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HF 1206

1st Engrossment - 85th Legislature (2007 - 2008) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 02/19/2007
1st Engrossment Posted on 03/08/2007

Current Version - 1st Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to health; establishing the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Act;
proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 144.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1. new text beginLEGISLATIVE FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
new text end

new text begin The legislature hereby finds that hearing loss occurs in newborn infants more
frequently than any other health condition for which newborn infant screening is required.
Early detection of hearing loss in a child and early intervention and treatment has been
demonstrated to be highly effective in facilitating a child's healthy development in a
manner consistent with the child's age, language acquisition, and cognitive ability.
Without early hearing detection and intervention, children with hearing loss experience
serious delays in language acquisition and social and cognitive development. With
appropriate testing and identification of newborn infants, hearing loss screening will
facilitate early intervention and treatment and will serve the public purpose of promoting
the healthy development of children.
new text end

new text begin For these reasons, the legislature hereby determines that it is beneficial and in the
best interests of the development of the children of the state of Minnesota that newborn
infants' hearing be screened.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [144.966] EARLY HEARING DETECTION AND INTERVENTION ACT.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) "Child" means a person 18 years of age or younger.
new text end

new text begin (b) "False positive rate" means the proportion of infants identified as having a
significant hearing loss by the screening process who are ultimately found to not have a
significant hearing loss.
new text end

new text begin (c) "False negative rate" means the proportion of infants not identified as having
a significant hearing loss by the screening process who are ultimately found to have a
significant hearing loss.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Hearing screening test" means automated auditory brain stem response,
otoacoustic emissions, or another appropriate screening test approved by the Department
of Health.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Hospital" means a birthing health care facility or birthing center licensed in
this state that provides obstetrical services.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Infant" means a child who is not a newborn and has not attained the age of
one year.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Newborn" means an infant 28 days old or younger.
new text end

new text begin (h) "Parent" means a natural parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, guardian, or
custodian of a newborn or infant.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Newborn Hearing Screening Advisory Committee. new text end

new text begin (a) The
commissioner of health shall appoint a Newborn Hearing Screening Advisory Committee
to advise and assist the Department of Health and the Department of Education in:
new text end

new text begin (1) developing protocols and timelines for screening, rescreening, and diagnostic
audiological assessment and early medical, audiological, and educational intervention
services for children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing;
new text end

new text begin (2) designing protocols for tracking children from birth through age three that may
have passed newborn screening but are at risk for delayed or late onset of permanent
hearing loss;
new text end

new text begin (3) designing a technical assistance program to support facilities implementing the
screening program and facilities conducting rescreening and diagnostic audiological
assessment;
new text end

new text begin (4) designing implementation and evaluation of a system of follow-up and tracking;
and
new text end

new text begin (5) evaluating program outcomes to increase effectiveness and efficiency and ensure
culturally appropriate services for children with a confirmed hearing loss and their families.
new text end

new text begin (b) Membership of the committee shall include at least one member from each of the
following groups with no less than two of the members being deaf or hard-of-hearing:
new text end

new text begin (1) a representative from a consumer organization representing culturally deaf
persons;
new text end

new text begin (2) a parent with a child with hearing loss representing a parent organization;
new text end

new text begin (3) a consumer from an organization representing oral communication options;
new text end

new text begin (4) a consumer from an organization representing cued speech communication
options;
new text end

new text begin (5) an audiologist who has experience in evaluation and intervention of infants
and young children;
new text end

new text begin (6) a speech-language pathologist who has experience in evaluation and intervention
of infants and young children;
new text end

new text begin (7) two primary care providers who have experience in the care of infants and young
children, one of which shall be a pediatrician;
new text end

new text begin (8) a representative from the early hearing detection intervention teams;
new text end

new text begin (9) a representative from the Department of Education resource center for the deaf
and hard-of-hearing or their designee;
new text end

new text begin (10) a representative of the Minnesota Commission Serving Deaf and Hard of
Hearing People;
new text end

new text begin (11) a representative from the Department of Human Services Deaf and Hard of
Hearing Services Division;
new text end

