Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

HF 1405

2nd Engrossment - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 05/13/2020 04:42pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 2nd Engrossment

Line numbers 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10
1.11 1.12
1.13
1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23
2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8
3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25
3.26 3.27 3.28
3.29 3.30 3.31 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14
4.15
4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20
4.21 4.22 4.23
4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 5.1 5.2
5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 6.1 6.2 6.3
6.4 6.5 6.6
6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29 7.30 7.31 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6
8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21
8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 8.28 8.29 8.30 8.31 8.32 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 9.19 9.20
9.21 9.22
9.23 9.24 9.25 9.26 9.27 9.28 9.29 9.30 9.31 9.32 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5
10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14
10.15
10.16 10.17 10.18 10.19 10.20 10.21 10.22 10.23 10.24 10.25 10.26 10.27 10.28 10.29 10.30 10.31 10.32
11.1
11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 11.17 11.18 11.19 11.20 11.21 11.22 11.23 11.24 11.25 11.26 11.27 11.28 11.29 11.30 11.31 11.32 11.33 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 12.10 12.11 12.12 12.13 12.14 12.15 12.16 12.17 12.18 12.19 12.20 12.21 12.22 12.23 12.24 12.25 12.26 12.27 12.28 12.29 12.30 12.31 12.32 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8 13.9 13.10 13.11
13.12
13.13 13.14 13.15 13.16 13.17 13.18 13.19 13.20 13.21 13.22 13.23 13.24 13.25 13.26
13.27 13.28 13.29 13.30 13.31 13.32 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8
14.9 14.10 14.11 14.12 14.13 14.14 14.15 14.16
14.17 14.18 14.19 14.20 14.21 14.22 14.23 14.24 14.25 14.26 14.27 14.28 14.29 14.30 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.9 15.10
15.11
15.12 15.13 15.14 15.15 15.16
15.17 15.18 15.19 15.20 15.21 15.22 15.23 15.24 15.25
15.26 15.27 15.28 15.29 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.8 16.9 16.10 16.11 16.12 16.13
16.14
16.15 16.16 16.17 16.18 16.19 16.20 16.21 16.22 16.23 16.24 16.25 16.26 16.27 16.28 16.29 16.30 16.31 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 17.8 17.9 17.10 17.11 17.12 17.13 17.14 17.15 17.16 17.17 17.18 17.19 17.20 17.21 17.22 17.23 17.24 17.25 17.26 17.27 17.28 17.29 17.30 17.31 17.32 18.1 18.2
18.3
18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.8 18.9
18.10
18.11 18.12 18.13 18.14 18.15 18.16 18.17 18.18 18.19 18.20 18.21 18.22 18.23 18.24 18.25 18.26 18.27 18.28 18.29 18.30 18.31 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 19.7 19.8 19.9 19.10 19.11 19.12 19.13 19.14 19.15 19.16 19.17

A bill for an act
relating to energy; establishing the Clean Energy First Act; requiring utilities to
meet resource needs using clean energy resources; authorizing certain cost recovery;
establishing a pilot project; requiring reports; amending Minnesota Statutes 2018,
sections 216B.16, subdivision 13; 216B.1645, subdivisions 1, 2; 216B.1691,
subdivision 9; 216B.2422, subdivisions 2, 3, 4, 5, by adding subdivisions; 216F.04;
216H.02, by adding a subdivision; Minnesota Statutes 2019 Supplement, section
216B.2422, subdivision 1; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes,
chapters 216B; 216C; 216F.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1. new text beginTITLE.
new text end

new text begin Sections 2 to 26 shall be referred to as the "Clean Energy First Act."
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.16, subdivision 13, is amended to read:


Subd. 13.

Economic and community development.

The commission may allow a
public utility to recover from ratepayers the expenses incurred for new text begin(1) new text endeconomic and
community developmentnew text begin, and (2) efforts to maximize employment of local workers to
construct and maintain generation facilities that supply power to the utility's customers
new text end. new text beginThe
commission must, to the maximum extent possible, prioritize the hiring of workers from
communities hosting retiring power plants, including but not limited to Becker, Monticello,
Oak Park Heights, and Red Wing.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.1645, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Commission authority.

