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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

HF 2536

1st Unofficial Engrossment - 88th Legislature (2013 - 2014) Posted on 04/23/2014 03:16pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.
1.1A bill for an act
1.2relating to women's economic security; promoting the economic self-sufficiency
1.3of women; reducing gender segregation in the workforce; reducing the gender
1.4pay gap through the participation of women in high-wage, high-demand,
1.5nontraditional occupations; establishing a women and nontraditional jobs grant
1.6program; modifying eligibility for unemployment benefits when applicant is a
1.7victim of sexual assault or stalking; creating a women entrepreneurs business
1.8development competitive grant program; providing for pregnancy and parenting
1.9leave; requiring pregnancy accommodations; requiring certificates of pay
1.10equity compliance as a condition for certain state contracts; classifying data;
1.11protecting wage disclosure; prohibiting retaliation; prohibiting discrimination in
1.12employment based on status as a family caregiver; clarifying unfair employment
1.13practices related to nursing mothers; requiring a report; appropriating money;
1.14amending Minnesota Statutes 2012, sections 116L.98; 181.939; 181.940,
1.15subdivision 2; 181.941; 181.943; 268.095, subdivisions 1, 6; Minnesota Statutes
1.162013 Supplement, sections 116L.665, subdivision 2; 181.9413; proposing coding
1.17for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 116L; 181; 363A.
1.18BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

1.19ARTICLE 1
1.20WOMEN'S ECONOMIC SECURITY ACT

1.21    Section 1. CITATION; WOMEN'S ECONOMIC SECURITY ACT.
1.22This act shall be known as the Women's Economic Security Act.

1.23ARTICLE 2
1.24ECONOMIC SECURITY

1.25    Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 2013 Supplement, section 116L.665, subdivision 2,
1.26is amended to read:
2.1    Subd. 2. Membership. The governor's Workforce Development Council is
2.2composed of 31 members appointed by the governor. The members may be removed
2.3pursuant to section 15.059. In selecting the representatives of the council, the governor
2.4shall ensure that 50 percent of the members come from nominations provided by local
2.5workforce councils. Local education representatives shall come from nominations
2.6provided by local education to employment partnerships. The 31 members shall represent
2.7the following sectors:
2.8(a) State agencies: the following individuals shall serve on the council:
2.9(1) commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic
2.10Development;
2.11(2) commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Education; and
2.12(3) commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Human Services.
2.13(b) Business and industry: six individuals shall represent the business and industry
2.14sectors of Minnesota.
2.15(c) Organized labor: six individuals shall represent labor organizations of Minnesota.
2.16(d) Community-based organizations: four individuals shall represent
2.17community-based organizations of Minnesota. Community-based organizations are
2.18defined by the Workforce Investment Act as private nonprofit organizations that are
2.19representative of communities or significant segments of communities and that have
2.20demonstrated expertise and effectiveness in the field of workforce investment and may
2.21include entities that provide job training services, serve youth, serve individuals with
2.22disabilities, serve displaced homemakers, union-related organizations, employer-related
2.23nonprofit organizations, and organizations serving nonreservation Indians and tribal
2.24governments.
2.25(e) Education: six individuals shall represent the education sector of Minnesota
2.26as follows:
2.27(1) one individual shall represent local public secondary education;
2.28(2) one individual shall have expertise in design and implementation of school-based
2.29service-learning;
2.30(3) one individual shall represent leadership of the University of Minnesota;
2.31(4) one individual shall represent secondary/postsecondary vocational institutions;
2.32(5) the chancellor of the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and
2.33Universities; and
2.34(6) one individual shall have expertise in agricultural education.
2.35(f) Other: two individuals shall represent other constituencies including:
2.36(1) units of local government; and
3.1(2) applicable state or local programs.
3.2The speaker and the minority leader of the house of representatives shall each
3.3appoint a representative to serve as an ex officio member of the council. The majority
3.4and minority leaders of the senate shall each appoint a senator to serve as an ex officio
3.5member of the council.
3.6The governor shall appoint one individual representing public libraries, one
3.7individual with expertise in assisting women in obtaining employment in nontraditional
3.8occupations, and one individual representing adult basic education programs to serve as a
3.9 nonvoting advisor advisors to the council.
3.10(g) Appointment: each member shall be appointed for a term of three years from the
3.11first day of January or July immediately following their appointment. Elected officials
3.12shall forfeit their appointment if they cease to serve in elected office.
3.13(h) Members of the council are compensated as provided in section 15.059,
3.14subdivision 3
.

3.15    Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 116L.98, is amended to read:
3.16116L.98 WORKFORCE PROGRAM OUTCOMES.
3.17The commissioner shall develop and implement a set of standard approaches
3.18for assessing the outcomes of workforce programs under this chapter. The outcomes
3.19assessed must include, but are not limited to, periodic comparisons of workforce program
3.20participants and nonparticipants. By January 1 of each year, the commissioner shall
3.21report to the legislature on progress and outcomes of workforce programs, including the
3.22requirements under section 116L.99. The report regarding outcomes of activities under
3.23section 116L.99 must include data on:
3.24(1) the gender, race, and age of participants, including cross tabulations;
3.25(2) occupations;
3.26(3) geography;
3.27(4) advancement salaries; and
3.28(5) the gender pay gap within occupations.
3.29The commissioner shall also monitor the activities and outcomes of programs and
3.30services funded by legislative appropriations and administered by the department on a
3.31pass-through basis and develop a consistent and equitable method of assessing recipients
3.32for the costs of its monitoring activities.

