1st Engrossment - 79th Legislature (1995 - 1996) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am
1.1 A bill for an act 1.2 relating to children; changing requirements for 1.3 holding children in custody; providing for care in 1.4 emergencies; changing certain emergency licensing 1.5 procedures; authorizing certain petitions and 1.6 appearances; requiring certain notices; specifying 1.7 review in certain cases; clarifying certain terms; 1.8 amending Minnesota Statutes 1994, sections 257.02; 1.9 257.03; 260.015, subdivision 14; 260.165, subdivision 1.10 3; and 260.171, subdivision 2; Minnesota Statutes 1995 1.11 Supplement, section 245A.035, subdivision 2; proposing 1.12 coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 257. 1.13 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: 1.14 Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1995 Supplement, section 1.15 245A.035, subdivision 2, is amended to read: 1.16 Subd. 2. [COOPERATION WITH EMERGENCY LICENSING PROCESS.] 1.17 (a) A county agency that places a child with a relative who is 1.18 not licensed to provide foster care must begin the process of 1.19 securing an emergency license for the relative as soon as 1.20 possible and must conduct the initial inspection required by 1.21 subdivision 3, clause (1), whenever possible, prior to placing 1.22 the child in the relative's home, but no later than three 1.23 working days after placing the child in the home. A child 1.24 placed in the home of a relative who is not licensed to provide 1.25 foster care must be removed from that home if the relative fails 1.26 to cooperate with the county agency in securing an emergency 1.27 foster care license. The commissioner may
onlyissue an 1.28 emergency foster care license to a relative with whom the county 1.29 agency wishes to place or has placed a child for foster care, or 2.1 to a relative with whom a child has been placed by court order. 2.2 (b) If a child is to be placed in the home of a relative 2.3 not licensed to provide foster care, either the placing agency 2.4 or the county agency in the county in which the relative lives 2.5 shall conduct the emergency licensing process as required in 2.6 this section. 2.7 Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1994, section 257.02, is 2.8 amended to read: 2.9 257.02 [SURRENDER OF PARENTAL RIGHTS.] 2.10 No person other than the parents or relatives may assume 2.11 the permanent care and custody of a child under 14 years of age 2.12 unless authorized so to do by an order or decree of 2.13 court. However, if a parent of a child who is being cared for 2.14 by a relative dies, or if the parent is not or cannot fulfill 2.15 parental duties with respect to the child, the relative may 2.16 bring a petition under section 260.131. Except in proceedings 2.17 for adoption, no parent may assign or otherwise transfer to 2.18 another parental rights or duties with respect to the permanent 2.19 care and custody of a child under 14 years of age. Any such 2.20 transfer shall be void. 2.21 Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1994, section 257.03, is 2.22 amended to read: 2.23 257.03 [NOTICE TO COMMISSIONER OF HUMAN SERVICES.] 2.24 Any person not exempted from the requirement for licensure 2.25 under chapter 245A receiving a child in the person's home: 2.26 (1) because of the death, injury, or illness of the child's 2.27 parent if the person intends to keep the child for more than 30 2.28 days; or 2.29 (2) with intent to adopt the child or keep the child 2.30 permanently, except a person receiving a child from an 2.31 authorized agency, must notify the commissioner of human 2.32 services in writing within 30 days after the child is received. 2.33 Notice shall state the true name of the child; the child's last 2.34 previous address; the name and address of the child's parents or 2.35 legal guardian and of persons with whom the child last resided; 2.36 and the names and addresses of persons who placed the child in 3.1 the home, arranged for, or assisted with arrangements for the 3.2 child's placement there; and such other facts about the child or 3.3 the home as the commissioner may require. It is the duty of the 3.4 commissioner or a designated agent to investigate the 3.5 circumstances surrounding the child's entry into the home and to 3.6 take appropriate action to assure for the child, the biological 3.7 parents, and the foster parents the full protection of all laws 3.8 of Minnesota relating to custody and foster care of children. 3.9 Except as provided by section 317A.907, no person shall solicit, 3.10 receive, or accept any payment, promise of payment, or 3.11 compensation, for placing a child in foster care or for 3.12 assisting to place a child in foster care. Nor shall any person 3.13 pay or promise to pay or in any way compensate any person, for 3.14 placing or for assisting to place a child in foster care. 3.15 Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 1994, section 260.015, 3.16 subdivision 14, is amended to read: 3.17 Subd. 14. [CUSTODIAN.] "Custodian" means any person who is 3.18 under a legal obligation to provide care and support for a minor 3.19 or who is in fact providing care and support for a minor. This 3.20 subdivision does not impose upon persons who are not otherwise 3.21 legally responsible for providing a child with necessary food, 3.22 clothing, shelter, education, or medical care a duty to provide 3.23 that care. For an Indian child, custodian means any Indian 3.24 person who has legal custody of an Indian child under tribal law 3.25 or custom or under state law or to whom temporary physical care, 3.26 custody, and control has been transferred by the parent of the 3.27 child, as provided in section 257.351, subdivision 8. 