Upon the petition of a public utility, the Public
Utilities Commission shall approve or disapprove power purchase contracts, investments,
or expenditures entered into or made by the utility to satisfy the wind and biomass mandates
contained in sections 216B.169, 216B.2423, and 216B.2424, and to satisfy the renewable
energy objectives and standards set forth in section 216B.1691, including reasonable
investments and expendituresnew text begin, net of revenues,new text end made to:

(1) transmit the electricity generated from sources developed under those sections that
is ultimately used to provide service to the utility's retail customers, including studies
necessary to identify new transmission facilities needed to transmit electricity to Minnesota
retail customers from generating facilities constructed to satisfy the renewable energy
objectives and standards, provided that the costs of the studies have not been recovered
previously under existing tariffs and the utility has filed an application for a certificate of
need or for certification as a priority project under section 216B.2425 for the new
transmission facilities identified in the studies;

(2) provide storage facilities for renewable energy generation facilities that contribute
to the reliability, efficiency, or cost-effectiveness of the renewable facilities; deleted text beginor
deleted text end

(3) develop renewable energy sources from the account required in section 116C.779deleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin;
or
new text end

new text begin (4) upgrade or modify existing transmission facilities used primarily to transmit electricity
generated by a clean energy resource, as defined in section 216B.2422, subdivision 1,
paragraph (f), regardless of whether the public utility has satisfied the standards set forth
in section 216B.1691.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.1645, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Cost recovery.

new text begin(a) new text endThe expenses incurred by the utility over the duration of
the approved contract or useful life of the investment deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin,new text end expenditures made pursuant to
section 116C.779 deleted text beginshall bedeleted text endnew text begin, and efforts to maximize employment of local workers to construct
and maintain generation facilities that supply power to the utility's customers are
new text end recoverable
from the ratepayers of the utility, to the extent they are not offset by utility revenues
attributable to the contracts, investments, or expenditures. new text beginThe commission must, to the
maximum extent possible, prioritize the hiring of workers from communities hosting retiring
power plants, including but not limited to Becker, Monticello, Oak Park Heights, and Red
Wing.
new text end

new text begin (b) new text endUpon petition by a public utility, the commission shall approve or approve as modified
a rate schedule providing for the automatic adjustment of charges to recover the expenses
or costs approved by the commission under subdivision 1, which, in the case of transmission
expenditures, are limited to the portion of actual transmission costs that are directly allocable
to the need to transmit power from the renewable sources of energy.

new text begin (c) new text endThe commission may not approve recovery of the costs for that portion of the power
generated from sources governed by this section that the utility sells into the wholesale
market.

Sec. 5.

new text begin [216B.1682] ELECTRICITY RATES; WEBSITE POSTING.
new text end

new text begin (a) A utility providing retail electric service to customers in Minnesota must post on its
website a copy of the current rate schedules available to each customer class, including:
new text end

new text begin (1) the amount of any demand charge that is paid monthly regardless of the amount of
the customer's electricity consumption;
new text end

new text begin (2) the amount paid per kilowatt-hour of electricity consumed, including how the rate
changes with the amount of electricity consumed and the season or time of day when the
electricity is consumed, as applicable; and
new text end

new text begin (3) any other relevant factors, terms, or conditions that directly impact a customer's bill,
excluding rate riders.
new text end

new text begin (b) A utility must update the posted rate schedules required under this section within 30
days of the date any change is made.
new text end

new text begin (c) A utility must submit a copy of all postings required under this section to the
commission within 30 days of the date the posting is made.
new text end

new text begin (d) Within 30 days of the date the commission receives a posting under paragraph (c),
the commission must post on its website the most recent copy of the utility's rate schedule
submitted to the commission under this section.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following
final enactment. A utility providing retail electric service must comply with this section no
later than September 1, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 6.

new text begin [216B.1683] UTILITY FINANCIAL INCENTIVES; BILL INSERTS.
new text end

new text begin (a) By September 1, 2020, and continuing at least twice annually beginning in 2021, a
utility providing retail electric service to customers in Minnesota must include with each
customer's electricity bill, including bills delivered electronically, information regarding
financial incentives provided by the utility to encourage customers to:
new text end

new text begin (1) implement energy conservation improvements and measures that increase energy
efficiency; and
new text end

new text begin (2) use electricity that is generated from renewable energy sources.
new text end

new text begin (b) The utility must send a copy of the information provided to customers under paragraph
(a) to the commission.
new text end

new text begin (c) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given:
new text end

new text begin (1) "energy conservation improvement" has the meaning given in section 216B.241,
subdivision 1, paragraph (e);
new text end

new text begin (2) "energy efficiency" has the meaning given in section 216B.241, subdivision 1,
paragraph (f); and
new text end

new text begin (3) "renewable energy" has the meaning given in section 216B.2422, subdivision 1,
paragraph (c).
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 7.

new text begin [216B.1684] PREVAILING WAGE.
new text end

new text begin Erection, construction, installation, remodeling, and repairs approved or authorized by
the commission are projects under section 177.42, subdivision 2. All laborers and mechanics
on the project must be paid the prevailing wage rate as defined in section 177.42, subdivision
6, and the project is subject to the requirements of sections 177.30 and 177.41 to 177.45.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment and
applies to all applicable approvals or authorizations issued by the commission on or after
that date.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.1691, subdivision 9, is amended to read:


Subd. 9.

