31 provided under section 260.012. 48.32 Sec. 26. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 48.33 260.241, subdivision 3, is amended to read: 48.34 Subd. 3. [ORDER; RETENTION OF JURISDICTION.] (a) A 48.35 certified copy of the findings and the order terminating 48.36 parental rights, and a summary of the court's information 49.1 concerning the child shall be furnished by the court to the 49.2 commissioner or the agency to which guardianship is 49.3 transferred. The orders shall be on a document separate from 49.4 the findings. The court shall furnish the individual to whom 49.5 guardianship is transferred a copy of the order terminating 49.6 parental rights. 49.7 (b) The court shall retain jurisdiction in a case where 49.8 adoption is the intended permanent placement disposition. The 49.9 guardian ad litem and counsel for the child shall continue on 49.10 the case until an adoption decree is entered. A hearing must be 49.11 held every 90 days following termination of parental rights for 49.12 the court to review progress toward an adoptive placement and 49.13 the specific recruitment efforts the agency has taken to find an 49.14 adoptive family or other placement living arrangement for the 49.15 child and to finalize the adoption or other permanency plan. 49.16 (c) The court shall retain jurisdiction in a case where 49.17 long-term foster care is the permanent disposition. The 49.18 guardian ad litem and counsel for the child must be dismissed 49.19 from the case on the effective date of the permanent placement 49.20 order. However, the foster parent and the child, if of 49.21 sufficient age, must be informed how they may contact a guardian 49.22 ad litem if the matter is subsequently returned to court. 49.23 Sec. 27. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 49.24 626.556, subdivision 2, is amended to read: 49.25 Subd. 2. [DEFINITIONS.] As used in this section, the 49.26 following terms have the meanings given them unless the specific 49.27 content indicates otherwise: 49.28 (a) "Sexual abuse" means the subjection of a child by a 49.29 person responsible for the child's care, by a person who has a 49.30 significant relationship to the child, as defined in section 49.31 609.341, or by a person in a position of authority, as defined 49.32 in section 609.341, subdivision 10, to any act which constitutes 49.33 a violation of section 609.342, 609.343, 609.344, or 609.345. 49.34 Sexual abuse also includes any act which involves a minor which 49.35 constitutes a violation of sections 609.321 to 609.324 or 49.36 617.246. Sexual abuse includes threatened sexual abuse. 50.1 (b) "Person responsible for the child's care" means (1) an 50.2 individual functioning within the family unit and having 50.3 responsibilities for the care of the child such as a parent, 50.4 guardian, or other person having similar care responsibilities, 50.5 or (2) an individual functioning outside the family unit and 50.6 having responsibilities for the care of the child such as a 50.7 teacher, school administrator, or other lawful custodian of a 50.8 child having either full-time or short-term care 50.9 responsibilities including, but not limited to, day care, 50.10 babysitting whether paid or unpaid, counseling, teaching, and 50.11 coaching. 50.12 (c) "Neglect" means failure by a person responsible for a 50.13 child's care to supply a child with necessary food, clothing, 50.14 shelter or medical care when reasonably able to do so, failure 50.15 to protect a child from conditions or actions which imminently 50.16 and seriously endanger the child's physical or mental health 50.17 when reasonably able to do so, or failure to take steps to 50.18 ensure that a child is educated in accordance with state law. 50.19 Nothing in this section shall be construed to mean that a child 50.20 is neglected solely because the child's parent, guardian, or 50.21 other person responsible for the child's care in good faith 50.22 selects and depends upon spiritual means or prayer for treatment 50.23 or care of disease or remedial care of the child in lieu of 50.24 medical care; except that a parent, guardian, or caretaker, or a 50.25 person mandated to report pursuant to subdivision 3, has a duty 50.26 to report if a lack of medical care may cause serious danger to 50.27 the child's health. This section does not impose upon persons, 50.28 not otherwise legally responsible for providing a child with 50.29 necessary food, clothing, shelter, education, or medical care, a 50.30 duty to provide that care. Neglect includes prenatal exposure to 50.31 a controlled substance, as defined in section 253B.02, 50.32 subdivision 2, used by the mother for a nonmedical purpose, as 50.33 evidenced by withdrawal symptoms in the child at birth, results 50.34 of a toxicology test performed on the mother at delivery or the 50.35 child at birth, or medical effects or developmental delays 50.36 during the child's first year of life that medically indicate 51.1 prenatal exposure to a controlled substance. Neglect also means 51.2 "medical neglect" as defined in section 260.015, subdivision 2a, 51.3 clause (5). 51.4 (d) "Physical abuse" means any physical or mental injury, 51.5 or threatened injury, inflicted by a person responsible for the 51.6 child's care on a child other than by accidental means, or any 51.7 physical or mental injury that cannot reasonably be explained by 51.8 the child's history of injuries, or any aversive and deprivation 51.9 procedures that have not been authorized under section 245.825. 51.10 (e) "Report" means any report received by the local welfare 51.11 agency, police department, or county sheriff pursuant to this 51.12 section. 51.13 (f) "Facility" means a day care facility, residential 51.14 facility, agency, hospital, sanitarium, or other facility or 51.15 institution required to be licensed pursuant to sections 144.50 51.16 to 144.58, 241.021, or 245A.01 to 245A.16. 51.17 (g) "Operator" means an operator or agency as defined in 51.18 section 245A.02. 51.19 (h) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of human services. 51.20 (i) "Assessment" includes authority to interview the child, 51.21 the person or persons responsible for the child's care, the 51.22 alleged perpetrator, and any other person with knowledge of the 51.23 abuse or neglect for the purpose of gathering the facts, 51.24 assessing the risk to the child, and formulating a plan. 51.25 (j) "Practice of social services," for the purposes of 51.26 subdivision 3, includes but is not limited to employee 51.27 assistance counseling and the provision of guardian ad litem and 51.28 visitation expeditor services. 51.29 (k) "Mental injury" means an injury to the psychological 51.30 capacity or emotional stability of a child as evidenced by an 51.31 observable or substantial impairment in the child's ability to 51.32 function within a normal range of performance and behavior with 51.33 due regard to the child's culture. 51.34 (l) "Threatened injury" means a statement, overt act, 51.35 condition, or status that represents a substantial risk of 51.36 physical or sexual abuse or mental injury. 52.1 (m) "Domestic abuse/exposure to violence cases" means the 52.2 following, if committed against a family or household member by 52.3 a family or household member: 52.4 (1) physical harm, bodily injury, or assault; 52.5 (2) the infliction of fear of imminent physical harm, 52.6 bodily injury, or assault; or 52.7 (3) terroristic threats, within the meaning of section 52.8 609.713, subdivision 1, or criminal sexual conduct, within the 52.9 meaning of section 609.342, 609.343, 609.344, or 609.345. 52.10 (n) "Family or household members" means: 52.11 (1) spouses and former spouses; 52.12 (2) parents and children; 52.13 (3) persons related by blood; 52.14 (4) persons who are presently residing together or who have 52.15 resided together in the past; 52.16 (5) persons who have a child in common, regardless of 52.17 whether they have been married or have lived together at any 52.18 time; 52.19 (6) a man and woman if the woman is pregnant and the man is 52.20 alleged to be the father, regardless of whether they have been 52.21 married or have lived together at any time; and 52.22 (7) persons involved in a significant romantic or sexual 52.23 relationship. 52.24 Sec. 28. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 626.556, 52.25 subdivision 10, is amended to read: 52.26 Subd. 10. [DUTIES OF LOCAL WELFARE AGENCY AND LOCAL LAW 52.27 ENFORCEMENT AGENCY UPON RECEIPT OF A REPORT.] (a) If the report 52.28 alleges neglect, physical abuse, orsexual abuse, or domestic 52.29 abuse/exposure to violence by a parent, guardian, or individual 52.30 functioning within the family unit as a person responsible for 52.31 the child's care, the local welfare agency shall immediately 52.32 conduct an assessment and offer protective social services for 52.33 purposes of preventing further abuses, safeguarding and 52.34 enhancing the welfare of the abused or neglected minor, and 52.35 preserving family life whenever possible. If the report alleges 52.36 a violation of a criminal statute involving sexual abuse, 53.1 physical abuse, or neglect or endangerment, under section 53.2 609.378, the local law enforcement agency and local welfare 53.3 agency shall coordinate the planning and execution of their 53.4 respective investigation and assessment efforts to avoid a 53.5 duplication of fact-finding efforts and multiple interviews. 53.6 Each agency shall prepare a separate report of the results of 53.7 its investigation. In cases of alleged child maltreatment 53.8 resulting in death, the local agency may rely on the 53.9 fact-finding efforts of a law enforcement investigation to make 53.10 a determination of whether or not maltreatment occurred. When 53.11 necessary the local welfare agency shall seek authority to 53.12 remove the child from the custody of a parent, guardian, or 53.13 adult with whom the child is living. In performing any of these 53.14 duties, the local welfare agency shall maintain appropriate 53.15 records. 53.16 (b) When a local agency receives a report or otherwise has 53.17 information indicating that a child who is a client, as defined 53.18 in section 245.91, has been the subject of physical abuse, 53.19 sexual abuse, or neglect at an agency, facility, or program as 53.20 defined in section 245.91, it shall, in addition to its other 53.21 duties under this section, immediately inform the ombudsman 53.22 established under sections 245.91 to 245.97. 53.23 (c) Authority of the local welfare agency responsible for 53.24 assessing the child abuse or neglect report and of the local law 53.25 enforcement agency for investigating the alleged abuse or 53.26 neglect includes, but is not limited to, authority to interview, 53.27 without parental consent, the alleged victim and any other 53.28 minors who currently reside with or who have resided with the 53.29 alleged offender. The interview may take place at school or at 53.30 any facility or other place where the alleged victim or other 53.31 minors might be found or the child may be transported to, and 53.32 the interview conducted at, a place appropriate for the 53.33 interview of a child designated by the local welfare agency or 53.34 law enforcement agency. The interview may take place outside 53.35 the presence of the alleged offender or parent, legal custodian, 53.36 guardian, or school official. Except as provided in this 54.1 paragraph, the parent, legal custodian, or guardian shall be 54.2 notified by the responsible local welfare or law enforcement 54.3 agency no later than the conclusion of the investigation or 54.4 assessment that this interview has occurred. Notwithstanding 54.5 rule 49.02 of the Minnesota rules of procedure for juvenile 54.6 courts, the juvenile court may, after hearing on an ex parte 54.7 motion by the local welfare agency, order that, where reasonable 54.8 cause exists, the agency withhold notification of this interview 54.9 from the parent, legal custodian, or guardian. If the interview 54.10 took place or is to take place on school property, the order 54.11 shall specify that school officials may not disclose to the 54.12 parent, legal custodian, or guardian the contents of the 54.13 notification of intent to interview the child on school 54.14 property, as provided under this paragraph, and any other 54.15 related information regarding the interview that may be a part 54.16 of the child's school record. A copy of the order shall be sent 54.17 by the local welfare or law enforcement agency to the 54.18 appropriate school official. 54.19 (d) When the local welfare or local law enforcement agency 54.20 determines that an interview should take place on school 54.21 property, written notification of intent to interview the child 54.22 on school property must be received by school officials prior to 54.23 the interview. The notification shall include the name of the 54.24 child to be interviewed, the purpose of the interview, and a 54.25 reference to the statutory authority to conduct an interview on 54.26 school property. For interviews conducted by the local welfare 54.27 agency, the notification shall be signed by the chair of the 54.28 local social services agency or the chair's designee. The 54.29 notification shall be private data on individuals subject to the 54.30 provisions of this paragraph. School officials may not disclose 54.31 to the parent, legal custodian, or guardian the contents of the 54.32 notification or any other related information regarding the 54.33 interview until notified in writing by the local welfare or law 54.34 enforcement agency that the investigation or assessment has been 54.35 concluded. Until that time, the local welfare or law 54.36 enforcement agency shall be solely responsible for any 55.1 disclosures regarding the nature of the assessment or 55.2 investigation. 55.3 Except where the alleged offender is believed to be a 55.4 school official or employee, the time and place, and manner of 55.5 the interview on school premises shall be within the discretion 55.6 of school officials, but the local welfare or law enforcement 55.7 agency shall have the exclusive authority to determine who may 55.8 attend the interview. The conditions as to time, place, and 55.9 manner of the interview set by the school officials shall be 55.10 reasonable and the interview shall be conducted not more than 24 55.11 hours after the receipt of the notification unless another time 55.12 is considered necessary by agreement between the school 55.13 officials and the local welfare or law enforcement agency. 55.14 Where the school fails to comply with the provisions of this 55.15 paragraph, the juvenile court may order the school to comply. 55.16 Every effort must be made to reduce the disruption of the 55.17 educational program of the child, other students, or school 55.18 staff when an interview is conducted on school premises. 55.19 (e) Where the alleged offender or a person responsible for 55.20 the care of the alleged victim or other minor prevents access to 55.21 the victim or other minor by the local welfare agency, the 55.22 juvenile court may order the parents, legal custodian, or 55.23 guardian to produce the alleged victim or other minor for 55.24 questioning by the local welfare agency or the local law 55.25 enforcement agency outside the presence of the alleged offender 55.26 or any person responsible for the child's care at reasonable 55.27 places and times as specified by court order. 55.28 (f) Before making an order under paragraph (e), the court 55.29 shall issue an order to show cause, either upon its own motion 55.30 or upon a verified petition, specifying the basis for the 55.31 requested interviews and fixing the time and place of the 55.32 hearing. The order to show cause shall be served personally and 55.33 shall be heard in the same manner as provided in other cases in 55.34 the juvenile court. The court shall consider the need for 55.35 appointment of a guardian ad litem to protect the best interests 55.36 of the child. If appointed, the guardian ad litem shall be 56.1 present at the hearing on the order to show cause. 56.2 (g) The commissioner, the ombudsman for mental health and 56.3 mental retardation, the local welfare agencies responsible for 56.4 investigating reports, and the local law enforcement agencies 56.5 have the right to enter facilities as defined in subdivision 2 56.6 and to inspect and copy the facility's records, including 56.7 medical records, as part of the investigation. Notwithstanding 56.8 the provisions of chapter 13, they also have the right to inform 56.9 the facility under investigation that they are conducting an 56.10 investigation, to disclose to the facility the names of the 56.11 individuals under investigation for abusing or neglecting a 56.12 child, and to provide the facility with a copy of the report and 56.13 the investigative findings. 