3.28 Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 1994, section 260.165, 3.29 subdivision 3, is amended to read: 3.30 Subd. 3. [NOTICE TO PARENT OR CUSTODIAN.] Whenever a peace 3.31 officer takes a child into custody for shelter care or relative 3.32 placement pursuant to subdivision 1; section 260.135, 3.33 subdivision 5; or section 260.145, the officer shall give the 3.34 parent or custodian of the child a list of names, addresses, and 3.35 telephone numbers of social service agencies that offer child 3.36 welfare services. If the parent or custodian was not present 4.1 when the child was removed from the residence, the list shall be 4.2 left with an adult on the premises or left in a conspicuous 4.3 place on the premises if no adult is present. If the officer 4.4 has reason to believe the parent or custodian is not able to 4.5 read and understand English, the officer must provide a list 4.6 that is written in the language of the parent or custodian. The 4.7 list shall be prepared by the commissioner of human services. 4.8 The commissioner shall prepare lists for each county and provide 4.9 each county with copies of the list without charge. The list 4.10 shall be reviewed annually by the commissioner and updated if it 4.11 is no longer accurate. Neither the commissioner nor any peace 4.12 officer or the officer's employer shall be liable to any person 4.13 for mistakes or omissions in the list. The list does not 4.14 constitute a promise that any agency listed will in fact assist 4.15 the parent or custodian. 4.16 Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 1994, section 260.171, 4.17 subdivision 2, is amended to read: 4.18 Subd. 2. (a) If the child is not released as provided in 4.19 subdivision 1, the person taking the child into custody shall 4.20 notify the court as soon as possible of the detention of the 4.21 child and the reasons for detention. 4.22 (b) No child may be detained in a juvenile secure detention 4.23 facility or shelter care facility longer than 36 hours, 4.24 excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, after being taken 4.25 into custody for a delinquent act as defined in section 260.015, 4.26 subdivision 5, unless a petition has been filed and the judge or 4.27 referee determines pursuant to section 260.172 that the child 4.28 shall remain in detention. 4.29 (c) No child may be detained in an adult jail or municipal 4.30 lockup longer than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and 4.31 holidays, or longer than six hours in an adult jail or municipal 4.32 lockup in a standard metropolitan statistical area, after being 4.33 taken into custody for a delinquent act as defined in section 4.34 260.015, subdivision 5, unless: 4.35 (1) a petition has been filed under section 260.131; and 4.36 (2) a judge or referee has determined under section 260.172 5.1 that the child shall remain in detention. 5.2 After August 1, 1991, no child described in this paragraph 5.3 may be detained in an adult jail or municipal lockup longer than 5.4 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, or longer 5.5 than six hours in an adult jail or municipal lockup in a 5.6 standard metropolitan statistical area, unless the requirements 5.7 of this paragraph have been met and, in addition, a motion to 5.8 refer the child for adult prosecution has been made under 5.9 section 260.125. 5.10 (d) No child taken into custody and placed in a shelter 5.11 care facility or relative's home by a peace officer pursuant to 5.12 section 260.165, subdivision 1, clause (a) or (c)(2) may be held 5.13 in a shelter care facilitycustody longer than 72 hours, 5.14 excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, unless a petition has 5.15 been filed and the judge or referee determines pursuant to 5.16 section 260.172 that the child shall remain in custody. 5.17 (e) If a child described in paragraph (c) is to be detained 5.18 in a jail beyond 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and 5.19 holidays, the judge or referee, in accordance with rules and 5.20 procedures established by the commissioner of corrections, shall 5.21 notify the commissioner of the place of the detention and the 5.22 reasons therefor. The commissioner shall thereupon assist the 5.23 court in the relocation of the child in an appropriate juvenile 5.24 secure detention facility or approved jail within the county or 5.25 elsewhere in the state, or in determining suitable 5.26 alternatives. The commissioner shall direct that a child 5.27 detained in a jail be detained after eight days from and 5.28 including the date of the original detention order in an 5.29 approved juvenile secure detention facility with the approval of 5.30 the administrative authority of the facility. If the court 5.31 refers the matter to the prosecuting authority pursuant to 5.32 section 260.125, notice to the commissioner shall not be 5.33 required. 5.34 Sec. 7. [257.035] [EMERGENCY.] 5.35 A relative who acts to protect a child in an emergency or 5.36 when a parent dies is not a custodian as defined under section 6.1 260.015. If the relative is unable or unwilling to provide for 6.2 the ongoing care, custody, and control of the child, the child 6.3 may be considered a child in need of protection or services 6.4 under section 260.015. The relative may report the death or 6.5 emergency to the local social service agency. Upon receiving 6.6 such a report, the local social service agency shall assess the 6.7 circumstances and the needs of the child. The agency may place 6.8 the child in foster care with a relative who meets the licensing 6.9 standards under chapter 245A, and may pursue court action on 6.10 behalf of the child.