Local benefits.

The commission shall take all reasonable actions within its
statutory authority to ensure this section is implemented to maximize benefits to Minnesota
citizensnew text begin and local workers as defined in section 216B.2422, subdivision 1new text end, balancing factors
such as local ownership of or participation in energy production, new text beginlocal job impacts as defined
in section 216B.2422, subdivision 1,
new text enddevelopment and ownership of eligible energy
technology facilities by independent power producers, Minnesota utility ownership of
eligible energy technology facilities, the costs of energy generation to satisfy the renewable
standard, and the reliability of electric service to Minnesotans.

Sec. 9.

new text begin [216B.1697] ELECTRIC UTILITY REPORTS TO CUSTOMERS;
GENERATION SOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS.
new text end

new text begin (a) The commission must develop a uniform reporting format that all utilities providing
retail electric service to customers in Minnesota must use to report to customers as required
under this section.
new text end

new text begin (b) By April 1, 2021, and by April 1 each year thereafter, a utility providing retail electric
service to customers in Minnesota must report the information required by this section for
the previous calendar year. The report must be included in an easily understood presentation
as part of a customer's monthly electric bill.
new text end

new text begin (c) The uniform report format developed by the commission must provide for reporting
of the following information each calendar year:
new text end

new text begin (1) the average proportion of each technology or fuel source used to generate all electricity
sold at retail to the utility's Minnesota retail customers, including but not limited to coal,
natural gas, nuclear fuel, wind, solar, hydropower, solid waste incineration, and biomass.
Electricity purchased by a utility from the Midcontinent Independent System Operator must
reflect the system's average fuel mix during the calendar year;
new text end

new text begin (2) for each megawatt-hour of electricity sold by a utility to Minnesota retail customers,
the average number of pounds each of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides
released into the atmosphere as a result of generating the electricity. For electricity purchased
by a utility from the Midcontinent Independent System Operator, the commission must:
new text end

new text begin (i) determine default values for each pollutant listed in this clause per megawatt-hour
of electricity purchased;
new text end

new text begin (ii) share the default values with all utilities subject to this section; and
new text end

new text begin (iii) update the default values annually; and
new text end

new text begin (3) for each megawatt-hour of electricity sold by a utility to Minnesota retail customers
that is generated from nuclear fuel, the number of pounds of nuclear waste produced.
new text end

new text begin (d) Within 15 days after the date the information required under this section is distributed
with a customer's monthly bill, the utility compiling the information must place the
information on its website.
new text end

new text begin (e) A utility subject to this section must forward a copy of the information required under
this section to the commission. The commission must place the information on the
commission's website and must update the information as necessary.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following
final enactment. The commission must develop the uniform reporting format required under
this section no later than January 1, 2021.
new text end

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2019 Supplement, section 216B.2422, subdivision 1, is
amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the terms defined in this
subdivision have the meanings given them.

(b) "Utility" means an entity with the capability of generating 100,000 kilowatts or more
of electric power and serving, either directly or indirectly, the needs of 10,000 retail
customers in Minnesota. Utility does not include federal power agencies.

(c) "Renewable energy" means electricity generated through use of any of the following
resources:

(1) wind;

(2) solar;

(3) geothermal;

(4) hydro;

(5) trees or other vegetation;

(6) landfill gas; or

(7) predominantly organic components of wastewater effluent, sludge, or related
by-products from publicly owned treatment works, but not including incineration of
wastewater sludge.

(d) "Resource plan" means a set of resource options that a utility could use to meet the
service needs of its customers over a forecast period, including an explanation of the supply
and demand circumstances under which, and the extent to which, each resource option
would be used to meet those service needs. These resource options include using,
refurbishing, and constructing utility plant and equipment, buying power generated by other
entities, controlling customer loads, and implementing customer energy conservation.

(e) "Refurbish" means to rebuild or substantially modify an existing electricity generating
resource of 30 megawatts or greater.

(f) "Energy storage system" means a commercially available technology that:

(1) uses mechanical, chemical, or thermal processes to:

(i) store energy, including energy generated from renewable resources and energy that
would otherwise be wasted, and deliver the stored energy for use at a later time; or

(ii) store thermal energy for direct use for heating or cooling at a later time in a manner
that reduces the demand for electricity at the later time;

(2) is composed of stationary equipment;

(3) if being used for electric grid benefits, is operationally visible and capable of being
controlled by the distribution or transmission entity managing it, to enable and optimize the
safe and reliable operation of the electric system; and

(4) achieves any of the following:

(i) reduces peak or electrical demand;

(ii) defers the need or substitutes for an investment in electric generation, transmission,
or distribution assets;