56.14 (h) The local welfare agency shall collect available and 56.15 relevant information to ascertain whether maltreatment occurred 56.16 and whether protective services are needed. Information 56.17 collected includes, when relevant, information with regard to 56.18 the person reporting the alleged maltreatment, including the 56.19 nature of the reporter's relationship to the child and to the 56.20 alleged offender, and the basis of the reporter's knowledge for 56.21 the report; the child allegedly being maltreated; the alleged 56.22 offender; the child's caretaker; and other collateral sources 56.23 having relevant information related to the alleged 56.24 maltreatment. The local welfare agency may make a determination 56.25 of no maltreatment early in an assessment, and close the case 56.26 and retain immunity, if the collected information shows no basis 56.27 for a full assessment or investigation. 56.28 Information relevant to the assessment or investigation 56.29 must be asked for, and may include: 56.30 (1) the child's sex and age, prior reports of maltreatment, 56.31 information relating to developmental functioning, credibility 56.32 of the child's statement, and whether the information provided 56.33 under this clause is consistent with other information collected 56.34 during the course of the assessment or investigation; 56.35 (2) the alleged offender's age, a record check for prior 56.36 reports of maltreatment, and criminal charges and convictions. 57.1 The local welfare agency must provide the alleged offender with 57.2 an opportunity to make a statement. The alleged offender may 57.3 submit supporting documentation relevant to the assessment or 57.4 investigation; 57.5 (3) collateral source information regarding the alleged 57.6 maltreatment and care of the child. Collateral information 57.7 includes, when relevant: (i) a medical examination of the 57.8 child; (ii) prior medical records relating to the alleged 57.9 maltreatment or the care of the child and an interview with the 57.10 treating professionals; and (iii) interviews with the child's 57.11 caretakers, including the child's parent, guardian, foster 57.12 parent, child care provider, teachers, counselors, family 57.13 members, relatives, and other persons who may have knowledge 57.14 regarding the alleged maltreatment and the care of the child. 57.15 Nothing in this paragraph precludes the local welfare 57.16 agency from collecting other relevant information necessary to 57.17 conduct the assessment or investigation. Notwithstanding the 57.18 data's classification in the possession of any other agency, 57.19 data acquired by the local welfare agency during the course of 57.20 the assessment or investigation are private data on individuals 57.21 and must be maintained in accordance with subdivision 11. 57.22 (i) In the initial stages of an assessment or 57.23 investigation, the local welfare agency shall conduct a 57.24 face-to-face observation of the child reported to be maltreated 57.25 and a face-to-face interview of the alleged offender. The 57.26 interview with the alleged offender may be postponed if it would 57.27 jeopardize an active law enforcement investigation. 57.28 (j) The local welfare agency shall use a question and 57.29 answer interviewing format with questioning as nondirective as 57.30 possible to elicit spontaneous responses. The following 57.31 interviewing methods and procedures must be used whenever 57.32 possible when collecting information: 57.33 (1) audio recordings of all interviews with witnesses and 57.34 collateral sources; and 57.35 (2) in cases of alleged sexual abuse, audio-video 57.36 recordings of each interview with the alleged victim and child 58.1 witnesses. 58.2 Sec. 29. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 58.3 626.556, subdivision 10e, is amended to read: 58.4 Subd. 10e. [DETERMINATIONS.] Upon the conclusion of every 58.5 assessment or investigation it conducts, the local welfare 58.6 agency shall make two determinations: first, whether 58.7 maltreatment has occurred; and second, whether child protective 58.8 services are needed. When maltreatment is determined in an 58.9 investigation involving a facility, the investigating agency 58.10 shall also determine whether the facility or individual was 58.11 responsible for the maltreatment using the mitigating factors in 58.12 paragraph (d). Determinations under this subdivision must be 58.13 made based on a preponderance of the evidence. 58.14 (a) For the purposes of this subdivision, "maltreatment" 58.15 means any of the following acts or omissions committed by a 58.16 person responsible for the child's care: 58.17 (1) physical abuse as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph 58.18 (d); 58.19 (2) neglect as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph (c); 58.20 (3) sexual abuse as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph 58.21 (a); or58.22 (4) mental injury as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph 58.23 (k); or 58.24 (5) domestic abuse/exposure to violence as defined in 58.25 subdivision 2, paragraph (m). 58.26 (b) For the purposes of this subdivision, a determination 58.27 that child protective services are needed means that the local 58.28 welfare agency has documented conditions during the assessment 58.29 or investigation sufficient to cause a child protection worker, 58.30 as defined in section 626.559, subdivision 1, to conclude that a 58.31 child is at significant risk of maltreatment if protective 58.32 intervention is not provided and that the individuals 58.33 responsible for the child's care have not taken or are not 58.34 likely to take actions to protect the child from maltreatment or 58.35 risk of maltreatment. 58.36 (c) This subdivision does not mean that maltreatment has 59.1 occurred solely because the child's parent, guardian, or other 59.2 person responsible for the child's care in good faith selects 59.3 and depends upon spiritual means or prayer for treatment or care 59.4 of disease or remedial care of the child, in lieu of medical 59.5 care. However, if lack of medical care may result in serious 59.6 danger to the child's health, the local welfare agency may 59.7 ensure that necessary medical services are provided to the child. 59.8 (d) When determining whether the facility or individual is 59.9 the responsible party for determined maltreatment in a facility, 59.10 the investigating agency shall consider at least the following 59.11 mitigating factors: 59.12 (1) whether the actions of the facility or the individual 59.13 caregivers were according to, and followed the terms of, an 59.14 erroneous physician order, prescription, individual care plan, 59.15 or directive; however, this is not a mitigating factor when the 59.16 facility or caregiver was responsible for the issuance of the 59.17 erroneous order, prescription, individual care plan, or 59.18 directive or knew or should have known of the errors and took no 59.19 reasonable measures to correct the defect before administering 59.20 care; 59.21 (2) comparative responsibility between the facility, other 59.22 caregivers, and requirements placed upon an employee, including 59.23 the facility's compliance with related regulatory standards and 59.24 the adequacy of facility policies and procedures, facility 59.25 training, an individual's participation in the training, the 59.26 caregiver's supervision, and facility staffing levels and the 59.27 scope of the individual employee's authority and discretion; and 59.28 (3) whether the facility or individual followed 59.29 professional standards in exercising professional judgment. 59.30 Sec. 30. