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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

HF 1050

2nd Engrossment - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 04/01/2019 05:39pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 2nd Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to human services; modifying provisions governing child foster care and
background studies;amending Minnesota Statutes 2018, sections 245A.05;
245A.07, subdivision 1; 245A.16, by adding a subdivision; 245C.02, by adding a
subdivision; 245C.05, subdivisions 2c, 2d, 4, 5; 245C.08, subdivision 3; 245C.14,
subdivision 1; 245C.15, by adding a subdivision; 245C.24.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245A.05, is amended to read:


245A.05 DENIAL OF APPLICATION.

(a) The commissioner may deny a license if an applicant or controlling individual:

(1) fails to submit a substantially complete application after receiving notice from the
commissioner under section 245A.04, subdivision 1;

(2) fails to comply with applicable laws or rules;

(3) knowingly withholds relevant information from or gives false or misleading
information to the commissioner in connection with an application for a license or during
an investigation;

(4) has a disqualification that has not been set aside under section 245C.22 and no
variance has been granted;

(5) has an individual living in the household who received a background study under
section 245C.03, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (2), who has a disqualification that
has not been set aside under section 245C.22, and no variance has been granted;

(6) is associated with an individual who received a background study under section
245C.03, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (6), who may have unsupervised access to
children or vulnerable adults, and who has a disqualification that has not been set aside
under section 245C.22, and no variance has been granted; deleted text beginor
deleted text end

(7) fails to comply with section 245A.04, subdivision 1, paragraph (f) or (g)deleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin; or
new text end

new text begin (8) for family child foster care, has nondisqualifying background study information, as
described in section 245C.05, subdivision 4, that reflects on the individual's ability to safely
provide care to foster children.
new text end

(b) An applicant whose application has been denied by the commissioner must be given
notice of the denial, which must state the reasons for the denial in plain language. Notice
must be given by certified mail or personal service. The notice must state the reasons the
application was denied and must inform the applicant of the right to a contested case hearing
under chapter 14 and Minnesota Rules, parts 1400.8505 to 1400.8612. The applicant may
appeal the denial by notifying the commissioner in writing by certified mail or personal
service. If mailed, the appeal must be postmarked and sent to the commissioner within 20
calendar days after the applicant received the notice of denial. If an appeal request is made
by personal service, it must be received by the commissioner within 20 calendar days after
the applicant received the notice of denial. Section 245A.08 applies to hearings held to
appeal the commissioner's denial of an application.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective March 1, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245A.07, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Sanctions; appeals; license.

(a) In addition to making a license conditional
under section 245A.06, the commissioner may suspend or revoke the license, impose a fine,
or secure an injunction against the continuing operation of the program of a license holder
who does not comply with applicable law or rulenew text begin or who has nondisqualifying background
study information, as described in section 245C.05, subdivision 4, that reflects on the license
holder's ability to safely provide care to foster children
new text end. When applying sanctions authorized
under this section, the commissioner shall consider the nature, chronicity, or severity of the
violation of law or rule and the effect of the violation on the health, safety, or rights of
persons served by the program.

(b) If a license holder appeals the suspension or revocation of a license and the license
holder continues to operate the program pending a final order on the appeal, the commissioner
shall issue the license holder a temporary provisional license. Unless otherwise specified
by the commissioner, variances in effect on the date of the license sanction under appeal
continue under the temporary provisional license. If a license holder fails to comply with
applicable law or rule while operating under a temporary provisional license, the
commissioner may impose additional sanctions under this section and section 245A.06, and
may terminate any prior variance. If a temporary provisional license is set to expire, a new
temporary provisional license shall be issued to the license holder upon payment of any fee
required under section 245A.10. The temporary provisional license shall expire on the date
the final order is issued. If the license holder prevails on the appeal, a new nonprovisional
license shall be issued for the remainder of the current license period.

(c) If a license holder is under investigation and the license is due to expire before
completion of the investigation, the program shall be issued a new license upon completion
of the reapplication requirements and payment of any applicable license fee. Upon completion
of the investigation, a licensing sanction may be imposed against the new license under this
section, section 245A.06, or 245A.08.