(iii) improves the reliable operation of the electrical transmission or distribution systems,
while ensuring transmission or distribution needs are not created; or

(iv) lowers customer costs by storing energy when the cost of generating or purchasing
it is low and delivering it to customers when the costs are high.

new text begin (g) "Clean energy resource" means renewable energy; an energy storage system; energy
efficiency, as defined in section 216B.241, subdivision 1, paragraph (f); or load management,
as defined in section 216B.241, subdivision 1, paragraph (k).
new text end

new text begin (h) "Carbon-free resource" means a generation technology that, when operating, does
not contribute to statewide greenhouse gas emissions, as defined in section 216H.01,
subdivision 2. Carbon-free resource does not include a nuclear-powered electric generation
facility operating in Minnesota on the effective date of this act.
new text end

new text begin (i) "Nonrenewable energy facility" means a generation facility, other than a nuclear
facility, that does not use a renewable energy or other clean energy resource.
new text end

new text begin (j) "Local job impacts" means the impacts of an integrated resource plan, a certificate
of need, a power purchase agreement, or commission approval of a new or refurbished
electric generation facility on the availability of high-quality construction and mining
employment opportunities for local workers.
new text end

new text begin (k) "Local workers" means workers employed to construct and maintain energy
infrastructure, or employed in a mining industry, that are Minnesota residents, residents of
the utility's service territory, or who permanently reside within 150 miles of a proposed new
or refurbished energy facility.
new text end

Sec. 11.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Resource plan filing and approval.

(a) A utility shall file a resource plan with
the commission periodically in accordance with rules adopted by the commission. The
commission shall approve, reject, or modify the plan of a public utility, as defined in section
216B.02, subdivision 4, consistent with the public interest.

(b) In the resource plan proceedings of all other utilities, the commission's order shall
be advisory and the order's findings and conclusions shall constitute prima facie evidence
which may be rebutted by substantial evidence in all other proceedings. With respect to
utilities other than those defined in section 216B.02, subdivision 4, the commission shall
consider the filing requirements and decisions in any comparable proceedings in another
jurisdiction.

(c) As a part of its resource plan filing, a utility shall include the least cost plan for
meeting 50 deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin,new text end 75new text begin, and 100new text end percent of all energy needs from both new and refurbished
generating facilities through a combination of deleted text beginconservationdeleted text end new text beginclean energy new text endand deleted text beginrenewable
energy
deleted text end new text begincarbon-free new text endresources.

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 2d. new text end

new text begin Seasonal operations analysis. new text end

new text begin (a) Each utility required to file a resource plan
under subdivision 2 must include in the plan an analysis of the economic and environmental
costs and benefits of operating each of its coal-fired electric generating units on a seasonal
basis. The analysis must include:
new text end

new text begin (1) an estimate of the amount of excess generating capacity on the utility's grid for each
of the next three years;
new text end

new text begin (2) a list of the dates on which each coal-fired electric generating unit was not committed
to the Midcontinent Independent System Operator as a result of economics for the three
most recent years;
new text end

new text begin (3) a comparison of the estimated reduction in variable costs to operate each unit on a
seasonal basis for each of the next three years, including but not limited to operations costs,
maintenance costs, and capital expenditures, with the concomitant reduction in revenues;
new text end

new text begin (4) the estimated reduction in carbon dioxide and criteria pollutant emissions at units
operating on a seasonal basis for each of the next three years, and projections of the economic
value of those reductions calculated using the environmental costs established by the
commission under subdivision 3;
new text end

new text begin (5) the impact of seasonal operation on the reliability of the utility's grid;
new text end

new text begin (6) the impact of different Midcontinent Independent System Operator auction clearing
prices on the economics of seasonal operation;
new text end

new text begin (7) how seasonal operations might require modification in order to comply with
Midcontinent Independent System Operator and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
rules and regulations;
new text end

new text begin (8) additional operational flexibility that may be required in order to meet contingencies
that develop under seasonal operation; and
new text end

new text begin (9) any other information requested by the commission.
new text end

new text begin (b) For the purposes of this subdivision, "seasonal operation" or "seasonal basis" means
operating a coal-fired electric generating unit only during the months of June through August
and December through February, while retaining the ability to restart the idled plant in other
months.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective January 1, 2021, and applies to any
integrated resource plan filed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 13.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Environmental costs.

