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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

HF 250

2nd Committee Engrossment - 86th Legislature (2009 - 2010) Posted on 03/19/2013 07:28pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 01/21/2009
1st Engrossment Posted on 02/09/2009
2nd Engrossment Posted on 02/16/2009
3rd Engrossment Posted on 04/01/2009
Committee Engrossments
1st Committee Engrossment Posted on 03/09/2009
2nd Committee Engrossment Posted on 04/07/2009

Current Version - 2nd Committee Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to public health; protecting the health of children from toxic chemicals
in products; requiring disclosure by manufacturers of children's products that
contain chemicals of high concern; authorizing the Pollution Control Agency to
designate priority chemicals of high concern and require replacement with safer
alternatives; prohibiting certain sales; providing a waiver process; authorizing
participation in an interstate clearinghouse; requiring reports to the legislature on
implementation plans and comprehensive safe products framework; proposing
coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 116.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [116.9401] DEFINITIONS.
new text end

new text begin (a) For the purposes of sections 116.9401 to 116.9412, the following terms have
the meanings given them.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Agency" means the Pollution Control Agency.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Alternative" means a substitute process, product, material, chemical, strategy,
or combination of these that serves a functionally equivalent purpose to a chemical in a
children's product.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Chemical" means a substance with a distinct molecular composition or a group
of structurally related substances and includes the breakdown products of the substance or
substances that form through decomposition, degradation, or metabolism.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Chemical of high concern" means a chemical identified on the basis of credible
scientific evidence by a governmental entity or the United Nations' World Health
Organization as being known or suspected with a high degree of probability to:
new text end

new text begin (1) harm the normal development of a fetus or child or cause other developmental
toxicity;
new text end

new text begin (2) cause cancer, genetic damage, or reproductive harm;
new text end

new text begin (3) disrupt the endocrine or hormone system;
new text end

new text begin (4) damage the nervous system, immune system, or organs, or cause other systemic
toxicity;
new text end

new text begin (5) be persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic; or
new text end

new text begin (6) be very persistent and very bioaccumulative.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Child" means a person under 12 years of age.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Children's product" means a consumer product intended for use by children,
such as baby products, toys, car seats, personal care products, and clothing, and includes
packaging of food or beverage products intended for use by children under three years of
age, but does not include food or pharmaceutical products, or a medical device as defined
in the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, United States Code, title 21, section 321(h).
new text end

new text begin (h) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency.
new text end

new text begin (i) "Distributor" means a person who sells consumer products to retail establishments
on a wholesale basis.
new text end

new text begin (j) "Green chemistry" means an approach to designing and manufacturing products
in ways that minimize the use and generation of toxic substances.
new text end

new text begin (k) "Manufacturer" means any person who manufactures a final consumer product
sold at retail or whose brand name is affixed to the consumer product. In the case of a
consumer product imported into the United States, manufacturer includes the importer
or domestic distributor of the consumer product if the person who manufactured or
assembled the consumer product or whose brand name is affixed to the consumer product
does not have a presence in the United States.
new text end

new text begin (l) "Priority chemical" means a chemical identified by the commissioner as a
chemical of high concern that is contained in a children's product offered for sale in
Minnesota and meets the criteria in section 116.9403.
new text end

new text begin (m) "Safer alternative" means an alternative whose potential to harm human health
is less than that of a priority chemical that it could replace.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [116.9402] IDENTIFICATION OF CHEMICALS OF HIGH CONCERN.
new text end

new text begin (a) By July 1, 2010, the agency shall, after consultation with the Department of
Health, publish in the State Register and on the agency's Internet Web site a list of
chemicals of high concern.
new text end

new text begin (b) The department must periodically review and revise the list of chemicals of high
concern at least every three years. The department may add chemicals to the list if the
chemical meets one or more of the criteria in section 116.9401, paragraph (e).
new text end

new text begin (c) The agency shall consider, among others, chemicals listed in the following
sources for possible inclusion on the list of chemicals of high concern:
new text end

new text begin (1) chemicals identified as "Group 1 carcinogens" or "Group 2A carcinogens" by the
United Nations' World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer;
new text end

new text begin (2) chemicals identified as "known to be a human carcinogen" and "reasonably
anticipated to be a human carcinogen" by the secretary of the United States Department
of Health and Human Services;
new text end

new text begin (3) chemicals identified as "Group A carcinogens" or "Group B carcinogens" by the
United States Environmental Protection Agency;
new text end

new text begin (4) chemicals identified as reproductive or developmental toxicants by:
new text end

