as introduced - 83rd Legislature (2003 - 2004) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am
1.1 A bill for an act 1.2 relating to insurance; establishing risk-based capital 1.3 requirements for health organizations; establishing 1.4 the minimum standard of valuation for health 1.5 insurance; enacting model regulations of the National 1.6 Association of Insurance Commissioners; regulating 1.7 loss revenue certifications; amending Minnesota 1.8 Statutes 2002, section 60A.129, subdivision 2; 1.9 proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, 1.10 chapter 60A. 1.11 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: 1.12 ARTICLE 1 1.13 RISK-BASED CAPITAL FOR HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS 1.14 Section 1. [60A.50] [DEFINITIONS.] 1.15 Subdivision 1. [SCOPE.] For purposes of sections 60A.50 to 1.16 60A.592 the terms in subdivisions 2 to 12 have the meanings 1.17 given them. 1.18 Subd. 2. [ADJUSTED RBC REPORT] "Adjusted RBC report" means 1.19 an RBC report which has been adjusted by the commissioner in 1.20 accordance with section 60A.51, subdivision 4. 1.21 Subd. 3. [CORRECTIVE ORDER.] "Corrective order" means an 1.22 order issued by the commissioner specifying corrective actions 1.23 which the commissioner has determined are required. 1.24 Subd. 4. [DOMESTIC HEALTH ORGANIZATION.] "Domestic health 1.25 organization" means a health organization domiciled in this 1.26 state. 1.27 Subd. 5. [FOREIGN HEALTH ORGANIZATION.] "Foreign health 1.28 organization" means a health organization that is licensed to do 2.1 business in this state but is not domiciled in this state. 2.2 Subd. 6. [NAIC.] "NAIC" means the National Association of 2.3 Insurance Commissioners. 2.4 Subd. 7. [HEALTH ORGANIZATION.] "Health organization" 2.5 means a company, or managed care organization, or entity 2.6 licensed under this chapter or chapter 62C, 62D, or 62E. This 2.7 definition does not include an organization that is licensed as 2.8 either a life and health insurer or a property and casualty 2.9 insurer that is otherwise subject to either the life or property 2.10 and casualty risk-based capital requirements. 2.11 Subd. 8. [RBC INSTRUCTIONS.] "RBC instructions" means the 2.12 RBC report including risk-based capital instructions adopted by 2.13 the NAIC, as these RBC instructions may be amended by the NAIC 2.14 from time to time in accordance with the procedures adopted by 2.15 the NAIC. 2.16 Subd. 9. [RBC LEVEL.] "RBC level" means a health 2.17 organization's company action level RBC, regulatory action level 2.18 RBC, authorized control level RBC, or mandatory control level 2.19 RBC where: 2.20 (1) "company action level RBC" means, with respect to any 2.21 health organization, the product of 2.0 and its authorized 2.22 control level RBC; 2.23 (2) "regulatory action level RBC" means the product of 1.5 2.24 and its authorized control level RBC; 2.25 (3) "authorized control level RBC" means the number 2.26 determined under the risk-based capital formula in accordance 2.27 with the RBC instructions; and 2.28 (4) "mandatory control level RBC" means the product of .70 2.29 and the authorized control level RBC. 2.30 Subd. 10. [RBC PLAN.] "RBC plan" means a comprehensive 2.31 financial plan containing the elements specified in section 2.32 60A.52, subdivision 2. If the commissioner rejects the RBC 2.33 plan, and it is revised by the health organization, with or 2.34 without the commissioner's recommendation, the plan must be 2.35 called the "revised RBC plan." 2.36 Subd. 11. [RBC REPORT.] "RBC report" means the report 3.1 required in section 60A.51. 3.2 Subd. 12. [TOTAL ADJUSTED CAPITAL.] "Total adjusted 3.3 capital" means the sum of: 3.4 (1) a health organization's statutory capital and surplus 3.5 as determined in accordance with the statutory accounting 3.6 applicable to the annual financial statements required to be 3.7 filed; and 3.8 (2) such other items, if any, as the RBC instructions may 3.9 provide. 3.10 Sec. 2. [60A.51] [RBC REPORTS.] 3.11 Subdivision 1. [SUBMISSIONS.] A domestic health 3.12 organization shall, on or before each April 1, prepare and 3.13 submit to the commissioner a report of its RBC levels as of the 3.14 end of the calendar year just ended, in a form and containing 3.15 the information required by the RBC instructions. In addition, 3.16 a domestic health organization shall file its RBC report: 3.17 (1) with the NAIC in accordance with the RBC instructions; 3.18 and 3.19 (2) with the insurance commissioner in any state in which 3.20 the health organization is authorized to do business, if the 3.21 insurance commissioner has notified the health organization of 3.22 its request in writing, in which case the health organization 3.23 shall file its RBC report not later than the later of: 3.24 (i) 15 days from the receipt of notice to file its RBC 3.25 report with that state; or 3.26 (2) the filing date. 3.27 Subd. 2. [DETERMINATION.] A health organization's RBC must 3.28 be determined in accordance with the formula set forth in the 3.29 RBC instructions. The formula must take the following into 3.30 account, and may adjust for the covariance between, determined 3.31 in each case by applying the factors in the manner set forth in 3.32 the RBC instructions: 3.33 (1) asset risk; 3.34 (2) credit risk; 3.35 (3) underwriting risk; and 3.36 (4) all other business risks and such other relevant risks 4.1 as are set forth in the RBC instructions. 4.2 Subd. 3. [ADDITIONAL CAPITAL.] An excess of capital over 4.3 the amount produced by the risk-based capital requirements 4.4 contained in the act and the formulas, schedules, and 4.5 instructions referenced in sections 60A.50 to 60A.592 is 4.6 desirable in the business of health insurance. Accordingly, 4.7 health organizations should seek to maintain capital above the 4.8 RBC levels required by sections 60A.50 to 60A.592. Additional 4.9 capital is used and useful in the insurance business and helps 4.10 to secure a health organization against various risks inherent 4.11 in, or affecting, the business of insurance and not accounted 4.12 for or only partially measured by the risk-based capital 4.13 requirements contained in sections 60A.50 to 60A.592. 4.14 Subd. 4. [ADJUSTED REPORT.] If a domestic health 4.15 organization files an RBC report that in the judgment of the 4.16 commissioner is inaccurate, then the commissioner shall adjust 4.17 the RBC report to correct the inaccuracy and shall notify the 4.18 health organization of the adjustment. The notice must contain 4.19 a statement of the reason for the adjustment. An RBC report as 4.20 so adjusted is referred to as an "adjusted RBC report." 4.21 Sec. 3. [60A.52] [COMPANY ACTION LEVEL EVENT.] 4.22 Subdivision 1. [DEFINITION.] "Company action level event" 4.23 means the following events: 4.24 (1) the filing of an RBC report by a health organization 4.25 that indicates that the health organization's total adjusted 4.26 capital is greater than or equal to its regulatory action level 4.27 RBC but less than its company action level RBC; 4.28 (2) notification by the commissioner to the health 4.29 organization of an adjusted RBC report that indicates an event 4.30 in clause (1), provided the health organization does not 4.31 challenge the adjusted RBC report under section 60A.56; or 4.32 (3) if, pursuant to section 60A.56, a health organization 4.33 challenges an adjusted RBC report that indicates the event in 4.34 clause (1), the notification by the commissioner to the health 4.35 organization that the commissioner has, after a hearing, 4.36 rejected the health organization's challenge. 5.1 Subd. 2. [RBC PLAN REQUIRED.] In the event of a company 5.2 action level event, the health organization shall prepare and 5.3 submit to the commissioner an RBC plan that: 5.4 (1) identifies the conditions that contribute to the 5.5 company action level event; 5.6 (2) contains proposals of corrective actions that the 5.7 health organization intends to take and that would be expected 5.8 to result in the elimination of the company action level event; 5.9 (3) provides projections of the health organization's 5.10 financial results in the current year and at least the two 5.11 succeeding years, both in the absence of proposed corrective 5.12 actions and giving effect to the proposed corrective actions, 5.13 including projections of statutory balance sheets, operating 5.14 income, net income, capital and surplus, and RBC levels. The 5.15 projections for both new and renewal business might include 5.16 separate projections for each major line of business and 5.17 separately identify each significant income, expense, and 5.18 benefit component; 5.19 (4) identifies the key assumptions impacting the health 5.20 organization's projections and the sensitivity of the 5.21 projections to the assumptions; and 5.22 (5) identifies the quality of, and problems associated 5.23 with, the health organization's business, including, but not 5.24 limited to, its assets, anticipated business growth and 5.25 associated surplus strain, extraordinary exposure to risk, mix 5.26 of business, and use of reinsurance, if any, in each case. 5.27 Subd. 3. [RBC PLAN SUBMISSION.] The RBC plan must be 5.28 submitted: 5.29 (1) within 45 days of the Company Action Level Event; or 5.30 (2) if the health organization challenges an adjusted RBC 5.31 report pursuant to section 60A.56, within 45 days after 5.32 notification to the health organization that the commissioner 5.33 has, after a hearing, rejected the health organization's 5.34 challenge. 