deleted text begin(a)deleted text end The commission shall, to the extent practicable,
quantify and establish a range of environmental costs associated with each method of
electricity generation. A utility shall use the values established by the commission in
conjunction with other external factors, including socioeconomic costs, when evaluating
and selecting resource options in all proceedings before the commission, including new text beginpower
purchase agreement,
new text endresource plannew text begin,new text end and certificate of need proceedings.new text begin When evaluating
resource options, the commission must include and consider the environmental cost values
adopted under this subdivision. When considering the costs of a nonrenewable energy
facility under this section, the commission must consider only nonzero values for the
environmental costs that must be analyzed under this subdivision, including both the low
and high values of any cost range adopted by the commission.
new text end

deleted text begin (b) The commission shall establish interim environmental cost values associated with
each method of electricity generation by March 1, 1994. These values expire on the date
the commission establishes environmental cost values under paragraph (a).
deleted text end

Sec. 14.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 3a. new text end

new text begin Favored electricity resources; state policy. new text end

new text begin It is the policy of the state that,
in order to hasten the achievement of the greenhouse gas reduction goals under section
216H.02, the renewable energy standard under section 216B.1691, subdivision 2a, and the
solar energy standard under section 216B.1691, subdivision 2f, and given the significant
and continuing reductions in the cost of wind technologies, solar technologies, energy
storage systems, and demand-response technologies, the favored method to meet electricity
demand in Minnesota is a combination of clean energy resources.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 15.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 3b. new text end

new text begin Nonrenewable energy facility; required analysis. new text end

new text begin (a) In an application
requesting the commission to approve the construction, refurbishing, or purchase of energy
or capacity from a nonrenewable energy facility in an integrated resource plan, a power
purchase agreement, or any other proceeding, a utility must include, at a minimum, the
information required under this subdivision.
new text end

new text begin (b) A utility must include plans to meet 50, 75, and 100 percent of the energy or capacity
provided by the proposed nonrenewable energy facility using the least costly combination
of clean energy and carbon-free resources.
new text end

new text begin (c) When analyzing costs under this subdivision, a utility must include the environmental
costs most recently adopted by the commission for carbon dioxide emissions and criteria
air pollutants, and socioeconomic costs required under subdivision 3, using both the low
and high ends of any cost range adopted by the commission. When considering the costs
of a nonrenewable energy facility under this section, the commission must consider only
nonzero values for the environmental costs that must be analyzed under subdivision 3,
including both the low and high values of any cost range adopted by the commission.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 16.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Preference for deleted text beginrenewable energy facilitydeleted text endnew text begin clean energy resourcesnew text end.

new text begin(a) In order
to achieve the greenhouse gas reduction goals under section 216H.02, and the renewable
and solar energy standards under section 216B.1691,
new text endthe commission shall notnew text begin (1)new text end approve
a new or refurbished nonrenewable energy facility in an integrated resource plan or a
certificate of needdeleted text begin, pursuant todeleted text endnew text begin undernew text end section 216B.243deleted text begin, nor shall the commissiondeleted text endnew text begin or in any
proceeding in which a utility seeks to construct an electric generating facility or procure
electricity or capacity, (2) approve a power purchase agreement for power with a
nonrenewable energy facility, or (3)
new text end allow rate recovery deleted text beginpursuant todeleted text endnew text begin undernew text end section 216B.16
for such a nonrenewable energy facility, unless the utility has demonstratednew text begin by clear and
convincing evidence
new text end that a renewable energy facilitynew text begin, alone or in combination with other
clean energy resources,
new text end is not in the public interest. deleted text beginWhen making the public interest
determination, the commission must consider:
deleted text end

deleted text begin (1) whether the resource plan helps the utility achieve the greenhouse gas reduction
goals under section 216H.02, the renewable energy standard under section 216B.1691, or
the solar energy standard under section 216B.1691, subdivision 2f;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (2) impacts on local and regional grid reliability;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (3) utility and ratepayer impacts resulting from the intermittent nature of renewable
energy facilities, including but not limited to the costs of purchasing wholesale electricity
in the market and the costs of providing ancillary services; and
deleted text end

deleted text begin (4) utility and ratepayer impacts resulting from reduced exposure to fuel price volatility,
changes in transmission costs, portfolio diversification, and environmental compliance
costs.
deleted text end

new text begin (b) In order to find that a renewable energy facility, alone or in combination with other
clean energy resources, is not in the public interest, the commission must find by clear and
convincing evidence that utilizing renewable or clean energy resources to meet the need
for resources cannot be done affordably or reliably.
new text end

new text begin (c) To determine affordability, the commission must consider utility and ratepayer effects
resulting from:
new text end

new text begin (1) the intermittent nature of renewable energy facilities, including but not limited to
the costs to purchase wholesale electricity in the market and the costs to provide ancillary
services;
new text end

new text begin (2) reduced exposure to fuel price volatility and changes in transmission and distribution
costs, portfolio diversification, and environmental compliance costs; and
new text end

new text begin (3) other environmental costs of a nonrenewable energy facility, as determined by the
commission under subdivision 3.
new text end

new text begin (d) To determine reliability, the commission must consider:
new text end