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 626.556, 59.31 subdivision 10h, is amended to read: 59.32 Subd. 10h. [CHILD ABUSE DATA; RELEASE TO FAMILY COURT 59.33 SERVICES.] The responsible authority or its designee of a local 59.34 welfare agency may release private or confidential data on an 59.35 active case involving assessment or investigation of actions 59.36 that are defined as sexual abuse, physical abuse, orneglect, or 60.1 domestic abuse/exposure to violence under this section to a 60.2 court services agency if: 60.3 (1) the court services agency has an active case involving 60.4 a common client or clients who are the subject of the data; and 60.5 (2) the data are necessary for the court services agency to 60.6 effectively process the court services' case, including 60.7 investigating or performing other duties relating to the case 60.8 required by law. 60.9 The data disclosed under this subdivision may be used only 60.10 for purposes of the active court services case described in 60.11 clause (1) and may not be further disclosed to any other person 60.12 or agency, except as authorized by law. 60.13 Sec. 31. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 60.14 626.556, subdivision 11, is amended to read: 60.15 Subd. 11. [RECORDS.] (a) Except as provided in paragraph 60.16 (b) and subdivisions 10b, 10d, 10g, and 11b, all records 60.17 concerning individuals maintained by a local welfare agency 60.18 under this section, including any written reports filed under 60.19 subdivision 7, shall be private data on individuals, except 60.20 insofar as copies of reports are required by subdivision 7 to be 60.21 sent to the local police department or the county sheriff. 60.22 Reports maintained by any police department or the county 60.23 sheriff shall be private data on individuals except the reports 60.24 shall be made available to the investigating, petitioning, or 60.25 prosecuting authority, including county medical examiners or 60.26 county coroners. Section 13.82, subdivisions 5, 5a, and 5b, 60.27 apply to law enforcement data other than the reports. The local 60.28 social services agency shall make available to the 60.29 investigating, petitioning, or prosecuting authority, including 60.30 county medical examiners or county coroners or their 60.31 professional delegates, any records which contain information 60.32 relating to a specific incident of neglect or abuse which is 60.33 under investigation, petition, or prosecution and information 60.34 relating to any prior incidents of neglect or abuse involving 60.35 any of the same persons. The records shall be collected and 60.36 maintained in accordance with the provisions of chapter 13. In 61.1 conducting investigations and assessments pursuant to this 61.2 section, the notice required by section 13.04, subdivision 2, 61.3 need not be provided to a minor under the age of ten who is the 61.4 alleged victim of abuse or, neglect, or domestic abuse/exposure 61.5 to violence. An individual subject of a record shall have 61.6 access to the record in accordance with those sections, except 61.7 that the name of the reporter shall be confidential while the 61.8 report is under assessment or investigation except as otherwise 61.9 permitted by this subdivision. Any person conducting an 61.10 investigation or assessment under this section who intentionally 61.11 discloses the identity of a reporter prior to the completion of 61.12 the investigation or assessment is guilty of a misdemeanor. 61.13 After the assessment or investigation is completed, the name of 61.14 the reporter shall be confidential. The subject of the report 61.15 may compel disclosure of the name of the reporter only with the 61.16 consent of the reporter or upon a written finding by the court 61.17 that the report was false and that there is evidence that the 61.18 report was made in bad faith. This subdivision does not alter 61.19 disclosure responsibilities or obligations under the rules of 61.20 criminal procedure. 61.21 (b) Upon request of the legislative auditor, data on 61.22 individuals maintained under this section must be released to 61.23 the legislative auditor in order for the auditor to fulfill the 61.24 auditor's duties under section 3.971. The auditor shall 61.25 maintain the data in accordance with chapter 13. 61.26 Sec. 32. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 626.556, 61.27 subdivision 11a, is amended to read: 61.28 Subd. 11a. [DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN 61.29 CERTAIN CASES.] When interviewing a minor under subdivision 10, 61.30 an individual does not include the parent or guardian of the 61.31 minor for purposes of section 13.04, subdivision 2, when the 61.32 parent or guardian is the alleged perpetrator of the abuse or, 61.33 neglect, or domestic abuse/exposure to violence. 61.34 Sec. 33. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 626.556, is 61.35 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 61.36 Subd. 11d. [DISCLOSURE IN CHILD FATALITY OR NEAR FATALITY 62.1 CASES.] (a) The definitions in this paragraph apply to this 62.2 section. 62.3 (1) "Child fatality" means the death of a child from 62.4 suspected abuse, neglect, or maltreatment. 62.5 (2) "Near fatality" means a case in which a physician 62.6 determines that a child is in serious or critical condition as 62.7 the result of sickness or injury caused by suspected abuse, 62.8 neglect, or maltreatment. 62.9 (3) "Findings and information" means a written summary 62.10 described in paragraph (c) of actions taken or services rendered 62.11 by a local social services agency following receipt of a report. 62.12 (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and subject 62.13 to the provisions of this subdivision, a public agency shall 62.14 disclose to the public, upon request, the findings and 62.15 information related to a child fatality or near fatality if: 62.16 (1) a person is criminally charged with having caused the 62.17 child fatality or near fatality; or 62.18 (2) a county attorney certifies that a person would have 62.19 been charged with having caused the child fatality or near 62.20 fatality but for that person's death. 62.21 (c) Findings and information disclosed pursuant to this 62.22 subdivision shall consist of a written summary that includes any 62.23 of the following information the agency is able to provide: 62.24 (1) the dates, outcomes, and results of any actions taken 62.25 or services rendered; 62.26 (2) the results of any review of the state child mortality 62.27 review panel, a local child morality review panel, a local 62.28 community child protection team, or any public agency; and 62.29 (3) confirmation of the receipt of all reports, accepted or 62.30 not accepted, by the local welfare agency for assessment of 62.31 suspected child abuse, neglect, or maltreatment, including 62.32 confirmation that investigations were conducted, the results of 62.33 the investigations, a description of the conduct of the most 62.34 recent investigation and the services rendered, and a statement 62.35 of the basis for the agency's determination. 62.36 (d) Nothing in this subdivision authorizes access to the 63.1 confidential records in the custody of a local social services 63.2 agency, disclosure to the public of the records or content of 63.3 any psychiatric, psychological, or therapeutic evaluations, or 63.4 disclosure of information that would reveal the identities of 63.5 persons who provided information related to suspected abuse, 63.6 neglect, or maltreatment of the child. 63.7 (e) Within five working days from the receipt of a request 63.8 for findings and information related to a child fatality or near 63.9 fatality, a local agency shall consult with the appropriate 63.10 county attorney and provide the findings and information unless 63.11 the agency has a reasonable belief that the release of the 63.12 information: 63.13 (1) is not authorized by paragraphs (a) and (b); 63.14 (2) is likely to cause mental, emotional, or physical harm 63.15 or danger to a minor child who resides in the deceased or 63.16 injured child's household or who is the sibling of the deceased 63.17 or injured child; 63.18 (3) is likely to jeopardize the state's ability to 63.19 prosecute the defendant; 63.20 (4) is likely to jeopardize the defendant's right to a fair 63.21 trial; 63.22 (5) is the subject of an ongoing or future criminal 63.23 investigation or prosecution; 63.24 (6) is not authorized by federal law and regulations; or 63.25 (7) could result in physical or emotional harm to an 63.26 individual. 