as introduced - 84th Legislature (2005 - 2006) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am
|Introduction||Posted on 02/16/2006|
A bill for an act
relating to property taxation; providing that the tier structure in the classification
of agricultural homestead property is based on acreage rather than market value;
amending Minnesota Statutes 2004, sections 273.13, subdivision 23; 273.1384,
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:
Minnesota Statutes 2004, section 273.13, subdivision 23, is amended to read:
(a) Class 2a property is agricultural land including any
improvements that is homesteaded. The market value of the house and garage and
immediately surrounding one acre of land has the same class rates as class 1a property
under subdivision 22. The value of the new text beginnew text endremaining land including
improvements deleted text beginup to and including $600,000 market valuedeleted text end new text beginnew text endhas a net class rate of
0.55 percent of market value. The remaining property deleted text beginover $600,000 market valuedeleted text end has a
class rate of one percent of market value.
(b) Class 2b property is (1) real estate, rural in character and used exclusively for
growing trees for timber, lumber, and wood and wood products; (2) real estate that
is not improved with a structure and is used exclusively for growing trees for timber,
lumber, and wood and wood products, if the owner has participated or is participating in
a cost-sharing program for afforestation, reforestation, or timber stand improvement on
that particular property, administered or coordinated by the commissioner of natural
resources; (3) real estate that is nonhomestead agricultural land; or (4) a landing area or
public access area of a privately owned public use airport. Class 2b property has a net
class rate of one percent of market value.
(c) Agricultural land as used in this section means contiguous acreage of ten acres or
more, used during the preceding year for agricultural purposes. "Agricultural purposes" as
used in this section means the raising or cultivation of agricultural products. "Agricultural
purposes" also includes enrollment in the Reinvest in Minnesota program under sections
103F.501 to 103F.535 or the federal Conservation Reserve Program as contained in Public
Law 99-198 if the property was classified as agricultural (i) under this subdivision for
the assessment year 2002 or (ii) in the year prior to its enrollment. Contiguous acreage
on the same parcel, or contiguous acreage on an immediately adjacent parcel under the
same ownership, may also qualify as agricultural land, but only if it is pasture, timber,
waste, unusable wild land, or land included in state or federal farm programs. Agricultural
classification for property shall be determined excluding the house, garage, and
immediately surrounding one acre of land, and shall not be based upon the market value of
any residential structures on the parcel or contiguous parcels under the same ownership.
(d) Real estate, excluding the house, garage, and immediately surrounding one acre
of land, of less than ten acres which is exclusively and intensively used for raising or
cultivating agricultural products, shall be considered as agricultural land.
Land shall be classified as agricultural even if all or a portion of the agricultural use
of that property is the leasing to, or use by another person for agricultural purposes.
Classification under this subdivision is not determinative for qualifying under
The property classification under this section supersedes, for property tax purposes
only, any locally administered agricultural policies or land use restrictions that define
minimum or maximum farm acreage.
(e) The term "agricultural products" as used in this subdivision includes production
for sale of:
(1) livestock, dairy animals, dairy products, poultry and poultry products, fur-bearing
animals, horticultural and nursery stock, fruit of all kinds, vegetables, forage, grains,
bees, and apiary products by the owner;
(2) fish bred for sale and consumption if the fish breeding occurs on land zoned
for agricultural use;
(3) the commercial boarding of horses if the boarding is done in conjunction with
raising or cultivating agricultural products as defined in clause (1);
(4) property which is owned and operated by nonprofit organizations used for
equestrian activities, excluding racing;
(5) game birds and waterfowl bred and raised for use on a shooting preserve licensed
under section 97A.115;
(6) insects primarily bred to be used as food for animals;
(7) trees, grown for sale as a crop, and not sold for timber, lumber, wood, or wood
(8) maple syrup taken from trees grown by a person licensed by the Minnesota
Department of Agriculture under chapter 28A as a food processor.
(f) If a parcel used for agricultural purposes is also used for commercial or industrial
purposes, including but not limited to:
(1) wholesale and retail sales;
(2) processing of raw agricultural products or other goods;
(3) warehousing or storage of processed goods; and
(4) office facilities for the support of the activities enumerated in clauses (1), (2),
the assessor shall classify the part of the parcel used for agricultural purposes as class
1b, 2a, or 2b, whichever is appropriate, and the remainder in the class appropriate to its
use. The grading, sorting, and packaging of raw agricultural products for first sale is
considered an agricultural purpose. A greenhouse or other building where horticultural
or nursery products are grown that is also used for the conduct of retail sales must be
classified as agricultural if it is primarily used for the growing of horticultural or nursery
products from seed, cuttings, or roots and occasionally as a showroom for the retail sale of
those products. Use of a greenhouse or building only for the display of already grown
horticultural or nursery products does not qualify as an agricultural purpose.
The assessor shall determine and list separately on the records the market value of
the homestead dwelling and the one acre of land on which that dwelling is located. If any
farm buildings or structures are located on this homesteaded acre of land, their market
value shall not be included in this separate determination.
(g) To qualify for classification under paragraph (b), clause (4), a privately owned
public use airport must be licensed as a public airport under section 360.018. For purposes
of paragraph (b), clause (4), "landing area" means that part of a privately owned public use
airport properly cleared, regularly maintained, and made available to the public for use by
aircraft and includes runways, taxiways, aprons, and sites upon which are situated landing
or navigational aids. A landing area also includes land underlying both the primary surface
and the approach surfaces that comply with all of the following:
(i) the land is properly cleared and regularly maintained for the primary purposes of
the landing, taking off, and taxiing of aircraft; but that portion of the land that contains
facilities for servicing, repair, or maintenance of aircraft is not included as a landing area;
(ii) the land is part of the airport property; and
(iii) the land is not used for commercial or residential purposes.
The land contained in a landing area under paragraph (b), clause (4), must be described
and certified by the commissioner of transportation. The certification is effective until
it is modified, or until the airport or landing area no longer meets the requirements of
paragraph (b), clause (4). For purposes of paragraph (b), clause (4), "public access area"
means property used as an aircraft parking ramp, apron, or storage hangar, or an arrival
and departure building in connection with the airport.
new text begin new text end
Minnesota Statutes 2004, section 273.1384, subdivision 2, is amended to read:
Property classified as class
2a agricultural homestead is eligible for an agricultural credit. The credit is equal to deleted text begin0.3
percent ofdeleted text end new text beginnew text endthe first deleted text begin$115,000deleted text end new text beginnew text endof the deleted text beginproperty's market valuedeleted text endnew text beginnew text end. The credit under this subdivision is limited to $345 for each homestead. The
credit is reduced by deleted text begin.05 percentdeleted text end new text beginnew text end of the deleted text beginmarket valuedeleted text end new text beginnew text endin excess of
deleted text begin $115,000deleted text endnew text beginnew text end, subject to a maximum reduction of $115.
new text begin new text end