new text begin (i) the United States Department of Health and Human Services, National
Toxicology Program, Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) the California Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Environmental Health
Hazard Assessment pursuant to the California Health and Safety Code, Safe Drinking
Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, chapter 6.6, section 25249.8;
new text end

new text begin (5) chemicals identified as known or likely endocrine disruptors through screening
or testing conducted in accordance with protocols developed by the United States
Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act,
United States Code, title 21, section 346a(p), as amended by the federal Food Quality
Protection Act, Public Law 104-170, or the federal Safe Drinking Water Act, United States
Code, title 42, section 300j-17;
new text end

new text begin (6) chemicals listed on the basis of endocrine-disrupting properties in Annex
XIV, List of Substances Subject to Authorisation, Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of
the European Parliament concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and
Restriction of Chemicals;
new text end

new text begin (7) persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic chemicals identified by:
new text end

new text begin (i) the state of Washington Department of Ecology in Washington Administrative
Code, Chapter 173-333; or
new text end

new text begin (ii) the United States Environmental Protection Agency in Code of Federal
Regulations, title 40, part 372; and
new text end

new text begin (8) a very persistent, very bioaccumulative chemical listed in Annex XIV, List of
Substances Subject to Authorisation, Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European
Parliament concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and Restriction of
Chemicals.
new text end

new text begin (d) The agency may consider chemicals listed by another state as harmful to human
health or the environment for possible inclusion in the list of chemicals of high concern.
new text end

Sec. 3.

new text begin [116.9403] IDENTIFICATION OF PRIORITY CHEMICALS.
new text end

new text begin (a) The agency, after consultation with the Department of Health, may designate a
chemical of high concern as a priority chemical if the agency finds that the chemical is
contained in a children's product offered for sale in Minnesota, and:
new text end

new text begin (1) the chemical has been found through biomonitoring to be present in human
blood, including umbilical cord blood, breast milk, urine, or other bodily tissues or fluids;
new text end

new text begin (2) the chemical has been found through sampling and analysis to be present in
household dust, indoor air, drinking water, or elsewhere in the home environment;
new text end

new text begin (3) the chemical has been found through monitoring to be present in fish, wildlife, or
the natural environment;
new text end

new text begin (4) the chemical has been identified as a high-production volume chemical by the
United States Environmental Protection Agency; or
new text end

new text begin (5) the sale or use of the chemical or a product containing the chemical has been
prohibited in another state within the United States.
new text end

new text begin (b) The agency shall designate at least five priority chemicals by January 1, 2011,
and an additional five priority chemicals by January 1, 2013.
new text end

new text begin (c) By February 1, 2011, the agency shall publish a list of priority chemicals in the
State Register and on the agency's Internet Web site and shall update the published list
whenever a new priority chemical is designated.
new text end

Sec. 4.

new text begin [116.9404] DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION ON PRIORITY
CHEMICALS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Reporting of chemical use. new text end

new text begin Not later than 180 days after a priority
chemical is identified under section 116.9403, any person who is a manufacturer or
distributor of a children's product for sale in this state that contains a priority chemical
shall notify the agency of that fact in writing unless the children's product is not subject
to regulation under section 116.9408. This written notice must identify the product, the
number of units sold or distributed for sale in this state or nationally during the previous
calendar year, the priority chemical or chemicals contained in the product, and the
intended purpose of the priority chemicals in the product.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Supplemental information. new text end

new text begin The manufacturer or distributor of a
children's product that contains a priority chemical shall provide the following additional
information if requested by the agency:
new text end

new text begin (1) information on the likelihood that the chemical will be released from the
children's product to the environment during the children's product's lifecycle and the
extent to which users of the children's product are likely to be exposed to the chemical;
new text end

new text begin (2) additional information regarding the potential for harm to human health from
specific uses of the priority chemical; and
new text end

new text begin (3) an assessment of the availability, cost, feasibility, and performance, including
potential for harm to human health of alternatives to the priority chemical and the reason
the priority chemical is used in the manufacture of the children's product in lieu of
identified alternatives. If an assessment acceptable to the agency is not timely submitted as
determined by the agency, the agency may assess a fee on the manufacturer or distributor
to cover the costs to prepare an independent report on the availability of safer alternatives
by a contractor of the agency's choice.
new text end

Sec. 5.