63.27 (f) A person whose request is denied may apply to the 63.28 appropriate court for an order compelling disclosure of the 63.29 findings and information of the public agency. The application 63.30 must set forth, with reasonable particularity, factors 63.31 supporting the application. The court has jurisdiction to issue 63.32 such orders. Actions under this section must be set down for 63.33 immediate hearing, and subsequent proceedings in those actions 63.34 must be accorded priority by the appellate courts. After the 63.35 court has reviewed the specific findings and information, in 63.36 camera, the court shall issue an order compelling disclosure 64.1 unless the court finds that one or more of the circumstances in 64.2 paragraph (e) exists. 64.3 (g) A public agency or its employees acting in good faith 64.4 in disclosing or declining to disclose information under this 64.5 section are immune from criminal or civil liability that might 64.6 otherwise be incurred or imposed for that action. 64.7 Sec. 34. [EFFECTIVE DATE.] 64.8 Sections 1 to 32 are effective the day following final 64.9 enactment. 64.10 ARTICLE 2 64.11 OTHER CHILD PROTECTION PROVISIONS 64.12 Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 3.153, is 64.13 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 64.14 Subd. 6. [IMMUNITY FOR DISCLOSURE; DISCLOSURE BY 64.15 COMMITTEE.] A person who produces relevant records or gives 64.16 relevant testimony in response to a subpoena issued under this 64.17 section is immune from civil or criminal liability or 64.18 occupational disciplinary proceedings that might otherwise 64.19 result from the fact of the disclosure made by the production of 64.20 the records or giving of the testimony. A joint legislative 64.21 commission or standing or interim legislative committee which 64.22 receives testimony or documents pursuant to a subpoena issued 64.23 under this section may disclose the testimony or documents so 64.24 received, notwithstanding any other statutory provision that 64.25 restricts access to the documents or the substance of the 64.26 testimony. 64.27 Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 260.191, 64.28 subdivision 1e, is amended to read: 64.29 Subd. 1e. [CASE PLAN.] For each disposition ordered, the 64.30 court shall order the appropriate agency to prepare a written 64.31 case plan developed after consultation with any foster parents, 64.32 and consultation with and participation by the child and the 64.33 child's parent, guardian, or custodian, guardian ad litem, and 64.34 tribal representative if the tribe has intervened. The case 64.35 plan shall comply with the requirements of section 257.071, 64.36 where applicable. The case plan shall, among other matters, 65.1 specify the actions to be taken by the child and the child's 65.2 parent, guardian, foster parent, or custodian to comply with the 65.3 court's disposition order, and the services to be offered and 65.4 provided by the agency to the child and the child's parent, 65.5 guardian, or custodian. The court shall review the case plan 65.6 and, upon approving it, incorporate the plan into its 65.7 disposition order. The court may review and modify the terms of 65.8 the case plan in the manner provided in subdivision 2. For each 65.9 disposition ordered, the written case plan shall specify what 65.10 reasonable efforts shall be provided to the family. The case 65.11 plan must include a discussion of: 65.12 (1) the availability of appropriate prevention and 65.13 reunification services for the family to prevent the removal of 65.14 the child from the home or to reunify the child with the family 65.15 after removal; 65.16 (2) any services or resources that were requested by the 65.17 child or the child's parent, guardian, foster parent, or 65.18 custodian since the date of initial adjudication, and whether 65.19 those services or resources were provided or the basis for 65.20 denial of the services or resources; 65.21 (3) the need of the child and family for care, treatment, 65.22 or rehabilitation; 65.23 (4) the need for participation by the parent, guardian, or 65.24 custodian in the plan of care for the child; 65.25 (5) the visitation rights and obligations of the parent or 65.26 other relatives, as defined in section 260.181, subdivision 3, 65.27 during any period when the child is placed outside the home; and65.28 (6) a description of any services that could prevent 65.29 placement or reunify the family if such services were available; 65.30 and 65.31 (7) the need for continued monitoring of the child and 65.32 family by the appropriate local social services agency once the 65.33 family has completed all services required in the case plan. 65.34 A party has a right to request a court review of the 65.35 reasonableness of the case plan upon a showing of a substantial 65.36 change of circumstances. 66.1 Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 66.2 626.556, subdivision 10e, is amended to read: 66.3 Subd. 10e. [DETERMINATIONS.] Upon the conclusion of every 66.4 assessment or investigation it conducts, the local welfare 66.5 agency shall make two determinations: first, whether 66.6 maltreatment has occurred; and second, whether child protective 66.7 services are needed. When maltreatment is determined in an 66.8 investigation involving a facility, the investigating agency 66.9 shall also determine whether the facility or individual was 66.10 responsible for the maltreatment using the mitigating factors in 66.11 paragraph (d). Determinations under this subdivision must be 66.12 made based on a preponderance of the evidence. 66.13 (a) For the purposes of this subdivision, "maltreatment" 66.14 means any of the following acts or omissions committed by a 66.15 person responsible for the child's care: 66.16 (1) physical abuse as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph 66.17 (d); 66.18 (2) neglect as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph (c); 66.19 (3) sexual abuse as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph 66.20 (a); or 66.21 (4) mental injury as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph 66.22 (k). 66.23 (b) For the purposes of this subdivision, a determination 66.24 that child protective services are needed means that the local 66.25 welfare agency has documented conditions during the assessment 66.26 or investigation sufficient to cause a child protection worker, 66.27 as defined in section 626.559, subdivision 1, to conclude that a 66.28 child is at significant risk of maltreatment if protective 66.29 intervention is not provided and that the individuals 66.30 responsible for the child's care have not taken or are not 66.31 likely to take actions to protect the child from maltreatment or 66.32 risk of maltreatment. 66.33 (c) This subdivision does not mean that maltreatment has 66.34 occurred solely because the child's parent, guardian, or other 66.35 person responsible for the child's care in good faith selects 66.36 and depends upon spiritual means or prayer for treatment or care 67.1 of disease or remedial care of the child, in lieu of medical 67.2 care. However, if lack of medical care may result in serious 67.3 danger to the child's health, the local welfare agency may 67.4 ensure that necessary medical services are provided to the child. 67.5 (d) When determining whether the facility or individual is 67.6 the responsible party for determined maltreatment in a facility, 67.7 the investigating agency shall consider at least the following 67.8 mitigating factors: 67.9 (1) whether the actions of the facility or the individual 67.10 caregivers were according to, and followed the terms of, an 67.11 erroneous physician order, prescription, individual care plan, 67.12 or directive; however, this is not a mitigating factor when the 67.13 facility or caregiver was responsible for the issuance of the 67.14 erroneous order, prescription, individual care plan, or 67.15 directive or knew or should have known of the errors and took no 67.16 reasonable measures to correct the defect before administering 67.17 care; 67.18 (2) comparative responsibility between the facility, other 67.19 caregivers, and requirements placed upon an employee, including 67.20 the facility's compliance with related regulatory standards and 67.21 the adequacy of facility policies and procedures, facility 67.22 training, an individual's participation in the training, the 67.23 caregiver's supervision, and facility staffing levels and the 67.24 scope of the individual employee's authority and discretion; and 67.25 (3) whether the facility or individual followed 67.26 professional standards in exercising professional judgment. 