5.35 Subd. 4. [RBC PLAN IMPLEMENTATION.] Within 60 days after 5.36 the submission by a health organization of an RBC plan to the 6.1 commissioner, the commissioner shall notify the health 6.2 organization whether the RBC plan must be implemented or is, in 6.3 the judgment of the commissioner, unsatisfactory. If the 6.4 commissioner determines the RBC plan is unsatisfactory, the 6.5 notification to the health organization must set forth the 6.6 reasons for the determination, and may set forth proposed 6.7 revisions which will render the RBC plan satisfactory, in the 6.8 judgment of the commissioner. Upon notification from the 6.9 commissioner, the health organization shall prepare a revised 6.10 RBC plan, which may incorporate by reference any revisions 6.11 proposed by the commissioner, and shall submit the revised RBC 6.12 plan to the commissioner: 6.13 (1) within 45 days after the notification from the 6.14 commissioner; or 6.15 (2) if the health organization challenges the notification 6.16 from the commissioner under section 60A.56, within 45 days after 6.17 a notification to the health organization that the commissioner 6.18 has, after a hearing, rejected the health organization's 6.19 challenge. 6.20 Subd. 5. [UNSATISFACTORY PLAN.] In the event of a 6.21 notification by the commissioner to a health organization that 6.22 the health organization's RBC plan or revised RBC plan is 6.23 unsatisfactory, the commissioner may, at the commissioner's 6.24 discretion, subject to the health organization's right to a 6.25 hearing under section 60A.56, specify in the notification that 6.26 the notification constitutes a regulatory action level event. 6.27 Subd. 6. [ADDITIONAL FILING.] Every domestic health 6.28 organization that files an RBC plan or revised RBC plan with the 6.29 commissioner of commerce shall file a copy of the RBC plan or 6.30 revised RBC plan with the insurance commissioner in any state in 6.31 which the health organization is authorized to do business if: 6.32 (1) the state has an RBC provision substantially similar in 6.33 section 60A.57, subdivision 1; and 6.34 (2) the insurance commissioner of that state has notified 6.35 the health organization of its request for the filing in 6.36 writing, in which case the health organization shall file a copy 7.1 of the RBC plan or revised RBC plan in that state no later than 7.2 the later of: 7.3 (i) 15 days after the receipt of notice to file a copy of 7.4 its RBC plan or revised RBC plan with the state; or 7.5 (ii) the date on which the RBC plan or revised RBC plan is 7.6 filed under subdivisions 3 and 4. 7.7 Sec. 4. [60A.53] [REGULATORY ACTION LEVEL EVENT.] 7.8 Subdivision 1. [DEFINITION.] "Regulatory action level 7.9 event" means, with respect to a health organization, any of the 7.10 following events: 7.11 (1) the filing of an RBC report by the health organization 7.12 that indicates that the health organization's total adjusted 7.13 capital is greater than or equal to its authorized control level 7.14 RBC but less than its regulatory action level RBC; 7.15 (2) notification by the commissioner to a health 7.16 organization of an adjusted RBC report that indicates the event 7.17 in clause (1), provided the health organization does not 7.18 challenge the adjusted RBC report under section 60A.56; 7.19 (3) if, pursuant to section 60A.56, the health organization 7.20 challenges an adjusted RBC report that indicates the event in 7.21 clause (1), the notification by the commissioner to the health 7.22 organization that the commissioner has, after a hearing, 7.23 rejected the health organization's challenge; 7.24 (4) the failure of the health organization to file an RBC 7.25 report by the filing date, unless the health organization has 7.26 provided an explanation for the failure that is satisfactory to 7.27 the commissioner and has cured the failure within ten days after 7.28 the filing date; 7.29 (5) the failure of the health organization to submit an RBC 7.30 plan to the commissioner within the time period set forth in 7.31 section 60A.52, subdivision 3; 7.32 (6) notification by the commissioner to the health 7.33 organization that: 7.34 (i) the RBC plan or revised RBC plan submitted by the 7.35 health organization is, in the judgment of the commissioner, 7.36 unsatisfactory; and 8.1 (ii) notification constitutes a regulatory action level 8.2 event with respect to the health organization, provided the 8.3 health organization has not challenged the determination under 8.4 section 60A.56; 8.5 (7) if, pursuant to section 60A.56, the health organization 8.6 challenges a determination by the commissioner under clause (6), 8.7 the notification by the commissioner to the health organization 8.8 that the commissioner has, after a hearing, rejected the 8.9 challenge; 8.10 (8) notification by the commissioner to the health 8.11 organization that the health organization has failed to adhere 8.12 to its RBC plan or revised RBC plan, but only if the failure has 8.13 a substantial adverse effect on the ability of the health 8.14 organization to eliminate the company action level event in 8.15 accordance with its RBC plan or revised RBC plan and the 8.16 commissioner has so stated in the notification, provided the 8.17 health organization has not challenged the determination under 8.18 section 60A.50; or 8.19 (9) if, pursuant to section 60A.56, the health organization 8.20 challenges a determination by the commissioner under clause (8), 8.21 the notification by the commissioner to the health organization 8.22 that the commissioner has, after a hearing, rejected the 8.23 challenge. 8.24 Subd. 2. [COMMISSIONER'S DUTIES.] In the event of a 8.25 regulatory action level event the commissioner shall: 8.26 (1) require the health organization to prepare and submit 8.27 an RBC plan or, if applicable, a revised RBC plan; 8.28 (2) perform any examination or analysis the commissioner 8.29 considers necessary of the assets, liabilities, and operations 8.30 of the health organization, including a review of its RBC plan 8.31 or revised RBC plan; and 8.32 (3) after the examination or analysis, issue a corrective 8.33 order specifying the corrective actions the commissioner 8.34 determines are required. 8.35 Subd. 3. [CORRECTIVE ACTIONS.] In determining corrective 8.36 actions, the commissioner may take into account factors the 9.1 commissioner considers relevant with respect to the health 9.2 organization based upon the commissioner's examination or 9.3 analysis of the assets, liabilities, and operations of the 9.4 health organization, including, but not limited to, the results 9.5 of any sensitivity tests undertaken pursuant to the RBC 9.6 instructions. The RBC plan or revised RBC plan must be 9.7 submitted: 9.8 (1) within 45 days after the occurrence of the regulatory 9.9 action level event; 9.10 (2) if the health organization challenges an adjusted RBC 9.11 report pursuant to section 60A.56 and the challenge is not 9.12 frivolous in the judgment of the commissioner within 45 days 9.13 after the notification to the health organization that the 9.14 commissioner has, after a hearing, rejected the health 9.15 organization's challenge; or 9.16 (3) if the health organization challenges a revised RBC 9.17 plan pursuant to section 60A.56 and the challenge is not 9.18 frivolous in the judgment of the commissioner, within 45 days 9.19 after the notification to the health organization that the 9.20 commissioner has, after a hearing, rejected the health 9.21 organization's challenge. 9.22 Subd. 4. [CONSULTANTS.] The commissioner may retain 9.23 actuaries and investment experts and other consultants as may be 9.24 necessary in the judgment of the commissioner to review the 9.25 health organization's RBC plan or revised RBC plan, examine or 9.26 analyze the assets, liabilities, and operations, including 9.27 contractual relationships, of the health organization and 9.28 formulate the corrective order with respect to the health 9.29 organization. The fees, costs, and expenses relating to 9.30 consultants must be borne by the affected health organization or 9.31 such other party as directed by the commissioner. 