3.33    Sec. 3. [116L.99] WOMEN AND NONTRADITIONAL JOBS GRANT
3.34PROGRAM.
4.1    Subdivision 1. Definitions. (a) For the purpose of this section, the following terms
4.2have the meanings given.
4.3(b) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of employment and economic
4.4development.
4.5(c) ''Eligible organization'' includes, but is not limited to:
4.6(1) community-based organizations experienced in serving women;
4.7(2) employers;
4.8(3) business and trade associations;
4.9(4) labor unions and employee organizations;
4.10(5) registered apprenticeship programs;
4.11(6) secondary and postsecondary education institutions located in Minnesota; and
4.12(7) workforce and economic development agencies.
4.13(d) "Nontraditional occupations'' means those occupations in which women make
4.14up less than 25 percent of the workforce as defined under United States Code, title 20,
4.15section 2302.
4.16(e) "Registered apprenticeship program'' means a program registered under United
4.17States Code, title 29, section 50.
4.18    Subd. 2. Grant program. The commissioner shall establish the women and
4.19nontraditional jobs grant program to increase the number of women in high-wage,
4.20nontraditional occupations. The commissioner shall make grants to eligible organizations
4.21for programs that encourage and assist women to enter high-wage, high-demand,
4.22nontraditional occupations including but not limited to those in the skilled trades, science,
4.23technology, engineering, and math (STEM) occupations.
4.24    Subd. 3. Use of funds. (a) Grant funds awarded under this section may be used for:
4.25(1) recruitment, preparation, placement, and retention of women, including
4.26low-income women and women over 50 years old, in registered apprenticeships,
4.27postsecondary education programs, on-the-job training, and permanent employment in
4.28high-wage, high-demand, nontraditional occupations;
4.29(2) secondary or postsecondary education or other training to prepare women to
4.30succeed in nontraditional occupations. Activities under this clause may be conducted by
4.31the grantee or in collaboration with another institution, including but not limited to a
4.32public or private secondary or postsecondary school;
4.33(3) innovative, hands-on, best practices that stimulate interest in nontraditional
4.34occupations among girls, increase awareness among girls about opportunities in
4.35nontraditional occupations, or increase access to secondary programming leading to jobs
5.1in nontraditional occupations. Best practices include but are not limited to mentoring,
5.2internships, or apprenticeships for girls in nontraditional occupations;
5.3(4) training and other staff development for job seeker counselors and Minnesota
5.4family investment program (MFIP) caseworkers on opportunities in nontraditional
5.5occupations;
5.6(5) incentives for employers and sponsors of registered apprenticeship programs to
5.7retain women in nontraditional occupations for more than one year;
5.8(6) training and technical assistance for employers to create a safe and healthy
5.9workplace environment designed to retain and advance women, including best practices
5.10for addressing sexual harassment, and to overcome gender inequity among employers
5.11and registered apprenticeship programs;
5.12(7) public education and outreach activities to overcome stereotypes about women
5.13in nontraditional occupations, including the development of educational and marketing
5.14materials; and
5.15(8) support for women in nontraditional occupations including but not limited to
5.16assistance with workplace issues resolution and access to advocacy assistance and services.
5.17(b) Grant applications must include detailed information about how the applicant
5.18plans to:
5.19(1) increase women's participation in high-wage, high-demand occupations in which
5.20women are currently underrepresented in the workforce;
5.21(2) comply with the requirements under paragraph (a); and
5.22(3) use grant funds in conjunction with funding from other public or private sources.
5.23(c) In awarding grants under this subdivision, the commissioner shall give priority
5.24to eligible organizations:
5.25(1) with demonstrated success in recruiting and preparing women, especially
5.26low-income women and women over 50 years old, for nontraditional occupations; and
5.27(2) that leverage additional public and private resources.
5.28(d) At least 50 percent of total grant funds must be awarded to programs providing
5.29services and activities targeted to women with family incomes of less than 200 percent
5.30of the federal poverty guidelines.
5.31(e) The commissioner of employment and economic development in conjunction
5.32with the commissioner of labor and industry shall monitor the use of funds under this
5.33section, collect and compile information on the activities of other state agencies and public
5.34or private entities that have purposes similar to those under this section, and identify other
5.35public and private funding available for these purposes.