(d) Failure to reapply or closure of a license by the license holder prior to the completion
of any investigation shall not preclude the commissioner from issuing a licensing sanction
under this section, section 245A.06, or 245A.08 at the conclusion of the investigation.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective March 1, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245A.16, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 9. new text end

new text begin Licensed family child foster care. new text end

new text begin (a) Before recommending to deny a license
under section 245A.05 or revoke a license under section 245A.07 for nondisqualifying
background study information received under section 245C.05, subdivision 4, paragraph
(a), clause (3), for licensed family child foster care a county agency or private agency that
has been designated or licensed by the commissioner must review the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) the type of crime;
new text end

new text begin (2) the number of crimes;
new text end

new text begin (3) the nature of the offenses;
new text end

new text begin (4) the age of the individual at the time of conviction;
new text end

new text begin (5) the length of time that has elapsed since the last conviction;
new text end

new text begin (6) the relationship of the crime and the capacity to care for a child;
new text end

new text begin (7) evidence of rehabilitation;
new text end

new text begin (8) information or knowledge from community members regarding the individual's
capacity to provide foster care;
new text end

new text begin (9) a statement from the study subject;
new text end

new text begin (10) a statement from the license holder; and
new text end

new text begin (11) other aggravating and mitigating factors.
new text end

new text begin (b) The county or private licensing agency must send a summary of the review completed
according to paragraph (a), on a form developed by the commissioner, to the commissioner
and include any recommendation for licensing action.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective March 1, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.02, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 12a. new text end

new text begin Licensed family child foster care. new text end

new text begin "Licensed family child foster care"
includes providers who have submitted an application for family child foster care licensure
under section 245A.04, subdivision 1. Licensed family child foster care does not include
foster residence settings that meet the licensing requirements of Minnesota Rules, parts
2960.3200 to 2960.3230.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective March 1, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.05, subdivision 2c, is amended to read:


Subd. 2c.

Privacy notice to background study subject.

(a) Prior to initiating each
background study, the entity initiating the study must provide the commissioner's privacy
notice to the background study subject required under section 13.04, subdivision 2. The
notice must be available through the commissioner's electronic NETStudy and NETStudy
2.0 systems and shall include the information in paragraphs (b) and (c).

(b) The background study subject shall be informed that any previous background studies
that received a set-aside will be reviewed, and without further contact with the background
study subject, the commissioner may notify the agency that initiated the subsequent
background study:

(1) that the individual has a disqualification that has been set aside for the program or
agency that initiated the study;

(2) the reason for the disqualification; and

(3) that information about the decision to set aside the disqualification will be available
to the license holder upon request without the consent of the background study subject.

(c) The background study subject must also be informed that:

(1) the subject's fingerprints collected for purposes of completing the background study
under this chapter must not be retained by the Department of Public Safety, Bureau of
Criminal Apprehension, or by the commissionerdeleted text begin. The Federal Bureau of Investigation will
only retain fingerprints of subjects with a criminal history
deleted text end;

(2) effective upon implementation of NETStudy 2.0, the subject's photographic image
will be retained by the commissioner, and if the subject has provided the subject's Social
Security number for purposes of the background study, the photographic image will be
available to prospective employers and agencies initiating background studies under this
chapter to verify the identity of the subject of the background study;

(3) the commissioner's authorized fingerprint collection vendor shall, for purposes of
verifying the identity of the background study subject, be able to view the identifying
information entered into NETStudy 2.0 by the entity that initiated the background study,
but shall not retain the subject's fingerprints, photograph, or information from NETStudy
2.0. The authorized fingerprint collection vendor shall retain no more than the subject's
name and the date and time the subject's fingerprints were recorded and sent, only as
necessary for auditing and billing activities;

(4) the commissioner shall provide the subject notice, as required in section 245C.17,
subdivision 1, paragraph (a), when an entity initiates a background study on the individual;

(5) the subject may request in writing a report listing the entities that initiated a
background study on the individual as provided in section 245C.17, subdivision 1, paragraph
(b);

(6) the subject may request in writing that information used to complete the individual's
background study in NETStudy 2.0 be destroyed if the requirements of section 245C.051,
paragraph (a), are met; and

(7) notwithstanding clause (6), the commissioner shall destroy:

(i) the subject's photograph after a period of two years when the requirements of section
245C.051, paragraph (c), are met; and

(ii) any data collected on a subject under this chapter after a period of two years following
the individual's death as provided in section 245C.051, paragraph (d).