9.32 Sec. 5. [60A.54] [AUTHORIZED CONTROL LEVEL EVENT.] 9.33 Subdivision 1. [DEFINITION.] "Authorized control level 9.34 event" means any of the following events: 9.35 (1) the filing of an RBC report by the health organization 9.36 that indicates that the health organization's total adjusted 10.1 capital is greater than or equal to its mandatory control level 10.2 RBC but less than its authorized control level RBC; 10.3 (2) the notification by the commissioner to the health 10.4 organization of an adjusted RBC report that indicates the event 10.5 in clause (1), provided the health organization does not 10.6 challenge the adjusted RBC report under section 60A.56; 10.7 (3) if, pursuant to section 60A.56, the health organization 10.8 challenges an adjusted RBC report that indicates the event in 10.9 clause (1), notification by the commissioner to the health 10.10 organization that the commissioner has, after a hearing, 10.11 rejected the health organization's challenge; 10.12 (4) the failure of the health organization to respond, in a 10.13 manner satisfactory to the commissioner, to a corrective order, 10.14 provided the health organization has not challenged the 10.15 corrective order under section 60A.56; or 10.16 (5) if the health organization has challenged a corrective 10.17 order under section 60A.56 and the commissioner has, after a 10.18 hearing, rejected the challenge or modified the corrective 10.19 order, the failure of the health organization to respond, in a 10.20 manner satisfactory to the commissioner, to the corrective order 10.21 subsequent to rejection or modification by the commissioner. 10.22 Subd. 2. [COMMISSIONER'S DUTIES.] In the event of an 10.23 authorized control level event with respect to a health 10.24 organization, the commissioner shall: 10.25 (1) take such actions as are required under section 60A.53 10.26 regarding a health organization with respect to which a 10.27 regulatory action level event has occurred; or 10.28 (2) if the commissioner considers it to be in the best 10.29 interests of the policyholders and creditors of the health 10.30 organization and of the public, take such actions as are 10.31 necessary to cause the health organization to be placed under 10.32 regulatory control under chapter 60B. In the event the 10.33 commissioner takes such actions, the authorized control level 10.34 event is considered sufficient grounds for the commissioner to 10.35 take action under chapter 60B, and the commissioner shall have 10.36 the rights, powers, and duties with respect to the health 11.1 organization as are set forth in chapter 60B. In the event the 11.2 commissioner takes actions under this clause pursuant to an 11.3 adjusted RBC report, the health organization is entitled to the 11.4 protections afforded health organizations under sections 60B.11 11.5 and 60B.13 pertaining to summary proceedings. 11.6 Sec. 6. [60A.55] [MANDATORY CONTROL LEVEL EVENT.] 11.7 Subdivision 1. [DEFINITION.] "Mandatory control level 11.8 event" means any of the following events: 11.9 (1) the filing of an RBC report which indicates that the 11.10 health organization's total adjusted capital is less than its 11.11 mandatory control level RBC; 11.12 (2) notification by the commissioner to the health 11.13 organization of an adjusted RBC report that indicates the event 11.14 in clause (1), provided the health organization does not 11.15 challenge the adjusted RBC report under section 60A.56; or 11.16 (3) if, pursuant to section 60A.56, the health organization 11.17 challenges an adjusted RBC report that indicates the event in 11.18 clause (1), notification by the commissioner to the health 11.19 organization that the commissioner has, after a hearing, 11.20 rejected the health organization's challenge. 11.21 Subd. 2. [COMMISSIONER'S DUTIES.] (a) In the event of a 11.22 mandatory control level event, the commissioner shall take such 11.23 actions as are necessary to place the health organization under 11.24 regulatory control under section 60B.13. In that event, the 11.25 mandatory control level event is considered sufficient grounds 11.26 for the commissioner to take action under section 60B.13, and 11.27 the commissioner shall have the rights, powers, and duties with 11.28 respect to the health organization as are set forth in section 11.29 60B.13. If the commissioner takes actions pursuant to an 11.30 adjusted RBC report, the health organization is entitled to the 11.31 protections of sections 60B.11 and 60B.13 pertaining to summary 11.32 proceedings. 11.33 (b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), the commissioner may 11.34 forego action for up to 90 days after the mandatory control 11.35 level event if the commissioner finds there is a reasonable 11.36 expectation that the mandatory control level event may be 12.1 eliminated within the 90-day period. 12.2 Sec. 7. [60A.56] [HEARINGS.] 12.3 Upon the occurrence of any of the following events, the 12.4 health organization has the right to a confidential departmental 12.5 hearing, on a record, at which the health organization may 12.6 challenge any determination or action by the commissioner. The 12.7 health organization shall notify the commissioner of its request 12.8 for a hearing within five days after the notification by the 12.9 commissioner under clause (1), (2), (3), or (4). Upon receipt 12.10 of the health organization's request for a hearing, the 12.11 commissioner shall set a date for the hearing, which must be no 12.12 less than ten nor more than 30 days after the date of the health 12.13 organization's request. The events include: 12.14 (1) notification to a health organization by the 12.15 commissioner of an adjusted RBC report; 12.16 (2) notification to a health organization by the 12.17 commissioner that: 12.18 (i) the health organization's RBC plan or revised RBC plan 12.19 is unsatisfactory; and 12.20 (ii) notification constitutes a regulatory action level 12.21 event with respect to the health organization; 12.22 (3) notification to a health organization by the 12.23 commissioner that the health organization has failed to adhere 12.24 to its RBC plan or revised RBC plan and that the failure has a 12.25 substantial adverse effect on the ability of the health 12.26 organization to eliminate the company action level event with 12.27 respect to the health organization in accordance with its RBC 12.28 plan or revised RBC plan; or 12.29 (4) notification to a health organization by the 12.30 commissioner of a corrective order with respect to the health 12.31 organization. 12.32 Sec. 8. [60A.57] [ACCESS TO AND USE OF RBC INFORMATION.] 12.33 Subdivision 1. [CONFIDENTIALITY; PROHIBITION ON 12.34 ANNOUNCEMENTS.] Section 60A.67, subdivisions 1 and 2, apply to 12.35 sections 60A.50 to 60A.592. 12.36 Subd. 2. [PROHIBITION FOR RATE MAKING OR PREMIUM SETTING.] 13.1 The RBC instructions, RBC reports, adjusted RBC reports, RBC 13.2 plans, and revised RBC plans are intended solely for use by the 13.3 commissioner in monitoring the solvency of health organizations 13.4 and the need for possible corrective action with respect to 13.5 health organizations and shall not be used by the commissioner 13.6 for retaking nor considered or introduced as evidence in any 13.7 rate proceeding nor used by the commissioner to calculate or 13.8 derive any elements of an appropriate premium level or rate of 13.9 return for any line of insurance that a health organization or 13.10 any affiliate is authorized to write. 13.11 Sec. 9. [60A.58] [SUPPLEMENTAL PROVISIONS.] 13.12 Subdivision 1. [EFFECT.] Sections 60A.50 to 60A.592 are 13.13 supplemental to any other provisions of the laws of this state, 13.14 and must not preclude or limit any other powers or duties of the 13.15 commissioner under such laws, including, but not limited to, 13.16 chapter 60B and sections 62D.041, 62D.042, 62D.18, and 62D.181. 13.17 Subd. 2. [EXEMPTION.] The commissioner may exempt from the 13.18 application of sections 60A.50 to 60A.592 a domestic health 13.19 organization that: 13.20 (1) writes direct business only in this state; 13.21 (2) assumes no reinsurance in excess of five percent of 13.22 direct premium written; and 13.23 (3) writes direct annual premiums for comprehensive medical 13.24 business of $2,000,000 or less. 13.25 Sec. 10. [60A.59] [FOREIGN HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS.] 13.26 Subdivision 1. [RBC REPORT.] (a) A foreign health 13.27 organization shall, upon the written request of the 13.28 commissioner, submit to the commissioner an RBC report as of the 13.29 end of the calendar year just ended the later of: 13.30 (1) the date an RBC report would be required to be filed by 13.31 a domestic health organization under sections 60A.50 to 60A.592; 13.32 or 13.33 (2) 15 days after the request is received by the foreign 13.34 health organization. 