6.1    Sec. 4. [116L.991] WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
6.2GRANT PROGRAM.
6.3    Subdivision 1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following terms
6.4have the meanings given.
6.5(a) "Women-owned business" means a business entity owned or controlled by
6.6women that is organized for profit including, but not limited to, an individual, partnership,
6.7corporation, joint venture, association, or cooperative. "Owned or controlled by women"
6.8means:
6.9(1) that the business is at least 51 percent owned by one or more women or, in the
6.10case of any publicly traded business, at least 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by
6.11one or more women; and
6.12(2) the business has management and daily business operations that are controlled
6.13by one or more women.
6.14(b) "High economic impact firm" means a business that is projected to generate at
6.15least $500,000 in annual revenue and create at least ten high-quality jobs.
6.16(c) "Qualified business" means a women-owned business in the field of construction;
6.17transportation; warehousing; agriculture; mining; finance; insurance; professional,
6.18technical, or scientific services; technology; or other high economic impact business.
6.19(d) "High-quality job" means a job that pays an annual income equal to at least 150
6.20percent of the federal poverty guideline adjusted for a family size of four.
6.21    Subd. 2. Program created. The commissioner of employment and economic
6.22development shall operate a women entrepreneurs business development competitive
6.23grant program to facilitate the creation and expansion of high-growth, high-revenue,
6.24women-owned businesses that are a qualified business.
6.25    Subd. 3. Use of funds. Funds available for the purpose of this section may be
6.26used for:
6.27(1) entrepreneurial training, mentoring, and technical assistance for the startup or
6.28expansion of businesses owned by women;
6.29(2) development of networks of potential investors; and
6.30(3) development of a recruitment program for midcareer women with an interest
6.31in starting a qualified business.

6.32    Sec. 5. [363A.44] EQUAL PAY CERTIFICATE.
6.33    Subdivision 1. Scope. (a) No department, agency of the state, the Metropolitan
6.34Council, or an agency subject to section 473.143, subdivision 1, shall execute a contract or
6.35agreement in excess of $500,000 with a business that has 40 or more full-time employees
7.1in this state or a state where the business has its primary place of business on a single
7.2day during the prior 12 months, unless the business has an equal pay certificate or it has
7.3certified in writing that it is exempt. For purposes of this section, a business does not
7.4include an entity with a contract with a department or agency of the state if the entity has a
7.5license, certification, registration, provider agreement, or provider enrollment contract,
7.6which are prerequisite to providing goods and services to consumers under chapters 43A,
7.762A, 62C, 62D, 62E, 256B, 256L, and 256I. A certificate is valid for four years.
7.8    (b) This section does not apply to contracts entered into by the State Board of
7.9Investment for investment options under section 352.965, subdivision 4.
7.10    Subd. 2. Application. (a) A business shall apply for an equal pay certificate
7.11by paying a $150 filing fee and submitting an equal pay compliance statement to the
7.12commissioner. The proceeds from the fees collected under this subdivision shall be
7.13deposited in an equal pay certificate special revenue account. Money in the account is
7.14appropriated to the commissioner for the purposes of this section. The commissioner shall
7.15issue an equal pay certificate of compliance to a business that submits to the commissioner
7.16a statement signed by the chairperson of the board or chief executive officer of the business:
7.17    (1) that the business is in compliance with Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964,
7.18Equal Pay Act of 1963, Minnesota Human Rights Act, and Minnesota Equal Pay for
7.19Equal Work Law;
7.20    (2) that wage and benefit disparities are corrected when identified to ensure
7.21compliance with the laws cited in clause (1); and
7.22    (3) how often wages and benefits are evaluated to ensure compliance with the laws
7.23cited in clause (1).
7.24    (b) The equal pay compliance statement shall also indicate whether the business, in
7.25setting compensation and benefits, utilizes:
7.26    (1) a market pricing approach;
7.27    (2) state prevailing wage or union contract requirements;
7.28    (3) a performance pay system;
7.29    (4) an internal analysis; or
7.30    (5) an alternative approach to determine what level of wages and benefits to pay
7.31its employees. If the business uses an alternative approach, the business must provide a
7.32description of its approach.
7.33    (c) Receipt of the equal pay compliance statement by the commissioner does not
7.34establish good-faith efforts or compliance with the laws set forth in paragraph (a), clause
7.35(1).
8.1    Subd. 3. Issuance or rejection of certificate. The commissioner must issue an
8.2equal pay certificate, or a statement of why the application was rejected, within 15 days of
8.3receipt of the application. An application may be rejected only if it does not comply with
8.4the requirements of subdivision 2.
8.5    Subd. 4. Revocation of certificate. An equal pay certificate for a business may be
8.6suspended or revoked by the commissioner when the business fails to make a good-faith
8.7effort to comply with the laws identified in subdivision 2, paragraph (a), clause (1), fails
8.8to make a good-faith effort to comply with this section, or has multiple violations of
8.9this section or the laws identified in subdivision 2, paragraph (a), clause (1). Prior to
8.10suspending or revoking a certificate, the commissioner must first have sought to conciliate
8.11with the business regarding wages and benefits due to employees.
8.12    Subd. 5. Revocation of contract. (a) If a contract is awarded to a business that does
8.13not have an equal pay certificate as required under subdivision 1, the commissioner may
8.14void the contract on behalf of the state. The contract award entity that is a party to the
8.15agreement must be notified by the commissioner prior to the commissioner taking action
8.16to void the contract.
8.17    (b) A contract may be abridged or terminated by the contract award entity identified
8.18in subdivision 1 upon notice that the commissioner has suspended or revoked the
8.19certificate of the business.
8.20    Subd. 6. Administrative review. (a) A business may obtain an administrative
8.21hearing pursuant to sections 14.57 to 14.69 when the commissioner suspends or revokes
8.22its certificate by filing a written request for hearing 20 days after service of notice by
8.23the commissioner.
8.24    (b) A business may obtain an administrative hearing pursuant to sections 14.57 to
8.2514.69 when the contract award entity identified in subdivision 1 abridges or terminates
8.26a contract by filing a written request for a hearing 20 days after service of notice by the
8.27contract award entity.
8.28    Subd. 7. Technical assistance. The commissioner must provide technical assistance
8.29to any business that requests assistance regarding this section.
8.30    Subd. 8. Audit. The commissioner shall have authority to audit compliance
8.31with this section to determine exempt status or with respect to employees expected to
8.32perform work under the contract by requesting information from the business necessary to
8.33determine compliance with this section and laws identified under subdivision 2, paragraph
8.34(a), clause (1).
8.35    Subd. 9. Access to data. Data submitted to the commissioner related to equal pay
8.36certificates are private data on individuals or nonpublic data with respect to persons other
9.1than department employees. The commissioner's decision to issue, not issue, revoke, or
9.2suspend an equal pay certificate is public data.
9.3    Subd. 10. Report. The commissioner shall report to the governor and the chairs and
9.4ranking minority members of the committees in the senate and the house of representatives
9.5with primary jurisdiction over the department by January 31 of every even-numbered year,
9.6beginning January 31, 2016. The report shall indicate the number of equal pay certificates
9.7issued, the number of audits conducted, the processes used by contractors to ensure
9.8compliance with the laws cited in subdivision 2, paragraph (a), clause (1), and a summary
9.9of its auditing efforts. The commissioner shall consult with the Legislative Coordinating
9.10Commission Office on the Economic Status of Women in preparing the report.
9.11EFFECTIVE DATE.This section is effective August 1, 2015, and applies to any
9.12solicitation made on or after that date.