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.05, subdivision 2d, is amended to read:


Subd. 2d.

Fingerprint data notification.

The commissioner of human services shall
notify all background study subjects under this chapter that the Department of Human
Services, Department of Public Safety, and the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension do not
retain fingerprint data after a background study is completeddeleted text begin, and that the Federal Bureau
of Investigation only retains the fingerprints of subjects who have a criminal history
deleted text end.

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.05, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Electronic transmission.

(a) For background studies conducted by the
Department of Human Services, the commissioner shall implement a secure system for the
electronic transmission of:

(1) background study information to the commissioner;

(2) background study results to the license holder;

(3) background study results new text beginand relevant underlying investigative informationnew text end to county
and private agencies for background studies conducted by the commissioner for child foster
carenew text begin, including a summary of nondisqualifying results, except as prohibited by lawnew text end; and

(4) background study results to county agencies for background studies conducted by
the commissioner for adult foster care and family adult day services and, upon
implementation of NETStudy 2.0, family child care and legal nonlicensed child care
authorized under chapter 119B.

(b) Unless the commissioner has granted a hardship variance under paragraph (c), a
license holder or an applicant must use the electronic transmission system known as
NETStudy or NETStudy 2.0 to submit all requests for background studies to the
commissioner as required by this chapter.

(c) A license holder or applicant whose program is located in an area in which high-speed
Internet is inaccessible may request the commissioner to grant a variance to the electronic
transmission requirement.

new text begin (d) Section 245C.08, subdivision 3, paragraph (c), applies to results transmitted under
this subdivision.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective March 1, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.05, subdivision 5, is amended to read:


Subd. 5.

Fingerprints and photograph.

(a) Notwithstanding paragraph (b), for
background studies conducted by the commissioner for child foster care, adoptions, or a
transfer of permanent legal and physical custody of a child, the subject of the background
study, who is 18 years of age or older, shall provide the commissioner with a set of
classifiable fingerprints obtained from an authorized agency for a national criminal history
record check.

(b) For background studies initiated on or after the implementation of NETStudy 2.0,
except as provided under subdivision 5a, every subject of a background study must provide
the commissioner with a set of the background study subject's classifiable fingerprints and
photograph. The photograph and fingerprints must be recorded at the same time by the
commissioner's authorized fingerprint collection vendor and sent to the commissioner
through the commissioner's secure data system described in section 245C.32, subdivision
1a
, paragraph (b).

(c) The fingerprints shall be submitted by the commissioner to the Bureau of Criminal
Apprehension and, when specifically required by law, submitted to the Federal Bureau of
Investigation for a national criminal history record check.

(d) The fingerprints must not be retained by the Department of Public Safety, Bureau
of Criminal Apprehension, or the commissioner. deleted text beginThe Federal Bureau of Investigation will
only retain fingerprints of subjects with a criminal history.
deleted text end

(e) The commissioner's authorized fingerprint collection vendor shall, for purposes of
verifying the identity of the background study subject, be able to view the identifying
information entered into NETStudy 2.0 by the entity that initiated the background study,
but shall not retain the subject's fingerprints, photograph, or information from NETStudy
2.0. The authorized fingerprint collection vendor shall retain no more than the name and
date and time the subject's fingerprints were recorded and sent, only as necessary for auditing
and billing activities.

(f) For any background study conducted under this chapter, the subject shall provide the
commissioner with a set of classifiable fingerprints when the commissioner has reasonable
cause to require a national criminal history record check as defined in section 245C.02,
subdivision 15a.

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.08, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Arrest and investigative information.