new text begin (12) one or more of the Part C coordinators from the Department of Education, the
Department of Health, or the Department of Human Services or their designee;
new text end

new text begin (13) the Department of Health early hearing detection and intervention coordinator;
new text end

new text begin (14) two birth hospital representatives from one rural and one urban hospital;
new text end

new text begin (15) a pediatric geneticist;
new text end

new text begin (16) an otolaryngologist;
new text end

new text begin (17) a representative from the Newborn Screening Advisory Committee under
this subdivision; and
new text end

new text begin (18) a representative of the Department of Education regional low-incidence
facilitators.
new text end

new text begin The Department of Health member shall chair the first meeting of the committee.
At the first meeting, the committee shall elect a chairperson from its membership. The
committee shall meet at the call of the chairperson, at least four times a year. The
committee shall adopt written bylaws to govern its activities. The Department of Health
shall provide technical and administrative support services as required by the committee.
These services shall include technical support from individuals qualified to administer
infant hearing screening, rescreening, and diagnostic audiological assessments.
new text end

new text begin Members of the committee shall receive no compensation for their service, but
shall be reimbursed for expenses incurred as a result of their duties as members of the
committee.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Newborn and infant hearing screening programs. new text end

new text begin All hospitals shall
establish a Universal Newborn Hearing and Infant Screening (UNHS) program. Each
UNHS program shall:
new text end

new text begin (1) in advance of any hearing screening testing, provide to the newborn's or infant's
parents information concerning the nature of the screening procedure, applicable costs of
the screening procedure, the potential risks and effects of hearing loss, and the benefits of
early detection and intervention;
new text end

new text begin (2) comply with parental consent under section 144.125, subdivision 3;
new text end

new text begin (3) develop policies and procedures for screening and rescreening based on
Department of Health recommendations;
new text end

new text begin (4) provide appropriate training and monitoring of individuals responsible for
performing hearing screening tests as recommended by the Department of Health;
new text end

new text begin (5) test the newborn's hearing prior to discharge, or, if the newborn is expected to
remain in the hospital for a prolonged period, testing shall be performed prior to three
months of age, or when medically feasible;
new text end

new text begin (6) develop and implement procedures for documenting the results of all hearing
screening tests;
new text end

new text begin (7) inform the baby's parents or parent, primary care physician, and the Department
of Health according to recommendations of the Department of Health of the results of the
hearing screening test or rescreening if conducted, or if the newborn or infant was not
successfully tested. The hospital that discharges the baby to home is responsible for
the screening; and
new text end

new text begin (8) collect performance data specified by the Department of Health.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Notification and information. new text end

new text begin (a) Notification to the parents, primary
care provider, and Department of Health shall occur prior to discharge or no later than ten
days following the date of testing. Notification shall include information recommended by
the Department of Health.
new text end

new text begin (b) A physician, nurse, midwife, or other health professional attending a birth outside
a hospital or institution shall provide information, orally and in writing, as established by
the Department of Health, to parents regarding places where the parents may have their
infants' hearing screened and the importance of such screening.
new text end

new text begin (c) The professional conducting the diagnostic procedure to confirm the hearing loss
must report the results to the parents, primary care provider, and Department of Health
according to the Department of Health recommendations.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Oversight responsibility. new text end

new text begin The Department of Health shall exercise
oversight responsibility for UNHS programs, including establishing a performance data
set and reviewing performance data collected by each hospital.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Civil and criminal immunity and penalties. new text end

new text begin (a) No physician or hospital
shall be civilly or criminally liable for failure to conduct hearing screening testing.
new text end

new text begin (b) No physician, midwife, nurse, other health professional, or hospital acting in
compliance with this section shall be civilly or criminally liable for any acts conforming
with this section, including furnishing information required according to this section.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Laboratory service fees. new text end

new text begin The commissioner shall charge laboratory
service fees according to section 16A.1285 so that the total of fees collected will
approximate the costs of implementing and maintaining a system to follow up infants,
provide technical assistance, a tracking system, data management, and evaluation.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end