new text begin (1) effects on regional grid reliability; and
new text end

new text begin (2) the ability of the proposed energy resources or facilities to provide:
new text end

new text begin (i) essential reliability services, including frequency response, balancing services, and
voltage control; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) energy and capacity.
new text end

new text begin (e) When considering the costs of a nonrenewable energy facility under this section, the
commission must consider only nonzero values for the environmental costs that must be
analyzed under subdivision 3, including both the low and high values of any cost range
adopted by the commission.
new text end

new text begin (f) The commission must make a written determination of its findings and conclusions
regarding affordability and reliability under this subdivision. The commission must also
make a written determination as to whether the energy resources approved by the
commission: (1) help the state achieve the greenhouse gas reduction goals under section
216H.02; or (2) help the utility achieve the renewable energy standard under section
216B.1691 or the solar energy standard under section 216B.1691, subdivision 2f.
new text end

new text begin (g) If the commission approves a resource plan that includes the retirement of a
nonrenewable energy facility owned by a public utility, the public utility shall own at least
an amount of the accredited capacity of clean energy resources equal to the percentage of
the retiring nonrenewable energy facility that remains undepreciated multiplied by the
accredited capacity of the retiring facility, and owns the transmission and other facilities
necessary to replace the accredited capacity of the retiring facility, provided:
new text end

new text begin (1) the utility demonstrates its ownership of replacement resources is in the public
interest, considering customer impacts and benefits; and
new text end

new text begin (2) the resource plan results in the utility meeting the following standards:
new text end

new text begin (i) for an electric utility that owned a nuclear generating facility as of January 1, 2007,
at least 85 percent of its electric supply by the year 2030 and until 2045, and 100 percent
of its electric supply by the year 2045 and thereafter, is generated by resources that do not
contribute to statewide greenhouse gas emissions, as defined in section 216H.01, subdivision
2; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) for an electric utility that did not own a nuclear generating facility as of January 1,
2007, at least 80 percent of its electric supply by the year 2030 and until 2050, and 100
percent of its electric supply by the year 2050 and thereafter, is generated by resources that
do not contribute to statewide greenhouse gas emissions, as defined in section 216H.01,
subdivision 2.
new text end

new text begin (h) Nothing in this section impacts a utility's decision to continue operating a nuclear
facility that is generating energy in Minnesota as of June 1, 2020. If a decision is made to
retire an existing nuclear unit, the process in paragraphs (a) to (g) applies to the process to
identify replacement resources.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 17.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 4a. new text end

new text begin Preference for local job creation. new text end

new text begin As a part of its resource plan filing, a utility
must report on associated local job impacts and the steps the utility and its energy suppliers
and contractors are taking to maximize the availability of construction employment
opportunities for local workers. The commission must consider local job impacts and give
preference to proposals that maximize the creation of construction employment opportunities
for local workers, consistent with the public interest, when evaluating any utility proposal
that involves the selection or construction of facilities used to generate or deliver energy to
serve the utility's customers, including but not limited to an integrated resource plan, a
certificate of need, a power purchase agreement, or commission approval of a new or
refurbished electric generation facility. The commission must, to the maximum extent
possible, prioritize the hiring of workers from communities hosting retiring power plants,
including but not limited to Becker, Monticello, Oak Park Heights, and Red Wing.
new text end

Sec. 18.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, subdivision 5, is amended to read:


Subd. 5.

Bidding; exemption from certificate of need proceeding.

(a) A utility may
select resources to meet its projected energy demand through a bidding process approved
or established by the commission. A utility shall use the environmental cost estimates
determined under subdivision 3 new text beginand consider local job impacts new text endin evaluating bids submitted
in a process established under this subdivision.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if an electric power generating
plant, as described in section 216B.2421, subdivision 2, clause (1), is selected in a bidding
process approved or established by the commission, a certificate of need proceeding under
section 216B.243 is not required.

(c) A certificate of need proceeding is also not required for an electric power generating
plant that has been selected in a bidding process approved or established by the commission,
or such other selection process approved by the commission, to satisfy, in whole or in part,
the wind power mandate of section 216B.2423 or the biomass mandate of section 216B.2424.