13.35 (b) A foreign health organization shall, at the written 13.36 request of the commissioner, promptly submit to the commissioner 14.1 a copy of any RBC plan that is filed with the insurance 14.2 commissioner of any other state. 14.3 Subd. 2. [RBC PLAN.] In the event of a company action 14.4 level event, regulatory action level event, or authorized 14.5 control level event with respect to a foreign health 14.6 organization as determined under the RBC statute applicable in 14.7 the state of domicile of the health organization or, if no RBC 14.8 statute is in force in that state, under sections 60A.50 to 14.9 60A.592, if the insurance commissioner of the state of domicile 14.10 of the foreign health organization fails to require the foreign 14.11 health organization to file an RBC plan in the manner specified 14.12 under that state's RBC statute or, if no RBC statute is in force 14.13 in that state, under section 60A.52, the commissioner may 14.14 require the foreign health organization to file an RBC plan with 14.15 the commissioner. In such event, the failure of the foreign 14.16 health organization to file an RBC plan with the commissioner 14.17 shall be grounds to order the health organization to cease and 14.18 desist from writing new insurance business in this state. This 14.19 section does not limit the commissioner's authority to require a 14.20 foreign insurer to file a copy of the risk-based capital plan 14.21 submitted to the commissioner in the state of domicile. 14.22 Subd. 3. [LIQUIDATION OF PROPERTY.] In the event of a 14.23 mandatory control level event with respect to a foreign health 14.24 organization, if no domiciliary receiver has been appointed with 14.25 respect to the foreign health organization under the 14.26 rehabilitation and liquidation statute applicable in the state 14.27 of domicile of the foreign health organization, the commissioner 14.28 may make application to the district court permitted under 14.29 chapter 60B with respect to the liquidation of property of 14.30 foreign health organizations found in this state, and the 14.31 occurrence of the mandatory control level event shall be 14.32 considered adequate grounds for the application. 14.33 Sec. 11. [60A.591] [IMMUNITY.] 14.34 There is no liability on the part of, and no cause of 14.35 action arises against, the commissioner or the Department of 14.36 Commerce or its employees or agents for any action taken by them 15.1 in the performance of their powers and duties under sections 15.2 60A.50 to 60A.592. 15.3 Sec. 12. [60A.592] [NOTICES.] 15.4 All notices by the commissioner to a health organization 15.5 that may result in regulatory action under sections 60A.50 to 15.6 60A.592 are effective upon dispatch if transmitted by registered 15.7 or certified mail, or in the case of any other transmission are 15.8 effective upon the health organization's receipt of notice. 15.9 ARTICLE 2 15.10 MINIMUM STANDARD OF VALUATION FOR 15.11 HEALTH INSURANCE 15.12 Section 1. [60A.70] [PURPOSE AND SCOPE.] 15.13 Sections 60A.70 to 60A.78 apply to all individual and group 15.14 accident and health insurance coverages as defined in section 15.15 60A.06, subdivision 1, paragraph (5)(a), including single 15.16 premium credit disability insurance. Other credit insurance is 15.17 not subject to sections 60A.70 to 60A.78. 15.18 When an insurer determines that adequacy of its health 15.19 insurance reserves requires reserves in excess of the minimum 15.20 standards specified in sections 60A.70 to 60A.78, the increased 15.21 reserves must be held and must be considered the minimum 15.22 reserves for that insurer. 15.23 With respect to any block of contracts, or with respect to 15.24 an insurer's health business as a whole, a prospective gross 15.25 premium valuation is the ultimate test of reserve adequacy as of 15.26 a given valuation date. The prospective gross premium valuation 15.27 must take into account, for contracts in force, in a claims 15.28 status, or in a continuation of benefits status on the valuation 15.29 date, the present value as of the valuation date of: all 15.30 expected benefits unpaid, all expected expenses unpaid, and all 15.31 unearned or expected premiums, adjusted for future premium 15.32 increases reasonably expected to be put into effect. 15.33 The prospective gross premium valuation must be performed 15.34 whenever a significant doubt exists as to reserve adequacy with 15.35 respect to any major block of contracts, or with respect to the 15.36 insurer's health business as a whole. In the event inadequacy 16.1 is found to exist, immediate loss recognition must be made and 16.2 the reserves restored to adequacy. Adequate reserves, inclusive 16.3 of claim, premium, and contract reserves, if any, must be held 16.4 with respect to all contracts, regardless of whether contract 16.5 reserves are required for such contracts under sections 60A.70 16.6 to 60A.78. 16.7 Whenever minimum reserves, as defined in sections 60A.70 to 16.8 60A.78, exceed reserve requirements as determined by a 16.9 prospective gross premium valuation, such minimum reserves 16.10 remain the minimum requirement under sections 60A.70 to 60A.78. 16.11 Sec. 2. [60A.71] [GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS USED.] 16.12 Subdivision 1. [SCOPE.] As used in sections 60A.70 to 16.13 60A.78, the terms in subdivisions 2 to 21 have the meaning given 16.14 them. 16.15 Subd. 2. [ANNUAL CLAIM COST.] "Annual claim cost" means 16.16 the net annual cost per unit of benefit before the addition of 16.17 expenses, including claim settlement expenses, and a margin for 16.18 profit or contingencies. For example, the annual claim cost for 16.19 a $100 monthly disability benefit, for a maximum disability 16.20 benefit period of one year, with an elimination period of one 16.21 week, with respect to a male at age 35, in a certain occupation 16.22 might be $12, while the gross premium for this benefit might be 16.23 $18. The additional $6 would cover expenses and profit or 16.24 contingencies. 16.25 Subd. 3. [CLAIMS ACCRUED.] "Claims accrued" means that 16.26 portion of claims incurred on or prior to the valuation date 16.27 which result in liability of the insurer for the payment of 16.28 benefits for medical services which have been rendered on or 16.29 before the valuation date, and for the payment of benefits for 16.30 days of hospitalization and days of disability which have 16.31 occurred on or prior to the valuation date, which the insurer 16.32 has not paid as of the valuation date, but for which it is 16.33 liable, and will have to pay after the valuation date. This 16.34 liability is sometimes referred to as a liability for "accrued" 16.35 benefits. A claim reserve, which represents an estimate of this 16.36 accrued claim liability, must be established. 17.1 Subd. 4. [CLAIMS REPORTED.] "Claims reported" means when 17.2 an insurer has been informed that a claim has been incurred, if 17.3 the date reported is on or before the valuation date, the claim 17.4 is considered as a reported claim for annual statement purposes. 17.5 Subd. 5. [CLAIMS UNACCRUED.] "Claims unaccrued" means that 17.6 portion of claims incurred on or before the valuation date which 17.7 result in liability of the insurer for the payment of benefits 17.8 for medical services expected to be rendered after the valuation 17.9 date, and for benefits expected to be payable for days of 17.10 hospitalization and days of disability occurring after the 17.11 valuation date. This liability is sometimes referred to as a 17.12 liability for unaccrued benefits. A claim reserve, which 17.13 represents an estimate of the unaccrued claim payments expected 17.14 to be made (which may or may not be discounted with interest) 17.15 must be established. 17.16 Subd. 6. [CLAIMS UNREPORTED.] "Claims unreported" means 17.17 when an insurer has not been informed, on or before the 17.18 valuation date, concerning a claim that has been incurred on or 17.19 prior to the valuation date, the claim is considered as an 17.20 unreported claim for annual statement purposes. 17.21 Subd. 7. [DATE OF DISABLEMENT.] "Date of disablement" 17.22 means the earliest date the insured is considered as being 17.23 disabled under the definition of disability in the contract, 17.24 based on a doctor's evaluation or other evidence. Normally this 17.25 date will coincide with the start of any elimination period. 