(a) For any background study completed
under this section, if the commissioner has reasonable cause to believe the information is
pertinent to the disqualification of an individual, the commissioner also may review arrest
and investigative information from:

(1) the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension;

(2) the deleted text begincommissionerdeleted text endnew text begin commissionersnew text end of healthnew text begin and human servicesnew text end;

(3) a county attorney;

(4) a county sheriff;

(5) a county agency;

(6) a local chief of police;

(7) other states;

(8) the courts;

(9) the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

(10) the National Criminal Records Repository; and

(11) criminal records from other states.

(b)new text begin Except when specifically required by law,new text end the commissioner is not required to conduct
more than one review of a subject's records from the Federal Bureau of Investigation if a
review of the subject's criminal history with the Federal Bureau of Investigation has already
been completed by the commissioner and there has been no break in the subject's affiliation
with the license holder who initiated the background study.

new text begin (c) If the commissioner conducts a national criminal history record check when required
by law and uses the information from the national criminal history record check to make a
disqualification determination, the data obtained is private data and cannot be shared with
county agencies, private agencies, or prospective employers of the background study subject.
new text end

new text begin (d) If the commissioner conducts a national criminal history record check when required
by law and uses the information from the national criminal history record check to make a
disqualification determination, the license holder or entity that submitted the study is not
required to obtain a copy of the background study subject's disqualification letter under
section 245C.17, subdivision 3.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for background studies requested on or
after October 1, 2019.
new text end

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.14, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Disqualification from direct contact.

(a) The commissioner shall
disqualify an individual who is the subject of a background study from any position allowing
direct contact with persons receiving services from the license holder or entity identified in
section 245C.03, upon receipt of information showing, or when a background study
completed under this chapter shows any of the following:

(1) a conviction of, admission to, or Alford plea to one or more crimes listed in section
245C.15, regardless of whether the conviction or admission is a felony, gross misdemeanor,
or misdemeanor level crime;

(2) a preponderance of the evidence indicates the individual has committed an act or
acts that meet the definition of any of the crimes listed in section 245C.15, regardless of
whether the preponderance of the evidence is for a felony, gross misdemeanor, or
misdemeanor level crime; or

(3) an investigation results in an administrative determination listed under section
245C.15, subdivision 4, paragraph (b).

(b) No individual who is disqualified following a background study under section
245C.03, subdivisions 1 and 2, may be retained in a position involving direct contact with
persons served by a program or entity identified in section 245C.03, unless the commissioner
has provided written notice under section 245C.17 stating that:

(1) the individual may remain in direct contact during the period in which the individual
may request reconsideration as provided in section 245C.21, subdivision 2;

(2) the commissioner has set aside the individual's disqualification for that program or
entity identified in section 245C.03, as provided in section 245C.22, subdivision 4; or

(3) the license holder has been granted a variance for the disqualified individual under
section 245C.30.

new text begin (c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), for the purposes of a background study affiliated
with a licensed family child foster care provider, the commissioner shall disqualify an
individual who is the subject of a background study from any position allowing direct contact
with persons receiving services from the license holder or entity identified in section 245C.03,
upon receipt of information showing, or when a background study completed under this
chapter is disqualifying under section 245C.15, subdivision 6.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective March 1, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 11.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.15, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Licensed family child foster care disqualifications. new text end

new text begin (a) Notwithstanding
subdivisions 1 to 5, for a background study affiliated with a licensed family child foster
care, regardless of how much time has passed, an individual is disqualified under section
245C.14 if the individual committed an act that resulted in a felony-level conviction for:
609.185 (murder in the first degree); 609.19 (murder in the second degree); 609.195 (murder
in the third degree); 609.20 (manslaughter in the first degree); 609.205 (manslaughter in
the second degree); 609.2112 (criminal vehicular homicide); 609.223, subdivision 2 (assault
in the third degree, past pattern of child abuse); 609.223, subdivision 3 (assault in the third
degree, victim under four); a felony offense under sections 609.2242 and 609.2243 (domestic
assault), spousal abuse, child abuse or neglect, or a crime against children; 609.2247
(domestic assault by strangulation); 609.25 (kidnapping); 609.255 (false imprisonment);
609.265 (abduction); 609.2661 (murder of an unborn child in the first degree); 609.2662
(murder of an unborn child in the second degree); 609.2663 (murder of an unborn child in
the third degree); 609.2664 (manslaughter of an unborn child in the first degree); 609.2665
(manslaughter of an unborn child in the second degree); 609.267 (assault of an unborn child
in the first degree); 609.2671 (assault of an unborn child in the second degree); 609.268
(injury or death of an unborn child in the commission of a crime); 609.324, subdivision 1
(other prohibited acts; engaging in, hiring, or agreeing to hire minor to engage in prostitution);
609.342 (criminal sexual conduct in the first degree); 609.343 (criminal sexual conduct in
the second degree); 609.344 (criminal sexual conduct in the third degree); 609.345 (criminal
sexual conduct in the fourth degree); 609.3451 (criminal sexual conduct in the fifth degree);
609.3453 (criminal sexual predatory conduct); 609.352 (solicitation of children to engage
in sexual conduct); 609.377 (malicious punishment of a child); 609.378 (neglect or
endangerment of a child); 617.246 (use of minors in sexual performance prohibited); or
617.247 (possession of pictorial representations of minors).
new text end