67.27 (e) The commissioner shall work with the maltreatment of 67.28 minors advisory committee established under Laws 1997, chapter 67.29 203, to make recommendations to further specify the kinds of 67.30 acts or omissions that constitute physical abuse, neglect, 67.31 sexual abuse, or mental injury. The commissioner shall submit 67.32 the recommendation and any legislation needed by January 15, 67.33 1999. Individual counties may implement more detailed 67.34 definitions or criteria that indicate which allegations to 67.35 investigate, as long as a county's policies are consistent with 67.36 the definitions in the statutes and rules and are approved by 68.1 the county board. Each local welfare agency shall periodically 68.2 inform mandated reporters under subdivision 3 who work in the 68.3 county of the definitions of maltreatment in the statutes and 68.4 rules and any additional definitions or criteria that have been 68.5 approved by the county board. 68.6 Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 626.556, is 68.7 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 68.8 Subd. 10j. [RELEASE OF DATA TO MANDATED REPORTERS.] A 68.9 local social services or child protection agency may provide 68.10 relevant private data on individuals obtained under this section 68.11 to mandated reporters who have an ongoing responsibility for the 68.12 health, education, or welfare of a child affected by the data. 68.13 Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 626.556, is 68.14 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 68.15 Subd. 10k. [RELEASE OF CERTAIN INVESTIGATIVE RECORDS TO 68.16 OTHER COUNTIES.] Records maintained under subdivision 11c, 68.17 paragraph (a), may be shared with another local welfare agency 68.18 that requests the information because it is conducting an 68.19 investigation under this section of the subject of the records. 68.20 Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 1997 Supplement, section 68.21 626.556, subdivision 11c, is amended to read: 68.22 Subd. 11c. [WELFARE, COURT SERVICES AGENCY, AND SCHOOL 68.23 RECORDS MAINTAINED.] Notwithstanding sections 138.163 and 68.24 138.17, records maintained or records derived from reports of 68.25 abuse by local welfare agencies, court services agencies, or 68.26 schools under this section shall be destroyed as provided in 68.27 paragraphs (a) to (d) by the responsible authority. 68.28 (a) If upon assessment or investigation there is no 68.29 determination of maltreatment or the need for child protective 68.30 services, the records maymust be maintained for a period of 68.31 four years. After the individual alleged to have maltreated a68.32 child is notified under subdivision 10f of the determinations at68.33 the conclusion of the assessment or investigation, upon that68.34 individual's request, records shall be destroyed within 30 days68.35 or after the appeal rights under subdivision 10i have been68.36 concluded, whichever is later.69.1 (b) All records relating to reports which, upon assessment 69.2 or investigation, indicate either maltreatment or a need for 69.3 child protective services shall be maintained for at least ten 69.4 years after the date of the final entry in the case record. 69.5 (c) All records regarding a report of maltreatment, 69.6 including any notification of intent to interview which was 69.7 received by a school under subdivision 10, paragraph (d), shall 69.8 be destroyed by the school when ordered to do so by the agency 69.9 conducting the assessment or investigation. The agency shall 69.10 order the destruction of the notification when other records 69.11 relating to the report under investigation or assessment are 69.12 destroyed under this subdivision. 69.13 (d) Private or confidential data released to a court 69.14 services agency under subdivision 10h must be destroyed by the 69.15 court services agency when ordered to do so by the local welfare 69.16 agency that released the data. The local welfare agency shall 69.17 order destruction of the data when other records relating to the 69.18 assessment or investigation are destroyed under this subdivision. 69.19 Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 626.556, is 69.20 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 69.21 Subd. 15. [AUDITING.] The department of human services 69.22 shall regularly audit for accuracy the data reported by counties 69.23 on maltreatment of minors. 69.24 Sec. 8. [RISK ASSESSMENT; PERFORMANCE MEASURES; EXTERNAL 69.25 REVIEW.] 69.26 Subdivision 1. [RISK ASSESSMENT 69.27 ALTERNATIVES.] Notwithstanding any rule to the contrary, the 69.28 commissioner of human services may authorize local welfare 69.29 agencies to research and pilot alternative methods of child 69.30 protection risk assessment. The commissioner shall report to 69.31 the appropriate committees in the house of representatives and 69.32 the senate on the outcomes of research and risk assessment 69.33 pilots by January 15, 2000. 69.34 Subd. 2. [PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT.] (a) The commissioner 69.35 of human services shall establish a task force of county and 69.36 state officials to identify: 70.1 (1) statewide measures of the performance of child welfare 70.2 services and steps needed to collect reliable information on 70.3 these measures; and 70.4 (2) potentially useful practices that individual counties 70.5 could use to monitor and evaluate child welfare services. 70.6 (b) The task force shall report their findings to the 70.7 commissioner by January 1, 1999. The commissioner shall 70.8 recommend to appropriate committees of the legislature during 70.9 the 1999 regular session any legislative action required to 70.10 implement task force recommendations. 70.11 Sec. 9. [PLAN FOR EXTERNAL REVIEWS.] 70.12 By January 1, 1999, the commissioner of human services 70.13 shall present to the appropriate committees in the senate and 70.14 the house of representatives a plan for periodic external 70.15 reviews of: 70.16 (1) county compliance with state statutes and rules in the 70.17 area of child protection; and 70.18 (2) the appropriateness of decisions by county child 70.19 protection agencies in selected individual cases. 70.20 Nothing in this section or section 8 prevents the 70.21 commissioner from developing and implementing performance 70.22 measurement plans for periodic reviews and best practices before 70.23 January 1, 1999. 70.24 ARTICLE 3 70.25 FAMILY ASSESSMENTS AND SERVICES AND COMMUNITY COLLABORATION 70.26 Section 1. [626.5560] [PROGRAMS FOR CHILD PROTECTION 70.27 ASSESSMENTS OR INVESTIGATIONS; COMMUNITY COLLABORATION.] 70.28 Subdivision 1. [DESIGNATION OF COUNTIES; GRANTS AND 70.29 TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.] By October 1, 1998, the commissioner of 70.30 human services shall designate counties to participate in the 70.31 pilot child protection program established under this section 70.32 for assessment and investigation of reports of child 70.33 maltreatment received under section 626.556 and the provision of 70.34 family services. The commissioner shall make grants to counties 70.35 for purposes of planning and implementing a program under this 70.36 section and shall provide technical assistance and develop 71.1 protocols for the programs. 71.2 Subd. 2. [ESTABLISHMENT; PURPOSE.] A child protection 71.3 program may be established under this section in order to 71.4 promote the safety of children and the integrity and 71.5 preservation of their families by conducting investigations or 71.6 family assessments in response to reports of child maltreatment 71.7 under section 626.556. The program shall be designed to 71.8 coordinate community resources and provide assistance or 71.9 services to children and families identified to be at risk, and 71.10 to prevent and remedy child abuse and neglect. 71.11 Subd. 3. [DETERMINATIONS REGARDING INVESTIGATION OR FAMILY 71.12 ASSESSMENT AND SERVICES.] (a) Upon receipt of a report under 71.13 section 626.556, the local welfare agency shall make a 71.14 determination whether to proceed with an investigation as 71.15 provided in section 626.556 or to proceed with a family 71.16 assessment and services approach under this section. If a local 71.17 law enforcement agency receives a report under section 626.556 71.18 in a county that is participating in the program under this 71.19 section, the local law enforcement agency shall immediately 71.20 forward the report to the local welfare agency for purposes of 71.21 making a determination under this subdivision. This does not 71.22 preclude the local law enforcement agency from proceeding with a 71.23 criminal investigation as appropriate. 