9.13    Sec. 6. REPORT; RETIREMENT SAVINGS PLAN.
9.14(a) The commissioner of management and budget must report to the legislature
9.15by January 15, 2015, on the potential for a state-administered retirement savings plan
9.16to serve employees without access to either an automatic enrollment payroll deduction
9.17IRA maintained or offered by their employer, or a multiemployer retirement plan or
9.18qualifying retirement plan or arrangement described in sections 414(f) and 219(g)(5),
9.19respectively, of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through April 14, 2011.
9.20The potential state-administered plan would provide for individuals to make contributions
9.21to their own accounts to be pooled and invested by the State Board of Investment, with the
9.22benefit consisting of the balance in each individual's account, and with the state having no
9.23liability for investment earnings and losses, while discouraging employers from dropping
9.24existing retirement plan options.
9.25(b) The report must include:
9.26(1) estimates of the average amount of savings and other financial resources residents
9.27of Minnesota have upon retirement and those that are recommended for a financially
9.28secure retirement in Minnesota;
9.29(2) estimates of the relative progress toward achieving the savings recommended for
9.30a financially secure retirement by gender, race, and ethnicity;
9.31(3) barriers to savings and reasons individuals and employers may not be
9.32participating in existing private sector retirement plans;
9.33(4) estimated impact on publicly funded social safety net programs attributable to
9.34insufficient retirement savings, and the aggregate effect of potential state-administered
9.35plan options on publicly funded social safety net programs and the state economy;
10.1(5) estimates of the number of Minnesota workers who could be served by the
10.2potential state-administered plan, and the participation rate that would make the plan
10.3self-sustaining;
10.4(6) effect of federal tax laws and the federal Employee Retirement Income Security
10.5Act on a potential state-administered plan and on participating employers and employees,
10.6including the effect of these laws if the plan included potential for employer contributions,
10.7either commingled with or segregated from employee contributions;
10.8(7) comparison of a potential state-administered plan to private sector and federal
10.9government retirement savings options with regard to participation rates, contribution
10.10rates, risk-adjusted return expectations, and fees;
10.11(8) existing state and federal consumer protections that would apply to a potential
10.12state-administered plan and options for strengthening consumer protections for plan
10.13participants;
10.14(9) alternative ways and costs for the state to encourage similar outcomes to a
10.15state-administered plan;
10.16(10) options for state administration of the plan, including investment strategies for
10.17funds contributed to the plan in consultation with the State Board of Investment, the
10.18potential use and availability of investment strategies, private insurance, underwriting,
10.19or reinsurance against loss to limit or eliminate potential state liability and manage risk
10.20to the principal, and group annuities to ensure a stable stream of retirement income
10.21throughout beneficiaries' retirement years;
10.22(11) options for meeting the investment needs of participants based on income,
10.23desired liquidity, age, risk tolerance, and other factors determined by the commissioner;
10.24(12) options for the process by which individuals or employers would contribute to
10.25the plan, and their effect on participation rates, savings rates, and fees;
10.26(13) options discouraging employers from dropping existing employer-sponsored
10.27retirement savings plans in favor of a potential state-administered plan;
10.28(14) projected costs of administration, record keeping, and investment management,
10.29including staffing, legal, compliance, licensing, procurement, communications with
10.30employers and employees, oversight, marketing, technology and infrastructure, and the fee
10.31needed to cover these costs as a percentage of the average daily net assets of the potential
10.32state-administered plan, relative to asset size and plan structure, and projected by year of
10.33plan operation, with estimates of investment-related fees determined in consultation with
10.34the State Board of Investment;
10.35(15) how the projected fees compare with those of comparable retirement savings
10.36options in the private sector with similar risk-adjusted return expectations; and
11.1(16) other topics that the commissioner determines are relevant to legislative
11.2consideration of possible establishment of a state-administered plan.
11.3EFFECTIVE DATE.This section is effective the day following final enactment.