new text begin (b) Notwithstanding subdivisions 1 to 5, for the purposes of a background study affiliated
with a licensed family foster care license, an individual is disqualified under section 245C.14,
regardless of how much time has passed, if the individual:
new text end

new text begin (1) committed an action under paragraph (d) that resulted in death or involved sexual
abuse;
new text end

new text begin (2) committed an act that resulted in a felony-level conviction for section 609.746
(interference with privacy);
new text end

new text begin (3) committed an act that resulted in a gross misdemeanor-level conviction for section
609.3451 (criminal sexual conduct in the fifth degree); or
new text end

new text begin (4) committed an act against or involving a minor that resulted in a felony-level conviction
for: section 609.221 (assault in the first degree); 609.222 (assault in the second degree);
609.223, subdivision 1 (assault in the third degree); 609.2231 (assault in the fourth degree);
or 609.224, subdivision 4 (assault in the fifth degree).
new text end

new text begin (c) Notwithstanding subdivisions 1 to 5, for a background study affiliated with a licensed
family child foster care license, an individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if:
new text end

new text begin (1) less than five years have passed since the termination of parental rights under section
260C.301, subdivision 1, paragraph (b);
new text end

new text begin (2) less than five years have passed since a felony-level conviction for: 152.021
(controlled substance crime in the first degree); 152.022 (controlled substance crime in the
second degree); 152.023 (controlled substance crime in the third degree); 152.024 (controlled
substance crime in the fourth degree); 152.025 (controlled substance crime in the fifth
degree); 152.0261 (importing controlled substances across state borders); 152.0262,
subdivision 1, paragraph (b) (possession of substance with intent to manufacture
methamphetamine); 152.027, subdivision 6, paragraph (c) (sale or possession of synthetic
cannabinoids); 152.096 (conspiracies prohibited); 152.097 (simulated controlled substances);
152.136 (anhydrous ammonia; prohibited conduct; criminal penalties; civil liabilities);
152.137 (methamphetamine-related crimes involving children or vulnerable adults); 169A.24
(felony first-degree driving while impaired); 609.2113 (criminal vehicular operation; bodily
harm); 609.2114 (criminal vehicular operation; unborn child); 609.228 (great bodily harm
caused by distribution of drugs); 609.2325 (criminal abuse of a vulnerable adult); 609.235
(use of drugs to injure or facilitate a crime); 609.66, subdivision 1e (felony drive-by
shooting); 609.687 (adulteration); or 609.855, subdivision 5 (shooting at or in a public
transit vehicle or facility); or
new text end

new text begin (3) less than five years have passed since committing an act not against or involving a
minor that resulted in a felony-level conviction for: section 609.221 (assault in the first
degree); 609.222 (assault in the second degree); 609.223, subdivision 1 (assault in the third
degree); 609.2231 (assault in the fourth degree); or 609.224, subdivision 4 (assault in the
fifth degree).
new text end

new text begin (d) Notwithstanding subdivisions 1 to 5, except as provided in paragraph (a), for a
background study affiliated with a licensed family child foster care license, an individual
is disqualified under section 245C.14 if less than five years have passed since:
new text end