17.26 Subd. 8. [ELIMINATION PERIOD.] "Elimination period" means 17.27 a specified number of days, weeks, or months starting at the 17.28 beginning of each period of loss, during which no benefits are 17.29 payable. 17.30 Subd. 9. [GROSS PREMIUM.] "Gross premium" means the amount 17.31 of premium charged by the insurer. It includes the net premium 17.32 (based on claim-cost) for the risk, together with any loading 17.33 for expenses, profit, or contingencies. 17.34 Subd. 10. [GROUP INSURANCE.] "Group insurance" means the 17.35 term group insurance includes blanket insurance and franchise 17.36 insurance and any other forms of group insurance. 18.1 Subd. 11. [LEVEL PREMIUM.] "Level premium" means a premium 18.2 calculated to remain unchanged throughout either the lifetime of 18.3 the policy, or for some shorter projected period of years. The 18.4 premium need not be guaranteed; in which case, although it is 18.5 calculated to remain level, it may be changed if any of the 18.6 assumptions on which it was based are revised at a later time. 18.7 Generally, the annual claim costs are expected to increase 18.8 each year and the insurer, instead of charging premiums that 18.9 correspondingly increase each year, charges a premium calculated 18.10 to remain level for a period of years or for the lifetime of the 18.11 contract. In this case, the benefit portion of the premium is 18.12 more than needed to provide for the cost of benefits during the 18.13 earlier years of the policy and less than the actual cost in the 18.14 later years. The building of a prospective contract reserve is 18.15 a natural result of level premiums. 18.16 Subd. 12. [LONG-TERM CARE INSURANCE.] "Long-term care 18.17 insurance" means a qualified long-term care insurance policy or 18.18 rider as defined in section 62S.01, subdivision 18, and a 18.19 nonqualified long-term insurance policy or rider as defined in 18.20 section 62A.46, subdivision 2. 18.21 Subd. 13. [MODAL PREMIUM.] "Modal premium" refers to the 18.22 premium paid on a contract based on a premium term which could 18.23 be annual, semiannual, quarterly, monthly, or weekly. Thus if 18.24 the annual premium is $100 and if, instead, monthly premiums of 18.25 $9 are paid then the modal premium is $9. 18.26 Subd. 14. [NEGATIVE RESERVE.] "Negative reserve" means 18.27 normally the terminal reserve is a positive value. However, if 18.28 the values of the benefits are decreasing with advancing age or 18.29 duration it could be a negative value, called a negative reserve. 18.30 Subd. 15. [PRELIMINARY TERM RESERVE METHOD.] "Preliminary 18.31 term reserve method" means that under this method of valuation 18.32 the valuation net premium for each year falling within the 18.33 preliminary term period is exactly sufficient to cover the 18.34 expected incurred claims of that year, so that the terminal 18.35 reserves will be zero at the end of the year. As of the end of 18.36 the preliminary term period, a new constant valuation net 19.1 premium (or stream of changing valuation premiums) becomes 19.2 applicable such that the present value of all such premiums is 19.3 equal to the present value of all claims expected to be incurred 19.4 following the end of the preliminary term period. 19.5 Subd. 16. [PRESENT VALUE OF AMOUNTS NOT YET DUE ON 19.6 CLAIMS.] "Present value of amounts not yet due on claims" means 19.7 the reserve for "claims unaccrued" which may be discounted at 19.8 interest. 19.9 Subd. 17. [RATING BLOCK.] "Rating block" means a grouping 19.10 of contracts determined by the valuation actuary based on common 19.11 characteristics, such as a policy form or forms having similar 19.12 benefit designs. 19.13 Subd. 18. [RESERVE.] "Reserve" includes all items of 19.14 benefit liability, whether in the nature of incurred claim 19.15 liability or in the nature of contract liability relating to 19.16 future periods of coverage, and whether the liability is accrued 19.17 or unaccrued. 19.18 An insurer under its contracts promises benefits, which 19.19 result in: 19.20 (a) claims which have been incurred, that is, for which the 19.21 insurer has become obligated to make payment, on or prior to the 19.22 valuation date. On these claims, payments expected to be made 19.23 after the valuation date for accrued and unaccrued benefits are 19.24 liabilities of the insurer which should be provided for by 19.25 establishing claim reserves; or 19.26 (b) claims which are expected to be incurred after the 19.27 valuation date. Any present liability of the insurer for these 19.28 future claims should be provided for by the establishment of 19.29 contract reserves and unearned premium reserves. 19.30 Subd. 19. [TERMINAL RESERVE.] "Terminal reserve" means the 19.31 reserve at the end of a contract year, and is defined as the 19.32 present value of benefits expected to be incurred after that 19.33 contract year minus the present value of future valuation net 19.34 premiums. 19.35 Subd. 20. [UNEARNED PREMIUM RESERVE.] "Unearned premium 19.36 reserve" means that portion of the premium paid or due to the 20.1 insurer which is applicable to the period of coverage extending 20.2 beyond the valuation date. Thus if an annual premium of $120 20.3 was paid on November 1, $20 would be earned as of December 31 20.4 and the remaining $100 would be unearned. The unearned premium 20.5 reserve could be on a gross basis as in this example, or on a 20.6 valuation net premium basis. 20.7 Subd. 21. [VALUATION NET MODAL PREMIUM.] "Valuation net 20.8 modal premium" means the modal fraction of the valuation net 20.9 annual premium that corresponds to the gross modal premium in 20.10 effect on any contract to which contract reserves apply. Thus 20.11 if the mode of payment in effect is quarterly, the valuation net 20.12 modal premium is the quarterly equivalent of the valuation net 20.13 annual premium. 20.14 Sec. 3. [60A.72] [CATEGORIES OF RESERVES.] 20.15 The following sections set forth minimum standards for 20.16 three categories of health insurance reserves: 20.17 (1) section 60A.73, claim reserves; 20.18 (2) section 60A.74, premium reserves; and 20.19 (3) section 60A.75, contract reserves. 20.20 Adequacy of an insurer's health insurance reserves is to be 20.21 determined on the basis of all three categories combined. 20.22 However, sections 60A.70 to 60A.78 emphasize the importance of 20.23 determining appropriate reserves for each of the three 20.24 categories separately. 20.25 Sec. 4. [60A.73] [CLAIM RESERVES.] 20.26 Subdivision 1. [GENERALLY.] (a) Claim reserves are 20.27 required for all incurred but unpaid claims on all health 20.28 insurance policies. 20.29 (b) Appropriate claim expense reserves are required with 20.30 respect to the estimated expense of settlement of all incurred 20.31 but unpaid claims. 20.32 (c) Claim reserves for prior valuation years are to be 20.33 tested for adequacy and reasonableness along the lines of claim 20.34 runoff schedules in accordance with the statutory financial 20.35 statement including consideration of any residual unpaid 20.36 liability. 21.1 Subd. 2. [MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR CLAIM RESERVES FOR 21.2 DISABILITY INCOME.] (a) The maximum interest rate for claim 21.3 reserves is specified in section 60A.78. 21.4 (b) Minimum standards with respect to morbidity are those 21.5 specified in section 60A.78, except that, at the option of the 21.6 insurer: 21.7 (1) for claims with a duration from date of disablement of 21.8 less than two years, reserves may be based on the insurer's 21.9 experience, if such experience is considered credible, or upon 21.10 other assumptions designed to place a sound value on the 21.11 liabilities; and 21.12 (2) for group disability income claims with a duration from 21.13 date of disablement of more than two years but less than five 21.14 years, reserves may, with the approval of the commissioner, be 21.15 based on the insurer's experience for which the insurer 21.16 maintains underwriting and claim administration control. The 21.17 request for approval of a plan of modification to the reserve 21.18 basis must include: 21.19 (i) an analysis of the credibility of the experience; 21.20 (ii) a description of how all of the insurer's experience 21.21 is proposed to be used in setting reserves; 21.22 (iii) a description and quantification of the margins to be 21.23 included; 21.24 (iv) a summary of the financial impact that the proposed 21.25 plan of modification would have had on the insurer's last filed 21.26 annual statement; 21.27 (v) a copy of the approval of the proposed plan of 21.28 modification by the commissioner of the state of domicile; and 21.29 (vi) any other information deemed necessary by the 21.30 commissioner. 