11.4    Sec. 7. APPROPRIATIONS.
11.5    Subdivision 1. Department of Human Rights. $674,000 in fiscal year 2015 is
11.6appropriated from the general fund to the commissioner of human rights for the equal pay
11.7certificate program under Minnesota Statutes, section 363A.44. The base budget for this
11.8appropriation for fiscal year 2016 and later is $426,000.
11.9    Subd. 2. Minnesota Management and Budget. $750,000 in fiscal year 2014 is
11.10appropriated from the general fund to the commissioner of Minnesota management and
11.11budget for the retirement savings plan report in section 6. This is a onetime appropriation
11.12and is available until expended.
11.13    Subd. 3. Department of Employment and Economic Development. (a)
11.14$500,000 in fiscal year 2015 is appropriated from the general fund to the commissioner
11.15of employment and economic development for the women entrepreneurs business
11.16development grant program under Minnesota Statutes, section 166L.991. This is a onetime
11.17appropriation and is available until expended.
11.18(b) $500,000 in fiscal year 2015 is appropriated from the workforce development
11.19fund to the commissioner of employment and economic development for the women
11.20and nontraditional jobs grant program under Minnesota Statutes, section 166L.99. The
11.21commissioner may use up to five percent of the appropriation to administer the grant
11.22program. This is a onetime appropriation and is available until expended.
11.23    Subd. 4. Department of Labor and Industry. (a) $250,000 in fiscal year 2015
11.24is appropriated from the workforce development fund to the commissioner of labor and
11.25industry for the labor education advancement program under Minnesota Statutes, section
11.26178.11, to educate, promote, assist, and support women to enter apprenticeship programs in
11.27nontraditional occupations. This is a onetime appropriation and is available until expended.
11.28(b) $24,000 in fiscal year 2015 is appropriated from the general fund to the
11.29commissioner of labor and industry for additional compliance and enforcement activities
11.30by the labor standards unit related to this act.

12.1ARTICLE 3
12.2EMPLOYMENT PROTECTIONS

12.3    Section 1. [181.172] WAGE DISCLOSURE PROTECTION.
12.4(a) An employer shall not:
12.5(1) require nondisclosure by an employee of his or her wages as a condition of
12.6employment;
12.7(2) require an employee to sign a waiver or other document which purports to deny
12.8an employee the right to disclose the employee's wages; or
12.9(3) take any adverse employment action against an employee for disclosing the
12.10employee's own wages or discussing another employee's wages which have been disclosed
12.11voluntarily.
12.12(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to:
12.13(1) create an obligation on any employer or employee to disclose wages;
12.14(2) permit an employee, without the written consent of the employer, to disclose
12.15proprietary information, trade secret information, or information that is otherwise subject
12.16to a legal privilege or protected by law;
12.17(3) diminish any existing rights under the National Labor Relations Act under
12.18United States Code, title 29; or
12.19(4) permit the employee to disclose wage information of other employees to a
12.20competitor of their employer.
12.21(c) An employer that provides an employee handbook to its employees must include
12.22in the handbook notice of employee rights and remedies under this section.
12.23(d) An employer may not retaliate against an employee for asserting rights or
12.24remedies under this section.
12.25(e) An employee may bring a civil action against an employer for a violation of
12.26paragraph (a) or (d). If a court finds that an employer has violated paragraph (a) or (d), the
12.27court may order reinstatement, back pay, restoration of lost service credit, if appropriate,
12.28and the expungement of any related adverse records of an employee who was the subject
12.29of the violation.

12.30    Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 181.939, is amended to read:
12.31181.939 NURSING MOTHERS.
12.32    Subdivision 1. Employer duties. (a) An employer must provide reasonable unpaid
12.33break time each day to an employee who needs to express breast milk for her infant child.
12.34The break time must, if possible, run concurrently with any break time already provided to
13.1the employee. An employer is not required to provide break time under this section if to
13.2do so would unduly disrupt the operations of the employer.
13.3(b) The employer must make reasonable efforts to provide a room or other location,
13.4in close proximity to the work area, other than a bathroom or a toilet stall, that is shielded
13.5from view and free from intrusion from coworkers and the public and that includes access
13.6to an electrical outlet, where the employee can express her milk in privacy. The employer
13.7would be held harmless if reasonable effort has been made.
13.8(c) For the purposes of this section, "employer" means a person or entity that
13.9employs one or more employees and includes the state and its political subdivisions.
13.10(d) An employer may not retaliate against an employee for asserting rights or
13.11remedies under this section.
13.12    Subd. 2. Enforcement. The Department of Labor and Industry shall enforce this
13.13section. The department shall assess a fine of up to $1,000 for a first violation and up to
13.14$2,000 for a second and subsequent violations of this section. A fine shall be assessed
13.15only if an employer fails to remedy a violation within 15 days of written notice of a
13.16violation from the department.

