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HF 1798

as introduced - 84th Legislature (2005 - 2006) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 03/14/2005

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to energy; requiring utilities to meet
certain renewable energy standards; amending Minnesota
Statutes 2004, section 216B.1691.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2004, section 216B.1691, is
amended to read:


216B.1691 RENEWABLE ENERGY new text beginSTANDARDS AND new text endOBJECTIVES.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) Unless otherwise
specified in law, "eligible energy technology" means an energy
technology that:

(1) generates electricity from the following renewable
energy sources: solar; wind; hydroelectric with a capacity of
less than 60 megawatts; hydrogen, provided that after January 1,
2010, the hydrogen must be generated from the resources listed
in this clause; or biomass, which includes an energy recovery
facility used to capture the heat value of mixed municipal solid
waste or refuse-derived fuel from mixed municipal solid waste as
a primary fuel; and

(2) was not mandated by Laws 1994, chapter 641, or by
commission order issued pursuant to that chapter prior to August
1, 2001.

(b) "Electric utility" means a public utility providing
electric service, a generation and transmission cooperative
electric association, or a municipal power agency.

(c) "Total retail electric sales" means the kilowatt-hours
of electricity sold in a year by an electric utility to retail
customers of the electric utility or to a distribution utility
for distribution to the retail customers of the distribution
utility.

Subd. 2.

Eligible energy objectives.

(a) Each electric
utility shall make a good faith effort to generate or procure
sufficient electricity generated by an eligible energy
technology to provide its retail consumers, or the retail
customers of a distribution utility to which the electric
utility provides wholesale electric service, so that:

(1) commencing in 2005, at least one percent of the
electric utility's total retail electric sales is generated by
eligible energy technologies;

(2) the amount provided under clause (1) is increased by
one percent of the utility's total retail electric sales each
year until deleted text begin2015 deleted text endnew text begin2010new text end; and

(3) deleted text beginten deleted text endnew text beginfive new text endpercent of the electric energy provided to
retail customers in Minnesota new text beginby 2010 new text endis generated by eligible
energy technologies.

(b) Of the eligible energy technology generation required
under paragraph (a), clauses (1) and (2), not less than 0.5
percent of the energy must be generated by biomass energy
technologies, including an energy recovery facility used to
capture the heat value of mixed municipal solid waste or
refuse-derived fuel from mixed municipal solid waste as a
primary fuel, by 2005. By 2010, one percent of the eligible
technology generation required under paragraph (a), clauses (1)
and (2), shall be generated by biomass energy technologies. An
energy recovery facility used to capture the heat value of mixed
municipal solid waste or refuse-derived fuel from mixed
municipal solid waste, with a power sales agreement in effect as
of May 29, 2003, that terminates after December 31, 2010, does
not qualify as an eligible energy technology unless the
agreement provides for rate adjustment in the event the facility
qualifies as a renewable energy source.

new text begin Subd. 2a. new text end

new text begin Eligible energy standard. new text end

new text begin Each electric
utility shall generate or procure sufficient electricity
generated by an eligible energy technology to provide its retail
customers, or the retail customers of a distribution utility to
which the electric utility provides wholesale electric service,
so that at least the following percentages of the electric
utility's total retail electric sales is generated by eligible
energy technologies by the end of the year indicated:
new text end

new text begin (1) new text end new text begin 2013 new text end new text begin ten percent
new text end

new text begin (2) new text end new text begin 2015 new text end new text begin 15 percent
new text end

new text begin (3) new text end new text begin 2020 new text end new text begin 20 percent
new text end

new text begin To be counted toward satisfying the standard, energy must
be generated by a facility originally placed in service after
January 1, 1975. The commission may delay or modify the
standard for an electric utility if it finds that compliance
with a standard will jeopardize the reliability of the electric
system in a way not consistent with the public interest when
weighing the benefits of renewable energy. The standard is both
an individual electric utility standard and a statewide standard
so that by the end of 2020 at least 20 percent of the electric
energy provided to retail customers in Minnesota is generated by
eligible energy technologies.
new text end

deleted text begin (c) deleted text endnew text beginSubd. 2b.new text end[COMMISSION ORDER.] By June 1, 2004, and as
needed thereafter, the commission shall issue an order detailing
the criteria and standards by which it will measure an electric
utility's efforts to meet the renewable energy objectives new text beginand
standards
new text endof this section to determine whether the utility is
making the required good faith effort new text beginand is meeting the
standards
new text end. In this order, the commission shall include criteria
and standards that protect against undesirable impacts on the
reliability of the utility's system and economic impacts on the
utility's ratepayers and that consider technical feasibility.

deleted text begin (d) In its order under paragraph (c), the commission shall
provide for a weighted scale of how energy produced by various
eligible energy technologies shall count toward a utility's
objective. In establishing this scale, the commission shall
consider the attributes of various technologies and fuels, and
shall establish a system that grants multiple credits toward the
objectives for those technologies and fuels the commission
determines is in the public interest to encourage.
deleted text end

Subd. 3.