21.31 (c) For contracts with an elimination period, the duration 21.32 of disablement must be measured as dating from the time that 21.33 benefits would have begun to accrue had there been no 21.34 elimination period. 21.35 Subd. 3. [MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR CLAIM RESERVES FOR ALL 21.36 OTHER BENEFITS.] (a) The maximum interest rate for claim 22.1 reserves is specified in section 60A.78. 22.2 (b) The reserve must be based on the insurer's experience, 22.3 if the experience is considered credible, or upon other 22.4 assumptions designed to place a sound value on the liabilities. 22.5 Subd. 4. [CLAIM RESERVE METHODS GENERALLY.] A generally 22.6 accepted actuarial reserving method or other reasonable method 22.7 if the method is approved by the commissioner before the 22.8 statement date, or a combination of methods as described in this 22.9 section, may be used to estimate all claim liabilities. The 22.10 methods used for estimating liabilities generally may be 22.11 aggregate methods, or various reserve items may be separately 22.12 valued. Approximations based on groupings and averages may also 22.13 be employed. Adequacy of the claim reserves, however, must be 22.14 determined in the aggregate. 22.15 Sec. 5. [60A.74] [PREMIUM RESERVES.] 22.16 Subdivision 1. [GENERALLY.] (a) Unearned premium reserves 22.17 are required for all contracts with respect to the period of 22.18 coverage for which premiums, other than premiums paid in 22.19 advance, have been paid beyond the date of valuation. 22.20 (b) If premiums due and unpaid are carried as an asset, the 22.21 premiums must be treated as premiums in force, subject to 22.22 unearned premium reserve determination. The value of unpaid 22.23 commissions, premium taxes, and the cost of collection 22.24 associated with due and unpaid premiums must be carried as an 22.25 offsetting liability. 22.26 (c) The gross premiums paid in advance for a period of 22.27 coverage beginning after the next premium due date which follows 22.28 the date of valuation may be appropriately discounted to the 22.29 valuation date and must be held either as a separate liability 22.30 or as an addition to the unearned premium reserve which would 22.31 otherwise be required as a minimum. 22.32 Subd. 2. [MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR UNEARNED PREMIUM 22.33 RESERVES.] (a) The minimum unearned premium reserve with respect 22.34 to a contract is the pro rata unearned modal premium that 22.35 applies to the premium period beyond the valuation date, with 22.36 the premium determined on the basis of: 23.1 (1) the valuation net modal premium on the contract reserve 23.2 basis applying to the contract; or 23.3 (2) the gross modal premium for the contract if no contract 23.4 reserve applies. 23.5 (b) However, in no event may the sum of the unearned 23.6 premium and contract reserves for all contracts of the insurer 23.7 subject to contract reserve requirements be less than the gross 23.8 modal unearned premium reserve on all such contracts, as of the 23.9 date of valuation. The reserve must never be less than the 23.10 expected claims for the period beyond the valuation date 23.11 represented by the unearned premium reserve, to the extent not 23.12 provided for elsewhere. 23.13 Subd. 3. [PREMIUM RESERVE METHODS GENERALLY.] The insurer 23.14 may employ suitable approximations and estimates, including, but 23.15 not limited to, groupings, averages, and aggregate estimation, 23.16 in computing premium reserves. Approximations or estimates 23.17 should be tested periodically to determine the continuing 23.18 adequacy and reliability. 23.19 Sec. 6. [60A.75] [CONTRACT RESERVES REQUIRED.] 23.20 (a) Contract reserves are required, unless otherwise 23.21 specified in paragraph (b) for: 23.22 (1) all individual and group contracts with which level 23.23 premiums are used; or 23.24 (2) all individual and group contracts with respect to 23.25 which, due to the gross premium pricing structure at issue, the 23.26 value of the future benefits at any time exceeds the value of 23.27 any appropriate future valuation net premiums at that time. 23.28 This evaluation may be applied on a rating block basis if the 23.29 total premiums for the block were developed to support the total 23.30 risk assumed and expected expenses for the block each year, and 23.31 a qualified actuary certifies the premium development. The 23.32 actuary must state in the certification that premiums for the 23.33 rating block were developed such that each year's premium was 23.34 intended to cover that year's costs without any prefunding. If 23.35 the premium is also intended to recover costs for any prior 23.36 years, the actuary must also disclose the reasons for and 24.1 magnitude of the recovery. The values specified in this clause 24.2 must be determined on the basis specified in section 60A.76, 24.3 subdivisions 1 to 4. 24.4 (b) Contracts not requiring a contract reserve are: 24.5 (1) contracts that cannot be continued after one year from 24.6 issue; or 24.7 (2) contracts already in force on the effective date of 24.8 sections 60A.70 to 60A.78 for which no contract reserve was 24.9 required under the immediately preceding standards. 24.10 (c) The contract reserve is in addition to claim reserves 24.11 and premium reserves. 24.12 (d) The methods and procedures for contract reserves must 24.13 be consistent with those for claim reserves for a contract, or 24.14 else appropriate adjustment must be made when necessary to 24.15 assure provision for the aggregate liability. The definition of 24.16 the date of incurral must be the same in both determinations. 24.17 Sec. 7. [60A.76] [MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR CONTRACT 24.18 RESERVES.] 24.19 Subdivision 1. [BASIS.] (a) Minimum standards with respect 24.20 to morbidity are those set forth in section 60A.78. Valuation 24.21 net premiums used under each contract must have a structure 24.22 consistent with the gross premium structure at issue of the 24.23 contract as this relates to advancing age of insured, contract 24.24 duration, and period for which gross premiums have been 24.25 calculated. 24.26 Contracts for which tabular morbidity standards are not 24.27 specified in section 60A.78 must be valued using tables 24.28 established for reserve purposes by a qualified actuary and 24.29 acceptable to the commissioner. The morbidity tables must 24.30 contain a pattern of incurred claims cost that reflects the 24.31 underlying morbidity and must not be constructed for the primary 24.32 purpose of minimizing reserves. 24.33 (b) The maximum interest rate is specified in section 24.34 60A.78. 24.35 (c) Termination rates used in the computation of reserves 24.36 must be on the basis of a mortality table as specified in 25.1 section 60A.78 except as noted in clauses (1) to (3): 25.2 (1) under contracts for which premium rates are not 25.3 guaranteed, and where the effects of insurer underwriting are 25.4 specifically used by policy duration in the valuation morbidity 25.5 standard or for return of premium or other deferred cash 25.6 benefits, total termination rates may be used at ages and 25.7 durations where these exceed specified mortality table rates, 25.8 but not in excess of the lesser of: 25.9 (i) 80 percent of the total termination rate used in the 25.10 calculation of the gross premiums; or 25.11 (ii) eight percent; 25.12 (2) for long-term care individual policies or group 25.13 certificates issued after January 1, 1997, the contract reserve 25.14 may be established on a basis of separate: 25.15 (i) mortality as specified in section 60A.78; and 25.16 (ii) terminations other than mortality, where the 25.17 terminations are not to exceed: 25.18 A. for policy years one through four, the lesser of 80 25.19 percent of the voluntary lapse rate used in the calculation of 25.20 gross premiums and eight percent; 25.21 B. for policy years five and later, the lesser of 100 25.22 percent of the voluntary lapse rate used in the calculation of 25.23 gross premiums and four percent; 25.24 (3) where a morbidity standard specified in section 60A.78 25.25 is on an aggregate basis, the morbidity standard may be adjusted 25.26 to reflect the effect of insurer underwriting by policy duration. 25.27 The adjustments must be appropriate to the underwriting and be 25.28 acceptable to the commissioner. 25.29 Subd. 2. [RESERVE METHOD.] (a) For insurance, except 25.30 long-term care and return of premium or other deferred cash 25.31 benefits, the minimum reserve is the reserve calculated on the 25.32 two-year full preliminary term method; that is, under which the 25.33 terminal reserve is zero at the first and also the second 25.34 contract anniversary. 