71.24 (b) The local welfare agency shall make determinations 71.25 under this subdivision through the use of protocols developed by 71.26 the commissioner of human services. The local welfare agency 71.27 may conduct an investigation of any report, but shall conduct an 71.28 investigation of reports that, if true, would be a violation of, 71.29 or an attempt to commit a violation of: 71.30 (1) section 609.221, 609.222, or 609.223 (assault in the 71.31 first, second, or third degree); 71.32 (2) section 609.322 (solicitation, inducement, and 71.33 promotion of prostitution); 71.34 (3) sections 609.342 to 609.3451 (criminal sexual conduct); 71.35 (4) section 609.352 (solicitation of children to engage in 71.36 sexual conduct); 72.1 (5) section 609.377 or 609.378 (malicious punishment or 72.2 neglect or endangerment of a child); or 72.3 (6) section 617.246 (use of minor in sexual performance). 72.4 (c) In addition, the local welfare agency shall contact the 72.5 appropriate law enforcement agency upon receipt of a report of a 72.6 violation of, or an attempt to commit a violation of: 72.7 (1) section 609.185, 609.19, or 609.195 (murder in the 72.8 first, second, or third degree); 72.9 (2) section 609.20 or 609.205 (manslaughter in the first or 72.10 second degree); or 72.11 (3) an offense listed in paragraph (b). 72.12 The law enforcement agency may conduct its own 72.13 investigation and shall assist the local welfare agency in its 72.14 investigation or provide, within a reasonable time, a written 72.15 explanation detailing the reasons why it is unable to assist. 72.16 (d) The local social service agency shall make a 72.17 determination of how to proceed and initiate an investigation or 72.18 family assessment and services within 24 hours of receipt of the 72.19 report, except in cases where the sole basis for the report is 72.20 educational neglect. If the report indicates that educational 72.21 neglect is the only complaint and there is no suspicion of other 72.22 neglect or abuse, the investigation or family assessment and 72.23 services approach shall be initiated within 72 hours of receipt 72.24 of the report. 72.25 Subd. 4. [PROVISION OF FAMILY ASSESSMENT AND 72.26 SERVICES.] (a) If the local welfare agency makes a determination 72.27 to use the family assessment and services approach, the agency 72.28 shall assess the risk of abuse and neglect and the service needs 72.29 of the family based on information gathered from the family and 72.30 other available sources. At the time of the initial contact 72.31 with the family, the local welfare agency shall provide the 72.32 parent or other caretaker with information regarding the purpose 72.33 of the contact and the assessment process to be followed during 72.34 the agency's intervention, including possible services available 72.35 and expectations of the family. 72.36 (b) The agency shall provide services that are voluntary 73.1 and time-limited unless the agency determines, based on the 73.2 assessment of risk, that there will be a high risk of abuse or 73.3 neglect if the family refuses to accept the services. The 73.4 agency shall identify services for families where it is 73.5 determined that the child is at high risk of future abuse or 73.6 neglect. The agency shall thoroughly document its attempt to 73.7 provide voluntary services and the reasons these services are 73.8 important to reduce the risk of future abuse or neglect to the 73.9 child. If the family continues to refuse voluntary services or 73.10 the child needs to be protected, the agency may commence an 73.11 investigation under section 626.556. 73.12 (c) When a case under this subdivision is closed, the local 73.13 welfare agency shall document the outcome of the family 73.14 assessment and services approach, including services provided 73.15 and the removal of risk to the child, if it existed. This 73.16 documentation shall be retained for four years. 73.17 Subd. 5. [REFERRAL OF CASES FOR INVESTIGATION OR 73.18 ASSESSMENT.] (a) The local welfare agency shall begin an 73.19 immediate investigation if at any time during the family 73.20 assessment and services approach the agency determines that an 73.21 investigation is required. The staff who have conducted the 73.22 assessment may remain involved in the provision of services to 73.23 the family. 73.24 (b) The local welfare agency may conduct a family 73.25 assessment and services approach on reports initially referred 73.26 for an investigation if the agency determines that a complete 73.27 investigation is not required, or it may assist the family in 73.28 obtaining services during the investigation if it is determined 73.29 that the child or a member of the family needs services. If the 73.30 local law enforcement agency is involved in the investigation, 73.31 the law enforcement agency must provide a written agreement with 73.32 a decision to terminate the investigation and the local welfare 73.33 agency shall document the reason for termination of the 73.34 investigative process. 73.35 Subd. 6. [COLLABORATIVE SERVICES.] The local social 73.36 services agency shall coordinate community resources and 74.1 collaborate with the community to identify comprehensive local 74.2 services and assure access to those services for children and 74.3 families under this section. The local welfare agency shall 74.4 develop a comprehensive list of community resources and 74.5 establish procedures for making referrals and following through 74.6 with local providers to identify and evaluate services that have 74.7 been provided to a family. 74.8 Sec. 2. [PLANNING, EVALUATION, AND REPORT.] 74.9 Subdivision 1. [PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION.] The 74.10 commissioner of human services shall develop a plan for 74.11 establishing, implementing, and evaluating the programs under 74.12 section 1. The plan must provide for administering grants and 74.13 local implementation of programs by January 1, 1999. The plan 74.14 must include protocols for the programs and procedures and 74.15 criteria for the collection of information from local welfare 74.16 agencies to evaluate the programs. 74.17 Subd. 2. [EVALUATION AND REPORT.] By January 15, 2001, the 74.18 commissioner of human services shall report to the legislature 74.19 on the operation of the program under section 1. The report 74.20 must include an independent evaluation of the program that 74.21 assesses its effect upon specified variables, including the 74.22 following major goals: 74.23 (1) promotion of the safety of children; 74.24 (2) preservation of the integrity of families, where 74.25 possible; 74.26 (3) remediation of abuse or neglect or other family 74.27 problems that give rise to reports; and 74.28 (4) prevention of future abuse or neglect. 74.29 The report must also evaluate the use of community 74.30 collaboration in providing services to families. Based on the 74.31 evaluation, the report must include recommendations for future 74.32 legislative action, including any modifications to the operation 74.33 of the program and recommendations regarding statewide 74.34 implementation. 74.35 ARTICLE 4 74.36 CONCURRENT PERMANENCY PLANNING 75.1 Section 1. [257.0711] [CONCURRENT PERMANENCY PLANNING.] 75.2 Subdivision 1. [PROGRAM; GOALS.] (a) The commissioner of 75.3 human services shall establish a program for concurrent 75.4 permanency planning for child protection services. The program 75.5 must include a pilot program phase during which the commissioner 75.6 will make grants to counties who participate in concurrent 75.7 permanency planning, followed by statewide implementation of 75.8 concurrent permanency planning effective July 1, 1999. 