new text begin (1) a determination or disposition of the individual's failure to make required reports
under section 626.556, subdivision 3, or 626.557, subdivision 3, for incidents in which the
final disposition under section 626.556 or 626.557 was substantiated maltreatment and the
maltreatment was recurring or serious;
new text end

new text begin (2) a determination or disposition of the individual's substantiated serious or recurring
maltreatment of a minor under section 626.556, a vulnerable adult under section 626.557,
or serious or recurring maltreatment in any other state, the elements of which are substantially
similar to the elements of maltreatment under section 626.556 or 626.557 and meet the
definition of serious maltreatment or recurring maltreatment;
new text end

new text begin (3) the termination of the individual's parental rights under section 260C.301, subdivision
1, paragraph (a); or
new text end

new text begin (4) an act that resulted in a gross misdemeanor-level conviction for: section 609.746
(interference with privacy); 609.2242 and 609.2243 (domestic assault); 609.377 (malicious
punishment of a child); or 609.378 (neglect or endangerment of a child).
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective March 1, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 245C.24, is amended to read:


245C.24 DISQUALIFICATION; BAR TO SET ASIDE A DISQUALIFICATION;
REQUEST FOR VARIANCE.

Subdivision 1.

Minimum disqualification periods.

The disqualification periods under
subdivisions 3 deleted text beginand 4deleted text endnew text begin to 5new text end are the minimum applicable disqualification periods. The
commissioner may determine that an individual should continue to be disqualified from
licensure because the individual continues to pose a risk of harm to persons served by that
individual, even after the minimum disqualification period has passed.

Subd. 2.

Permanent bar to set aside a disqualification.

(a) Except as provided in
deleted text begin paragraphdeleted text endnew text begin paragraphsnew text end (b)deleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin to (d),new text end the commissioner may not set aside the disqualification
of any individual disqualified pursuant to this chapter, regardless of how much time has
passed, if the individual was disqualified for a crime or conduct listed in section 245C.15,
subdivision 1
.

(b) For an individual in the chemical dependency or corrections field who was disqualified
for a crime or conduct listed under section 245C.15, subdivision 1, and whose disqualification
was set aside prior to July 1, 2005, the commissioner must consider granting a variance
pursuant to section 245C.30 for the license holder for a program dealing primarily with
adults. A request for reconsideration evaluated under this paragraph must include a letter
of recommendation from the license holder that was subject to the prior set-aside decision
addressing the individual's quality of care to children or vulnerable adults and the
circumstances of the individual's departure from that service.

(c) When a licensed foster care provider adopts an individual who had received foster
care services from the provider for over six months, and the adopted individual is required
to receive a background study under section 245C.03, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause
(2) or (6), the commissioner may grant a variance to the license holder under section 245C.30
to permit the adopted individual with a permanent disqualification to remain affiliated with
the license holder under the conditions of the variance when the variance is recommended
by the county of responsibility for each of the remaining individuals in placement in the
home and the licensing agency for the home.

new text begin (d) For an individual 18 years of age or older affiliated with a licensed family child foster
care program, the commissioner must not set aside the disqualification of any individual
disqualified pursuant to this chapter, regardless of how much time has passed, if the individual
was disqualified for a crime or conduct listed in section 245C.15, subdivision 6, paragraph
(a). This paragraph does not apply to an individual younger than 18 years of age at the time
the background study is submitted.
new text end

Subd. 3.

Ten-year bar to set aside disqualification.