13.17    Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 181.940, subdivision 2, is amended to read:
13.18    Subd. 2. Employee. "Employee" means a person who performs services for hire for
13.19an employer from whom a leave is requested under sections 181.940 to 181.944 for:
13.20(1) at least 12 consecutive months immediately preceding the request; and
13.21(2) for an average number of hours per week equal to one-half the full-time
13.22equivalent position in the employee's job classification as defined by the employer's
13.23personnel policies or practices or pursuant to the provisions of a collective bargaining
13.24agreement, during those the 12 months month period immediately preceding the leave.
13.25Employee includes all individuals employed at any site owned or operated by the
13.26employer but does not include an independent contractor.

13.27    Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 181.941, is amended to read:
13.28181.941 PREGNANCY AND PARENTING LEAVE.
13.29    Subdivision 1. Six Twelve-week leave; pregnancy, birth, or adoption. (a) An
13.30employer must grant an unpaid leave of absence to an employee who is a natural or
13.31adoptive parent in conjunction with the birth or adoption of a child. The length of the
13.32leave shall be determined by the employee, but may not exceed six weeks, unless agreed
13.33to by the employer.:
14.1(1) a biological or adoptive parent in conjunction with the birth or adoption of a
14.2child; or
14.3(2) a female employee for prenatal care, or incapacity due to pregnancy, childbirth,
14.4or related health conditions.
14.5(b) The length of the leave shall be determined by the employee, but must not exceed
14.612 weeks, unless agreed to by the employer.
14.7    Subd. 2. Start of leave. The leave shall begin at a time requested by the employee.
14.8The employer may adopt reasonable policies governing the timing of requests for unpaid
14.9leave. and may require an employee who plans to take a leave under this section to give
14.10the employer reasonable notice of the date the leave shall commence and the estimated
14.11duration of the leave. For leave taken under subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1), the
14.12leave may must begin not more than six weeks after within 12 months of the birth or
14.13adoption; except that, in the case where the child must remain in the hospital longer than
14.14the mother, the leave may not must begin more than six weeks within 12 months after the
14.15child leaves the hospital.
14.16    Subd. 3. No employer retribution. An employer shall not retaliate against an
14.17employee for requesting or obtaining a leave of absence as provided by this section.
14.18    Subd. 4. Continued insurance. The employer must continue to make coverage
14.19available to the employee while on leave of absence under any group insurance policy,
14.20group subscriber contract, or health care plan for the employee and any dependents.
14.21Nothing in this section requires the employer to pay the costs of the insurance or health
14.22care while the employee is on leave of absence.

14.23    Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 2013 Supplement, section 181.9413, is amended to read:
14.24181.9413 SICK LEAVE BENEFITS; CARE OF RELATIVES.
14.25(a) An employee may use personal sick leave benefits provided by the employer
14.26for absences due to an illness of or injury to the employee's child, as defined in section
14.27181.940, subdivision 4 , adult child, spouse, sibling, parent, grandchild, grandparent, or
14.28stepparent, for reasonable periods of time as the employee's attendance may be necessary,
14.29on the same terms upon which the employee is able to use sick leave benefits for the
14.30employee's own illness or injury. This section applies only to personal sick leave benefits
14.31payable to the employee from the employer's general assets.
14.32(b) An employee may use sick leave as allowed under this section for safety leave,
14.33whether or not the employee's employer allows use of sick leave for that purpose for
14.34such reasonable periods of time as assistance may be necessary. Safety leave may be
14.35used for assistance to the employee or assistance to the relatives described in paragraph
15.1(a). For the purpose of this section, "safety leave" is leave for the purpose of providing
15.2or receiving assistance because of sexual assault, domestic abuse, or stalking. For the
15.3purpose of this paragraph:
15.4(1) "domestic abuse" has the meaning given in section 518B.01;
15.5(2) "sexual assault" means an act that constitutes a violation under sections 609.342
15.6to 609.3453 or 609.352; and
15.7(3) "stalking" has the meaning given in section 609.749.
15.8(c) An employer may limit the use of safety leave as described in paragraph (b) or
15.9personal sick leave benefits provided by the employer for absences due to an illness of
15.10or injury to the employee's adult child, spouse, sibling, parent, grandchild, grandparent,
15.11or stepparent to no less than 160 hours in any 12-month period. This paragraph does not
15.12apply to absences due to the illness or injury of a child, as defined in section 181.940,
15.13subdivision 4
.
15.14(c) (d) For purposes of this section, "personal sick leave benefits" means time
15.15accrued and available to an employee to be used as a result of absence from work due
15.16to personal illness or injury, but does not include short-term or long-term disability or
15.17other salary continuation benefits.
15.18(d) (e) For the purpose of this section, "child" includes a stepchild and a biological,
15.19adopted, and foster child.
15.20(f) For the purpose of this section, "grandchild" includes a step-grandchild, and a
15.21biological, adopted, and foster grandchild.
15.22(e) (g) This section does not prevent an employer from providing greater sick leave
15.23benefits than are provided for under this section.
15.24(h) An employer shall not retaliate against an employee for requesting or obtaining a
15.25leave of absence under this section.