75.9 (b) Concurrent permanency planning involves a planning 75.10 process for children who are placed out of the home of their 75.11 parents pursuant to a court order, or who have been voluntarily 75.12 placed out of the home by the parents for 60 days or more and 75.13 who are not developmentally disabled or emotionally handicapped 75.14 under section 257.071, subdivision 4. The local social services 75.15 agency shall develop an alternative permanency plan while making 75.16 reasonable efforts for reunification of the child with the 75.17 family, if required by section 260.012. The goals of concurrent 75.18 permanency planning are to: 75.19 (1) achieve early permanency for children; 75.20 (2) decrease children's length of stay in foster care and 75.21 reduce the number of moves children experience in foster care; 75.22 and 75.23 (3) develop a group of families who will work towards 75.24 reunification and also serve as permanent families for children. 75.25 Subd. 2. [DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES AND PROTOCOLS.] The 75.26 commissioner shall establish guidelines and protocols for social 75.27 service agencies involved in concurrent permanency planning, 75.28 including criteria for conducting concurrent permanency planning 75.29 based on relevant factors such as: 75.30 (1) age of the child and duration of out-of-home placement; 75.31 (2) prognosis for successful reunification with parents; 75.32 (3) availability of relatives and other concerned 75.33 individuals to provide support or a permanent placement for the 75.34 child; and 75.35 (4) special needs of the child and other factors affecting 75.36 the child's best interests. 76.1 Subd. 3. [PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND DISCLOSURE.] Concurrent 76.2 permanency planning programs must include involvement of parents 76.3 and full disclosure of their rights and responsibilities, goals 76.4 of concurrent permanency planning, support services that are 76.5 available for families, permanency options, and the consequences 76.6 of not complying with case plans. 76.7 Subd. 4. [TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND GRANTS.] The 76.8 commissioner of human services shall provide ongoing technical 76.9 assistance, support, and training for local social service 76.10 agencies and other individuals and agencies involved in 76.11 concurrent permanency planning. The commissioner shall make 76.12 grants to counties for purposes of planning, implementing, and 76.13 assisting in the evaluation of permanency planning programs and 76.14 multidisciplinary training of participants. 76.15 Sec. 2. [EVALUATION AND REPORT.] 76.16 The commissioner shall develop a detailed plan for 76.17 evaluating concurrent permanency planning programs, based on 76.18 identifiable goals and factors, including those specified in 76.19 section 1, subdivision 1. The plan must also include an 76.20 evaluation of the fiscal impact of concurrent planning, 76.21 including the effect on costs of out-of-home placement. The 76.22 evaluation must incorporate input and recommendations from 76.23 counties involved in concurrent planning. By January 15, 2001, 76.24 the commissioner shall report to the appropriate committees in 76.25 the legislature on the operation of the concurrent planning 76.26 programs and the results of the evaluation under this section. 76.27 ARTICLE 5 76.28 CHILD SAFETY ASSESSMENTS AND PLANS 76.29 Section 1. [257.070] [CHILD SAFETY ASSESSMENT AND PLAN.] 76.30 Subdivision 1. [WHEN REQUIRED.] (a) The local social 76.31 services agency shall follow the child safety assessment and 76.32 planning process under this section when the agency receives 76.33 information that a child under the age of 12 months has one or 76.34 both parents who: 76.35 (1) has a history of controlled substance or alcohol abuse; 76.36 (2) has been convicted of a crime specified in section 77.1 518.179, subdivision 2, if the victim of the crime was a family 77.2 or household member; and 77.3 (3) has lost custody of a child in a contested proceeding 77.4 to a person other than a parent, or previously has had another 77.5 child in court-ordered, out-of-home placement. 77.6 (b) This section does not relieve the local social services 77.7 agency of any duties under this chapter, chapter 260, or section 77.8 626.556 in cases involving allegations of abuse or neglect of a 77.9 child. 77.10 Subd. 2. [ASSESSMENT AND PLAN.] The agency shall assess 77.11 the risk to the child of future abuse and neglect and develop a 77.12 safety plan, in consultation with the parents, to address risk 77.13 factors that are present in the home and other service needs of 77.14 the child and family. The safety plan may include: 77.15 (1) enrollment in early childhood family education; 77.16 (2) home visits; 77.17 (3) chemical dependency treatment for a parent; and 77.18 (4) provision of other services within the community to 77.19 assist the family, including child care and other services that 77.20 will enable the parents to participate in the safety plan. 77.21 The safety plan must involve continued monitoring of the 77.22 family as appropriate until the child is three years of age. 77.23 Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 626.556, is 77.24 amended by adding a subdivision to read: 77.25 Subd. 2a. [CERTAIN AT-RISK INFANTS.] If a local social 77.26 services agency receives information would require a child 77.27 safety and assessment plan under section 257.070, the local 77.28 social services agency shall proceed under that section. 77.29 ARTICLE 6 77.30 CHILD WELFARE SERVICES PLAN 77.31 Section 1. [257.001] [CHILD WELFARE SERVICES PLAN.] 77.32 Subdivision 1. [STATE PLANNING.] By January 15, 1999, the 77.33 commissioner of human services shall submit to the legislature a 77.34 five-year statewide plan for child welfare services. The plan 77.35 must establish statewide goals and objectives for the prevention 77.36 of the abuse and neglect of children, early intervention for 78.1 children at risk of abuse, family preservation services, 78.2 out-of-home placement care and permanency planning, and 78.3 adoption. The plan must include state targets for the continuum 78.4 of child welfare services, prioritized goals and objectives, a 78.5 rationale for the priority order, and a description and 78.6 rationale for the method the state plans to use to address each 78.7 goal and objective, including specific legislative, budget, or 78.8 administrative actions necessary to implement the plan. The 78.9 commissioner shall incorporate in the plan the semiannual 78.10 reports on children in out-of-home placements required under 78.11 section 257.0725. 78.12 Subd. 2. [COUNTY PLANNING.] As part of the statewide 78.13 planning process, the commissioner shall develop procedures for 78.14 counties to prepare and submit annual child welfare plans. The 78.15 commissioner shall incorporate recommendations from the 78.16 commissioner of corrections in the development of county plan 78.17 requirements. The county plans must include, at a minimum, an 78.18 assessment of the child welfare system in the county, including 78.19 an inventory of available early intervention and prevention 78.20 service, family preservation, out-of-home placement and 78.21 permanency planning services in the county, current and 78.22 projected budgets by program for the next year, and 78.23 county-specific child welfare targets. 78.24 Subd. 3. [PUBLICATION OF PLANS.] The commissioner shall 78.25 publicize the results of the statewide plan and ways for the 78.26 public to obtain copies of the plan. Once the plan is 78.27 developed, the commissioner shall prepare an annual report on 78.28 progress toward the goals identified in the plan. The results 78.29 of the progress reports must be included in the budget documents 78.30 forwarded by the commissioner of finance to the legislature and 78.31 shall be included in the state agency performance reports 78.32 required by section 15.91. 78.33 ARTICLE 7 78.34 CHILD WELFARE APPROPRIATIONS 78.35 Section 1. [APPROPRIATION.] 78.36 $30,000,000 is appropriated from the general fund to the 79.1 commissioner of human services for purposes of funding child 79.2 welfare initiatives and programs. This appropriation includes 79.3 funding for child protection activities; planning, development 79.4 of protocols, grants, technical assistance, training, and 79.5 evaluation for family assessment and services programs, 79.6 concurrent permanency planning, and child safety assessments and 79.7 plans; and training of family mediators and facilitation of 79.8 relative care plans under Minnesota Statutes, section 626.5565.