(a) The commissioner may not set
aside the disqualification of an individual in connection with a license to provide family
child care for childrendeleted text begin, foster care for children in the provider's home,deleted text end or foster care or day
care services for adults in the provider's home if: (1) less than ten years has passed since
the discharge of the sentence imposed, if any, for the offense; or (2) when disqualified based
on a preponderance of evidence determination under section 245C.14, subdivision 1,
paragraph (a), clause (2), or an admission under section 245C.14, subdivision 1, paragraph
(a), clause (1), and less than ten years has passed since the individual committed the act or
admitted to committing the act, whichever is later; and (3) the individual has committed a
violation of any of the following offenses: sections 609.165 (felon ineligible to possess
firearm); criminal vehicular homicide or criminal vehicular operation causing death under
609.2112, 609.2113, or 609.2114 (criminal vehicular homicide or injury); 609.215 (aiding
suicide or aiding attempted suicide); felony violations under 609.223 or 609.2231 (assault
in the third or fourth degree); 609.229 (crimes committed for benefit of a gang); 609.713
(terroristic threats); 609.235 (use of drugs to injure or to facilitate crime); 609.24 (simple
robbery); 609.255 (false imprisonment); 609.562 (arson in the second degree); 609.71 (riot);
609.498, subdivision 1 or 1b (aggravated first-degree or first-degree tampering with a
witness); burglary in the first or second degree under 609.582 (burglary); 609.66 (dangerous
weapon); 609.665 (spring guns); 609.67 (machine guns and short-barreled shotguns);
609.749, subdivision 2 (gross misdemeanor stalking); 152.021 or 152.022 (controlled
substance crime in the first or second degree); 152.023, subdivision 1, clause (3) or (4) or
subdivision 2, clause (4) (controlled substance crime in the third degree); 152.024,
subdivision 1, clause (2), (3), or (4) (controlled substance crime in the fourth degree);
609.224, subdivision 2, paragraph (c) (fifth-degree assault by a caregiver against a vulnerable
adult); 609.23 (mistreatment of persons confined); 609.231 (mistreatment of residents or
patients); 609.2325 (criminal abuse of a vulnerable adult); 609.233 (criminal neglect of a
vulnerable adult); 609.2335 (financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult); 609.234 (failure
to report); 609.265 (abduction); 609.2664 to 609.2665 (manslaughter of an unborn child in
the first or second degree); 609.267 to 609.2672 (assault of an unborn child in the first,
second, or third degree); 609.268 (injury or death of an unborn child in the commission of
a crime); repeat offenses under 617.23 (indecent exposure); 617.293 (disseminating or
displaying harmful material to minors); a felony-level conviction involving alcohol or drug
use, a gross misdemeanor offense under 609.324, subdivision 1 (other prohibited acts); a
gross misdemeanor offense under 609.378 (neglect or endangerment of a child); a gross
misdemeanor offense under 609.377 (malicious punishment of a child); 609.72, subdivision
3
(disorderly conduct against a vulnerable adult); or 624.713 (certain persons not to possess
firearms); or Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 609.21.

(b) The commissioner may not set aside the disqualification of an individual if less than
ten years have passed since the individual's aiding and abetting, attempt, or conspiracy to
commit any of the offenses listed in paragraph (a) as each of these offenses is defined in
Minnesota Statutes.

(c) The commissioner may not set aside the disqualification of an individual if less than
ten years have passed since the discharge of the sentence imposed for an offense in any
other state or country, the elements of which are substantially similar to the elements of any
of the offenses listed in paragraph (a).

Subd. 4.

Seven-year bar to set aside disqualification.

The commissioner may not set
aside the disqualification of an individual in connection with a license to provide family
child care for childrendeleted text begin, foster care for children in the provider's home,deleted text end or foster care or day
care services for adults in the provider's home if within seven years preceding the study:

(1) the individual committed an act that constitutes maltreatment of a child under section
626.556, subdivision 10e, and the maltreatment resulted in substantial bodily harm as defined
in section 609.02, subdivision 7a, or substantial mental or emotional harm as supported by
competent psychological or psychiatric evidence; or

(2) the individual was determined under section 626.557 to be the perpetrator of a
substantiated incident of maltreatment of a vulnerable adult that resulted in substantial
bodily harm as defined in section 609.02, subdivision 7a, or substantial mental or emotional
harm as supported by competent psychological or psychiatric evidence.

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Five-year bar to set aside disqualification. new text end

new text begin The commissioner must not set
aside the disqualification of an individual 18 years of age or older in connection with a
license for foster care for children in the provider's home if within five years preceding the
study the individual is convicted of a felony in section 245C.15, subdivision 6, paragraph
(c). This paragraph does not apply to an individual younger than 18 years of age at the time
the background study is submitted.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective March 1, 2020.
new text end