Sec. 19.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216B.2422, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Transmission planning in advance of generation retirement. new text end

new text begin A utility must
identify in its resource plan each nonrenewable resource on the utility's system that has a
depreciation term, probable service life, or operating license term that will end within 15
years of the resource plan filing date. For each resource identified, the utility must include
in its resource plan an initial plan to (1) replace the resource if retired, and (2) upgrade any
transmission or other grid capabilities needed to support the retirement of that resource.
new text end

Sec. 20.

new text begin [216B.2427] SEASONAL OPERATIONS; PILOT PROJECT PLAN.
new text end

new text begin (a) A public utility may file a plan, as part of an integrated resource plan or via a separate
filing, for the commission to review and approve the public utility's implementation of a
pilot project to operate one or more of its coal-fired electric generating facilities on a seasonal
basis. The plan must include:
new text end

new text begin (1) the analysis required under section 216B.2422, subdivision 2d;
new text end

new text begin (2) the proposed changes in operation and the duration of the changes;
new text end

new text begin (3) a description of the data collected from the pilot project;
new text end

new text begin (4) how the public utility proposes to evaluate the data collected;
new text end

new text begin (5) protections employed by the public utility to ensure the pilot project does not
unreasonably increase rates to ratepayers or negatively impact the utility's ability to provide
reliable electric service; and
new text end

new text begin (6) a schedule of reports made by the public utility to the commission during and after
the operation of the pilot project, and the data and analyses contained in the reports.
new text end

new text begin (b) The commission may approve, modify, or reject a plan. A public utility may decide
to not implement a plan modified by the commission.
new text end

new text begin (c) The commission may approve a plan if it finds that the plan:
new text end

new text begin (1) produces useful information on the costs and benefits of seasonal operations as a
means of reducing the electric utility's greenhouse gas emissions;
new text end

new text begin (2) does not jeopardize reliable electric service to ratepayers; and
new text end

new text begin (3) does not unreasonably increase electric rates.
new text end

new text begin (d) A public utility implementing an approved pilot project under this section is authorized
to recover prudently incurred costs, including fuel costs, resulting from the plan's
implementation.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 21.

new text begin [216B.2428] SEASONAL OPERATIONS; ENERGY CLAUSE
ADJUSTMENT.
new text end

new text begin An electric utility may propose seasonal operation of one or more of its coal-fired electric
generating facilities through an energy clause adjustment under section 216B.16, subdivision
7.
new text end

Sec. 22.

new text begin [216C.45] POWER PLANT HOST COMMUNITY TRANSITION
PLANNING.
new text end

new text begin The commissioner of commerce must coordinate with the commissioner of labor and
industry and the commissioner of employment and economic development to develop plans,
programs, and other recommendations to mitigate the impacts on host communities and
workers resulting from the eventual retirement of large generation facilities. The
commissioners must coordinate this work with representatives of the local government units
that host large generation facilities; the workers at large generation facilities, including
full-time employees and contractors; and the utilities that own large generation facilities.
new text end

Sec. 23.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216F.04, is amended to read:


216F.04 SITE PERMIT.

(a) No person may construct an LWECS without a site permit issued by the Public
Utilities Commission.

(b) Any person seeking to construct an LWECS shall submit an application to the
commission for a site permit in accordance with this chapter and any rules adopted by the
commission. The permitted site need not be contiguous land.

(c) The commission shall make a final decision on an application for a site permit for
an LWECS within 180 days after acceptance of a complete application by the commission.
The commission may extend this deadline for cause.

(d) The commission may place conditions in a permit and may deny, modify, suspend,
or revoke a permit.

new text begin (e) The commission must not issue an applicant a site permit to construct an LWECS
with a nameplate capacity exceeding 25 megawatts, or a site permit amendment for a
repowering project, as defined in section 216B.243, subdivision 8, paragraph (b), unless
the applicant certifies that all employees constructing the project are paid, at a minimum,
the prevailing wage rate, as defined in section 177.42.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 24.

new text begin [216F.084] WIND TURBINE LIGHTING SYSTEMS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have
the meanings given.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Duration" means the length of time during which the lights of a wind turbine lighting
system are lit.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Intensity" means the brightness of a wind turbine lighting system's lights.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Light-mitigating technology" means a sensor-based system that reduces the duration
or intensity of wind turbine lighting systems by:
new text end

new text begin (1) using radio frequency or other sensors to detect aircraft approaching one or more
wind turbines, or detecting visibility conditions at turbine sites; and
new text end

new text begin (2) automatically activating appropriate obstruction lights until the lights are no longer
needed by the aircraft and are turned off or dimmed.
new text end

new text begin A light-mitigating technology may include an audio feature that transmits an audible warning
message to provide a pilot additional information regarding a wind turbine the aircraft is
approaching.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Repowering project" has the meaning given in section 216B.243, subdivision 8,
paragraph (b).
new text end

new text begin (f) "Wind turbine lighting system" means a system of lights installed on an LWECS that
meets the applicable Federal Aviation Administration requirements.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Application. new text end

new text begin This section applies to an LWECS issued a site permit or site
permit amendment by the commission under section 216F.04 or a county that has assumed
responsibility for issuing site permits and site permit amendments for an LWECS under
section 216F.08, provided that the application for a site permit or a site permit amendment
for an LWECS repowering project is filed after July 1, 2020.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Required lighting system. new text end