25.35 (b) For long-term care insurance, the minimum reserve is 25.36 the reserve calculated as follows: 26.1 (1) for individual policies and group certificates issued 26.2 on or before December 31, 1991, reserves calculated on the 26.3 two-year full preliminary term methods; 26.4 (2) for individual policies and group certificates issued 26.5 on or after January 1, 1992, reserves calculated on the one-year 26.6 full preliminary term method. 26.7 (c) For return of premium or other deferred cash benefits, 26.8 the minimum reserve is the reserve calculated as follows: 26.9 (1) on the one-year preliminary term method if the benefits 26.10 are provided at any time before the 20th anniversary; 26.11 (2) on the two-year preliminary term method if the benefits 26.12 are only provided on or after the 20th anniversary. 26.13 The preliminary term method may be applied only in relation 26.14 to the date of issue of a contract. Reserve adjustments 26.15 introduced later, as a result of rate increases, revisions in 26.16 assumptions, for example projected inflation rates, or for other 26.17 reasons, are to be applied immediately as of the effective date 26.18 of adoption of the adjusted basis. 26.19 Subd. 3. [NEGATIVE RESERVES.] Negative reserves on any 26.20 benefit may be offset against positive reserves for other 26.21 benefits in the same contract, but the total contract reserve 26.22 with respect to all benefits combined may not be less than zero. 26.23 Subd. 4. [NONFORFEITURE BENEFITS FOR LONG-TERM CARE 26.24 INSURANCE.] The contract reserve on a policy basis must not be 26.25 less than the net single premium for the nonforfeiture benefits 26.26 at the appropriate policy duration, where the net single premium 26.27 is computed according to the specifications in this section. 26.28 While the consideration for nonforfeiture benefits in this 26.29 section is specific to long-term care insurance, similar 26.30 consideration may be applicable for other lines of business. 26.31 Subd. 5. [ALTERNATIVE VALUATION METHODS AND ASSUMPTIONS 26.32 GENERALLY.] Provided the contract reserve on all contracts to 26.33 which an alternative method or basis is applied is not less in 26.34 the aggregate than the amount determined according to the 26.35 applicable standards specified in this section, an insurer may 26.36 use any reasonable assumptions as to interest rates, termination 27.1 and mortality rates, and rates of morbidity or other contingency. 27.2 Also, subject to the preceding condition, the insurer may employ 27.3 methods other than the methods stated in this section in 27.4 determining a sound value of its liabilities under such 27.5 contracts, including, but not limited to, the following: the 27.6 net level premium method; the one-year full preliminary term 27.7 method; prospective valuation on the basis of actual gross 27.8 premiums with reasonable allowance for future expenses; the use 27.9 of approximations such as those involving age groupings, 27.10 groupings of several years of issue, average amounts of 27.11 indemnity, and grouping of similar contract forms; the 27.12 computation of the reserve for one contract benefit as a 27.13 percentage of, or by other relation to, the aggregate contract 27.14 reserves exclusive of the benefit or benefits so valued; and the 27.15 use of a composite annual claim cost for all or any combination 27.16 of the benefits included in the contracts valued. 27.17 Subd. 6. [TEST FOR ADEQUACY AND REASONABLENESS OF CONTRACT 27.18 RESERVES.] Annually, an appropriate review must be made of the 27.19 insurer's prospective contract liabilities on contracts valued 27.20 by tabular reserves, to determine the continuing adequacy and 27.21 reasonableness of the tabular reserves giving consideration to 27.22 future gross premiums. The insurer shall make appropriate 27.23 increments to such tabular reserves if such tests indicate that 27.24 the basis of such reserves is no longer adequate; subject, 27.25 however, to the minimum standards of section 60A.76, 27.26 subdivisions 1 to 4. 27.27 In the event a company has a contract or a group of related 27.28 similar contracts for which future gross premiums will be 27.29 restricted by contract, department rule, or for other reasons, 27.30 such that the future gross premiums reduced by expenses for 27.31 administration, commissions, and taxes will be insufficient to 27.32 cover future claims, the company shall establish contract 27.33 reserves for such shortfall in the aggregate. 27.34 Sec. 8. [60A.77] [REINSURANCE.] 27.35 Increases to or credits against reserves carried, arising 27.36 because of reinsurance assumed or reinsurance ceded, must be 28.1 determined in a manner consistent with sections 60A.70 to 60A.78 28.2 and with all applicable provisions of the reinsurance contracts 28.3 which affect the insurer's liabilities. 28.4 Sec. 9. [60A.78] [SPECIFIC STANDARDS FOR MORBIDITY, 28.5 INTEREST, AND MORTALITY.] 28.6 Subdivision 1. [MORBIDITY.] A. Minimum morbidity 28.7 standards for valuation of specified individual contract health 28.8 insurance benefits are as follows: 28.9 (1) Disability Income Benefits Due to Accident or Sickness. 28.10 (a) Contract Reserves: 28.11 Contracts issued on or after January 1, 2004: 28.12 The 1985 Commissioners Individual Disability Tables A 28.13 (85CIDA); or 28.14 The 1985 Commissioners Individual Disability Tables B 28.15 (85CIDB). 28.16 Each insurer shall elect, with respect to all individual 28.17 contracts issued in any one statement year, whether it will use 28.18 Tables A or Tables B as the minimum standard. The insurer may, 28.19 however, elect to use the other tables with respect to any 28.20 subsequent statement year. 28.21 (b) Claim Reserves: 28.22 (i) For claims incurred on or after January 1, 2004: 28.23 The 1985 Commissioners Individual Disability Table A 28.24 (85CIDA) with claim termination rates multiplied by the 28.25 following adjustment factors: 28.26 Adjusted 28.27 Duration Adjustment Termination 28.28 Factor Rates* 28.30 Week 1 0.366 0.04831 28.31 2 0.366 0.04172 28.32 3 0.366 0.04063 28.33 4 0.366 0.04355 28.34 5 0.365 0.04088 28.35 6 0.365 0.04271 28.36 7 0.365 0.04380 28.37 8 0.365 0.04344 29.1 9 0.370 0.04292 29.2 10 0.370 0.04107 29.3 11 0.370 0.03848 29.4 12 0.370 0.03478 29.5 13 0.370 0.03034 29.7 Month 4 0.391 0.08758 29.8 5 0.371 0.07346 29.9 6 0.435 0.07531 29.10 7 0.500 0.07245 29.11 8 0.564 0.06655 29.12 9 0.613 0.05520 29.13 10 0.663 0.04705 29.14 11 0.712 0.04486 29.15 12 0.756 0.04309 29.16 13 0.800 0.04080 29.17 14 0.844 0.03882 29.18 15 0.888 0.03730 29.19 16 0.932 0.03448 29.20 17 0.976 0.03026 29.21 18 1.020 0.02856 29.22 19 1.049 0.02518 29.23 20 1.078 0.02264 29.24 21 1.107 0.02104 29.25 22 1.136 0.01932 29.26 23 1.165 0.01865 29.27 24 1.195 0.01792 29.29 Year 3 1.369 0.16839 29.30 4 1.204 0.10114 29.31 5 1.199 0.07434 29.32 6 and later 1.000 ** 29.33 *The adjusted termination rates derived from the 29.34 application of the adjustment factors to the DTS Valuation Table 29.35 termination rates shown in exhibits 3a, 3b, 3c, 4, and 5 29.36 (Transactions of the Society of Actuaries (TSA) XXXVII, pages 30.1 457-463) is displayed. The adjustment factors for age, 30.2 elimination period, class, sex, and cause displayed in exhibits 30.3 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 should be applied to the adjusted termination 30.4 rates shown in this table. 30.5 **Applicable DTS Valuation Table duration rate from 30.6 exhibits 3c and 4 (TSA XXXVII, pages 462-463). 30.7 The 85CIDA table so adjusted for the computation of claim 30.8 reserves shall be known as 85CIDC (The 1985 Commissioners 30.9 Individual Disability Table C). 30.10 (2) Hospital Benefits, Surgical Benefits, and Maternity 30.11 Benefits (Scheduled benefits or fixed time period benefits only). 30.12 (a) Contract Reserves. 30.13 Contracts issued on or after January 1, 1982: 30.14 The 1974 Medical Expense Tables, Table A, Transactions of 30.15 the Society of Actuaries, Volume XXX, page 63. Refer to the 30.16 paper (in the same volume, page 9) to which this table is 30.17 appended, including its discussions, for methods of adjustment 30.18 for benefits not directly valued in Table A: "Development of 30.19 the 1974 Medical Expense Benefits," Houghton and Wolf. 30.20 (b) Claim Reserves: 30.21 No specific standard. See (6). 30.22 (3) Cancer Expense Benefits (Scheduled benefits or fixed 30.23 time period benefits only). 30.24 (a) Contract Reserves: 30.25 Contracts issued on or after January 1, 2004: 30.26 The 1985 NAIC Cancer Claim Cost Tables. 