15.26    Sec. 6. [181.9414] PREGNANCY ACCOMMODATIONS.
15.27    Subdivision 1. Accommodation. An employer must provide reasonable
15.28accommodations to an employee for the employee's medical or physical conditions related
15.29to pregnancy or childbirth, if the employee provides a written documentation of a medical
15.30necessity by a licensed health care provider or certified doula for an accommodation
15.31unless the employer demonstrates that the accommodation would impose an undue
15.32hardship on the operation of the employer's business. A pregnant employee shall not
15.33be required to provide documentation of medical necessity nor may an employer claim
15.34undue hardship for the following accommodations: (1) more frequent restroom, food, and
15.35water breaks; (2) seating; and (3) limits on lifting over 20 pounds. The employee and
16.1employer shall engage in an interactive process with respect to an employee's request for
16.2a reasonable accommodation. "Reasonable accommodation" may include, but is not
16.3limited to, temporary transfer to a less strenuous or hazardous position, seating, frequent
16.4restroom breaks, and limits to heavy lifting. Notwithstanding any other provision of
16.5this section, an employer shall not be required to create a new or additional position in
16.6order to accommodate an employee pursuant to this section, and shall not be required to
16.7discharge any employee, transfer any other employee with greater seniority, or promote
16.8any employee.
16.9    Subd. 2. Interaction with other laws. Nothing in this section shall be construed to
16.10affect any other provision of law relating to sex discrimination or pregnancy, or in any
16.11way to diminish the coverage of pregnancy, childbirth, or health conditions related to
16.12pregnancy or childbirth under any other provisions of any other law.
16.13    Subd. 3. No employer retribution. An employer shall not retaliate against an
16.14employee for requesting or obtaining accommodation under this section.
16.15    Subd. 4. Employee not required to take leave. An employer shall not require an
16.16employee to take a leave or accept an accommodation.
16.17EFFECTIVE DATE.This section is effective the day following final enactment.

16.18    Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 181.943, is amended to read:
16.19181.943 RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LEAVE.
16.20(a) The length of parental leave provided under section 181.941 may be reduced
16.21by any period of paid parental or disability leave, but not accrued sick leave, provided
16.22by the employer, so that the total leave does not exceed six weeks, unless agreed to by
16.23the employer.:
16.24(1) paid parental, disability, personal, medical, or sick leave, or accrued vacation
16.25provided by the employer so that the total leave does not exceed 12 weeks, unless agreed
16.26to by the employer; or
16.27(2) leave taken for the same purpose by the employee under United States Code,
16.28title 29, chapter 28.
16.29(b) Nothing in sections 181.940 to 181.943 prevents any employer from providing
16.30leave benefits in addition to those provided in sections 181.940 to 181.944 or otherwise
16.31affects an employee's rights with respect to any other employment benefit.