new text begin (a) An LWECS subject to this section must be
equipped with a light-mitigating technology that meets the requirements established in
Chapter 14 of the Federal Aviation Administration's Advisory Circular 70/760-1, Obstruction
Marking and Lighting, as updated, unless the Federal Aviation Administration, after
reviewing the LWECS site plan, rejects the use of the light-mitigating technology for the
LWECS. A light-mitigating technology installed on a wind turbine in Minnesota must be
purchased from a vendor approved by the Federal Aviation Administration.
new text end

new text begin (b) If the Federal Aviation Administration, after reviewing the LWECS site plan, rejects
the use of a light-mitigating technology for the LWECS under paragraph (a), the LWECS
must be equipped with a wind turbine lighting system that minimizes the duration or intensity
of the lighting system while maintaining full compliance with the lighting standards
established in Chapter 13 of the Federal Aviation Administration's Advisory Circular
70/760-1, Obstruction Marking and Lighting, as updated.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Exemptions. new text end

new text begin (a) The Public Utilities Commission or a county that has assumed
permitting authority under section 216F.08 must grant an owner of an LWECS an exemption
from the provisions of subdivision 3, paragraph (a), if the Federal Aviation Administration
denies the owner's application to equip an LWECS with a light-mitigating technology.
new text end

new text begin (b) The Public Utilities Commission or a county that has assumed permitting authority
under section 216F.08 must grant an owner of an LWECS an exemption from or an extension
of time to comply with the provisions of subdivision 3, paragraph (a), if, after notice and
public hearing, the owner of the LWECS demonstrates to the satisfaction of the commission
or county that:
new text end

new text begin (1) equipping an LWECS with a light-mitigating technology is technically infeasible;
new text end

new text begin (2) equipping an LWECS with a light-mitigating technology imposes a significant
financial burden on the permittee; or
new text end

new text begin (3) a vendor approved by the Federal Aviation Administration cannot deliver a
light-mitigating technology to the LWECS owner in a reasonable amount of time.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 25.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 216H.02, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 1b. new text end

new text begin Emissions-reduction goals; transmission resources. new text end

new text begin It is the policy of the
state that sufficient electric transmission infrastructure be constructed in a timely manner
in order to facilitate the state's meeting the greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals
established in subdivision 1.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 26. new text beginCOORDINATED ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION STUDY.
new text end

new text begin (a) The commissioner of commerce must request the Midcontinent Independent System
Operator (MISO) to conduct an engineering study of the impacts on reliability and the
estimated costs of operational changes and enhancements to the transmission system
necessary to support increased use of carbon-free electrical generation sources for Minnesota
and throughout the MISO footprint, including the possible eventual retirement of existing
generation resources serving Minnesota customers.
new text end

new text begin (b) If the request is accepted, MISO is responsible for completing the study work, with
the support of the electric utilities subject to transmission planning under Minnesota Rules,
chapter 7848. Prior to the start of the study, MISO must appoint a technical review committee
with experience and expertise in electric transmission system engineering, power system
operation, and renewable and carbon-free energy technologies to review the study's proposed
methods, work plan, models, and preliminary and near final results. The technical review
committee must be chaired by a representative from MISO and include representatives from
Minnesota electric utilities, including one representative from a utility that owns nuclear
generation, one from a generation and transmission cooperative, and one from a municipal
utility. In addition, MISO must work with state utility regulators, as well as stakeholders
from across the electricity industry, nongovernmental organizations, consumer advocates,
and labor representatives.
new text end

new text begin (c) To the extent possible, the study must integrate and optimize the study and resulting
potential transmission projects with previous and current study efforts, coordinate with
neighboring regions to the MISO footprint and adjacent regional transmission organizations,
and identify barriers, challenges, and opportunities.
new text end

new text begin (d) The study must include but is not limited to:
new text end

new text begin (1) establishing scenarios to study increased carbon-free energy resources, energy storage,
and retirement of existing generation;
new text end

new text begin (2) identifying new power system operating challenges, possible mitigation strategies,
and areas where new strategies are required but not yet discernible;
new text end

new text begin (3) developing conceptual level plans of the required new and modified transmission,
including time frames and indicative cost;
new text end

new text begin (4) when ascertainable, identifying likely new significant transmission projects or
modifications, including time frames and indicative cost; and
new text end

new text begin (5) identifying functional requirements for and time frames when nontransmission
technology may be needed to augment the transmission in conceptual plan and the new
projects or modifications.
new text end

new text begin (e) The first meeting of the technical review committee must be held no later than June
15, 2020, and the study completed, with a comprehensive report submitted to the Public
Utilities Commission, no later than December 1, 2021.
new text end