new text begin [116.9405] SAFER ALTERNATIVES TO PRIORITY CHEMICALS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Replacement with safer alternative. new text end

new text begin A manufacturer or distributor
of a children's product containing a priority chemical designated by the agency must:
new text end

new text begin (1) discontinue offering the product for sale in Minnesota;
new text end

new text begin (2) obtain a waiver from the commissioner under section 116.9407 in order to
continue offering the product for sale in Minnesota; or
new text end

new text begin (3) replace the priority chemical with a safer alternative if the agency determines
that a safer alternative is available and is a technically feasible replacement for the specific
use in the children's product.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Determination of safer alternative. new text end

new text begin Upon making a determination that a
safer alternative is available for the specified use of the priority chemical in a product, the
agency shall specify a reasonably expeditious timeline, not to exceed two years, by which
date the priority chemical in the children's product sold in this state must be replaced with
a safer alternative. In determining whether a safer alternative is available, the agency may,
in the absence of persuasive evidence to the contrary, presume that:
new text end

new text begin (1) an alternative is a safer alternative if the alternative is not a chemical of high
concern;
new text end

new text begin (2) a safer alternative is available if the sale of the children's product containing the
priority chemical has been prohibited by another state within the United States;
new text end

new text begin (3) a safer alternative is available if the children's product containing the priority
chemical is an item of apparel or a novelty; and
new text end

new text begin (4) a safer alternative is available if the alternative is sold in the United States.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Compliance plan. new text end

new text begin No later than 180 days prior to the effective date of a
prohibition adopted under section 116.9406, the manufacturer or distributor of a children's
product that contains the priority chemical that is subject to the prohibition shall file
a compliance plan with the commissioner or seek a waiver under section 116.9407. A
compliance plan must:
new text end

new text begin (1) identify the children's product that contains the priority chemical;
new text end

new text begin (2) specify whether compliance will be achieved by discontinuing the sale of the
children's product in this state or by substituting a safer alternative in the product; and
new text end

new text begin (3) if compliance is achieved by substitution of a safer alternative in the product,
identify the safer alternative and the timetable for substitution.
new text end

Sec. 6.

new text begin [116.9406] PROHIBITION OF SALE.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Agency action against product containing priority chemical. new text end

new text begin The
agency shall prohibit the sale or distribution in this state of a children's product containing
a priority chemical if the department finds that:
new text end

new text begin (1) distribution of the children's product directly or indirectly exposes children to the
priority chemical, and one or more safer alternatives to the priority chemical are available
and are technically feasible substitutes for the specific use of the priority chemical in
the product; or
new text end

new text begin (2) the manufacturer or distributor fails to provide the information required under
section 116.9404 in a timely fashion.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Notice of prohibition of sale. new text end

new text begin The agency shall notify a manufacturer
or distributor of its decision to prohibit the offering for sale in this state of a product
containing a priority chemical, unless the manufacturer or distributor has been granted a
waiver under section 116.9407. The notice of prohibition of sale must contain the effective
date of the prohibition, which must be at least 270 days after the date of the notice.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Certificate of compliance. new text end

new text begin No less than 60 days prior to the effective date
of the prohibition of sale determined under section 116.9405, a manufacturer or distributor
must send to the agency, in writing, a certificate of compliance certifying that after the
effective date of the prohibition, the manufacturer or distributor will not offer the product
containing the priority chemical for sale in this state, and, if applicable, that compliance
will be achieved through substitution of a safer alternative approved by the agency.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Retailer notification. new text end

new text begin A manufacturer or distributor of a children's product
issued a notice of prohibition of sale under subdivision 2 shall notify, in writing, persons
that offer the product for sale or distribution in this state of the requirements of sections
116.9401 to 116.9411, and the effective date of the prohibition of sale. Notice under this
subdivision must be issued within 30 days of the issuance of the notice of prohibition
of sale, unless the manufacturer or distributor has applied for a waiver under section
116.9407, in which case the notice must be issued within 30 days of a permit denial by
the commissioner.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Sale of inventory. new text end

new text begin A retailer selling a children's product containing a
priority chemical that is the subject of a prohibition issued under subdivision 1 may not
offer the children's product for sale in this state after the effective date of the prohibition,
except that a retailer may exhaust stocks present in the retailer's premises 90 days prior to
the effective date of the prohibition, after providing evidence of that fact to the agency.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Exceptions. new text end

new text begin A children's product containing a priority chemical designated
by the agency may continue to be sold or offered for sale in this state if:
new text end

new text begin (1) the manufacturer or distributor obtains a waiver under section 116.9407; or
new text end

new text begin (2) in the commissioner's judgment, the lack of availability of the children's product
could pose an unreasonable risk to public health, safety, or welfare.
new text end