Utility plans filed with commission.

(a) Each
electric utility shall report on its plans, activities, and
progress with regard to these objectives new text beginand standards new text endin its
filings under section 216B.2422 or in a separate report
submitted to the commission every two years, whichever is more
frequent, demonstrating to the commission deleted text beginthat deleted text endthe deleted text beginutility is
making the required good faith
deleted text endnew text beginutility's new text endeffort new text beginto comply with
this section
new text end. In its resource plan or a separate report, each
electric utility shall provide a description of:

(1) the status of the utility's renewable energy mix
relative to the deleted text begingood faith deleted text endobjective new text beginand standardsnew text end;

(2) efforts taken to meet the objective new text beginand standardsnew text end;

(3) any obstacles encountered or anticipated in meeting the
objective new text beginor standardsnew text end; and

(4) potential solutions to the obstacles.

(b) The commissioner shall compile the information provided
to the commission under paragraph (a), and report to the chairs
of the house of representatives and senate committees with
jurisdiction over energy and environment policy issues as to the
progress of utilities in the state in increasing the amount of
renewable energy provided to retail customers, with any
recommendations for regulatory or legislative action, by January
15 of each odd-numbered year.

Subd. 4.

Renewable energy credits.

(a) To facilitate
compliance with this section, the commission, by rule or order,
may establish a program for tradable credits for electricity
generated by an eligible energy technology. In doing so, the
commission shall implement a system that constrains or limits
the cost of credits, taking care to ensure that such a system
does not undermine the market for those credits.

(b) In lieu of generating or procuring energy directly to
satisfy the renewable energy objective new text beginand standard new text endof this
section, an electric utility may purchase sufficient renewable
energy credits, issued pursuant to this subdivision, to meet its
objective new text beginand standardnew text end.

(c) Upon the passage of a renewable energy standard,
portfolio, or objective in a bordering state that includes a
similar definition of eligible energy technology or renewable
energy, the commission may facilitate the trading of renewable
energy credits between states.

Subd. 5.

Technology based on fuel combustion.

(a)
Electricity produced by fuel combustion may only count toward a
utility's objectives new text beginor standards new text endif the generation facility:

(1) was constructed in compliance with new source
performance standards promulgated under the federal Clean Air
Act for a generation facility of that type; or

(2) employs the maximum achievable or best available
control technology available for a generation facility of that
type.

(b) An eligible energy technology may blend or co-fire a
fuel listed in subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1), with
other fuels in the generation facility, but only the percentage
of electricity that is attributable to a fuel listed in that
clause can be counted toward an electric utility's renewable
energy objectives.

Subd. 6.

Electric utility that owns nuclear generation
facility.

(a) An electric utility that owns a nuclear
generation facility, as part of its good faith effort under this
subdivision and subdivision 2, shall deploy an additional 300
megawatts of nameplate capacity of wind energy conversion
systems by 2010, beyond the amount of wind energy capacity to
which the utility is required by law or commission order as of
May 1, 2003. At least 100 megawatts of this capacity are to be
wind energy conversion systems of two megawatts or less, which
shall not be eligible for the production incentive under section
216C.41. To the greatest extent technically feasible and
economic, these 300 megawatts of wind energy capacity are to be
distributed geographically throughout the state. The utility
may opt to own, construct, and operate up to 100 megawatts of
this wind energy capacity, except that the utility may not own,
construct, or operate any of the facilities that are under two
megawatts of nameplate capacity. The deployment of the wind
energy capacity under this subdivision must be consistent with
the outcome of the engineering study required under Laws 2003,
First Special Session chapter 11, article 2, section 21.

(b) deleted text beginThe renewable energy objective set forth in subdivision
2 shall be a requirement for the public utility that owns the
Prairie Island nuclear generation plant. The objective is a
requirement subject to resource planning and least-cost planning
requirements in section 216B.2422, unless implementation of the
objective can reasonably be shown to jeopardize the reliability
of the electric system. The least-cost planning analysis must
include the costs of ancillary services and other necessary
generation and transmission upgrades.
deleted text end

deleted text begin (c) deleted text endAlso as part of its good faith effort under this
section, the utility that owns a nuclear generation facility is
to enter into a power purchase agreement by January 1, 2004, for
ten to 20 megawatts of biomass energy and capacity at an
all-inclusive price not to exceed $55 per megawatt-hour, for a
project described in section 216B.2424, subdivision 5, paragraph
(e), clause (2). The project must be operational and producing
energy by June 30, 2005.

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Compliance. new text end

new text begin The commission, on its own motion
or upon petition, may investigate whether an electric utility is
in compliance with its standard obligation under subdivision 2a
and if it finds noncompliance may order the electric utility to
construct facilities or purchase credits to achieve compliance.
If an electric utility fails to comply with an order under this
subdivision, the commission may impose a financial penalty on
the electric utility in an amount up to the electric utility's
estimated cost of compliance.
new text end