30.27 (b) Claim Reserves: 30.28 No specific standard. See (6). 30.29 (4) Accidental Death Benefits. 30.30 (a) Contract Reserves: 30.31 Contracts issued on or after January 1, 2004: 30.32 The 1959 Accidental Death Benefits Table. 30.33 (b) Claim Reserves: 30.34 Actual amount incurred. 30.35 (5) Single Premium Credit Disability. 30.36 (a) Contract Reserves: 31.1 (i) For contracts issued on or after January 1, 2004: 31.2 (I) For plans having less than a 30-day elimination period, 31.3 the 1985 Commissioners Individual Disability Table A (85CIDA) 31.4 with claim incidence rates increased by 12 percent. 31.5 (ii)(II) For plans having a 30-day and greater elimination 31.6 period, the 85CIDA for a 14-day elimination period with the 31.7 adjustment in item (I). 31.8 (b) Claim Reserves: 31.9 Claim reserves are to be determined as provided in section 31.10 60A.73. 31.11 (6) Other Individual Contract Benefits. 31.12 (a) Contract Reserves: 31.13 For all other individual contract benefits, morbidity 31.14 assumptions are to be determined as provided in section 60A.75. 31.15 (b) Claim Reserves: 31.16 For all benefits other than disability, claim reserves are 31.17 to be determined as provided in section 60A.73. 31.18 B. Minimum morbidity standards for valuation of specified 31.19 group contract health insurance benefits are as follows: 31.20 (1) Disability Income Benefits Due to Accident or Sickness. 31.21 (a) Contract Reserves: 31.22 Contracts issued on or after January 1, 2004: 31.23 The 1987 Commissioners Group Disability Income Table 31.24 (87CGDT). 31.25 (b) Claim Reserves: 31.26 For claims incurred on or after January 1, 2004: 31.27 The 1987 Commissioners Group Disability Income Table 31.28 (87CGDT); 31.29 (2) Single Premium Credit Disability 31.30 (a) Contract Reserves: 31.31 (i) For contracts issued on or after January 1, 2004: 31.32 (I) For plans having less than a 30-day elimination period, 31.33 the 1985 Commissioners Individual Disability Table A (85CIDA) 31.34 with claim incidence rates increased by 12 percent. 31.35 (ii)(II) For plans having a 30-day and greater elimination 31.36 period, the 85CIDA for a 14-day elimination period with the 32.1 adjustment in item (I). 32.2 (b) Claim Reserves: 32.3 Claim reserves are to be determined as provided in section 32.4 60A.73. 32.5 (3) Other Group Contract Benefits. 32.6 (a) Contract Reserves: 32.7 For all other group contract benefits, morbidity 32.8 assumptions are to be determined as provided in section 60A.75. 32.9 (b) Claim Reserves: 32.10 For all benefits other than disability, claim reserves are 32.11 to be determined as provided in section 60A.73. 32.12 Subd. 2. [INTEREST.] A. For contract reserves the maximum 32.13 interest rate is the maximum rate permitted by law in the 32.14 valuation of whole life insurance issued on the same date as the 32.15 health insurance contract. 32.16 B. For claim reserves on policies that require contract 32.17 reserves, the maximum interest rate is the maximum rate 32.18 permitted by law in the valuation of whole life insurance issued 32.19 on the same date as the claim incurred date. 32.20 C. For claim reserves on policies not requiring contract 32.21 reserves, the maximum interest rate is the maximum rate 32.22 permitted by law in the valuation of single premium immediate 32.23 annuities issued on the same date as the claim incurred date, 32.24 reduced by 100 basis points. 32.25 Subd. 3. [MORTALITY.] A. For individual long-term care 32.26 insurance policies or group long-term care insurance 32.27 certificates issued on or after January 1, 2004, the mortality 32.28 basis used must be the 1983 Group Annuity Mortality Table 32.29 without projection. 32.30 B. Other mortality tables adopted by the NAIC and adopted 32.31 by the commissioner may be used in the calculation of the 32.32 minimum reserves if appropriate for the type of benefits and if 32.33 approved by the commissioner. The request for approval must 32.34 include the proposed mortality table and the reason that the 32.35 standard specified in subsection A is inappropriate. 32.36 C. For single premium credit insurance using the 85CIDA 33.1 table, no separate mortality must be assumed. 33.2 ARTICLE 3 33.3 MISCELLANEOUS 33.4 Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 2002, section 60A.129, 33.5 subdivision 2, is amended to read: 33.6 Subd. 2. [LOSS RESERVE CERTIFICATION.] (a) Each domestic 33.7 company engaged in providing the types of coverage described in 33.8 section 60A.06, subdivision 1, clause (1), (2), (3), (5)(b), 33.9 (6), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), or (14), must have its 33.10 loss reserves certified by a qualified actuary. The company 33.11 must file the certification with the commissioner within 30 days 33.12 of completion of the certification, but not later than June 1. 33.13 The actuary providing the certification may be an employee of 33.14 the company but the commissioner may still require an 33.15 independent actuarial certification as described in subdivision 33.16 1. This subdivision does not apply to township mutual 33.17 companies, or to other domestic insurers having less than 33.18 $1,000,000 of premiums written in any year and fewer than 1,000 33.19 policyholders. The commissioner may allow an exception to the 33.20 stand alone certification where it can be demonstrated that a 33.21 company in a group has a pooling or 100 percent reinsurance 33.22 agreement used in a group which substantially affects the 33.23 solvency and integrity of the reserves of the company, or where 33.24 it is only the parent company of a group which is licensed to do 33.25 business in Minnesota. If these circumstances exist, the 33.26 company may file a written request with the commissioner for an 33.27 exception. Companies writing reinsurance alone are not exempt 33.28 from this requirement. The certification must contain the 33.29 following statement: "In my opinion, the reserves described in 33.30 this certification are consistent with reserves computed in 33.31 accordance with standards and principles established by the 33.32 Actuarial Standards Board and are fairly stated." 33.33 (b) Each foreign company engaged in providing the types of 33.34 coverage described in section 60A.06, subdivision 1, clause (1), 33.35 (2), (3), (5)(b), (6), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), or 33.36 (14), required by this section to file an annual audited 34.1 financial report, whose total net earned premium for Schedule P, 34.2 Part 1A to Part 1H plus Part 1R, (Schedule P, Part 1A to Part 1H 34.3 plus Part 1R, Column 4, current year premiums earned, from the 34.4 company's most currently filed annual statement) is equal to 34.5 one-third or more of the company's total net earned premium 34.6 (Underwriting and Investment Exhibit, Part 2, Column 4, total 34.7 line, of the annual statement) must have a reserve certification 34.8 by a qualified actuary at least every three years. In the year 34.9 that the certification is due, the company must file the 34.10 certification with the commissioner within 30 days of completion 34.11 of the certification, but not later than June 1. The actuary 34.12 providing the certification
must notmay be an employee of the 34.13 company. Companies writing reinsurance alone are not exempt 34.14 from this requirement. The certification must contain the 34.15 following statement: "The loss reserves and loss expense 34.16 reserves have been examined and found to be calculated in 34.17 accordance with generally accepted actuarial principles and 34.18 practices and are fairly stated." 34.19 (c) Each company providing life and/or health insurance34.20 coverages described in section 60A.06, subdivision 1, clause (4)34.21 or (5)(a), required by this section to file an audited annual34.22 financial report, whose premiums and annuity considerations (net34.23 of reinsurance) from accident and health equal one-third or more34.24 of the company's total premiums and annuity considerations (net34.25 of reinsurance), as reported in the summary of operations, must34.26 have its aggregate reserve for accident and health policies and34.27 liability for policy and contract claims for accident and health34.28 certified by a qualified actuary at least once every three34.29 years. The actuary providing the certification must not be an34.30 employee of the company. Companies writing reinsurance alone34.31 are not exempt from this requirement. The certification must34.32 contain the following statement: "The policy and contract34.33 claims reserves for accident and health have been examined and34.34 found to be calculated in accordance with generally accepted34.35 actuarial principles and practices and are fairly stated."