16.32    Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 268.095, subdivision 1, is amended to read:
17.1    Subdivision 1. Quit. An applicant who quit employment is ineligible for all
17.2unemployment benefits according to subdivision 10 except when:
17.3    (1) the applicant quit the employment because of a good reason caused by the
17.4employer as defined in subdivision 3;
17.5    (2) the applicant quit the employment to accept other covered employment that
17.6provided substantially better terms and conditions of employment, but the applicant did
17.7not work long enough at the second employment to have sufficient subsequent earnings to
17.8satisfy the period of ineligibility that would otherwise be imposed under subdivision 10
17.9for quitting the first employment;
17.10    (3) the applicant quit the employment within 30 calendar days of beginning the
17.11employment because the employment was unsuitable for the applicant;
17.12    (4) the employment was unsuitable for the applicant and the applicant quit to enter
17.13reemployment assistance training;
17.14    (5) the employment was part time and the applicant also had full-time employment
17.15in the base period, from which full-time employment the applicant separated because of
17.16reasons for which the applicant was held not to be ineligible, and the wage credits from
17.17the full-time employment are sufficient to meet the minimum requirements to establish a
17.18benefit account under section 268.07;
17.19    (6) the applicant quit because the employer notified the applicant that the applicant
17.20was going to be laid off because of lack of work within 30 calendar days. An applicant
17.21who quit employment within 30 calendar days of a notified date of layoff because of lack
17.22of work is ineligible for unemployment benefits through the end of the week that includes
17.23the scheduled date of layoff;
17.24    (7) the applicant quit the employment (i) because the applicant's serious illness or
17.25injury made it medically necessary that the applicant quit; or (ii) in order to provide
17.26necessary care because of the illness, injury, or disability of an immediate family member
17.27of the applicant. This exception only applies if the applicant informs the employer of
17.28the medical problem and requests accommodation and no reasonable accommodation
17.29is made available.
17.30    If the applicant's serious illness is chemical dependency, this exception does not
17.31apply if the applicant was previously diagnosed as chemically dependent or had treatment
17.32for chemical dependency, and since that diagnosis or treatment has failed to make
17.33consistent efforts to control the chemical dependency.
17.34    This exception raises an issue of the applicant's being available for suitable
17.35employment under section 268.085, subdivision 1, that the commissioner must determine;
18.1    (8) the applicant's loss of child care for the applicant's minor child caused the
18.2applicant to quit the employment, provided the applicant made reasonable effort to obtain
18.3other child care and requested time off or other accommodation from the employer and no
18.4reasonable accommodation is available.
18.5    This exception raises an issue of the applicant's being available for suitable
18.6employment under section 268.085, subdivision 1, that the commissioner must determine;
18.7    (9) the applicant quit because domestic abuse, sexual assault, or stalking of the
18.8applicant or an immediate family member of the applicant, necessitated the applicant's
18.9quitting the employment. Domestic abuse must be shown by one or more of the following:
18.10    (i) a district court order for protection or other documentation of equitable relief
18.11issued by a court;
18.12    (ii) a police record documenting the domestic abuse;
18.13    (iii) documentation that the perpetrator of the domestic abuse has been convicted
18.14of the offense of domestic abuse;
18.15    (iv) medical documentation of domestic abuse; or
18.16    (v) written statement that the applicant or an immediate family member of the
18.17applicant is a victim of domestic abuse, provided by a social worker, member of the
18.18clergy, shelter worker, attorney at law, or other professional who has assisted the applicant
18.19in dealing with the domestic abuse.
18.20    Domestic abuse for purposes of this clause is defined under section 518B.01; or
18.21For purposes of this paragraph:
18.22(1) "domestic abuse" has the meaning given in section 518B.01;
18.23(2) "sexual assault" means an act that would constitute a violation of sections
18.24609.342 to 609.3453 or 609.352; and
18.25(3) "stalking" means an act that would constitute a violation of section 609.749; or
18.26(10) the applicant quit in order to relocate to accompany a spouse whose job location
18.27changed making it impractical for the applicant to commute.
18.28EFFECTIVE DATE.This section is effective October 5, 2014, and applies to all
18.29determinations and appeal decisions issued on or after that date.

18.30    Sec. 9. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 268.095, subdivision 6, is amended to read:
18.31    Subd. 6. Employment misconduct defined. (a) Employment misconduct means any
18.32intentional, negligent, or indifferent conduct, on the job or off the job that displays clearly:
18.33(1) a serious violation of the standards of behavior the employer has the right to
18.34reasonably expect of the employee; or
18.35(2) a substantial lack of concern for the employment.
19.1(b) Regardless of paragraph (a), the following is not employment misconduct:
19.2(1) conduct that was a consequence of the applicant's mental illness or impairment;
19.3    (2) conduct that was a consequence of the applicant's inefficiency or inadvertence;
19.4(3) simple unsatisfactory conduct;
19.5(4) conduct an average reasonable employee would have engaged in under the
19.6circumstances;
19.7(5) conduct that was a consequence of the applicant's inability or incapacity;
19.8(6) good faith errors in judgment if judgment was required;
19.9(7) absence because of illness or injury of the applicant, with proper notice to the
19.10employer;
19.11(8) absence, with proper notice to the employer, in order to provide necessary care
19.12because of the illness, injury, or disability of an immediate family member of the applicant;
19.13    (9) conduct that was a consequence of the applicant's chemical dependency, unless
19.14the applicant was previously diagnosed chemically dependent or had treatment for
19.15chemical dependency, and since that diagnosis or treatment has failed to make consistent
19.16efforts to control the chemical dependency; or
19.17    (10) conduct that was a consequence of the applicant, or an immediate family
19.18member of the applicant, being a victim of domestic abuse as defined under section
19.19518B.01, sexual assault, or stalking. Domestic abuse must be shown as provided for in
19.20subdivision 1, clause (9).
19.21    (c) Regardless of paragraph (b), clause (9), conduct in violation of sections 169A.20,
19.22169A.31 , or 169A.50 to 169A.53 that interferes with or adversely affects the employment
19.23is employment misconduct.
19.24(d) If the conduct for which the applicant was discharged involved only a single
19.25incident, that is an important fact that must be considered in deciding whether the conduct
19.26rises to the level of employment misconduct under paragraph (a). This paragraph does
19.27not require that a determination under section 268.101 or decision under section 268.105
19.28contain a specific acknowledgment or explanation that this paragraph was considered.
19.29    (e) The definition of employment misconduct provided by this subdivision is
19.30exclusive and no other definition applies.
19.31EFFECTIVE DATE.This section is effective October 5, 2014, and applies to all
19.32determinations and appeal decisions issued on or after that date.