Sec. 7.

new text begin [116.9407] WAIVER FOR SPECIFIC USES.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Application for waiver. new text end

new text begin The manufacturer or distributor of a
children's product that contains a priority chemical and is subject to a prohibition under
section 116.9406 may apply to the commissioner for a waiver for one or more specific
uses of the priority chemical. The waiver application must, at a minimum:
new text end

new text begin (1) identify the specific children's product use or uses for which the waiver is sought;
new text end

new text begin (2) identify the alternatives considered for substitution of the priority chemical;
new text end

new text begin (3) explain the basis for concluding that the use of an alternative is not technically or
economically feasible; and
new text end

new text begin (4) identify the steps that have and will be taken to minimize the use of the priority
chemical.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Term of waiver. new text end

new text begin The commissioner may grant a waiver with or without
conditions upon finding that there are no technically or economically feasible alternatives
for the use of the priority chemical in the children's product. Waivers may be granted for a
term not to exceed four years and may be renewed for one or more additional four-year
terms upon written application demonstrating that technically or economically feasible
alternatives remain unavailable. The commissioner shall deny or grant waiver requests
within 60 days after receipt of a completed waiver application.
new text end

Sec. 8.

new text begin [116.9408] APPLICABILITY.
new text end

new text begin The requirements of sections 116.9401 to 116.9412 do not apply to:
new text end

new text begin (1) chemicals in used children's products;
new text end

new text begin (2) priority chemicals used in the manufacturing process, but that are not present
in the final product;
new text end

new text begin (3) priority chemicals used in agricultural production;
new text end

new text begin (4) motor vehicles as defined in chapter 168 or watercraft as defined in chapter
86B or their component parts, except that the use of priority chemicals in detachable
car seats is not exempt;
new text end

new text begin (5) priority chemicals generated solely as combustion by-products or that are present
in combustible fuels; or
new text end

new text begin (6) retailers, unless that retailer knowingly sells a children's product containing
a priority chemical after the effective date of its prohibition, of which that retailer has
received prior notification from a manufacturer, distributor, or the state.
new text end

Sec. 9.

new text begin [116.9409] DONATIONS TO THE STATE.
new text end

new text begin The commissioner may accept donations, grants, and other funds to carry out
the purposes of sections 116.9401 to 116.9412. All such donations, grants, and other
funds must be accepted without preconditions regarding the outcomes of the regulatory
oversight processes set forth in sections 116.9401 to 116.9412.
new text end

Sec. 10.

new text begin [116.9410] PARTICIPATION IN INTERSTATE CHEMICALS
CLEARINGHOUSE.
new text end

new text begin The agency may participate in an interstate chemicals clearinghouse to promote
safer chemicals in consumer products in cooperation with other states, including the
classification of chemicals in commerce; organizing and managing available data on
chemicals, including information on uses, hazards, and environmental and health
concerns; and producing and evaluating information on safer alternatives to specific uses
of chemicals of concern.
new text end

Sec. 11.

new text begin [116.9411] REPORTS.
new text end

new text begin (a) By January 15, 2010, the Pollution Control Agency shall report to the senate
and house of representatives committees with jurisdiction over environment and natural
resources, commerce, and public health regarding the department's plans for implementing
the requirements of sections 116.9401 to 116.9408, and make recommendations for
funding the implementation of those sections.
new text end

new text begin (b) By January 15, 2012, the Pollution Control Agency, in conjunction with the
commissioner of human services and the commissioner of commerce, shall report to the
senate and house of representatives committees with jurisdiction over environment and
natural resources, commerce, and public health regarding recommendations to evaluate
and regulate toxic chemicals in all consumer products and to promote and provide
incentives for product design that uses principles of green chemistry and lifecycle analysis
to protect public health and the environment.
new text end

Sec. 12.

new text begin [116.9412] ENFORCEMENT.
new text end

new text begin The agency shall enforce sections 116.9401 to 116.9411 in the manner provided by
sections 115.071, subdivisions 1 to 6, and 116.072.
new text end

Sec. 13. new text beginRULEMAKING.
new text end

new text begin The agency shall adopt rules under Minnesota Statutes, chapter 14, to implement the
provisions of Minnesota Statutes, sections 116.9404 to 116.9408, no later than October
1, 2010.
new text end

Sec. 14. new text beginEFFECTIVE DATE.
new text end

new text begin Sections 1 to 13 are effective the day following final enactment.
new text end