Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

HF 1546

as introduced - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 02/21/2019 02:06pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.
Line numbers 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9
3.10 3.11
3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 3.32 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13
4.14 4.15

A bill for an act
relating to agriculture; modifying eligibility for beginning farmer tax credits;
allocating tax credits to beginning farmers belonging to a protected group; amending
Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 41B.0391, subdivisions 1, 4.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 41B.0391, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have
the meanings given.

(b) "Agricultural assets" means agricultural land, livestock, facilities, buildings, and
machinery used for farming in Minnesota.

(c) "Beginning farmer" means an individual who:

(1) is a resident of Minnesota;

(2) is seeking entry, or has entered within the last ten years, into farming;

(3) intends to farm land located within the state borders of Minnesota;

(4) is not and whose spouse is not a family member of the owner of the agricultural
assets from whom the beginning farmer is seeking to purchase or rent agricultural assets;

(5) is not and whose spouse is not a family member of a partner, member, shareholder,
or trustee of the owner of agricultural assets from whom the beginning farmer is seeking to
purchase or rent agricultural assets; and

(6) meets the following eligibility requirements as determined by the authority:

(i) has a net worth that does not exceed the limit provided under section 41B.03,
subdivision 3, paragraph (a), clause (2);

(ii) provides the majority of the day-to-day physical labor and management of the farm;

(iii) has, by the judgment of the authority, adequate farming experience or demonstrates
knowledge in the type of farming for which the beginning farmer seeks assistance from the
authority;

deleted text begin (iv) demonstrates to the authority a profit potential by submitting projected earnings
statements;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (v)deleted text endnew text begin (iv)new text end asserts to the satisfaction of the authority that farming will be a significant source
of income for the beginning farmer;

deleted text begin (vi)deleted text end deleted text beginparticipates indeleted text end new text begin(v) is enrolled in or has completed within ten years of the farmer's
first year of farming
new text end a financial management program approved by the authority or the
commissioner of agriculture;

deleted text begin (vii)deleted text endnew text begin (vi)new text end agrees to notify the authority if the beginning farmer no longer meets the
eligibility requirements within the three-year certification period, in which case the beginning
farmer is no longer eligible for credits under this section; and

deleted text begin (viii)deleted text endnew text begin (vii)new text end has other qualifications as specified by the authority.

new text begin The commissioner may waive the requirement in item (v) if the participant requests a waiver
and has a four-year degree in an agricultural program or related field, reasonable agricultural
job-related experience, or certification as an adult farm management instructor.
new text end

(d) "Family member" means a family member within the meaning of the Internal Revenue
Code, section 267(c)(4).

(e) "Farm product" means plants and animals useful to humans and includes, but is not
limited to, forage and sod crops, oilseeds, grain and feed crops, dairy and dairy products,
poultry and poultry products, livestock, fruits, and vegetables.

(f) "Farming" means the active use, management, and operation of real and personal
property for the production of a farm product.

(g) "Owner of agricultural assets" means an individual, trust, or pass-through entity that
is the owner in fee of agricultural land or has legal title to any other agricultural asset. Owner
of agricultural assets does not mean an equipment dealer, livestock dealer defined in section
17A.03, subdivision 7, or comparable entity that is engaged in the business of selling
agricultural assets for profit and that is not engaged in farming as its primary business
activity. An owner of agricultural assets approved and certified by the authority under
subdivision 4 must notify the authority if the owner no longer meets the definition in this
paragraph within the three year certification period and is then no longer eligible for credits
under this section.

(h) "Resident" has the meaning given in section 290.01, subdivision 7.

(i) "Share rent agreement" means a rental agreement in which the principal consideration
given to the owner of agricultural assets is a predetermined portion of the production of
farm products produced from the rented agricultural assets and which provides for sharing
production costs or risk of loss, or both.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2018.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 41B.0391, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Authority duties.

(a) The authority shall:

(1) approve and certify or recertify beginning farmers as eligible for the program under
this section;

(2) approve and certify or recertify owners of agricultural assets as eligible for the tax
credit under subdivision 2 subject to the allocation limits in paragraph (c);

(3) provide necessary and reasonable assistance and support to beginning farmers for
qualification and participation in financial management programs approved by the authority;

(4) refer beginning farmers to agencies and organizations that may provide additional
pertinent information and assistance; and

(5) notwithstanding section 41B.211, the Rural Finance Authority must share information
with the commissioner of revenue to the extent necessary to administer provisions under
this subdivision and section 290.06, subdivisions 37 and 38. The Rural Finance Authority
must annually notify the commissioner of revenue of approval and certification or
recertification of beginning farmers and owners of agricultural assets under this section.
For credits under subdivision 2, the notification must include the amount of credit approved
by the authority and stated on the credit certificate.

(b) The certification of a beginning farmer or an owner of agricultural assets under this
section is valid for the year of the certification and the two following years, after which
time the beginning farmer or owner of agricultural assets must apply to the authority for
recertification.

(c) For credits for owners of agricultural assets allowed under subdivision 2, the authority
must not allocate more than $5,000,000 for taxable years beginning after December 31,
2017, and before January 1, 2019, and must not allocate more than $6,000,000 for taxable
years beginning after December 31, 2018. The authority must allocate credits on a first-come,
first-served basis beginning on January 1 of each year, except that recertifications for the
second and third years of credits under subdivision 2, paragraph (a), clauses (1) and (2),
have first priority. Any amount authorized but not allocated in any taxable year does not
cancel and is added to the allocation for the next taxable year.

new text begin (d) Twenty percent of the credits available under this section must be allocated to
beginning farmers who belong to a protected group as defined in section 43A.02, subdivision
33. Any portion of a taxable year's credits that is reserved under this paragraph that is not
allocated by September 30 of the taxable year is available for allocation to other credit
applications beginning on October 1.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2019.
new text end